IMPROVING COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE TO PROMOTE BETTER CITIES

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SMART CIVIC CITIES: IMPROVING COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE TO PROMOTE BETTER CITIES
24 OCTOBER 2014 | VNG

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IMPROVING COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE TO PROMOTE BETTER CITIES

  1. 1. SMART CIVIC CITIES: IMPROVING COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE TO PROMOTE BETTER CITIES 24 OCTOBER 2014 | VNG JOSÉ CARLOS MOTA DOCENTE E INVESTIGADOR DO DCSPT - UNIVERSIDADE DE AVEIRO jcmota@ua.pt LINK
  2. 2. 1. DO WE REALY NEED SMART CITIES?
  3. 3. 1. SMART CITIES MAINSTREAM APPROACH CITY AS AN URBAN SYSTEM; FOCUS ON HARDWARE NEOLIBERAL AND TECHNOLOGY-PUSH PERSPECTIVE INVESTMENT IN HIGHLY COST INFRA-STRUCTURES APPLIED SPECIALLY TO GLOBAL CITIES OVERVIEW: http://www.smartcitiesitsallaboutpeople.net/ RESULTS / CRITICS INFRASTRUTURE BIG PROJECTS INCREASING SPATIAL INEQUALITIES LACK OF CITIZEN INVOLVEMENT
  4. 4. 1. HUMAN SMART CITIES «NEW» APPROACH «governments engage citizens» «peer-to-peer relationship based on reciprocal trust and collaboration» «city where people are the main actors of urban “smartness”» «adopts services that are born from people’s real needs and have been co-designed through interactive, dialogic, and collaborative processes» RESULTS SMALL SCALE AND HIGH IMPACT PROJECTS MORE ROOTED IN THE LOCAL ENVIRONMENT HSC - PERIPHÈRIA PROJECT SOFT TECHNOLOGIES MAY HAVE BETTER ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL RETURNS OVERVIEW: http://www.smartcitiesitsallaboutpeople.net/
  5. 5. 2. A NEW «CIVIC AGENDA» FOR SMART CITIES?
  6. 6. 2. CIVIC AGENDA FOR SMATER CITIES HOW ARE WE USING OUR CIVIC RIGHTS? AT EUROPEAN LEVEL ELECTIONS & BUDGET AT NATIONAL LEVEL ELECTIONS & POLICY DISCUSSIONS AT LOCAL LEVEL ELECTIONS & POLICY DISCUSSIONS LOCAL ORGANIZATIONS PROJECTS & PLANS AT HOME/WORK LEVEL PERSONAL/FAMILY LIFE JOB «os portugueses são o povo mais desconfiado da Europa Ocidental e ocupam a 25ª posição entre 26 países. Para quase 20 por cento dos portugueses e franceses "para se chegar ao topo, é necessário ser corrupto» OCDE (2007) «45% dos portugueses suspeitam dos outros, mas os números disparam se o alvo for o governo (70%)» Estudo TESE (2010) 25,6% dos inquiridos portugueses assumiam-se como associativistas, o que ainda assim tornava Portugal o país europeu com a mais baixa taxa associativa (Delicado, 2003: 232-5).
