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Romanticism
What is Romanticism?• Began in Germany and England• Entered Europe in 19th century• Deeply connected with politics and was...
Origins of Romanticism•   Folklore and popular art•   Nationalism•   Shakespeare•   Gothic romance•   Medievalism•   Emoti...
Impressionism• Originated in France in the last quarter of 18th  century as a reaction against traditional art  and its st...
Impressionism• More of a state of mind than a technique• ‘Sunrise’ by Claude Monet               Sunrise, by Claude Monet
Subjects of impressionism•   Scenes from everyday life•   Nature•   People•   Paris•   Still life
Impressionist technique•   Colour•   Brush work•   Locale•   Composition
19th century France• Begin with French Revolution and ended with  outbreak of WWI• By the end of 19th century, sense of na...
Social Climate of 19th century France• 2nd most populated country in Europe in early  19th century, but experienced a drop...
Social climate of 19th century France• Education:  – literacy rate increased drastically.  – Education improved.• Religion...
Political climate in 19th century                    France• Urbanization and industrialization• In brief:  –   1804-1814:...
1804-1814: First French Empire           under Napoleon• Napoleon named First Consul  for life• Empire was authoritarian a...
1814-1830: Restoration under Louis         XVIII and Charles X• Louis XVIII ended more  than 2 decades of war,  peace trea...
1830-1848:  July Monarchy under Louis Philippe              d’Orleans• Liberal monarchy• Importance given to  middle class...
1848-1852:             Second Republic• New constitution adopted• Executive power given to  President of the Republic• Lou...
1852-1871: Second Empire under            Napoleon III• Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte suddenly seized  power from the governmen...
1871-1940:   first decades of the Third Republic• Accidental and unloved republic• Politically unstable• Period of imperia...
1871-1940:   first decades of the Third Republic• Scandals: Boulanger Affair, the Panama Scandal, the  Dreyfus Affair, str...
19th Century Europe• Feminist ideas and social  movements emerged.• Feminist ideas fueled by social,  intellectual, politi...
19th century Europe• Democratic government• More people could vote (First, working class  men, then gradually, women)• Ide...
Eugene Delacroix• Ferdinand-Victor-Eugene  Delacroix• Born on April 26, 1789 in  Charenton St.Maurice,  France• Passed awa...
Eugene Delacroix• One of the greatest and most  influential French painters• Romanticism art style• Use of colours influen...
Eugene DelacroixThe Women of Algiers Borders   Christ on Lake Genesareth                                                  ...
Liberty Leading the People
Liberty Leading the People• July Revolution of 1830, when Charles X of  France was toppled• Delacroix’s best known work• I...
Liberty Leading the People• 3 methods used to examine Delacroix’s work  and how it relates to the social-political  climat...
Erwin Panofsky                 Pre-iconographical•   What we see in the painting•   Large canvas with group of armed indiv...
Erwin Panofsky              Iconographical Analysis• Pyramid composition draws attention  to the female• Liberty- Sculptur...
Erwin Panofsky          Iconographical Analysis• Young boy- new generation who fought  against ruling authorities• Left of...
Erwin Panofsky          Iconographical Analysis• Man with top hat- revolutionary middle class• Crawling character- French ...
Erwin Panofsky          Iconographical Analysis• Dead soldiers on the right- fall of King Charles  X
Erwin Panofsky      Iconographical Interpretation• Emphasize of the  female character• Reflection of troubles  of the civi...
Heinrich Wolffin               Use of colour• Various dark tone, but red, white and blue  prevails.• France lives on
Arnold Hauser’s               Interpretation• Perception of historical truth regulated though  social conditions• Socio-po...
Arnold Hauser’s               Interpretation• Man in top hat- lack of unity and hesitation• Young boy- young, bored with i...
Joseph Mallord William Turner
J.M.W Turner• Famous English romantic landscape and marine  artist.• Works gradually show less form and more effects of  l...
What was the      19th century UK/Europe like?• 1801 – 1900• Victorian era• Ongoing industrial revolution/2nd phase of  in...
Water color series, 1820s                       Plymouth over                       Mount Batten                       181...
