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Item 9: Soil mapping to support sustainable agriculture

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SOIL ATLAS OF ASIA
2ND EDITORIAL BOARD MEETING
RURAL DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES,
JEONJU, REPUBLIC OF KOREA | 29 APRIL – 3 MAY 2019
Markus Anda (Indonesia)

Transcrição

  1. 1. Markus AndaMarkus Anda INDONESIAN CENTER FOR AGRICULTURAL LAND RESOURCE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT INDONESIAN AGENCY FOR AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE 2019 Soil mappingSoil mapping to support sustainable agricultureto support sustainable agriculture ICALRD : Jl. Tentara Pelajar No. 12, Bogor 16114 Telp. +62 251 8323012 Fax. +62 251 8311256 Email: csar@indosat.net.id http://bbsdlp.litbang.deptan.go.id
  2. 2.  Increasing food production and sustainable food self sufficiency (for 265 million people)  Food security and nutrition  Increasing competitiveness, added value and export  Increase farmer’s income  Optimation of soil productivity, climate change adaptation and mitigation, and soil conservation GOALS OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA
  3. 3. Swampy land Non-swampy wetland 9.5 Mha Upland wet climate (acid) 104.6 M ha Upland dry climate 10.8 M ha  Tidal swampy land 7.6 M ha  Inland swampy land 11.6 M ha  Peatland 14.9 M ha (1.4 M ha tide and 13.6 Mha inland)  Tidal swampy land 7.6 M ha  Inland swampy land 11.6 M ha  Peatland 14.9 M ha (1.4 M ha tide and 13.6 Mha inland) Land grouping based on Agro-ecosystem (source: soil map 1:250.000 scale) Upland wet climate (Non-acid): 20.9 M ha
  4. 4. Flowchart of soil map production and its derivative map generation in Indonesia Base/supporting mapsBase/supporting maps Topographic mapsTopographic maps SRTM (DEM)SRTM (DEM) Geological mapsGeological maps IMAGEIMAGE INTERPRETATIONINTERPRETATION (Landsat, Radar)(Landsat, Radar) Delineation based on relief,Delineation based on relief, contour, pattern, texture,contour, pattern, texture, wetness, color featurewetness, color feature LAND SUITABILITYLAND SUITABILITY MAPSMAPS Image geometricImage geometric correctionscorrections LANDFORMLANDFORM UNITSUNITS Field observations: profiles, minipit, augering , landuse LAND EVALUATIONLAND EVALUATION Land useLand use requirementsrequirements e.g. SPECIFIC CROPe.g. SPECIFIC CROP SUITABILITY MAPSUITABILITY MAP RECOMMENDATIONRECOMMENDATION MAPSMAPS Present LandPresent Land useuse SPATIALSPATIAL PLANNINGPLANNING Land qualities: soil,Land qualities: soil, climate,climate, environmentsenvironments SOIL MAPSSOIL MAPS
  5. 5. U S Mt. Tangkuban Perahu Mt. Burangrang Landsat imagery Images used for soil mapping in Indonesia AerialAerial photographphotograph Mt. Merapi - 2003 SPOT imagery RADAR
  6. 6. Method for Soil mapping: Remote Sensing utilization AerialAerial PhotographPhotograph IntensivelyIntensively usedused RegionalRegional capabilitycapability NotNot intensivelyintensively usedused Pra 1962Pra 1962 1972-19811972-1981 1981-19861981-1986 1987-20041987-2004 Soil MappingSoil Mapping Soil MappingSoil Mapping Intensively usedIntensively used FAOFAO Landsat ERTS-1Landsat ERTS-1 Test caseTest case South SulawesiSouth Sulawesi Landsat TMLandsat TM Test caseTest case  East BorneoEast Borneo Soil & LanduseSoil & Landuse MappingMapping Intensively usedIntensively used LREPLREP Landsat TM 5Landsat TM 5 Radar STAR-1Radar STAR-1 Soil & LanduseSoil & Landuse MappingMapping AerialAerial PhotographPhotograph AerialAerial PhotographPhotograph AerialAerial PhotographPhotograph TopographicTopographic map Intensivelymap Intensively usedused
  7. 7. Method for Soil mapping: Remote Sensing utilization 2005-20082005-2008 Landsat ETM 7Landsat ETM 7 Intensively used:Intensively used: ReconnaisanceReconnaisance AEZAEZ Primary farmPrimary farm Soil & LanduseSoil & Landuse mappingmapping 2008 - present2008 - present Landsat ETM 7Landsat ETM 7 Intensively used:Intensively used: ReconnaisanceReconnaisance Semi detailSemi detail Soil & LanduseSoil & Landuse mappingmapping Other land resources mappingOther land resources mapping Test case :Test case : ReconnaisanceReconnaisance JERS, ASTERJERS, ASTER ALOS AVNIR-2ALOS AVNIR-2 1998 - present1998 - present Lansat -8, Spot-6Lansat -8, Spot-6
