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Shotput: Definition and Playing Area.pptx

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Shotput: Definition and Playing Area.pptx

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Sometimes an individual is described as a highly cultured person, meaning that the person in question has certain features such as his/her speech, manner, and taste for literature, music, or painting, which distinguish him from others.

Culture, in this sense, refers to certain personal characteristics of an individual.

However, this is not the sense in which the word culture is used and understood in social sciences.

Sometimes culture is used in popular discourse to refer to a celebration or an evening of entertainment, as when one speaks of a ‘cultural show.’ In this sense, culture is identified with aesthetics or the fine arts such as dance, music, or drama.

This is also different from the technical meaning of the word culture.

Culture is used in a special sense in anthropology and sociology. It refers to the sum of human beings’ lifeways, behavior, beliefs, feelings, and thoughts; it connotes everything acquired by them as social beings. Culture has been defined in several ways.

There is no consensus among sociologists and anthropologists regarding the definition of culture.

Some writers add to these definitions some of the important” other capabilities and habits” such as language and the techniques for making and using tools.

Homer mentions competitions of rock throwing by soldiers during the Siege of Troy but there is no record of any dead weights being thrown in Greek competitions. The first evidence for stone- or weight-throwing events were in the Scottish Highlands, and date back to approximately the first century.[1] In the 16th century King Henry VIII was noted for his prowess in court competitions of weight and hammer throwing.[2]

The first events resembling the modern shot put likely occurred in the Middle Ages when soldiers held competitions in which they hurled cannonballs. Shot put competitions were first recorded in early 19th century Scotland, and were a part of the British Amateur Championships beginning in 1866.[3]

Competitors take their throw from inside a marked circle 7 feet 0 inches (2.135 m) in diameter, with a "toe board" or "stop board" 10 centimetres (4 in) high at the front of the circle. The distance thrown is measured from the inside of the circumference of the circle to the nearest mark made on the ground by the falling shot, with distances rounded down to the nearest centimetre under IAAF and WMA rules.

Legal throws

Czechoslovak shot putter Jiří Skobla showing the correct technique for keeping the shot near the neck
The following rules (indoor and outdoor) must be adhered to for a legal throw:

Upon calling the athlete's name, the athlete may choose any part of the throwing circle to enter inside. They have thirty seconds to commence the throwing motion; otherwise it counts as a forfeit for the current round.
The athlete may not wear gloves; IAAF rules permit the taping of individual fingers.
The athlete must rest the shot close to the neck, and keep it tight to the neck throughout the motion.

Sometimes an individual is described as a highly cultured person, meaning that the person in question has certain features such as his/her speech, manner, and taste for literature, music, or painting, which distinguish him from others.

Culture, in this sense, refers to certain personal characteristics of an individual.

However, this is not the sense in which the word culture is used and understood in social sciences.

Sometimes culture is used in popular discourse to refer to a celebration or an evening of entertainment, as when one speaks of a ‘cultural show.’ In this sense, culture is identified with aesthetics or the fine arts such as dance, music, or drama.

This is also different from the technical meaning of the word culture.

Culture is used in a special sense in anthropology and sociology. It refers to the sum of human beings’ lifeways, behavior, beliefs, feelings, and thoughts; it connotes everything acquired by them as social beings. Culture has been defined in several ways.

There is no consensus among sociologists and anthropologists regarding the definition of culture.

Some writers add to these definitions some of the important” other capabilities and habits” such as language and the techniques for making and using tools.

Homer mentions competitions of rock throwing by soldiers during the Siege of Troy but there is no record of any dead weights being thrown in Greek competitions. The first evidence for stone- or weight-throwing events were in the Scottish Highlands, and date back to approximately the first century.[1] In the 16th century King Henry VIII was noted for his prowess in court competitions of weight and hammer throwing.[2]

The first events resembling the modern shot put likely occurred in the Middle Ages when soldiers held competitions in which they hurled cannonballs. Shot put competitions were first recorded in early 19th century Scotland, and were a part of the British Amateur Championships beginning in 1866.[3]

Competitors take their throw from inside a marked circle 7 feet 0 inches (2.135 m) in diameter, with a "toe board" or "stop board" 10 centimetres (4 in) high at the front of the circle. The distance thrown is measured from the inside of the circumference of the circle to the nearest mark made on the ground by the falling shot, with distances rounded down to the nearest centimetre under IAAF and WMA rules.

