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BY CATCH
REDUCTION
MEASURES
How to reduce By Catch
• Use of selective fishing gears like Gill net,
Long line to reduce catching unwanted
fishes.
• Use improved fishing technologies like
Turtle Excluder Device (TED) which
allows escape of turtle from the trawl net.
• By Catch Reduction Devices (BRD) - a
square mesh panel in the trawl net,
allows escape of juveniles. In addition
square mesh reduces drag of the fishing
net and save fuel in the fishing operation.
• Trawl nets fitted with otter board severely
disturb the bottom of the sea and its
impact is long term.
• A reduction of trawling during breeding
season will prevent destruction of eggs
and juveniles of commercially important
fish.
• The statutory 35mm mesh size for trawl
Cod-ends should be strictly followed by
the fishermen.
• Modify the design and operation of trawl
gears to make bottom trawling more eco-
friendly.
• Effective use of by-catches for the
preparation of protein rich fishery
products for making value added
products.
Network for Fish Quality Management
and Sustainable Fishing (NETFISH)
Vallarpadom Post, Kochi - 682 504, Kerala, India
Tel: +91-484-2100012
E-mail: ceo@netfishmpeda.org
Website: www.netfishmpeda.org MPEDA
NETFISH
Humans have been known to harvest fish for
at least 90,000 years using technologies that
have developed from simple harpoons
through to huge factory trawlers. Over the last
few decades the controversial fishing issues
- the waste associated with the incidental
capture, mortality and discarding of unwanted
by-catches have increased alarmingly.
In response to these by catch issues, the field
of fishing technology altered its focus to
selective fishing of target species. The
current practice of trawlers throwing the
unwanted fish catch back into the sea creates
pressure on the fish resources. It is necessary
to explore ways of reducing the by catch from
trawling and make it more target specific.
Gill nets and long line cause low disturbance
to the bottom fauna and the ecosystem as a
whole. Fishermen should adopt these eco-
friendly fishing method in place of the
destructive fishing practices which leave an
irreparable damage in the marine
environment. These fishing gears are highly
targeted specific, non-destructive and can be
operated with low power engines.
Stake nets are traditional fish bag nets
operated widely in the backwaters mainly for
catching Penaeid prawns. As stake nets are
a non-selective gear, huge quantities of
juveniles are removed by stake nets thereby
reducing the stock. The cod end mesh size
of stake net should be maintained to allow
juveniles to escape.
• It is estimated that 94 per cent of the
bottom trawlers are having Cod-end
mesh size of 18 mm and below instead
of 35 mm imposed by the Government
• 232 non-targeted species are found killed
and discarded in varying proportions
while trawling.

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bycatch.pdf

  • 1. BY CATCH REDUCTION MEASURES How to reduce By Catch • Use of selective fishing gears like Gill net, Long line to reduce catching unwanted fishes. • Use improved fishing technologies like Turtle Excluder Device (TED) which allows escape of turtle from the trawl net. • By Catch Reduction Devices (BRD) - a square mesh panel in the trawl net, allows escape of juveniles. In addition square mesh reduces drag of the fishing net and save fuel in the fishing operation. • Trawl nets fitted with otter board severely disturb the bottom of the sea and its impact is long term. • A reduction of trawling during breeding season will prevent destruction of eggs and juveniles of commercially important fish. • The statutory 35mm mesh size for trawl Cod-ends should be strictly followed by the fishermen. • Modify the design and operation of trawl gears to make bottom trawling more eco- friendly. • Effective use of by-catches for the preparation of protein rich fishery products for making value added products. Network for Fish Quality Management and Sustainable Fishing (NETFISH) Vallarpadom Post, Kochi - 682 504, Kerala, India Tel: +91-484-2100012 E-mail: ceo@netfishmpeda.org Website: www.netfishmpeda.org MPEDA NETFISH
  • 2. Humans have been known to harvest fish for at least 90,000 years using technologies that have developed from simple harpoons through to huge factory trawlers. Over the last few decades the controversial fishing issues - the waste associated with the incidental capture, mortality and discarding of unwanted by-catches have increased alarmingly. In response to these by catch issues, the field of fishing technology altered its focus to selective fishing of target species. The current practice of trawlers throwing the unwanted fish catch back into the sea creates pressure on the fish resources. It is necessary to explore ways of reducing the by catch from trawling and make it more target specific. Gill nets and long line cause low disturbance to the bottom fauna and the ecosystem as a whole. Fishermen should adopt these eco- friendly fishing method in place of the destructive fishing practices which leave an irreparable damage in the marine environment. These fishing gears are highly targeted specific, non-destructive and can be operated with low power engines. Stake nets are traditional fish bag nets operated widely in the backwaters mainly for catching Penaeid prawns. As stake nets are a non-selective gear, huge quantities of juveniles are removed by stake nets thereby reducing the stock. The cod end mesh size of stake net should be maintained to allow juveniles to escape. • It is estimated that 94 per cent of the bottom trawlers are having Cod-end mesh size of 18 mm and below instead of 35 mm imposed by the Government • 232 non-targeted species are found killed and discarded in varying proportions while trawling.