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Partnerships for efficient quality seed production and variety dissemination

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Partnerships for efficient quality seed production and variety dissemination

Saidu Bah
Seed & Seed Systems Expert
The Africa Rice Center


TAAT Rice Compact Launch and Knowledge Sharing Workshop

6 - 7 September 2018
M’be, Bouake
Cote d’Ivoire

Publicada em: Ciências
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Partnerships for efficient quality seed production and variety dissemination

  1. 1. Partnerships for efficient quality seed production and variety dissemination Saidu Bah Seed & Seed Systems Expert Africa Rice Center TAAT Project Kick-Off Workshop Mbe, Bouake, 6-7 Sep 2018
  2. 2. Context • Over the years AfricaRice has developed varieties that are better adapted to prevailing biotic and abiotic stresses • These varieties have contributed to increased productivity and wellbeing of rice farmers • Despite varieties having been released across Africa, many farmers are yet to get access to these varieties • Old varieties (average age about 20 years) predominate in farmers’ field. Need for varietal replacement plan • Exposed to negative effects of climate change and new diseases • Weak seed systems have contributed to the slow delivery of improved varieties to especially small scale farmers • Inadequate infrastructure • Limited involvement of private sector SMEs • Meeting seed demand of these varieties by both AfricaRice and NARS partners has become a perennial bottleneck • Note: quality seed serves as a bridging tool in technology transfer TAAT Project Kick-Off Workshop Mbe, Bouake, 6-7 Sep 2018
  3. 3. Seed production and delivery Objective • Make available breeder seeds of improved varieties in member countries on a sustainable basis. • Build the capacity of the seed value chain stakeholders in the production and distribution of quality seed of improved rice varieties, to enhance the productivity and competitiveness of the rice value chain in sub-Saharan Africa Technical skills Business skills – led by Agri-business especially SMEs • Enable the production of breeder and foundation rice seed in partnership with seed enterprises SMEs and companies and national seed systems and, to further produce certified and or quality declared seed for commercialization among smallholders and commercial farms TAAT Project Kick-Off Workshop Mbe, Bouake, 6-7 Sep 2018
  4. 4. Implementation and structure • Centralized breeder seed production in Mbe with a resident LMM and SSC within the RSSU • Strong collaboration between RSSU and GDI Program and BTF • As outlined in the new operational plan of the GDI Program • 100% genetic purity of nucleus seed of newly released varieties along with descriptors and passport data handed to LMM • Multiplication by LMM to produce breeder seed – G0 to G3 • RSD seed experts/NARS partner receive pure breeder seed from LMM for further multiplication in partnership with scaling partners (both public and private – including SMEs) TAAT Project Kick-Off Workshop Mbe, Bouake, 6-7 Sep 2018
  5. 5. Linkage between RSD and GDI programs TAAT Project Kick-Off Workshop Mbe, Bouake, 6-7 Sep 2018 Nucleus Seed Line development Varietal Release (by Country) LMM Line Maintenance & Multiplication Manager Breeder has to keep the Nucleus Seed (for 3 years) Breeder Seed Breeding Programs National Seed Sectors (facilitated by RSD seed experts) Foundation Seed Certified Seed Rice Farmers GRU for storage Demonstration Trials RBTT ARICA nomination Seed production Source: Rice varietal development and delivery at AfricaRice – A new operational plan
  6. 6. Implementation and structure • Partnership with other stakeholders – national, regional, etc. • Seed multiplication should be based on real or anticipated market demand – Seed roadmap per variety and where possible per country • Expand partnership in countries to include not only NARIs but also – NARES, SMEs, NSS (certification & QC), farmer groups • An independent seed service unit with adequate facilities and resources – Established position within AfricaRice with clearly defined role • Effective coordination of seed production and delivery • Encourage national systems to accept competent SMEs to engage in breeder seed production TAAT Project Kick-Off Workshop Mbe, Bouake, 6-7 Sep 2018