  8. 8. www.litbang.deptan.go.id Various landform features due to geomorphological processes Alluvial Marine Peat dome Karst Techtonics • Plain • Hill • Mountain Volcano
  9. 9. Soil map sheet of Cigudeg district, Bogor Regency, west Java (scale 1:50.000) Mapping units legend: 2. Gleisol Distrik (Typic Endoaquept), alluvial plain, clay sediment) 43. Andosol Distrik (Typic Hapludand), deep, well drainage, fine texture, slightly acid, low CEC, medum BS; old volcanic hill landform, Andesite and basalt 44. Kambisol Oksik (Oxic Dystrudept) old volcanic hill landform, Andesite 48. Kambisol litik (Lithic Dystrudept) and Andosol Distrik (Typic Hapludand), old volcanic mountain landform, Andesite and basalt
  10. 10. Key success: drainage management, raised bed cultivation, ameliorant,Key success: drainage management, raised bed cultivation, ameliorant, fertilizersfertilizers Syahbudin and Alwi, 2012
  11. 11. Horticultural crop (shallot, Bauji variety) performance on a peat soilHorticultural crop (shallot, Bauji variety) performance on a peat soil Rice husk biochar + chicken manure (15 t/ha) was able to increase shallot yield 2.5 order of magnitude compared to control (cow manure) and suppress CO2 emission. Yield of shallot is 6,5 t/ha (Kalampangan, Central Kalimantan) Application of NPK 500kg/ha, KCl 200kg/ha fertilizer: shallot yield 9 t/ha in Landasan ulin, South Kalimantan Photo: Dr. Eni Mufta
  12. 12. Pine apple in Tangkit district, Jambi
  13. 13. Rubber crops in 8 mRubber crops in 8 m deep peat soils withdeep peat soils with minimum drainageminimum drainage (6 years old,(6 years old, starting tapping)starting tapping)
  14. 14. Peat soils used for rubber, rambutan and forest in Tangkit district, Jambi Rambutan Forest for conservationRubber
  15. 15. Oil palm at famer’s farm, shallow waterOil palm at famer’s farm, shallow water table 60 cm in peat soil, Tanjungtable 60 cm in peat soil, Tanjung Jabung, JambiJabung, Jambi
  16. 16. Sukarman et al,2012 LOKASI  JAMBI :  Desa Arang-arang, Kecamatan Kumpeh Ulu, Kabupaten Muaro Jambi, Provinsi Jambi.  RIAU Desa Lubuk Ogong, Kecamatan Bandar Sei Kijang, Kabupaten Pelalawan, Provinsi Riau.  Kedua lokasi merupakan lokasi Percobaan ICCTF
  17. 17. Correlation between CO2 flux and water table under oil palm plantation Water table depth Y = 0,593e 0,015x R2 = 0,3764 CO2 flux increases with increasing water table depth Sukarman et al. (2012) Water table (cm)
  18. 18. Relationship between CO2 flux and soil water content Soil moisture content Y = 41,582e -0,007x R2 = 0,6002 CO2 flux decreases with increasing water content Sukarman et al. (2012) Soil water content (%)
  19. 19. Pengukuran CO2 pada lahan gambut diukur pada bagian serasah dan tanpa serasah
  20. 20. Syahbudin and Alwi, 2012
  21. 21. Primary canal during tidal flooding Syahbudin and Alwi, 2012 Tertiary canal Secondary canal Primary canal during down tide
  22. 22. Supiandi and Sukarman, 2012)
  23. 23. 24 Maswar et al. 2014
  24. 24. GAPKI, 2014
  25. 25. UNSUR WMS: 1. Zoning  Based on Hydrotopografi 2. Infrastructure Drainage construction  Based on Hydrotopografi 3. Water Level  Based on Roots of Oil Palm a. Water Level Monitoring  Piezometer b. Water Level Control  Bangunan Air /Overflow c. Akar Sawit : 1. 0 - 20 cm = 50% 2. 20 - 40 cm = 25% 3. 40 - 60 cm = 25% 4. Monitoring Subsidence 5. Fire Prevention System C. WATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM GAPKI, 2014
  26. 26. Thank you for your kind attention ICALRD : Jl. Tentara Pelajar No.12, Bogor 16114 Telp. +62 251 8323012 Fax. +62 251 8311256 Email: csar@indosat.net.id http://bbsdlp.litbang.deptan.go.id Sharing the management of fragile soils promotes soil use sustainability

