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Music presentation

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Music presentation

  1. 1. Music Monica Yuk Saul Park Viv Le1
  2. 2. Before Music  Move away from Late Romantic Music (1860-1920)  Late romantic music focused on emotion and drama that emphasized natural inspiration such as feelings.  Movement dispersed into series of different music movements (“isms”)  Impressionism  Captures feelings or experience vaguely and mysteriously without attempt of achieving an accurate depiction.  Expressionism  Atonal and dissonant in style. Focused on portraying emotions and drama.  Neo-classism  Incorporated the return Classical Era with clear and structured forms and textures.  Nationalism, Jazz, Electronic, Chance music, etc.2
  3. 3. 20th Century Classical Music  The search for new and different modes of expression  Extremely varied in style, technique, genres, and even movements.3
  4. 4. Characteristics  No generalized set of characteristics that can describe 20th century classical music  Atonal in which notes are not related to each other or the mode or key  Incorporation of long pauses  Different instrument use  Experimentation with different types of sounds  Incorporated many forms such as jazz, ragtime, neoprimitivism, etc.  More, more, more!!4
  5. 5. Charles Ives (1874-1954)  “My God! What does sound have to do with music?” – Charles Ives  “Don’t pay too much attention to the sounds – for if you do, you may miss the music.” – George Ives (Father)  Founding father of American Music and a pioneer of modernism5
  6. 6. Charles Ives: Background Learned from his unorthodox father, the town’s band master Educated at Yale Childhood influences: chapel hymns, traditional American tunes, town band banalities, etc. Known as modernist, nationalist, amateur, primitive, neurotic, and paradoxical.
  7. 7. The Fourth Symphony  Prelude: Maestoso  Majestic, triumphic  Comedy: Allegretto  Fast  Fugue: Andante moderato con moto  Slightly fast with motion  Finale: Largo maestoso  Broadly slow and majestic  http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLBE40FBF1F469EF6B&feature=plc7
  8. 8. The Fourth Symphony  “…One of the greatest symphonies ever penned. It is the great American symphony that our critics and conductors have cried out for, and yet the symphony has remained unperformed...” – Composer Bernard Hermann8
  9. 9. The Fourth Symphony - influence  Unprecedented spatial effects: space has become part of the music’s meaning and drama  Surrounding the main orchestra was distant choirs of instrumental groups and voices9
  10. 10. Universe Symphony  Part 1, Past: Formation of the waters and mountains  Part 2, Present: Earth, evolution in nature and humanity  Part 3, Future: Heaven, the rise of all to the Spiritual  Was never finished  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GegWx6L0AfI10
  11. 11. Universe Symphony  Unique structure of a rhythmic grid defined purely by percussion  Different use of instruments  Layering effects  Polyrythmic11
  12. 12. The Unanswered Question  Layering effects  Instrument use (windpipes and trumpets)  Use of dissonance  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tbArUJBRRJ012
  13. 13. Claude Debussy: Background  Student at the Paris Conservatoire  Won the Prix de Rome  Had a complicated love life  Wife attempted suicide  Mistresses involved  Fetes Galantes13
  14. 14. Influences  Impressionist  Inspired by the art of painting but disliked the term impressionist  His nocturnes were based off Whistler’s paintings  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uyZJ3rNb4xM  Literary Influence  Mallarme, Baudelaire, Verlaine, and Maeterlinck14
  15. 15. Jeux  Written for Diaghilev’s Russian Ballet  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LviYYTK6Apw15
  16. 16. His Influence Unresolved dissonance Unrelated chords Old church modes Unprecedented linguistic plurality of styles and expression
  17. 17. Arnold Schoenberg: Background  -Born Austrian, moved to United States in 1932  -Changed name to Schoenberg from German spelling to conform with “American culture”17
