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Defense IACs Tech Domain Awareness - 2014 National Innovation Summit

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Department of Defense Information Analysis Centers' (IACs) slide deck for the 2014 TechConnect National Innovation Summit in Washington, DC (15-18 June) announcing the Technology Domain Awareness and National Security Technology Accelerator (NSTA) initiatives.

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Defense IACs Tech Domain Awareness - 2014 National Innovation Summit

  1. 1. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) Information Analysis Centers (IACs) National Innovation Summit June 18, 2014 Mr. Christopher Zember Director, DoD Information Analysis Centers
  2. 2. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) The IACs’ Mission Facilitating Innovation Through Information and Services The Information Analysis Centers (IACs) are a central DoD innovation resource that leverage data and analysis to diagnose technology threats and opportunities. The IACs are leading a DoD Technology Domain Awareness initiative that provides a range of services to support better defense technology decision-making and speed the flow of innovations to the field. 2!
  3. 3. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) The Facts Behind the IACs ESSENTIAL RESOURCE For over 65 years, the IACs have served as an essential resource to affordably access technical data and analysis in support of current operations. REALIGNED FOCUS In 2008, the IAC program announced changes to our contract structure, in response to changes in legislation requiring enhanced competition. The ongoing effort to restructure the IACs will be completed by the summer of 2014, aligning to current priorities of the SecDef, including Better Buying Power. SCOPE OF WORK The IAC program is composed of over 7,000 scientists and engineers in 49 states. Through over 600 technical area tasks (TATs), IACs conduct nearly $2 billion annually in research, development, technical studies and analysis. RESEARCH DATA AND ANALYSIS Through the IACs, research data is collected, reused to answer recurring challenges, and analyzed to identify long term trends and provide recommendations to the community. More than six million technical documents were viewed or downloaded from IAC websites last year. “IACs serve as a proven resource for maximizing the value of each dollar the department spends.” – Pentagon spokeswoman 3!
  4. 4. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) IACs Are Forward-Deployed Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace 4! Small, Tactical, Multi-Payload Aerostat System (STMPAS): SENSIAC developed two configurations of new aerostat system with hostile fire indication sensors; tested and deployed to OEF in June 2013. Security Analysis for AFRICOM: SURVIAC is providing technical analysis for current, evolving, and emerging operations, capabilities, and threats in support of AFRICOM’s efforts to defeat the Al-Qaeda terrorist networks in the Horn of Africa. Software & Systems Cost and Performance Analysis Toolkit (S2CPAT): CSIAC worked with the Australian government to collect data on the costs associated with upgrading military systems to better predict future technology upgrade costs. SOUTHCOM Vulnerability, Strategic Planning, Research and Analysis for OCO: SURVIAC is addressing SOUTHCOM strategic planning and operational requirements and providing research, data collection, and technical analysis to promote joint capabilities in theater security. Aide to US/NATO: SURVIAC performed critical analysis to identify evolving terrorist activities, trends, and developments threatening regional security and stability in order to enable the Afghan government to successfully develop and operate a national rail system. Operation Tomodachi: CBRNIAC and SENSIAC provided support to existing JTF staff with disaster relief efforts. IACs bring research to the front lines, in order to: –  Ensure the latest research data is available to tactical operations –  Test / validate research in current operations environment –  Gather data from the field to improve system design / implementation Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) Exercise Ulchi Freedom Guardian: CBRNIAC provided reach back support and advice on available solutions and resources for USFK.
  5. 5. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) 5! The Defense Innovation Imperative Addressing the Challenges of a Changing World Geopolitical Complexity Emerging Peer Competitors Declining Budgets Rapidly Evolving Threats Innovation Asymmetries Commercial Efficiencies
  6. 6. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) Commercial market efficiencies Innovation asymmetries The democratization of high tech, the Law of Accelerating Returns, and social learning are letting a new generation of Information Age threats operate inside of the conventional defense innovation loop. 6! The Innovation Imperative Addressing the Challenges of a Changing World
  7. 7. DOD Federal Market Commercial Global Defense Industrial Base Federal Industrial Base Commercial US Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) 7!
  8. 8. CYBER MATERIALS UAS ENERGY SPACE BIOMEDICAL CBRNE ROBOTICS SENSORS ARMOR VEHICLES WEAPONS DOD
  9. 9. DOD USG-Networked Design Challenges Technology/Capability mapping to Defense Opportunities Framed user-centered needs Adaptable commercial capabilities Optimal design solutions Scale, capacity, and repeatability Disruptive innovation Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) 9!
