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Heather Allen - Why do we need to consider how women move in urban transport planning?

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Heather has 25 years of international experience and is a highly-regarded expert in sustainable transport, gender and climate change. She has worked for both public and private sectors including UITP (the International Association of Public Transport), Transport Research Laboratory, FIA Foundation, European Commission, several MDBs banks and SLoCaT (Sustainable Low Carbon Transport partnership). As Senior Manager for Sustainable Development with the UITP she led the association’s work with many international agencies on climate change, the UITP diversity initiative and with public transport agency members in more than 50 countries in respect to the UITP Sustainable Development Charter. She also set up a number of strategic partnerships with major international agencies such as the United Nations Environment Programme. she was the Programme Director for Sustainable Transport with the UK’s Transport Research Laboratory’s (TRL) Sustainable Transport Group, a leader in providing impartial world-class research and consultancy for all aspects of transport. Whilst with TRL, she provided technical advisory services for a variety of international and European projects. Her European work includes serving as a member of the jury for the European Mobility Week award for 4 years and the interim impact evaluations for the Horizon 2020 research programme for the European Commission (Shift2Rail and Societal Change).

More recently, she has been working on gender and sustainable transport with UN Women, FIA Foundation and CAF. She has just concluded the Ella se mueve segura, a study investigating women’s personal security concerns when they use public transport in three Latin American cities (Buenos Aires, Argentina, Quito, Ecuador, and Santiago, Chile). She will present the findings from this study and also her work in updating the GIZ Urban Transport and Gender module of the SUTO series.

Heather brings a wealth of knowledge in international best practice and a strong international network. In addition, she is a member of a number of transport sector Committees and Institutions, for example: Fellow of the UK Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transportation (CLIT), Member of Transport Research Board (TRB) Committee (USA National Academy of Science) for Developing Countries and the TRB Special Task Force for Climate Change and is an observer on Women in Transport committee. She remains an TRL associate, is a Trustee for the Walk 21 charity and is currently Chair of Transport Training Initiative (TTI) a German charity to increase access to training on transport for the developing world especially across Africa.

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Heather Allen - Why do we need to consider how women move in urban transport planning?

  1. 1. Page 1 May 23rd 2017 09:00-10:00 (UTC+2) Heather ALLEN, Independent consultant on gender & transport Why do we need to consider how women move in urban transport planning? September 4th 2018
  2. 2. Page 2 Presentation • Overview • Specific aspects about women’s mobility • Setting out some of the pitfalls of today’s transport planning paradigm • Areas for change • Questions • Wrap up
  3. 3. Page 3 Why is this topic important?
  4. 4. Page 4 A few ‘Why’s…. • Women represent 50% + of the world’s population • Freedom of movement, mobility rights, or the right to travel is part of the concept of basic human rights (Art 13.1.) and the right of individuals to travel from place to place within a city or a country and to leave the country and return to it. The right includes not only the right to visit places, but also changing the place where the individual resides or works. • Women should have equal access to education, jobs and health services and should not be restricted by code or creed • Women are more likely to be poor than men and they are living more and more in cities, and there is a clear trend that there are more female heads of household. • International recognition of the need to change (NUA, SDGs, Paris Accord, #Metoo etc…) • Cities cannot be inclusive if women cannot travel freely and safely, many of other groups will benefit (children and elderly) and cities will become more inclusive and dynamic
  5. 5. Page 5 Typically women are more time poor than men and transport is criterial in improving women’s quality of life, and it impacts family life and poverty uplift and there is a significant impact on economic development if more women can enter the formal employment sector It is a economic development issue
  6. 6. Page 6 Women and men have different mobility behaviours Source: GRHS, 2013 Trip Chaining Travelling alone or accompanied Time of Travel
  7. 7. Page 7 Some things seem obvious...
  8. 8. Page 8 Or maybe not...
  9. 9. Page 9 Transport related public space is often a male dominated space yet it should be a shared space...
  10. 10. Page 10 Public transport can be pretty dangerous for women
  11. 11. Page 11 Public transport can be pretty dangerous for women Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation 2014
  12. 12. Page 12
  13. 13. Page 13 • Study in three cities (Quito, Buenos Aires, Santiago) with supporting partner with other cities based on a pilot (Cape Town) • Used the same methodology to produce comparable results • Results developed into a tool kit for cities, development and funding agencies and transport operators (CAF & FIA Foundation web sites) • Build a knowledge backbone in the region • Help to generate change...
  14. 14. Page 14 Three areas of major change… Women as decision makers Women as suppliers Women as users
  15. 15. Page 15 Main areas to consider when planning gender sensitive transport – more information in the toolkit
  16. 16. Page 16 Typically women walk or make most of their trips on buses Younger women without families are regular users of rail but this diminishes when they have children. Source: Santiago - EOD (Encuesta Origen Destino) 2012, Secretaría de planificación de Transporte SECTRA. Buenos Aires - ENMODO 2009-10, Ministerio de Transporte de la Nación. 54 46 54 53 48 Policy and investments Women use public transport (especially buses) more than men
  17. 17. Page 17 Infrastructure…
  18. 18. Page 18 Infrastructure…
  19. 19. Page 19 Source © Integrated Transport Planning UK
  20. 20. Page 20 Better wayfinding, passenger information and public awareness campaigns Quito - Central number SMS
  21. 21. Page 21 Women bus drivers Santiago, Chile
  22. 22. Page 22 Page § 22 • Information before and during the journey; • Interchange between different public transport services and between public transport and other modes; • Making Connections easy between different public transport services and other modes • Integrated Ticketing for whole journeys. Passenger perspectives The majority of trips today are quite complex
  23. 23. Page 23 Typical process …
  24. 24. Page 24 ü Requires taking a holistic approach ü Looking in the right direction and ü Having the right tools!!! Findings solutions …
  25. 25. Page 25 Gender entry points for transport • Collect sex disaggregated data on mobility patterns (trip purpose by mode) • Gender informed environmental design • Strategies to address sexual harassment in public transport (segregation vs community participation) • Establish public transport schedules and pricing systems that respond to the needs of women users • Prioritize NMTs and IMTs in transport planning and design • Employ more women in transport (all areas)
  26. 26. Page 26 Buenos Aires – female traffic agents
  27. 27. Page 27 Women only services
  28. 28. Page 28 Page § 28 Using today’s technologies to help make data collection easier § Create communities Make information available, in real time and easy to access § Improve connections
  29. 29. Page 29 Breaking stereotyping (conscious & unconscious) Women can be good bus drivers!
  30. 30. Page 30 Breaking stereotyping (conscious & unconcious) Women in Employment Preferred for driving heavy trucks in mines, Argentina & Peru - Facing a severe shortage of capable workers and production cost increases, mining companies are turning to women drivers as they take more care of the vehicles keeping costs low. - Women drivers are more careful & observe the protocols more rigorously (e.g. speeds, maintenance checks). - All the recent drivers recruited are women
  31. 31. Page 31 Intergenerational impact
  32. 32. Page 32 Recent study of women’s personal security using public transport – toolkit She moves safely – Ella se mueve segura https://www.fiafoundation.org/connect/publications/ ella-se-mueve-segura-she-moves-safely
  33. 33. Page 33 50% of the population should not be neglected
  34. 34. Page 34 Thank you for your attention! • Heather Allen • heather@heatherallen.co • Twitter @heatherallen007
  35. 35. Page 35 Questions?