Battle of Trafalgar, 1822                        Battle of Trafalgar                        1822, oil on canvas
Battle of Trafalgar, 1806                       The Battle of                       Trafalgar, as Seen                    ...
The Fighting Temeraine, 1838                         The Fighting                         Temeraire tugged                ...
The Slave Ship, 1840                       Slavers Throwing                       Overboard the                       Dead...
Peace – Burial at sea, 1842                       Peace-Burial at Sea                       1841, oil on canvas
Rain, Steam and Speed, 1844                        Rain, Steam,                        Speed                        1844, ...
Realism and the Painting of Modern LifeHow realism came about?• Royal Academy supported age-old belief that art should be:...
Realism and the Painting of Modern Life• They believed modern era deserved to have modern art• During Industrial Revolutio...
Realism and the Painting of Modern Life• Effects of Industrial Revolution became apparent   gap widened  between rich and ...
Realism and the Painting of Modern LifeWhat exactly is Realism?• Realism movement in French art is an artistic movement.• ...
Realism and the Painting of Modern Life   Neo-classicism & Romanticism VS. Realism
Realism and the Painting of Modern LifeGustave Courbet                  • Gustave Courbet, set himself up as              ...
Realism and the Painting of Modern Life• To achieve honest and straightforward depiction of life, he  avoided idealized ac...
Realism and the Painting of Modern LifeCourbet returns art to those who know about life, not those who have been  trained ...
Realism and the Painting of Modern Life• Through Realism, Courbet wanted Art to portray the real  things and depicts curre...
Realism and the Painting of Modern Life• Thus, through Realism, Courbet offered a stark vision of  poverty and despair.   ...
The Painting That Changed        Everything
18th to 19th Century France•   Industrial revolution•   Gap between classes widens•   ¾ Frenchmen lived by farming•   Art ...
The Upper Class
The Upper Class•   Rich and powerful•   Art only affordable to them•   See themselves as leaders of France•   Believes it’...
The Lower Class
The Lower Class•   Lowly skilled•   Large numbers of child labor•   Underpaid•   Unappreciated•   Generations of poverty
The Salon• Official exhibition in Paris• Greatest annual art event (1748~1890)• The Nobel prize of art
The Salon• Artist, Art Critics, Upper class
The Salon
The Salon• 1850 public shocked by a series of artworks
The Stonebreakers
AVANT-GARDE REALISM
The Stonebreakers• Unflattering realism• Revolutionary in art• Confrontational in contents• Indictment of the prevailing e...
Realism• Defiance from the status quo of art• Heralded a general move away from the ideal  towards the ordinary• depict re...
Public responses•   Courbet was called the murderer of art•   Works deemed ugly•   Rejected for exhibitions•   Denunciatio...
Burial Ornans
Giving
The Artist Studio
1856• Courbet visited Germany• Welcomed by the artistic community• Undisputed leader of the new generation of  French real...
Realism rise in recognition• Public starts to tolerate realism• Inspired artist of Impressionisms, literature,  and perfor...
Realism rise in recognition• Works of realism and Impressionism was  allowed for display once again• Realism took over rom...
Fate of The Stonebreakers• Destroyed during world war 2 near Dresden,  bombed by Allied forces in Feb 1945• Though the pai...
“True realism consists in revealing thesurprising things which habit keeps covered       and prevents us from seeing.”    ...
“Art is a lie that makes us realize truth.”                Pablo Picasso
End
Photos                            Delacroix      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eug%C3%A8ne_Delacroix                       ...
Photos                            Delacroix      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eug%C3%A8ne_Delacroix                       ...
Impresionistic art       http://www.galleryartcenter.com/art/Impresionistic_art.html                        Impressionist ...
Liberty leading the people     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Liberty_Leading_the_People.jpg                         Lo...
Self portrait (Turner):http://www.artble.com/imgs/e/d/0/45775/joseph_mallord_william_turner.jp                            ...
The Stone Breakershttp://www.usc.edu/schools/annenberg/asc/projects/comm544/library/imag                              es/1...
Research - Websites                   Bobbie, “Joseph William Turner”, <http://www.hoocher.com/Joseph_William_Turner/Josep...