  10. 10. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) The Defense Innovation Base Building an Extended Innovation Ecosystem Total Defense Market Total Non-Defense Market Defense Industrial Base Tech Base Defense Innovation Base Commercial Consumer Non-Profit Academic Domestic International Private Citizens Private Capital Multi-Agency $ $ Public + Private Financing DoD Financing 10!
  11. 11. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) The Defense Innovation Base Building an Extended Innovation Ecosystem Total Defense Market Total Non-Defense Market Defense Industrial Base Tech Base Defense Innovation Base Commercial Consumer Non-Profit Academic Domestic International Private Citizens Private Capital Multi-Agency 11!
  12. 12. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) Technology Domain Awareness Prospecting Innovations for Defense “We must now adapt, innovate, and make difficult decisions to ensure that our military remains ready and capable—maintaining its technological edge over all potential adversaries.” —The Honorable Chuck Hagel, Secretary of Defense Technology Domain Awareness (TDA) is the effective understanding of the technology landscape as it relates to current and future defense capability needs. The DoD IACs TDA initiative is DoD’s focal point for harvesting innovations from the commercial and non-defense marketplace, ensuring the development of better, cheaper, AND faster defense capabilities through technology reuse based on a foundation of: 1)  Technology lessons learned; 2)  Warfighter insights; and 3)  Technology marketplace awareness 42 CFR CHAPTER 79—SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY, ORGANIZATION AND PRIORITIES (b)(2) […] it is recognized as a responsibility of the Federal Government not only to coordinate and unify its own science and technology information systems, but to facilitate the close coupling of institutional scientific research with commercial application of the useful findings of science. 12!
  13. 13. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) Technology Domain Awareness Prospecting Innovations for Defense 13! Carl DeTorres Graphic Design 266 38th St. Oakland Ca, 94611 415.265.6480 carldetorres@gmail.com MAV6 / Navigation Icons / Concept Sketch / Confidential / Internal Use Only Culture Needs Capital Technology Creating shared market awareness between defense “consumers” and innovation “producers” in academia and industry. Channeling innovations derived from outside the traditional defense industrial base. Lowering barriers to entry for innovation in the defense market. Incubating a defense innovation base that supports the development of better, cheaper AND faster products. Aligning technology sources, uses and incentives to create an extended defense innovation ecosystem. Developing an information- based learning context for rapid innovation. Realizing economic efficiencies through co- investment.
  14. 14. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) Data IACs Enterprise Innovation from Analysis to Implementation Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace http://iac.dtic.mil ASD R&E DTIC DoD IACs Director Deputy Director AFICA/KD Offutt AFB/Wright Patterson AFB Steering Committee & Technical Coordinating Groups Support Team DoD IACs Government Team Finance Team CSIAC DSIAC HDIAC Business Ops COCOM + Agency Liaisons SNIM HDTAT DSTAT Government Industry Academia Prototyping + Experimentation National Security Technology Accelerator National Security Technology Accelerator Technology Domain Awareness Resources CURRENT PLANNED Analysis 14!
  15. 15. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) IACs Technical Scope Aligning with SECDEF’s Top Priorities 15!
  16. 16. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) Basic Center of Operations Identifying Opportunities for Innovation Three Basic Centers of Operation (BCO’s) Cyber Security and Information Systems Information Analysis Center Defense System Information Analysis Center Homeland Defense and Security Information Analysis Center Mission Leverage data collection and analysis to identify defense technology opportunities and challenges Develop lessons learned for better technology decision making Use analysis to support the operational employment of technology across a wide range of operational scenarios Task Size (Max) and Period of Performance Core Analysis Tasks (CAT’s) up to $500K or $1M (DSIAC) over 12-months 16!
  17. 17. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) CSIAC Agent-Based UAV Control Assessment Customer(s): U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory Challenges: Integration of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) into the National Airspace requires the implementation of new technologies and processes for airspace management. Solutions: Model and test agent-based techniques for autonomous operation of UAVs. Modify FAA and Air Force developed software to integrate UAV operations in a limited flight test to demonstrate feasibility of model. Feed validation/verification process to move technology forward. Identify technology gaps, such as “sense and avoid” requirements, and candidate solutions. Benefits include greatly expanded domestic use of UAVs for commercial and public safety applications. National Airspace UAV Integration 17!