Descrição

SOIL ATLAS OF ASIA
2ND EDITORIAL BOARD MEETING
RURAL DEVELOPMENT ADMINISTRATION, NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES,
JEONJU, REPUBLIC OF KOREA | 29 APRIL – 3 MAY 2019
Markus Anda (Indonesia)

Transcrição

  1. 1. Markus AndaMarkus Anda INDONESIAN CENTER FOR AGRICULTURAL LAND RESOURCE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT INDONESIAN AGENCY FOR AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE 2019 Soil mappingSoil mapping to support sustainable agricultureto support sustainable agriculture ICALRD : Jl. Tentara Pelajar No. 12, Bogor 16114 Telp. +62 251 8323012 Fax. +62 251 8311256 Email: csar@indosat.net.id http://bbsdlp.litbang.deptan.go.id
  2. 2.  Increasing food production and sustainable food self sufficiency (for 265 million people)  Food security and nutrition  Increasing competitiveness, added value and export  Increase farmer’s income  Optimation of soil productivity, climate change adaptation and mitigation, and soil conservation GOALS OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA
  3. 3. Swampy land Non-swampy wetland 9.5 Mha Upland wet climate (acid) 104.6 M ha Upland dry climate 10.8 M ha  Tidal swampy land 7.6 M ha  Inland swampy land 11.6 M ha  Peatland 14.9 M ha (1.4 M ha tide and 13.6 Mha inland)  Tidal swampy land 7.6 M ha  Inland swampy land 11.6 M ha  Peatland 14.9 M ha (1.4 M ha tide and 13.6 Mha inland) Land grouping based on Agro-ecosystem (source: soil map 1:250.000 scale) Upland wet climate (Non-acid): 20.9 M ha
  4. 4. Flowchart of soil map production and its derivative map generation in Indonesia Base/supporting mapsBase/supporting maps Topographic mapsTopographic maps SRTM (DEM)SRTM (DEM) Geological mapsGeological maps IMAGEIMAGE INTERPRETATIONINTERPRETATION (Landsat, Radar)(Landsat, Radar) Delineation based on relief,Delineation based on relief, contour, pattern, texture,contour, pattern, texture, wetness, color featurewetness, color feature LAND SUITABILITYLAND SUITABILITY MAPSMAPS Image geometricImage geometric correctionscorrections LANDFORMLANDFORM UNITSUNITS Field observations: profiles, minipit, augering , landuse LAND EVALUATIONLAND EVALUATION Land useLand use requirementsrequirements e.g. SPECIFIC CROPe.g. SPECIFIC CROP SUITABILITY MAPSUITABILITY MAP RECOMMENDATIONRECOMMENDATION MAPSMAPS Present LandPresent Land useuse SPATIALSPATIAL PLANNINGPLANNING Land qualities: soil,Land qualities: soil, climate,climate, environmentsenvironments SOIL MAPSSOIL MAPS
  5. 5. U S Mt. Tangkuban Perahu Mt. Burangrang Landsat imagery Images used for soil mapping in Indonesia AerialAerial photographphotograph Mt. Merapi - 2003 SPOT imagery RADAR
  6. 6. Method for Soil mapping: Remote Sensing utilization AerialAerial PhotographPhotograph IntensivelyIntensively usedused RegionalRegional capabilitycapability NotNot intensivelyintensively usedused Pra 1962Pra 1962 1972-19811972-1981 1981-19861981-1986 1987-20041987-2004 Soil MappingSoil Mapping Soil MappingSoil Mapping Intensively usedIntensively used FAOFAO Landsat ERTS-1Landsat ERTS-1 Test caseTest case South SulawesiSouth Sulawesi Landsat TMLandsat TM Test caseTest case  East BorneoEast Borneo Soil & LanduseSoil & Landuse MappingMapping Intensively usedIntensively used LREPLREP Landsat TM 5Landsat TM 5 Radar STAR-1Radar STAR-1 Soil & LanduseSoil & Landuse MappingMapping AerialAerial PhotographPhotograph AerialAerial PhotographPhotograph AerialAerial PhotographPhotograph TopographicTopographic map Intensivelymap Intensively usedused
  7. 7. Method for Soil mapping: Remote Sensing utilization 2005-20082005-2008 Landsat ETM 7Landsat ETM 7 Intensively used:Intensively used: ReconnaisanceReconnaisance AEZAEZ Primary farmPrimary farm Soil & LanduseSoil & Landuse mappingmapping 2008 - present2008 - present Landsat ETM 7Landsat ETM 7 Intensively used:Intensively used: ReconnaisanceReconnaisance Semi detailSemi detail Soil & LanduseSoil & Landuse mappingmapping Other land resources mappingOther land resources mapping Test case :Test case : ReconnaisanceReconnaisance JERS, ASTERJERS, ASTER ALOS AVNIR-2ALOS AVNIR-2 1998 - present1998 - present Lansat -8, Spot-6Lansat -8, Spot-6