Fischer Katie, “Courbet, Manet and Modernity”, <   http://evergreen.loyola.edu/brnygren/www/Honors/modernity.htm >,       ...
Landow, George P., “J.M.W.Turner’s Slave Ship”, < http://www.victorianweb.org/art/crisis/crisis4e.html >, Consulted July 1...
Research - Websites                   Bobbie, “Joseph William Turner”, <http://www.hoocher.com/Joseph_William_Turner/Josep...
Sache, Ivan, “France: Second Republic (1848-1852)”, <   http://flagspot.net/flags/fr_secdr.html >, consulted December 03, ...
Research - Websites                   Bobbie, “Joseph William Turner”, <http://www.hoocher.com/Joseph_William_Turner/Josep...
Visual-Arts-Cork, “Realism Art Movement”, < http://www.visual-arts-     cork.com/history-of-art/realism.htm >, Consulted O...
Witcombe, Christopher L. C. E., “Modernism: The Roots of Modernism”, <    http://arthistoryresources.net/modernism/roots.h...
Realism, Romanticism, Impressionism  Art  His  Presentation  Lois, Pam, Zach, SS
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Realism, Romanticism, Impressionism Art His Presentation Lois, Pam, Zach, SS

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Heys people, these are our slides that we did last time, iet me know on fb if urall can download it

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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy &amp; Proven Way to Build Good Habits &amp; Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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  • DOWNLOAD THAT BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story That Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy &amp; Proven Way to Build Good Habits &amp; Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths that Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Realism, Romanticism, Impressionism Art His Presentation Lois, Pam, Zach, SS

  1. 1. Romanticism
  2. 2. What is Romanticism?• Began in Germany and England• Entered Europe in 19th century• Deeply connected with politics and was the voice of changes that Europe went through
  3. 3. Origins of Romanticism• Folklore and popular art• Nationalism• Shakespeare• Gothic romance• Medievalism• Emotions• Religion• Individualism• Nature• Victorianism
  4. 4. Impressionism• Originated in France in the last quarter of 18th century as a reaction against traditional art and its strict rules• Concentrated on the impression produced by a scene or object• A lot of colours• Little details
  5. 5. Impressionism• More of a state of mind than a technique• ‘Sunrise’ by Claude Monet Sunrise, by Claude Monet
  6. 6. Subjects of impressionism• Scenes from everyday life• Nature• People• Paris• Still life
  7. 7. Impressionist technique• Colour• Brush work• Locale• Composition
  8. 8. 19th century France• Begin with French Revolution and ended with outbreak of WWI• By the end of 19th century, sense of national identity increased
  9. 9. Social Climate of 19th century France• 2nd most populated country in Europe in early 19th century, but experienced a drop in population in second half of 19th century• Immigration
  10. 10. Social climate of 19th century France• Education: – literacy rate increased drastically. – Education improved.• Religion: – less stress in the importance of religion
  11. 11. Political climate in 19th century France• Urbanization and industrialization• In brief: – 1804-1814: First French Empire under Napoleon – 1814-1830: Restoration under Louis XVIII and Charles X – 1830-1848: July Monarchy under Louis Philippe d’Orleans – 1848-1852: Second Republic – 1852-1871: Second Empire under Napoleon III – 1871-1940: first decades of the Third Republic
  12. 12. 1804-1814: First French Empire under Napoleon• Napoleon named First Consul for life• Empire was authoritarian and freedom restricted• Control over religion• Invasion of other countries• Napoleon abducted as emperor and Louis XVIII installed as King of France
  13. 13. 1814-1830: Restoration under Louis XVIII and Charles X• Louis XVIII ended more than 2 decades of war, peace treaty imposed• Charles X of France more conservative.• People unhappy and forced Charles X of France to flee.• Louis-Philippe took over as King of the French, not King of France Louis XVIII
  14. 14. 1830-1848: July Monarchy under Louis Philippe d’Orleans• Liberal monarchy• Importance given to middle class people instead of the wealthy and noble
  15. 15. 1848-1852: Second Republic• New constitution adopted• Executive power given to President of the Republic• Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte as president
  16. 16. 1852-1871: Second Empire under Napoleon III• Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte suddenly seized power from the government and declared himself Napoleon III• On the surface, France faced economical success but Napoleon’s regime was threatened to be brought down
  17. 17. 1871-1940: first decades of the Third Republic• Accidental and unloved republic• Politically unstable• Period of imperial expansion and scientific and artistic achievement.• McMahon, a republican, assigned as President. Monarchist unhappy.