  7. 7. 2. CIVIC AGENDA FOR SMATER CITIES WE REALLY DON’T HAVE A TRADITION OF PUBLIC PARTICIPATION ALTHOUGHT… SOCIAL MEDIA AND PUBLIC SPACE THE POWE OF SOCIAL NETWORKS (REAL AND VIRTUAL) ALBOI NEIGHBOURHOOD PROJECT http://contraoalboicortadoaomeio.blogs.sapo.pt/
  8. 8. 2. CIVIC AGENDA FOR SMATER CITIES WE REALLY DON’T HAVE A TRADITION OF PUBLIC PARTICIPATION A SMALL CORNER OF THE WORLD ALTHOUGHT! ALBOI NEIGHBOURHOOD PROJECT THE POWE OF SOCIAL NETWORKS (REAL AND VIRTUAL) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dX_sEWp1Yh0
  9. 9. 2. CIVIC AGENDA FOR SMATER CITIES WE REALLY DON’T HAVE A TRADITION OF PUBLIC PARTICIPATION ALTHOUGHT! FOOTH BRIDGE IN A WATER CHANNEL CROWDED PUBLIC MEETING PRODUCE OPINION COLLECTIVITY CAN WE BUILT A CITY AGAINST THEIR INHABITANTS? http://contrapontepedonalnocanalcentral.blogs.sapo.pt/
  10. 10. 2. CIVIC AGENDA FOR SMATER CITIES WE REALLY DON’T HAVE A TRADITION OF PUBLIC PARTICIPATION ALTHOUGHT! CAFFE MEETING’S CAN A WATER CHANNEL BE IN THE HART OF THE COMMUNITY? CREATE ARENAS FOR DEBATE http://contrapontepedonalnocanalcentral.blogs.sapo.pt/
  11. 11. 2. CIVIC AGENDA FOR SMATER CITIES WE REALLY DON’T HAVE A TRADITION OF PUBLIC PARTICIPATION ALTHOUGHT! USE THE PUBLIC SPACE CELEBRATING PUBLIC SPACE MANIFESTO FOR THE PUBLIC SPACE http://programadasfestas.blogs.sapo.pt/
  12. 12. 2. CIVIC AGENDA FOR SMATER CITIES PEOPLE DO PARTICIPATE IF COLLECTIVE ISSUES/CONCERNS ADEQUATE ARENAS (VIRTUAL & FACE2FACE) COLLABORATIVE ENVIRONMENT (TRUST & EMPATHY) THEY HAVE ACCESS TO INFORMATION (EXPERTISE) THERE IS A COMMON SHARE OF IDEAS (CO-CREATE) THEY FEEL THEIR VOICES CAN BE HEARD (INFLUENCE) MYTHS AND PREJUDICES DESPITE DIFICULTIES AND LIMITATIONS LACK TRADITION ALL CHANGES ARE EPHEMERAL AND REVERSIBLE PERSERVERANCE IS A KEY FACTOR!
  13. 13. 2. CIVIC AGENDA WHY DO WE NEED A CIVIC AGENDA (IN PORTUGAL)? WE NEED ACTION AND HOPE! DEMOCRACY PREVENT CAPTURE OF PUBLIC INTEREST ENVIROMENT CONTROL EMISSIONS / CLIMATE CHANGE SOCIAL HEALTH, SOLIDARITY, INCLUSIVE ECONOMY GROWTH AND CREATE JOBS
  14. 14. 2. CIVIC AGENDA WHY DO WE NEED A CIVIC AGENDA (IN PORTUGAL)? WE HAVE RESOURCES THAT WE DON’T USE REDISCOVER RESOURCES IN CITIES (DEVALUED OR UNKNOWN) KNOWLEDGE ABOUT CITIES AND ITS RESOURCES SPACES VACANT UNDERUTILIZED OR (AND NOT BUILT BUILT, PUBLIC AND PRIVATE) NETWORKS OF PROXIMITY (ORGANIZATIONS AND EQUIPMENT) CIVIC AND INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY ICT INFRASTRUCTURES / KNOWLEDGE
  15. 15. 2. CIVIC AGENDA KNOWLEDGE ABOUT CITIES AND ITS RESOURCES ‘Temos de ir caminhando pelas ruas e conversando com as pessoas para ir à procura dessas micro-histórias‘ LOCAL KNOWLEDGE + SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE MAPPING, SHARING, LINKING CO-PRODUCING
  16. 16. VACANT OR UNDERUTILIZED SPACES (PUBLIC AND PRIVATE) a imaginação para preencher o vazio, em Aveiro! LINK: https://www.facebook.com/vivacidade.aveiro Antiga garagem na Covilhã transformada em espaço de arte e cultura (SIC) LINK: http://sicnoticias.sapo.pt/cultura/2014-06-09- antiga-garagem-na-covilha-transformada-em-espaco-de-arte- e-cultura 2. CIVIC AGENDA
  17. 17. 2. CIVIC AGENDA NETWORKS OF PROXIMITY (ORGANIZATIONS AND EQUIPMENT) produzir o seu adequado mapeamento e sistematização para permitir construir colaborativamente uma nova narrativa sobre as questões críticas locais, valorizando esses recursos, e com isso produzir um outro tipo de políticas.
