1. MENTAL HEALTH AND
COPING WITH MENTAL
HEALTH ISSUE DURING A
COVID-19 PANDEMIC FOR
by: Ramona D. Marcellana, RN, MAN
2. GLOBAL DEFINITIONS
The composite term “mental health and
psychosocial support / MHPSS is used in the
Inter-agency Standing Committee (IASC)
guidelines for MHPSS in emergency setting
to describe ‘any type of local or outside
support that aims to protect or promote
psychosocial well being and / or prevent or
treat mental health condition
3. RA 11036 (Mental Health Law)
Reinforce the integration of mental health in school health programs OK sa DEPED
Anchor’s on DEPED mandate under RA 11036 (Mental Health Law)
Mental Health Promotion/ raising awareness on mental health issue.
Identification and provision of support and services of individual at risk
Facilitating access including referrals mechanism of individual with mental health
condition to treatment and psychosocial support.
4. Strenthen effective leadership and governance for mental health by,
among others, formulating, developing, and implementing national policies,
strategies, programs, and regulations relating to mental health.
. Develop and establish a comprehensive, integrated, effective, and
efficient national mental health care system responsive to the psychiatric,
neurologic, and psychological needs of the Filipino people.
Protect the rights and freedoms of persons with psychiatric, neurologic,
and psychological health needs.
Strenghten information systems, evidence and research for mental health.
Integrate mental health care in the basic health services.
Integrate strategies promoting mental health in educational institutions,
workplace, and in communities.
5. Mental Health and Psychosocial Support
Designed to prepare school health personnel with the knowledge and skills to
conduct psychosocial interventions as well as train other school personnel on crisis
management especially in war-torn and calamity-stricken areas. It includes
interventions that assist children and families to cope with such circumstances.
6. Based on Republic Act No. 11036 (Mental
• Integrating age-appropriate content pertaining to mental health into the
curriculum from Kinder to Grade 12
• Developing guidelines and standards on age-appropriate and evidence-based
mental health subprograms, projects, and activities in all elementary and
• Pursuing strategies that promote the realization of mental health and well-being
in all levels of governance of the Department and in all schools
• Ensuring that mental health promotion in all schools shall be adequately
complemented with qualified mental health professionals
7. CORE PRINCIPLES:
DO NO HARM
Promote human rights and equality.
Use participatory approaches build on existing
resources and capacities.
Adapt multi-layered interventions.
Work with integrated support systems.
8. Intervention pyramid for mental health and psychosocial
Basic services and security
• Mental health care by mental health specialist
(psychiatric nurse, guidance counselor, psychologist and
• Basic mental healthcare (PFA provider)..
• Basic emotional and practical support by community
• Activating social network. Supportive child friendly
spaces. Communal traditional support (teaching
• Advocacy for basic services that are safe.
• Socially appropriate and protect dignity.
9. Coping up with Mental Health Issues
Determining the best ways of sign posting delivering
mental health services for vulnerable groups including
online clinics and community support.
Identify and evaluate outreach methods to support those
at risk of depression within home.
Improve monitoring and reporting of the rates of anxiety,
depression, self harm, suicide and other mental health
10. Mental illness can occur when the
brain (or part of the brain) is NOT
WORKING WELL or is working the
11. Most Common Causes of Depression in
❖Self Esteem Problem
❖Lack of Coping Skills
❖ Loss of Loved Ones
❖ Peer Pressure
❖Influence of Social Media
High family expectation
12. Respond in a supportive and loving
way and acknowledge their fears.
Give extra time and attention.
Discuss any question they may
14. UNPLUG FROM THE
Take breaks from watching, reading or listening
to news stories including social media. Hearing
about the pandemic repeatedly can be
15. Get help when you need
Call or use social media to contact a close friend or loved one even
though it may be hard to talk about your feelings.
Contract a minister or spiritual leader or someone in your faith
Call your employee assistance program, if your employer has one and
get counseling or ask for a referral to am mental health professional.
Call your primary care provider or mental health professional to ask
about appointment options to talk about your anxiety.
Contact mental health organization for help and guidance.
If you are feeling suicidal or thinking of hurting yourself, seek help!
16. Self Care Strategies
Take care of your mind and your body.
Get enough sleep.
Participate on regular physical activity.
Limit to exposure to news media.
Focus on positive thoughts.
Avoid tobacco, alcohol and drugs.
Relax and recharge.
Use your moral compass and spiritual life for support.
Do something for others/ Support family members or a friend.
Continue your self-care strategies.