Legal throws

Czechoslovak shot putter Jiří Skobla showing the correct technique for keeping the shot near the neck
The following rules (indoor and outdoor) must be adhered to for a legal throw:

Upon calling the athlete's name, the athlete may choose any part of the throwing circle to enter inside. They have thirty seconds to commence the throwing motion; otherwise it counts as a forfeit for the current round.
The athlete may not wear gloves; IAAF rules permit the taping of individual fingers.
The athlete must rest the shot close to the neck, and keep it tight to the neck throughout the motion.

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Shotput: Definition and Playing Area.pptx

  1. 1. SHOT PUT By Roshni Kumari Roll no:- A25
  2. 2. Definition An Athletic contest in which a very heavy round ball is thrown as far as possible. A sport that requires technique as well as strength.
  3. 3. History of ShotPut The ancient Greeks threw stones as a sport and soldiers are recorded as throwing cannon balls in the middle Ages but a version of modern form of shotput can be traced in the Highland Games in scotland during the 19th Century where competitors throws rounded cube, stone or metals from behind the line.
  4. 4. Uniform ● ShotPut participants are required to wear clean or team uniform. ● No visible jewelry is allowed (Exceptions may be allowed for religious jewelry- taped to the body) ● Gloves cannot be worn and the hands cannot be taped or bandaged unless there is a cut. ● Supporting the wrists with the tape is allowed. Rules in playing ShotPut
  5. 5. The Shot ● Shots may vary in size, weight and materials. ● The shot must be smooth and round, solid and made of metal no softer than brass filled with lead and other heavy metals. ● Shots are available in 6,12 and 16 pound varieties, as well as 2,3,4,5 and 6 Kilogram varieties. Rules in playing ShotPut(cont.)
  6. 6. Playing Area ● When throwing a shot, competitors stand inside of a circle 7 feet in diameter. ● A sector extending from the circle is used to determine valid throws; the two lines of the sector originate from the center of the circle at 34.92 degrees apart. ● A curved white stop board is placed within the circle between the sector lines, serving as an indicator of the valid throwing sector. Rules in playing ShotPut(cont.)
  7. 7. Putting the shot ● The act of throwing the shot is known as a put. The elbow must bend to draw the shot back, holding it near or touching the neck and chin but not farther than the shoulder. ● The put must be performed within 60 seconds of being called to enter the circle. ● The thrower cannot leave the circle until the shot was landed. Rules in playing ShotPut(cont.)
  8. 8. Basic Technique for the Shotput
  9. 9. 1. Holding the shot ● The shot is held at the base of the fingers not the palm. The fingers are spread apart with thumb for support. ● The hand will bent back back like carrying a pizza. 1. Neck Placement ● Raise the shot above head and lower straight until its under the jaw. ● Push the shot into your neck and lift the elbow parallel to floor. ● The palm should be pointing towards the throwing direction. Goal One: Shot grip and placement
  10. 10. Positioning Body in Power position ● The thrower will stand perpendicular in the throwing direction. ● The feet position will be shoulder width apart or a little wider with left foot slightly behind the right foot. ● The right foot will be in the perpendicular position. ● The thrower will shift 80% of his/her weight into the right leg and be in athletic position. ● There will be a stretch reflex reaction between the upper body And the lower body. Deliver the shot as mentioned above. Goal Two: power position
  11. 11. Positioning Body in the glide ● Stand at the back of the ring facing away from the throwing position. ● Put your body in athletic position away from the sector. ● Extend your left arm out- relaxed. ● Extend the left leg back towards the toe board. ● Most of the body weight should be on right leg. Goal Three: glide position
  12. 12. 1. Delivering the shot ● Punch the shot away from the neck. ● Eyes to the ceiling. ● Keep the elbow high at all the times ● Finish the punch with the flip of the wrist. 1. Drills used to teach the delivery ● Two arm puts ● Arm strike ● Bent Knee These are some of the drills used for proper release of the shot. Goal Four: Delivery of the shot
  13. 13. ● Robert Garrett was the first modern olympic shot put Champion, in 1896, with a throw measuring 11.22 metres. ● American Ralph Rose won gold medals in 1904 and 1908. ● Leo Sexton in 1932 reached the 16 meter mark to take the fold during the first games held in Los Angeles. ● American R. Barnes set a world record with a toss measuring 23.12 metres in 1990. ● Modern Olympic champs include 2000 gold medalist Yanina Korolchik of Belarus. Great Shot Putters of the Olympics
  14. 14. Thank You

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