  18. 18. 2. CIVIC AGENDA CIVIC AND INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY Manuel Assunção, A Universidade de Aveiro como universidade cívica
  19. 19. 2. CIVIC AGENDA ICT INFRASTRUCTURE AND KNOWLEDGE 'urbanização da tecnologia' - uma forma particular transformar, adaptar ou mesmo ‘hackear’ a 'tecnologia' para responder a problemas e necessidades da comunidade (empresarial, artística, científica, associativa e cívica). A tecnologia vai desde o carro, a bicicleta, mobiliário urbano, edifícios, passando pelos dispositivosmóveis, redes, etc.., A cidade (em particular os seus utilizadores, residentes, organizações, ecologias) pode ser o palco da identificação de novas necessidades de resposta e da adequação bem sucedida ('hackear') da tecnologia a essas necessidades (Sassen, 2012) verhttp://www.engagetv.com/webcast_Saskia-Sassen-Urbanizing-Technology-PICNIC-Festival-2011
  20. 20. 3. HOW ARE WE USING OUR COLLECTIVE INTELIGENCE?
  21. 21. 3.1 WHAT DO WE MEAN BY COLLECTIVE INTELIGENCE? COLLECTIVE INTELIGENCE CONCEPT «Empowerment through the development and pooling of intelligence to attain common goals or to resolve common problems» Brown and Lauder (2000) «Social glue that holds societies together» Brown and Lauder (2000) V. IMP. «the extent to which people are institutionally encouraged («trust») to pool their capacity (knowledge, technology and intellectual resources) for intelligent action (solve collective problems)» Brown and Lauder (2000)
  22. 22. 3.2 WHY SHOULD WE USE COLLECTIVE INTELIGENCE? LIDERANÇAS QUE AJUDAM OS GRUPOS A AGIR COLECTIVAMENTE DE MODO MAIS INTELIGENTE http://cci.mit.edu/malone/ http://vimeo.com/37389182 THOMAS MALONE, MIT (2011) ESTUDO MIT CONCLUIU QUE A IC está fracamente correlacionado com a média e máxima inteligência do grupo; não está correlacionada com a satiafação do grupo, motivação coesão; está significativamente correlacionada com: PERCEPÇÃO SOCIAL (capacidade dos membros lerem as expressões e emoções dos outros); IGUALDADE DE PARTICIPAÇÃO NA CONVERSAÇÃO; PROPORÇÃO DE MULHERES NO GRUPO (relacionado com o 1.º); IMPORTA NÃO SÓ A INTELIGÊNCIA INDIDIVUAL DAS PESSOAS MAS A INTELIGÊNCIA COLECTIVA DOS GRUPOS
  23. 23. SHARING PLATFORMS TRIPLE-HELIX PLATFORMS TECHNOLOGICAL PARKS UNIVERSITIES ENTERPRISES CENTRAL REGIONAL LOCAL AUTHORITIES PROJECTS INDUSTRIAL PARKS TETRA-HELIX PLATFORMS CIVIC UNIVERSITIY SUB- ENTERPRISES REGIONAL LOCAL AUTHORITIES NGO CITIZENS URBAN LAB LIVING LAB PARTNERSHIPS TECHNOLOGICAL PLATFORMS 3.3 HOW ARE WE USING C.I.? DIY CO-CREATION CROWDFUNDING COLLABORATIVE MAPPING
