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Motivation whatitiswherefromhowtosustainit

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Motivation whatitiswherefromhowtosustainit

  1. 1. “Motivation: what it means, where it comes from and how it can be sustained.”   MATE Middle School Conference, Tiznit, May 4-6, 2012. Abdellatif Zoubair Email: abdellatif.zoubair@gmail.com Web: www.zoubaireltcommunity.ac.ma MATE Mid Sc Conf,Tiznit  May12  
  2. 2. Outline 1. Define the concept of motivation 2. State the main features underlying  motivation 3. Explain how some potential factors impact  motivation  4. Discuss possible ways of sustaining  motivation   5. Reflect on the pedagogical implications of  MATE Mid Sc Conf,Tiznit  the ideas above May12
  3. 3. What is it? 1. “In general, the driving . . . . . . in any  situation that leads to . . . . . ..” 2. “A combination of the learner’s . . . . . . .,  desires, and willingness to expend effort in  order to learn the second language.” MATE Mid Sc Conf,Tiznit  May12
  4. 4.  3. “Some kind of internal . . . . . . . which  pushes someone to do things in order  to . . . . . . . something.”    4. “It also includes the need for the . . . . . . .  to be known and to be approved by others.” MATE Mid Sc Conf,Tiznit  May12
  5. 5. 5. “A state of . . . . . . . arousal which provokes a decision to act, as a result of which there is a . . . . . . . intellectual and/or physical effort so that the person can achieve some previously set . . . . . . ..” MATE Mid Sc Conf,Tiznit May12
  6. 6. 1. “In general, the driving force in any situation that leads to action.” 2. “A combination of the learner’s attitudes, desires, and willingness to expend effort in order to learn the second language.” 3. “Some kind of internal drive which pushes someone to do things in order to achieve something.” MATE Mid Sc Conf,Tiznit May12
  7. 7. 4. “It also includes the need for the self to be known and to be approved by others.” 5. “A state of cognitive arousal which provokes a decision to act, as a result of which there is a sustained intellectual and/or physical effort so that the person can achieve some previously set goal.” MATE Mid Sc Conf,Tiznit May12
  8. 8. Related notions 1. An orientation: a class of reasons for learning a language 2. Integrative orientation: a willingness to be like valued members of the community. MATE Mid Sc Conf,Tiznit May12
  9. 9. 3. Instrumental orientation: aims at more practical concerns, e.g. getting a job or passing an exam. 4. Intrinsic motivation: involves enjoyment of learning itself 5. Extrinsic motivation: driven by external factors such as parental pressure MATE Mid Sc Conf,Tiznit May12
  10. 10. Key features 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Feeling Goal Action Attitude Willingness Effort Challenge ... MATE Mid Sc Conf,Tiznit May12
  11. 11. Contributing factors 1. The goal: clearly defined? . . . 2. The society we live in: status within the curriculum? Associated cultural images? . . . 3. The people around us: Parents? Peers? . . . 4. Curiosity: Initial motivation crucial, but should be sustained? MATE Mid Sc Conf,Tiznit May12
  12. 12. Five-stage model for sustaining motivation 1. Affect: Students’ feelings? . . . 2. Achievement: success versus failure? 3. Attitude: Do learners have confidence in the teachers? In their professional abilities? . . . 4. Activities: Do they involve enjoyment? Do students see the point/utility of the tasks? . . . MATE Mid Sc Conf,Tiznit 5. Agency: Are students involved in decision May12
  13. 13. Pedagogical implications? 1.Reflect on how you can incorporate the notions above into your teaching practices. 2.Share your thoughts with the group. MATE Mid Sc Conf,Tiznit May12
  14. 14. REFERENCES:  Blackburn, B. & Abbigail, A. February/March. “Motivation: It’s All About Me.” Momentum Journal. National Catholic Education Association.  Brown, H.,Douglas (2007) Principles of Language Learning and Teaching. Pearson Education.  Harmer, J. The Practice of English LanguageTeaching. Pearson Longman Fourth Edition.  Richards, Jack C. & Scmidt, R. 2010. Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics. Longman. MATE Mid Sc Conf,Tiznit May12
  15. 15. Thank you for your your attention! N.B. Refer to slideshare http://www.slideshare.net/Atrlogin/100-ways-to-motivate-yourself1 http://www.slideshare.net/ddeubel/educational-quotes MATE Mid Sc Conf,Tiznit May12

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