  18. 18. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) Customer(s): Department of Defense Challenges: Support of U.S. military operations in the Middle East has resulted in a vast repository of reports, information, data, and hardware associated with the development and demonstration of innovative Counter IED (CIED) technologies. Critical CIED capabilities stand to be lost if they are not preserved in an effective and organized manner. Solutions: Evaluate, organize, and preserve critical information, data, and hardware associated with DoD CIED technology development. Identify and re-purpose appropriate tools and information for ongoing defense and public safety applications. Benefits include increasing DoD’s return on investment for CIED capabilities and preserving warfighter readiness for future IED contingencies. defensetech.org www.iimef.marines.mil DSIAC Counter IED Knowledge Preservation Preserving the CIED Enterprise 18!
  19. 19. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) Customer(s): Department of Defense, Department of Energy and other government agencies Challenges: Lack of connectivity and needs sharing among government agencies inhibits proper leveraging of the commercial innovation base for the solution of common problems. Solutions: Identify candidate target sets and cross-cutting collaboration opportunities for government agencies and commercial entities to share and address emerging problems in order to accelerate innovation, rapid prototyping, and potential solutions. Benefits include better organization of commercial and public sector resources to quickly and cost effectively address emerging national security capability needs. defensetech.org www.iimef.marines.mil Accelerated Capability Development DSIAC Rapid Reaction Accelerator 19!
  20. 20. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) HDIAC USMC Chemical Biological Incident Response Force Customer(s): USMC CBIRF Problem: Current organizational structure does not allow the USMC CBIRF to optimally respond to its technical CBRN and WMD response missions. Solution: Conduct analysis of the existing organization structure and technical capabilities to determine opportunities for CBIRF to better leverage emerging commercially- derived product and process innovations. Search the technology domain for CBRN and WMD defense equipment that will enable the CBIRF to perform its technical mission. Benefits include more rapid, cost effective equipping of CBRIF personnel in response to rapidly changing threats. 20!
  21. 21. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) Customer(s): U.S. Army, 82nd Civilian Affairs Battalion Problem: The U.S. Army deploys troops to conflict ridden countries for humanitarian, peace and stabilization missions such as South Sudan. The troops need to understand the country’s medical capabilities and infrastructure in order to develop and deliver the needed equipment and services. Solution: Developed medical capabilities study that included detailed analyses and summary of capabilities, list of diseases, medical access, infrastructure, and dependence on NGOs. Benefits include providing situational context enabling the U.S. Army to identify, develop, and deploy commercially-derived medical equipment and related services required to stabilize local health conditions. HDIAC South Sudan Medical and Infrastructure Assessment South Sudan Medical Relief 21!
  22. 22. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) Technical Area Tasks Developing Innovations for Defense Applications Three Technical Area Tasks (TAT’s) Software Networks Information Modeling and Simulation (SNIM) Defense Systems Technical Area Tasks (DSTAT) Homeland Defense and Security Technical Area Tasks (HDTAT) Mission Support rapid development and experimentation of targeted defense technology solutions across a wide range of potential mission applications Provide mission support for the employment of product and process innovations across the DoD enterprise Task Size (Max) and Period of Performance Technical Area Tasks (TAT’s) up to $900M (HDTAT), $2B (SNIM), or $3B DSTAT over one base year with up four option years 22!
  23. 23. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) Customer(s): U.S. Army TARDEC Problem: Military ground vehicle weight has skyrocketed as vehicles are increasingly armored to deal with threats such as Improvised Explosive Devices. Vehicles become too heavy to be air transportable, increase JP8 fuel logistics demands, and are more unstable in motion. Solution: To improve occupant survivability, adapted motorsports design lessons to military ground vehicles. Modern racecars allow drivers to survive horrific crashes, while the cars remain light weight. Lessons implemented include occupant impulse loading analysis, controlled deformable seat mounts, and shock transmission analysis. Benefits include lives saved, weight reduction and better fuel consumption. Mitigating Blast Effects Vehicle Occupant Protection from IED Blasts Vehicle hull impulse loading from an IED explosion 23!