  18. 18. 1871-1940: first decades of the Third Republic• Scandals: Boulanger Affair, the Panama Scandal, the Dreyfus Affair, struggle between church and state.• However, also known as the Belle Epoque (Beautiful period) – Paris became center of Fashion and culture – Impressionist school of painting – Music and writing – Scientific and technological achievements
  19. 19. 19th Century Europe• Feminist ideas and social movements emerged.• Feminist ideas fueled by social, intellectual, political, economic and cultural transformation in Europe• Romanticism also helped in the feminist movement• Revolution of 1840 created opportunities
  20. 20. 19th century Europe• Democratic government• More people could vote (First, working class men, then gradually, women)• Ideas of equality, cooperation, democracy and shared prosperity
  21. 21. Eugene Delacroix• Ferdinand-Victor-Eugene Delacroix• Born on April 26, 1789 in Charenton St.Maurice, France• Passed away on 13 August, 1863 in Paris
  22. 22. Eugene Delacroix• One of the greatest and most influential French painters• Romanticism art style• Use of colours influenced impressionist painters• Used rough but swinging brush strokes, experimented with light and colours, neglected proper use of perspective• More than 850 paintings, and more than 2000 drawings, murals and other works. Illustrated books.• Subjects: Classical battles
  23. 23. Eugene DelacroixThe Women of Algiers Borders Christ on Lake Genesareth Louis d’Orleans showing his mistress The Battle of Taillebourg
  24. 24. Liberty Leading the People
  25. 25. Liberty Leading the People• July Revolution of 1830, when Charles X of France was toppled• Delacroix’s best known work• In brief: women’s image used to represent divine purity but in social context, women treated with little personal liberty. Delacroix vision of ‘liberty’ connect 2 different worlds. Shows his romantic spirit.
  26. 26. Liberty Leading the People• 3 methods used to examine Delacroix’s work and how it relates to the social-political climate of the 19th century France/ Europe. By: – Erwin Panofsky – Heinrich Wolffin – Arnold Hauser
  27. 27. Erwin Panofsky Pre-iconographical• What we see in the painting• Large canvas with group of armed individuals• Female figure• Young boy waving hands equipped with guns• Armed men with rifles, pistols and sabers• Individual trying to rise up• Silhouettes of buildings in fuzzy landscape• Notre Dame Church
  28. 28. Erwin Panofsky Iconographical Analysis• Pyramid composition draws attention to the female• Liberty- Sculpture Nike of Samothrace• Liberty- represents women who fought alongside men during July Revolt
  29. 29. Erwin Panofsky Iconographical Analysis• Young boy- new generation who fought against ruling authorities• Left of painting- French society, different social class fighting alongside one another
  30. 30. Erwin Panofsky Iconographical Analysis• Man with top hat- revolutionary middle class• Crawling character- French Republic trying to rise again• Dead man- sacrifices have to be made
  31. 31. Erwin Panofsky Iconographical Analysis• Dead soldiers on the right- fall of King Charles X
  32. 32. Erwin Panofsky Iconographical Interpretation• Emphasize of the female character• Reflection of troubles of the civil disorder
  33. 33. Heinrich Wolffin Use of colour• Various dark tone, but red, white and blue prevails.• France lives on
  34. 34. Arnold Hauser’s Interpretation• Perception of historical truth regulated though social conditions• Socio-political situation in France, painting represents social discontent• Each character a specific social issue
  35. 35. Arnold Hauser’s Interpretation• Man in top hat- lack of unity and hesitation• Young boy- young, bored with insufficiency of changing governments. Poor and homeless.• Left of painting- people ready to reconstitute republican values
  36. 36. Joseph Mallord William Turner
  37. 37. J.M.W Turner• Famous English romantic landscape and marine artist.• Works gradually show less form and more effects of light and color.• More and more interested in natural and atmospheric elements. Dido building Carthage, 1815 Rain, Speed and Steam, 1844