  8. 8. www.litbang.deptan.go.id Various landform features due to geomorphological processes Alluvial Marine Peat dome Karst Techtonics • Plain • Hill • Mountain Volcano
  9. 9. Soil map sheet of Cigudeg district, Bogor Regency, west Java (scale 1:50.000) Mapping units legend: 2. Gleisol Distrik (Typic Endoaquept), alluvial plain, clay sediment) 43. Andosol Distrik (Typic Hapludand), deep, well drainage, fine texture, slightly acid, low CEC, medum BS; old volcanic hill landform, Andesite and basalt 44. Kambisol Oksik (Oxic Dystrudept) old volcanic hill landform, Andesite 48. Kambisol litik (Lithic Dystrudept) and Andosol Distrik (Typic Hapludand), old volcanic mountain landform, Andesite and basalt
  10. 10. Key success: drainage management, raised bed cultivation, ameliorant,Key success: drainage management, raised bed cultivation, ameliorant, fertilizersfertilizers Syahbudin and Alwi, 2012
  11. 11. Horticultural crop (shallot, Bauji variety) performance on a peat soilHorticultural crop (shallot, Bauji variety) performance on a peat soil Rice husk biochar + chicken manure (15 t/ha) was able to increase shallot yield 2.5 order of magnitude compared to control (cow manure) and suppress CO2 emission. Yield of shallot is 6,5 t/ha (Kalampangan, Central Kalimantan) Application of NPK 500kg/ha, KCl 200kg/ha fertilizer: shallot yield 9 t/ha in Landasan ulin, South Kalimantan Photo: Dr. Eni Mufta
  12. 12. Pine apple in Tangkit district, Jambi
  13. 13. Rubber crops in 8 mRubber crops in 8 m deep peat soils withdeep peat soils with minimum drainageminimum drainage (6 years old,(6 years old, starting tapping)starting tapping)
  14. 14. Peat soils used for rubber, rambutan and forest in Tangkit district, Jambi Rambutan Forest for conservationRubber
  15. 15. Oil palm at famer’s farm, shallow waterOil palm at famer’s farm, shallow water table 60 cm in peat soil, Tanjungtable 60 cm in peat soil, Tanjung Jabung, JambiJabung, Jambi
  16. 16. Sukarman et al,2012 LOKASI  JAMBI :  Desa Arang-arang, Kecamatan Kumpeh Ulu, Kabupaten Muaro Jambi, Provinsi Jambi.  RIAU Desa Lubuk Ogong, Kecamatan Bandar Sei Kijang, Kabupaten Pelalawan, Provinsi Riau.  Kedua lokasi merupakan lokasi Percobaan ICCTF
  17. 17. Correlation between CO2 flux and water table under oil palm plantation Water table depth Y = 0,593e 0,015x R2 = 0,3764 CO2 flux increases with increasing water table depth Sukarman et al. (2012) Water table (cm)
  18. 18. Relationship between CO2 flux and soil water content Soil moisture content Y = 41,582e -0,007x R2 = 0,6002 CO2 flux decreases with increasing water content Sukarman et al. (2012) Soil water content (%)
  19. 19. Pengukuran CO2 pada lahan gambut diukur pada bagian serasah dan tanpa serasah
  20. 20. Syahbudin and Alwi, 2012
  21. 21. Primary canal during tidal flooding Syahbudin and Alwi, 2012 Tertiary canal Secondary canal Primary canal during down tide
  22. 22. Supiandi and Sukarman, 2012)
  23. 23. 24 Maswar et al. 2014
  24. 24. GAPKI, 2014
  25. 25. UNSUR WMS: 1. Zoning  Based on Hydrotopografi 2. Infrastructure Drainage construction  Based on Hydrotopografi 3. Water Level  Based on Roots of Oil Palm a. Water Level Monitoring  Piezometer b. Water Level Control  Bangunan Air /Overflow c. Akar Sawit : 1. 0 - 20 cm = 50% 2. 20 - 40 cm = 25% 3. 40 - 60 cm = 25% 4. Monitoring Subsidence 5. Fire Prevention System C. WATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM GAPKI, 2014
  26. 26. Thank you for your kind attention ICALRD : Jl. Tentara Pelajar No.12, Bogor 16114 Telp. +62 251 8323012 Fax. +62 251 8311256 Email: csar@indosat.net.id http://bbsdlp.litbang.deptan.go.id Sharing the management of fragile soils promotes soil use sustainability

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