  24. 24. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) Customer(s): U.S. Army Rapid Equipping Force U.S. Army RDECOM-CERDEC Challenges: Fuel resupply operations impose a heavy economic, logistics and force protection burden. Tactical operations require enhanced power generation, distribution, management and storage to mitigate these burdens. Solutions: Evaluated and validated commercially-derived hybrid power solutions. Developed and delivered innovative commercially-derived solutions such as thin, flexible, high efficiency solar technology and various light, mobile, soldier-worn power modules. Benefits at one installation site include 60% reduction in fuel consumption, resulting in four fewer helicopter resupply missions per week. Expeditionary Power Power for Tactical Edge Operations Tactical Hybrid Power 24!
  25. 25. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) Customer(s): U.S. Army Rapid Equipping Force (REF) Problem: The U.S. military is striving to better understand how blasts impact the human body. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has become a greater concern and there is a lack of clear understanding of the impact from blast-induced injuries. Solution: Developed Integrated Blast Effect Sensor Suite (IBESS) from commercially derived sensors and data acquisition technologies to provide an integrated capability that measures blast exposure at both the vehicle and soldier level and records data to better understand blast injuries. Benefits include correlating soldiers’ blast exposure with their medical records to develop and deliver improved TBI treatment. Blast Effects Sensors to Better Understand Traumatic Brain Injuries IBESS System Architecture 25!
  26. 26. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) Customer(s): U.S. Air Force Problem: Missile warning systems installed on US military aircraft utilize algorithms that are not optimized for current operational theaters. Solution: Leveraged multiple objective evolutionary algorithms from academia, which mimic the selection, mating, and mutation behaviors of plant and animal evolution, to increase the probability of detection and reduce the false alarm rate of the system. These methods do not functionally change the software but optimize existing algorithm settings to find the best performance. Resulted in 60% improvement in probability of detection and 80% improvement in false alarm rate at extremely low cost. Missile Warning Algorithm Optimization Sensor Software Optimization Optimization of Missile Warning Algorithms 26!
  27. 27. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) National Security Technology Accelerator Synchronizing Commercial Tech with Defense Needs 27! IACs will issue Other Transaction Authority (OTA) vehicles to build a central defense innovation resource targeting “non- traditional” industry and academia. OTAs will address four core product areas aligned with 17 DoD S&T priorities. ①  Defense Systems ②  Homeland Defense and Security ③  Energy ④  Cyber and Information Systems The National Security Technology Accelerator will link capabilities across the four OTAs. The IACs and TechConnect will engage industry in the coming weeks to provide additional information on working with the NSTA. The National Security Technology Accelerator is the “business end” of TDA. It provides a range of services and funding opportunities to speed the flow of external innovations to defense. ①  Secure facilities and clearance support ②  Facilitated end-user engagement ③  Technology prospecting + marketing ④  Collaboration and co-development opps ⑤  Funding opportunities
  28. 28. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) IACs Outreach Aligning Sources and Uses of Innovation Continuous monitoring of the DoD landscape for sources and uses of technology. Embedded resources at the Combatant Commands to rapidly identify emerging defense needs. Technology Domain Awareness: facilitated online and offline DoD-industry engagement to support rapid technology development (reuse) and insertion 28!
  29. 29. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) Contract Opportunities The three Basic Centers of Operation (BCO) contracts (up to $1M per task) are single award contracts corresponding to each IAC: CSIAC, DSIAC, HDIAC The three Technical Area Tasks (TAT) contracts are multiple award contracts (up to $3B total contract value) corresponding to the each of the following mission areas: Software Networks Information Modeling and Simulation (SNIM) Defense Systems (DSTAT) Homeland Defense and Security (HDTAT) The National Security Technology Accelerator (NSTA) includes four pending OTA vehicles that enable flexible contracting directly with commercial industry, academia, and other non-traditional businesses. 29!
  30. 30. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) Working with the IACs All BCO and TAT prime contractors as well as the NSTA seek opportunities to partner with innovative public and private entities. Funded opportunities cover a broad spectrum of topics and generally correspond to the technical areas supported by the IACs (slide 16). Funded opportunities support technical analyses or applied R&D with a particular focus on technology reuse (i.e. modification or application of prior art with respect to emerging defense needs). The IACs and TechConnect will engage industry in the coming weeks to provide additional information on working with the NSTA. 30!
  31. 31. Bringing the “Think Tank” to the Battlespace   http://iac.dtic.mil Approved for Public Release / U.S. Government Work (17 USC §105) / Not copyrighted in the U.S) Visit us at http://iac.dtic.mil IAC Office: 703-767-9120 Mr. Christopher Zember Director, DoD Information Analysis Centers christopher.j.zember.civ@dtic.mil 31!

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