  38. 38. What was the 19th century UK/Europe like?• 1801 – 1900• Victorian era• Ongoing industrial revolution/2nd phase of industrial revolution: resulted mainly in Population boom Economic boom
  39. 39. Water color series, 1820s Plymouth over Mount Batten 1819, Watercolor
  40. 40. Battle of Trafalgar, 1822 Battle of Trafalgar 1822, oil on canvas
  41. 41. Battle of Trafalgar, 1806 The Battle of Trafalgar, as Seen from the Mizen Starboard Shrouds of the Victory 1806, oil on canvas
  42. 42. The Fighting Temeraine, 1838 The Fighting Temeraire tugged to her last Berth to be Broken up 1838, oil on canvas
  43. 43. The Slave Ship, 1840 Slavers Throwing Overboard the Dead and Dying- Typho[o]n Coming on 1840, oil on canvas
  44. 44. Peace – Burial at sea, 1842 Peace-Burial at Sea 1841, oil on canvas
  45. 45. Rain, Steam and Speed, 1844 Rain, Steam, Speed 1844, Oil on Canvas
  46. 46. Realism and the Painting of Modern LifeHow realism came about?• Royal Academy supported age-old belief that art should be: -morally uplifting -refined -inspired by the Classical tradition -good reflection of culture -beauty• Trying to keep young 19th century artists’ eyes on the past became an issue.• World changing rapidly artists wanted work to be about their environment, about themselves, their perceptions of life
  47. 47. Realism and the Painting of Modern Life• They believed modern era deserved to have modern art• During Industrial Revolution in late 18th century, basic necessities were modernised. Modern life was about social mixing, social mobility, and generally faster pace.• With such progress, paintings and sculptures about Classical gods and biblical stories cannot relate to a population keeping up with this progress.• Therefore, Social Realism developed to go against idealism and the exaggerated ego of Romanticism.
  48. 48. Realism and the Painting of Modern Life• Effects of Industrial Revolution became apparent gap widened between rich and poor.• With a sense of social consciousness, Social Realists pledged to “fight the beautiful art”.• They focused on ugly realities of life and sympathized with working-class people (esp. poor).• They recorded and painted what they saw (“as it existed”).
  49. 49. Realism and the Painting of Modern LifeWhat exactly is Realism?• Realism movement in French art is an artistic movement.• Flourished from about 1840 until the late 19th century.• Sought to convey truthful and objective vision of current life.• Usually depicts social and racial injustice, economic hardship, through unvarnished pictures of lifes struggles.
  50. 50. Realism and the Painting of Modern Life Neo-classicism & Romanticism VS. Realism
  51. 51. Realism and the Painting of Modern LifeGustave Courbet • Gustave Courbet, set himself up as the leader for a new art: Realism. • He believed that if he could not see something, he should not paint it. • He decided that his art should have a social consciousness to awaken self-involved Parisian to social concerns.
  52. 52. Realism and the Painting of Modern Life• To achieve honest and straightforward depiction of life, he avoided idealized academic technique and employed a deliberately simple style, which seemed crude to many critics.• He created controversy by addressing social issues in his work, and painting subjects which considered vulgar (e.g. bourgeoisie, peasants, working conditions of poor).• He believed that only possible source for a living art is the artists own experience.
  53. 53. Realism and the Painting of Modern LifeCourbet returns art to those who know about life, not those who have been trained or educated to comment upon it. He relegates it to where it started out hundreds of years ago. Discuss this in relation to ‘Realism’.• During French revolution, gap between rich and poor widened.• Art at that time depicts wealth and superiority of the past, thus seemed as though art was made for the rich.• Romanticism, which was optimistic about mankind could not relate to middle-class and poor.• Art at that time only relates to the rich (upper class) and seemed to specifically be created for them.