  24. 24. 3.4 COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE IN AVEIRO BICYCLE INOVATIVE ECOSSISTEM BICYCLE TECHN. PLATF. UNIVERSITY AVEIRO BICYCLE INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION ABIMOTA CIRA AVEIRO REGION INTERMUNICIPAL COMMUNITY NGO CITIZENS INOVARIA ICT CLUSTER ASSOCIATION CYCLING FEDERATION PUBLIC ORGANIZATIONS MIRALAGO BEWEGEN LARUS REVIGRÉS AMORIM CORK PONTO .C MICRO-IO UBIWHERE BIKEEMOTION (…) PARENT ASSOCIATIONS TRANSITION GROUPS ENVIRONMENTAL ASSOCIATIONS POLICE – PSP SCHOOLS BICYCLE DESIGNERS CYCLE TOURISM OPERATORS TEXTIL MANUFACTORS OTHER UNIVERSITIES AND RESEARCH CENTRES SPORT FACILITIES VELODROME COMMON GOAL BICYCLE ACCESSORIES MIRANDA IRMÃO RODI POLISPORT INTERNATIONAL NETWORKS LIVEABLE CITIES
  25. 25. 3.4 COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE IN AVEIRO BICYCLE INOVATIVE ECOSSISTEM
  26. 26. 3.4 COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE IN AVEIRO BICYCLE INOVATIVE ECOSSISTEM
  27. 27. 3.4 COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE IN AVEIRO BICYCLE INOVATIVE ECOSSISTEM SISTEMAS PARTILHADOS DE BICICLETAS COLECTIVAS FIRST BIKE
  28. 28. 3.4 COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE IN AVEIRO BICYCLE INOVATIVE ECOSSISTEM BIKE DATA c/ ESTGA MAPEAMENTO DO VALOR ECONÓMICO DA BICICLETA c/ ESTGA
  29. 29. 4. FRAMEWORK FOR A SMART CIVIC CITY!
  30. 30. 4.1 SMART CIVIC CITY CONCEPT TETRA-HELIX PLATFORMS CENTRED IN CITIES IDENTIFY, VALUE AND USE RESOURCES (DEVALUED OR UNKNOWN) TO ANSWER TO NEEDS, PROBLEMS AND DREAMS ABILITY TO WORK COLLABORATIVELY AND TO USE THE COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE LEARNING COMMUNITY (ENVIRONMENT, INFRASTRUCTURES, IDEAS AND PRACTICES) CREATING PARTNERSHIPS WITH A SHARED LEADERSHIP Inspired: http://www.publicsphereproject.org/
  31. 31. 4.2. CIVIC CHALLENGE KNOWLEDGE -> DEVELOPMENT ARE WE READY? HOPE SO! CHALLENGES PUBLIC MEDIATION – TRUST ARENAS/PLATFORMS – EMPATHY COLLECTIVE IDEAS -> PUBLIC POLICIES/ CO-OPERATIVE BUSINESSES COMMUNICATE THE PROCESS
  32. 32. JOSÉ CARLOS MOTA – DOCENTE E INVESTIGADOR DO DCSPT - UNIVERSIDADE DE AVEIRO jcmota@ua.pt | josecarlosmota@gmail.com | https://www.facebook.com/josecarlosmota SUGESTÕES DE REFLEXÃO http://estadosocial.blogs.sapo.pt http://cidadescomaspessoas.blogs.sapo.pt/ http://amigosdavenida.blogs.sapo.pt/ http://www.ua.pt/ptbicicleta/ https://www.facebook.com/ptbicicleta http://planeamentoregionaleurbano.blogs.sapo.pt/ https://www.facebook.com/PlaneamentoRegionaleUrbano https://www.facebook.com/DCSPT

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