  7. 7. Implementation and structure  Decisions to disseminate must be based on solid data backing the superiority of candidate variety to existing varieties in extensive on-farm testing and market evaluation  Dissemination plan with detailed activities and also indicating partners with defined roles should be developed  Need to identify which variety should be replaced and then define a variety withdrawal plan – product life cycle management  Advancement committee established and recognized by management/Govt TAAT Project Kick-Off Workshop Mbe, Bouake, 6-7 Sep 2018
  8. 8. Engaging the private sector TAAT Project Kick-Off Workshop Mbe, Bouake, 6-7 Sep 2018
  9. 9. TAAT Project Kick-Off Workshop Mbe, Bouake, 6-7 Sep 2018
  10. 10. Core functions – RSSU • Breeder seed production (seed unit) • Foundation seed (on demand but preferably through seed enterprises / companies) • Certified seed / quality declared seed – seed enterprises / companies & farmer seed entrepreneurs • Technical training – skills; and business skills capacity building and information and knowledge sharing • Demonstration and promotion of elite varieties with primarily private companies / SME seed entrepreneurs but also extension and research TAAT Project Kick-Off Workshop Mbe, Bouake, 6-7 Sep 2018
  11. 11. Core functions – RSSU • Facilitate development of market information systems • Proactively and innovatively support seed entrepreneurs in market intelligence • Provide technical support to national seed programs in developing seed roadmaps • Support compliance in collaboration with seed exchange regulations • Monitor and track seed quantities and area covered through seed enterprises • Support IPR dialogue / negotiations TAAT Project Kick-Off Workshop Mbe, Bouake, 6-7 Sep 2018
  12. 12. Expected outputs Seed production • At least 60 tons of breeder seed of 10 AfricaRice elite varieties produced and/or maintained annually • 300 tons of foundation seed of popular and improved rice varieties are produced with seed enterprises • Follow-up / monitoring on countries on area covered by the varieties produced Capacity building and information and knowledge sharing • Data base and information sharing tools / ICT on seed availability and access established • Demonstration and promotion of improved varieties with seed enterprises and use of quality rice seed is increased • Skills of farmers, national seed programs and seed entrepreneurs to produce quality rice seed enhanced TAAT Project Kick-Off Workshop Mbe, Bouake, 6-7 Sep 2018
  13. 13. Seed roadmaps and variety out-scaling The case of Nigeria TAAT Project Kick-Off Workshop Mbe, Bouake, 6-7 Sep 2018
  14. 14. Seed production – Nigeria – 2017/18 Country Nigeria Variety Seed production Variety to be replaced Value traits over old variety Partners BS (kg) FS (t) CS (t) Ecology - IRL !. FARO 66 500 4 FARO 52 Tolerant to Submergence NCRI/AfricaRice/NASC/MASLAH A Seeds 2. FARO 67 500 4 FARO 60 Tolerant to Submergence NCRI/AfricaRice/NASC/MASLAH A Seeds Ecology - RLL 1. FARO 61 500 4 FARO 44 Grain quality NCRI/AfricaRice/NASC/MASLAH A Seeds 2. FARO 62 500 4 FARO 37 Tolerant to Gall Midge NCRI/AfricaRice/NASC/MASLAH A Seeds Ecology - UPL 1. FARO 59 500 3.5 FARO 56 Grain quality/taste NCRI/AfricaRice/NASC/MASLAH A Seeds 1. FARO 63 500 3.5 FARO 46 High yield potential NCRI/AfricaRice/NASC/MASLAH A Seeds 2. FARO 64 500 3.5 FARO 55 Grain quality/taste NCRI/AfricaRice/NASC/MASLAH A Seeds TAAT Project Kick-Off Workshop Mbe, Bouake, 6-7 Sep 2018
  15. 15. Variety out-scaling – Nigeria – 2017/18 Country Variety Value traits Number of sites Location Partners Ecology – I/RRL 1. FARO 66 Tolerant to Submergence 5 Guzan,lafiagi, kano, kebbi, sokoto NCRI/AfricaRice/MASLAHA Seeds 2. FARO 67 Tolerant to Submergence 5 Kogi,zanfara,lafia, benue and kaduna NCRI/AfricaRice/MASLAHA Seeds Ecology - RLL 1. FARO 61 Grain quality 4 Badeggi, Doko, Tsonga, gwagwalada, NCRI/AfricaRice/MASLAHA Seeds 2. FARO 62 Tolerant to Gall Midge 6 Yaba, jima, badeggi, Edozhigi, Doko, Wushishi NCRI/AfricaRice/MASLAHA Seeds TAAT Project Kick-Off Workshop Mbe, Bouake, 6-7 Sep 2018
  16. 16. The way forward – Key questions • Work to implement RSSU as outlined in the AfricaRice seed strategy to ensure availability of adequate facilities and equipment • Effective mechanism for working with SMEs – partnerships/funding/partnerships • Set up a mechanism of better feedback from national partners and SMEs • Implement the new variety demonstration and promotion plan in select countries TAAT Project Kick-Off Workshop Mbe, Bouake, 6-7 Sep 2018
  17. 17. TAAT Project Kick-Off Workshop Mbe, Bouake, 6-7 Sep 2018 Thank You! Thank you/Merci

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