  54. 54. Realism and the Painting of Modern Life• Through Realism, Courbet wanted Art to portray the real things and depicts current situation of society, NOT idealised characters or scenes.• He wanted to return art to people who actually experience it and know about life.• He wanted Art to be not just for the rich but also for the poor.• He created art that the poor could understand and relate to and at the same time create a social awareness in the society.
  55. 55. Realism and the Painting of Modern Life• Thus, through Realism, Courbet offered a stark vision of poverty and despair. His art did not focus on beauty but ugly side of the real situation at that time.• He made Art the way it used to be hundreds of years ago, when everyone can appreciate and relate to it.
  56. 56. The Painting That Changed Everything
  57. 57. 18th to 19th Century France• Industrial revolution• Gap between classes widens• ¾ Frenchmen lived by farming• Art was dominated by renaissance• Idealized Paintings• High art executed in the grand manner• Art serves the rich and powerful
  58. 58. The Upper Class
  59. 59. The Upper Class• Rich and powerful• Art only affordable to them• See themselves as leaders of France• Believes it’s the golden age of Europe• Chose to ignore the problems of lower class
  60. 60. The Lower Class
  61. 61. The Lower Class• Lowly skilled• Large numbers of child labor• Underpaid• Unappreciated• Generations of poverty
  62. 62. The Salon• Official exhibition in Paris• Greatest annual art event (1748~1890)• The Nobel prize of art
  63. 63. The Salon• Artist, Art Critics, Upper class
  64. 64. The Salon
  65. 65. The Salon• 1850 public shocked by a series of artworks
  66. 66. The Stonebreakers
  67. 67. AVANT-GARDE REALISM
  68. 68. The Stonebreakers• Unflattering realism• Revolutionary in art• Confrontational in contents• Indictment of the prevailing economic/ political system• Birth of Realism in art
  69. 69. Realism• Defiance from the status quo of art• Heralded a general move away from the ideal towards the ordinary• depict real-life situations stripped of aesthetics and universal truths
  70. 70. Public responses• Courbet was called the murderer of art• Works deemed ugly• Rejected for exhibitions• Denunciations from critics• “Engine of revolution”
  71. 71. Burial Ornans
  72. 72. Giving
  73. 73. The Artist Studio
  74. 74. 1856• Courbet visited Germany• Welcomed by the artistic community• Undisputed leader of the new generation of French realist movement
  75. 75. Realism rise in recognition• Public starts to tolerate realism• Inspired artist of Impressionisms, literature, and performing arts
  76. 76. Realism rise in recognition• Works of realism and Impressionism was allowed for display once again• Realism took over romanticism art and idealist• Beginning of an new era in art history
  77. 77. Fate of The Stonebreakers• Destroyed during world war 2 near Dresden, bombed by Allied forces in Feb 1945• Though the painting is destroyed, the influence carries on till today• Root of modernism
  78. 78. “True realism consists in revealing thesurprising things which habit keeps covered and prevents us from seeing.” Jean Cocteau
  79. 79. “Art is a lie that makes us realize truth.” Pablo Picasso
  80. 80. End
  81. 81. Photos Delacroix http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eug%C3%A8ne_Delacroix Delacroix http://www.artunframed.com/delacroix.htm Dido building carthage:http://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/upload/img/turner-dido-building- carthage-NG498-fm.jpg Flag of Francehttp://graafix.blogspot.com/2011/05/wallpapers-flag-of-france.html Frightened Horse http://www.prints.co.nz/page/fine-art/PROD/1225 Gustave Courbet http://www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/rschwart/hist255- s01/boheme/courbet.htm
