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DIFFERENT KINDS OF HOUSES - Domus: a single family home- Villa rustica: the country house- Insula: a block of flats.
THE DOMUSThe domus was a singlefamily home with thewindows and balconiesfacing the interiorcourtyard.In a domus there weredifferent places androoms: the main ones arethe ATRIVM (A) and thePERSITYLUM (P)
VESTIBVLVMThe exterior of aRoman house, normallyquite close to thestreet, was relativelyplain. Entering throughthe front door, one sawa long, narrow hallwayleading from the frontdoor into the atrium;this was thevestibulum, also calledfauces (“throat”).
TABERNAE• These rooms hadseparate doors thatopened on to the streetand did not connect withthe rest of the house inany way.• They were used asshops
THE ATRIVM• The atrium was a large airy room lighted by an opening in the roof• On either side of the atrium were small rooms (cubicula) used for various purposes• In the centre of the atrium, directly beneath the opening in the roof (compluvium) was a shallow pool (impluvium). This had the practical purpose of collecting rainwater but also added greatly to the attractiveness of the room
CVBICVLA• Cubicula were small rooms used for a number of different purposes; on the upper storey and in the interior of the house they often functioned as bedrooms, while the small rooms off the atrium may have been used for private meetings, libraries, etc
THE TRICLINIVM• The triclinium was the dining room and was named after the three couches typically found in the dining rooms of upper- class Romans
THE CVLINAThe culina or kitchen wasusually small, dark, andpoorlyventilated, relegated to anobscure corner of thehouse. Wealthy matronaedid not prepare meals;that was the job of theirnumerous householdslaves, so it did notmatter if the room washot and smoky.
La vivienda de lujo El enriquecimiento de la clase dominante, la influencia de lo griego y las nuevas profesiones del pater familias influyeron en la generalización de un nuevo tipo de casa urbana más lujosa, mitad romana y mitad griega.
TabernaeLa parte que daba a lacalle mantenía la viejaestructura de ladomus, pero estabadedicada a losnegocios y en suslocales había tabernae(a veces alquiladas aotros); también era ellugar del tablinum, odespacho, así como dealmacenes ydespensas.
THE TABLINIVM• Directly behind the atrium was a room open on two sides, though both sides could be closed with curtains or folding doors• Here also elite families would display the imagines, busts of famous ancestors. In this room, too, the master of the house, the paterfamilias, would greet his many clients on their morning visits
THE PERISTYLVM• The peristylum was an open courtyard within the house; the columns surrounding the garden supported a shady roofed portico whose inner walls were often embellished with elaborate wall paintings
THE EXEDRA• The exedra was a large, elegant room usually located off the peristyle garden. It was used for formal entertainments and lavish dinner parties
INSVLAE• Poorer Roman citizens lived in apartments or flats. Entire families shared one room. These apartments were known as "Insulae” They were small and uncomfortable, without running water, and in very bad conditions.• They were often three or more floors high. As the higher floors were only made of wood, and supported on wooden beams, there was always a serious risk of fire and collapse.
THE VILLA• The villa was the country house.• There were two kinds of villa: – The Villa Rustica: for different works in the countryside of the house. There lived the employees and their families. – The Villa Urbana: It was a luxiorous house of the owners of a big farming estate