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Democratic citizenship

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Democracy contributes to the economic and social wealth as well as nurturing a culture of solidarity, social justice and quality of collaborative work in children's education and civic life

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Democratic citizenship

  1. 1. GHERISSI, HEGAZI,.Y. (2014) PhD of Philosophy Leadership Development DEMOCRATIC CITIZENSHIP &POLITICAL PARTICIPATION
  2. 2. KEY WORDS Rights of citizenship -democratic governance -social cohesion - the rule of law - Human Rights- Women political participation- Accountability- Pluralism- transparency ”As I would not be a slave, so I would not be a master. This expresses my idea of democracy”. Abraham Lincoln
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION Citizenship rights are linked to elected regimes and to the recognition of human capabilities. Consequently citizenship is considered as a policy that promotes social responsibility and community development. The political theory of Aristotle (1998) is the most influential political theory. Philosophers have correlated citizenship to the impact of society attitudes and culture. However multiculturalism is not necessarily the recognition of sectarianism, equality, identity politics, nationalism and pluralism. But citizenship cannot be granted without respect for democratic systems that promote social cohesion and the rule of sovereignty on the basis of political identity and legal systems
  4. 4. INDEX 1-concept and principles of democratic governance 2-Definition and continued the concept of democracy 3-democracy types 4-Women's Political Participation 5-democratic values 6-understand democracy 7-Free and fair elections 8-economic freedom 9-control of power abuse 10-Bill of Rights 11-Human Rights 12-Multipartism 13-State institutions 14-Rule of law 15- Bibliography
  5. 5. 1-CONCEPT AND PRINCIPLES OF DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE Good governance and accountability are the basic principles that achieve real democracy and development. However the political participation, the good governance, the respect for human rights, and the effective social participation imposes on institutions to be accountable. Also, good governance is the only sustainable way to address the challenges of development anywhere in the world
  6. 6. 2-DEFINITION & ORIGIN OF THE CONCEPT OF DEMOCRACY The concept of democracy emerged from the ancient Greeks in the city of Athens in the fifth century BC, the Greek word Demo " Kato’s" " means the power and the rule system of governance that empowers citizens to participate to decision making by voting and allowing the change of laws through the Legislative Council and the regular elections in municipal councils, trade unions and municipalities systems in Greece, and especially Athens. The political system in the Athens Classic was known as liberal democratic election that excluded slaves and women from participation. However the Greek democratic system allowed equal opportunities for all and the fight against poverty. However society evolves through equal opportunities and individual merit.
  7. 7. 3- DEMOCRACY TYPES Democracy types reduce direct democracy discrimination between governments and governed, and between the state & civil society; it does promote autonomy system. Consequently the use of Referenda is today seen as the most common appearance. However direct democracy or pure democracy is the kind of democracy where the people govern directly. The classical Athenian democracy or democracy refers to the direct democracy and is based on referendums.
  8. 8. Democracy shows that member of political party in the democratic process has the right to take part in the decision-making process, and usually within the government of one-party state. Equality, freedom and the rule of law epitomize the democracy theory which was an important feature since history. (Aristotle. Politics/1317b, Book 6, Part II) “These principles are reflected in all eligible citizens being equal before the law and equal access to legislative processes”
  9. 9. 4- WOMEN POLITICAL PARTICIPATION There is a commitment that civic organizations have the ability to contribute to the economic growth and to fair and equitable distribution of resources among society and halt briberies & wrong records. Although donors recognize that small group projects increase income & strengthen the organizational capacity of the target groups. Consequently the analytical data impacts on community participation. Many studies have shown that women in marginalized areas have a high chance to join small income projects and achieve gains. In addition, it is necessary to create social network as a prerequisite for participation. However researches confirmed that the participation in small groups strengthens community involvement and citizenship actions. It does contribute to encourage women to be a part of their community and to raise their voices.