  82. 82. Photos Delacroix http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eug%C3%A8ne_Delacroix Delacroix http://www.artunframed.com/delacroix.htm Dido building carthage:http://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/upload/img/turner-dido-building- carthage-NG498-fm.jpg Flag of Francehttp://graafix.blogspot.com/2011/05/wallpapers-flag-of-france.html Frightened Horse http://www.prints.co.nz/page/fine-art/PROD/1225 Gustave Courbet http://www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/rschwart/hist255- s01/boheme/courbet.htm
  83. 83. Impresionistic art http://www.galleryartcenter.com/art/Impresionistic_art.html Impressionist paintings http://www.theartwolf.com/articles/50-impressionist-paintings.htm Impressionist seascapehttp://www.bridgat.com/files/18th_Century_American_Impressionist_Seasca pe.jpg Impression, sunrise http://blogs.cornell.edu/stap_kj83/ Impression-sunrise http://modernart2011.blogspot.com/2011/02/impression-sunrise.html John Constable, View on the Stour near Dedham 1822 http://toffsworld.com/lifestyle/art-information/romanticism-constable/
  84. 84. Liberty leading the people http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Liberty_Leading_the_People.jpg Louis XVIII and Napoleonhttp://blog.catherinedelors.com/louis-xviii-and-napoleon-the-king-and-the- emperor/ Napoleon http://www.french-at-a-touch.com/French_History/napoleon_i_1804- 1814.htm Peace – Burial at sea :http://www.tate.org.uk/servlet/ViewWork?cgroupid=999999996&workid=14 784&searchid=10534&tabview=image Plymouth over Mount Batten: http://media.artfinder.com/works/r/vanda/6/6/7/78766_full_570x374.jpg
  85. 85. Self portrait (Turner):http://www.artble.com/imgs/e/d/0/45775/joseph_mallord_william_turner.jp g Sunrise http://www.cs.ucf.edu/~MidLink/Impress.html Snow effect by Camille Pissarro http://site.artsheaven.com/blog/2011/08/famous-impressionist-artists-of- the-19th-century/ The battle of Trafalgar 1806 :http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Turner,_The_Battle_of_Trafalgar_(1806).jpg The battle of Trafalgar 1822:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Turner,_The_Battle_of_Trafalgar_(1822).jpg The fighting temeraine: http://www.victorianweb.org/painting/turner/paintings/temeraire.html
  86. 86. The Stone Breakershttp://www.usc.edu/schools/annenberg/asc/projects/comm544/library/imag es/162.html The Stone Breakers http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Stone_Breakers The Stone Breakers http://streamsandforests.wordpress.com/2010/06/15/the-stone-breakers/ The Stone Breakers – Gustave Courbet http://kdigital.tumblr.com/post/357145975/the-stonebreakers-gustave- courbet The women of Algiershttp://judaica-art.com/art-masterpieces-by-artist/euga-ne-delacroix/eugene-delacroix-the-women-of-algiers-fine-art-oil-painting-gallery/prod_1907.html 19th century france http://www.littlesisters.org/history.html
  87. 87. Research - Websites Bobbie, “Joseph William Turner”, <http://www.hoocher.com/Joseph_William_Turner/Joseph_William_Turner.ht m >, Consulted July 10, 2010 Brians, Paul, “Socialism”, <http://public.wsu.edu/~brians/hum_303/socialism.html >, Consulted March 28, 2005 Encyclopædia Britannica Online, “France”, < http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/215768/France/40437/The- Second-Republic-and-Second-Empire >, consulted October 31, 2011 Ellen, “J.M.W. Turner”, < http://www.ellensplace.net/turner4.html >, Consulted September 8, 2005Finocchio, Ross. "Nineteenth-Century French Realism". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. < http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/rlsm/hd_rlsm.htm >, Consulted October 2004
  88. 88. Fischer Katie, “Courbet, Manet and Modernity”, < http://evergreen.loyola.edu/brnygren/www/Honors/modernity.htm >, Consulted April 28, 2009 Geerte, “July Monarchy (1830-1848)”, <http://19thcentury.wordpress.com/2008/07/20/july-monarchy-1830-1848/ >, consulted July 20, 2008 Gersh-Nesic, Beth, “ Realism ”, < http://smarthistory.khanacademy.org/realism.html > Hoving, Thomas, “J.M.W. Turner, One of A Kind, Once and Forever”, < http://www.artnet.com/magazineus/features/hoving/hoving7-17-08.asp >, Consulted July 1, 2008 Hudelson, “Movements in Late Nineteenth Century Art”, <http://daphne.palomar.edu/mhudelson/StudyGuides/19thCent_WA.html >, Consulted June 8, 2005