  18. 18. Arnold Schoenberg: Background -Was born and raised Jewish -Rise of Nazis in Austria (puppet of Germany) -Described as “degenerate art” -Forced Schoenberg to move to United States
  19. 19. Early Works  -Early works were Orchestral/Operettas -Operettas- “light in both music and material”  -Self taught Composer
  20. 20. Verklärte Nacht (1899) -Translated as “Transfigured Night” -String Sextet (6) -1899 -Romantic style, very smooth -Other composers recognized his early works, for example, Strauss http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iEhzSLTrceI 3:05
  21. 21. Strauss and Mahler -Both influenced Schoenberg -”Spoke of Mahler as a saint” -Both these artists dismissed Schoenberg -Basically unrecognized Schoenberg :(
  22. 22. The Wife -Married Mathilde Zemlinsky -Sister of composer Alexander Zemlinsky, who Schoenberg liked -Summer of 1908, she left Schoenberg for another guy :( -In this Schoenberg reformed his style -Arnold Schoenberg, Das Buch der Hängende Gärten, Op. 15 (1908) -First piece without any “key” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9rGUov3Adlk 14:40 -String Quartet No. 2 (1908)- end on tonic chords, but not fully tonal piece
  23. 23. Twelve-Tone http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6pdJRPuoT8g
  24. 24. Twelve-Tone -Rule: Create! (Using all 12 notes) -Rule 2: A note cannot be repeated in a “set” -Prime, Inversion, Retrograde, Retrograde Inversion
  25. 25. John Cage: Background  -American, Born in Los Angeles  -Internship, went off to Europe  -Student of Schoenberg  -Influences show in Cages works
  26. 26. Early Works -First pieces are lost, rumored to be very short Piano pieces -”Complicated math, no sexual appeal” -Created a tone row with 25-note rows -Evidence of Schoenbergs influences
  27. 27. 4:33 (1952) -4:33 of “dead silence” -Piece shows importance of environment -”Dead silence” is music because the audiences reaction and noise was music itself http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7C5qfMfhjZk
  28. 28. Igor Stravinsky  Born: June 17, 1882  Lomonosov, Russia  Death: April 6, 1971 “… Never influence the course of music. Stravinsky did. He was always at the end of the rope, pulling everybody along with him” – Harold Schoenberg28
  29. 29. “Timeline”Ballet Firebird (1910) Petrushka (1911) The Rite of Spring (1913)Opera The Rake’s Progress (1951)Vocal Oedipus Rex (1927)  Oedipus Complex Vs. Electra Complex 29
  30. 30. 30 Petrushka (1910–11)
  31. 31. A Rake’s Progress (1732-1734) William Hogarth31
  32. 32. 32
  33. 33. Influenced  Composer of Modern Classical Music  Multiple compositional styles  “Revolutionized orchestration”  “Reinvented” ballet form:  Incorporated cultures  Languages  Literatures.33
  34. 34. Youtube Time The Rite Of Spring Firebird  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SA4PpmmnlZQ  http://www.youtube.com/w34
  35. 35. Karlheinz Stockhausen  Born: August 22, 1928   Mödrath, Germany  Death: December 5, 2007 “Any sound can become music if it is related to other sounds…every sound is precious and can become beautiful if I put it at the right place, at the right moment”35
  36. 36. “Timeline” Momente (1961) Gruppen (1955-1957) Piano Piece XI (1956) Zodiac (1974-75) Helicopter Stretch Quartet (1993) 36
  37. 37. Influenced -  Influential to the Post WWII Period –  works – adv. musical tendencies of his time  Innovator and originator of new music  New ideas & advances w/ electric sounds  Influenced electromusic artists  Eg. Kraftwerk “A Day in the Life”37
  38. 38. Youtube Time Helicopter Stretch Zodiac Quartet  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IeIipJ1RSd8&feature=r  http://www.youtube.com/w38
  39. 39. OVERALL INFLUENCE- 20th century music is hard to define in terms of musical style.   Freedom & experimentation w/ styles & forms  The invention of electronic instruments  Accelerated the development of new forms of music. Positive Influences?  Amplification  Inexpensive reproduction/transmission/broadcast of music39