  10. 10. 5-DEMOCRATIC VALUES The perceived value of democracy for the participation of women in politics is seen as an Associationalism. Aristotle stated that: "human well-being and freedom, and both are best when they can reach the affairs of society through the administration to voluntary associations and democratic self-governance." ) Nationalism/ Associationalism "give priority to freedom in size in terms of values, but insists that this freedom cannot be effectively achieved only with the accession of the community" (Aristotle.,(322-384BC). Constitution Society; Book6, Part II) Citizens in democracy It does contribute to increase democracy highlighted by civil society and the private necessary to focus attention on membership in the non-purposeful management for-profit associations. (Skocpol, H., 2003) Democracy contributes to the economic and social wealth as well as nurturings a culture of solidarity, social justice and quality of collaborative work in children's education and civic life. However democracy helps women embody social development and learning system
  11. 11. 6- UNDERSTAND DEMOCRACY Democracy and the rule of modern democracy include: Citizen participation Citizen here is a part of the decision-making on issues that affect the equality process Equality This means equal opportunities to achieve individual capacity without regard to race, sex, and religion; Political tolerance The rules recognize the interests of the minority, the debates and discussions which are the means to discuss culture and differences Accountability Citizens have the right to ask Legal institutions and representatives such as elected leaders and public officials about the reasons for their actions or decisions during the period of their public functions. Transparency It means that all elected leaders are allowed to disclose what they are doing during the period of function in the leadership position as well as citizens to access public meetings and information about what is happening in public offices, which makes the reason for the decisions taken, because transparency is a step toward accountability
  12. 12. 7-REGULAR FREE AND FAIR ELECTIONS Regular elections help free and fair elections are an opportunity that allow citizens to recognize competent leaders and to elect the best of them for the use of rule in an equitable manner
  13. 13. 8- ECONOMIC FREEDOM Free and fair elections contribute to equality in the economic and social opportunities, especially for citizens with special needs. However abuses contribute to the weakening of the economic base and the elimination of opportunities for marginalized areas to afford their basics. But democracies are the most important part of the economic pluralism and the freedom of common cultural values.
  14. 14. 9-CONTROL OF POWER ABUSE It is necessary to examine the liability of governments and the way to use the authority of officials, such as: Using the separation of powers; The establishment of institutions in order to ensure the lack of power control by rulers executive like legislative and judicial authorities, which operates according to agreed ethical criteria
  15. 15. 10- BILL OF RIGHTS Law seeks to protect the rights and freedoms of citizens through constitution; Culture of fairness toward the election results; It is necessary to organize free and fair elections and to show flexibility in case of losing the election and to evacuate office and to return equipment and tools that belonging the office to the elected people
  16. 16. 11- HUMAN RIGHTS In contrast to dictatorships, democracies seek to protect citizens from abuse and injustice
  17. 17. 12- MULTI-PARTY SYSTEM The presence of multiple parties in a democratic state contributes to expand the selection range that elect the best candidates for political office. Multiparty is seen as an alternative of strong opposition that offers different views in the government; However the lack of multi-party system leads to unilaterality, the lack of options for citizens and to control powers that link to dictatorships
  18. 18. 13- STATE INSTITUTIONS State institutions such as the police and the army must be fair, impartial and not engaged in any political party
  19. 19. -14 RULE OF LAW The law requires applying law on citizens and making them subject to accountability and justice. However the law should be equal and fair in order to protect the rule of law and to allow citizens enjoying their rights.
  20. 20. BIBLIOGRAPHY Aristotle.,(322-384BC). Constitution Society; Book6, Part II http://www.constitution.org Grawal.,A.,(2005). Decentralization and Participation: The Governance of Common Pool Resources in Nepal's Terai. https://ideas.repec.org/.../v33y2005i7p1101-1114 Klein, A., Kiranda, Y.,Bafaki.,R.,(2011). Concepts and principles of democratic governance and accountability- A Guide for Peer Education; Published under the project: ‘Action for Strengthening Good Governance and Accountability in Uganda’ by the Uganda Office of the Konrad Adenauer-Stiftung; Skocpol, T.,(2003). “Social Provision and Civic Community: Beyond Fragmentation”. In Rieder J the Fractious Nation? Unity and Division in Contemporary American Life Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press; pp. 187-205; Smith, M. K.,( 2014). Association, la vie associative and lifelong learning www.jdk.id.au

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