  89. 89. Landow, George P., “J.M.W.Turner’s Slave Ship”, < http://www.victorianweb.org/art/crisis/crisis4e.html >, Consulted July 15, 2007 Lynn University, “Realism”, <http://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/arts/painting/modernity/realism/reali sm/realism.htm >, Consulted April 29, 2003 National Gallery of Art, “J.M.W. Turner exhibition”, <http://www.nga.gov/press/exh/242/index.shtm >, Consulted September 11, 2007 Pioch, Nicolas, “Turner”, < http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/turner/ >, Consulted October 14, 2002 Rosenthal, Donald, “Gustave Courbet”, < http://www.discoverfrance.net/France/Art/Courbet/Courbet.shtml>, Consulted October 30, 2011
  90. 90. Research - Websites Bobbie, “Joseph William Turner”, <http://www.hoocher.com/Joseph_William_Turner/Joseph_William_Turner.ht m >, Consulted July 10, 2010 Brians, Paul, “Socialism”, <http://public.wsu.edu/~brians/hum_303/socialism.html >, Consulted March 28, 2005 Encyclopædia Britannica Online, “France”, < http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/215768/France/40437/The- Second-Republic-and-Second-Empire >, consulted October 31, 2011 Ellen, “J.M.W. Turner”, < http://www.ellensplace.net/turner4.html >, Consulted September 8, 2005Finocchio, Ross. "Nineteenth-Century French Realism". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. < http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/rlsm/hd_rlsm.htm >, Consulted October 2004
  91. 91. Sache, Ivan, “France: Second Republic (1848-1852)”, < http://flagspot.net/flags/fr_secdr.html >, consulted December 03, 2010Sklar, Kathryn, “From Wollstonecraft to Mill: What British and European Ideasand Social Movements Influenced the Emergence of Feminism in the AtlanticWorld, 1792-1869?”, < http://womhist.alexanderstreet.com/awrm/intro.htm >, consulted Spring 2002 SparkNotes Editors, “SparkNote on Europe (1848-1871).”, SparkNotes LLC. n.d.., < http://www.sparknotes.com/history/european/1871/ >, consulted October 18, 2011. Tonge, Stephen, “The Third Repubic 1870-1914”, <http://www.historyhome.co.uk/europe/3rd-rep.htm >, consulted January 5, 2011 Victorian web, “J.M.W. Turner: Overview”, <http://www.victorianweb.org/painting/turner/index.html >, Consulted June 10, 2005
  92. 92. Research - Websites Bobbie, “Joseph William Turner”, <http://www.hoocher.com/Joseph_William_Turner/Joseph_William_Turner.ht m >, Consulted July 10, 2010 Brians, Paul, “Socialism”, <http://public.wsu.edu/~brians/hum_303/socialism.html >, Consulted March 28, 2005 Encyclopædia Britannica Online, “France”, < http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/215768/France/40437/The- Second-Republic-and-Second-Empire >, consulted October 31, 2011 Ellen, “J.M.W. Turner”, < http://www.ellensplace.net/turner4.html >, Consulted September 8, 2005Finocchio, Ross. "Nineteenth-Century French Realism". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. < http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/rlsm/hd_rlsm.htm >, Consulted October 2004
  93. 93. Visual-Arts-Cork, “Realism Art Movement”, < http://www.visual-arts- cork.com/history-of-art/realism.htm >, Consulted October 12, 2011 Wikipedia, “France in the long nineteenth century”, < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/France_in_the_long_nineteenth_century >, Consulted October 30, 2011 Wikipedia, “Gustave Courbet”, <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gustave_Courbet >, Consulted October 31, 2011 Wikipedia, “Social Realism”, < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_realism >, Consulted October 31, 2011
  94. 94. Witcombe, Christopher L. C. E., “Modernism: The Roots of Modernism”, < http://arthistoryresources.net/modernism/roots.html>, Consulted September 23, 2011 Wojtek, “UK main historical events”, <http://www.uk.filo.pl/uk_main_historical_events.htm#9 >, Consulted January 8, 2010 Worsley, Peter, “Contemporary Social Realism”, < http://www.peterworsley.com/Links/Contemporary_Social_Realism.html >, Consulted April 2010

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