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The nature of learner language

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The nature of learner language

  1. 1. By: NOVITA ARUM SARI 2201410104
  2. 2. *) The Good Reasons Why we Should focus on Errors 1) Rising the important question of “why do learners make errors?” 2) It is useful for teachers to know what errors learners make
  3. 3. To identify errors you should compare the sentence learners produce with what seem to be the normal or “correct” sentence in the target language which correspond with them.
  4. 4. The difference of errors and mistakes; 1) errors reflect gaps in learners‟ knowledge, they occur because the learner does not know what is correct. 2) mistakes reflect
  5. 5. There are several ways to classify errors into categories; *) Grammatical errors 1) omission leaving out an item that is required for an utterance to be considered grammatical
  6. 6. 3) Misordering  putting the words in an utterance in the wrong order The most common general error type is „misinformation‟ For example; A. the use of „big‟ instead of „bigger‟
  7. 7. Errors appears to be explained, because errors are universal. The point is that, why this errors could occur. @ The types of errors: 1) Overgeneralization errors
  8. 8. The purpose of the error analysis is to help learners learn an L2, there is a need to evaluate errors. There are 2 kind of errors: *) Global error *) Local error
  9. 9. We can explore the universality of L2 acquisition by examining the development pattern learners follow: *) The early stages of L2 language: A. A silent period
  10. 10. B. The order of acquisition time, when learners begin to learn the grammar of the L2. C. Sequence of acquisition when learners acquire a grammatical structure they do so gradually, moving trough a series of
  11. 11. The conclusions that reached from the study of learner errors, L2 acquisition is : a) Systematic b) To a large extent c) Universal d) Reflecting ways in which internal cognitive mechanism control acquisition
  12. 12. learners‟ language systematic  variable The variability of learners using in L2: @ Linguistic context @ Situational context @ Psycholinguistic context
  13. 13. At any given stage of development, learners sometimes employ one form and sometimes another. Example : *) Yesterday the thief steal the suitcase *) yesterday the thief
  14. 14. We have already seen evidence of systematic variability. learners‟ choice of past tense marker (progressive form or correct past tense form) depends, in part, on whether the verb refers to an event, an
  15. 15. Learners vary in their using of the L2 according to linguistic content, they use one form while in another context they use alternate form. The effect of linguistic context are also evident in learners‟ use of
  16. 16. Learners also vary the linguistic forms they use in accordance with the situational context. In this respect, learners are no different from native speakers, when the native speaker of English are talking to friends, for
  17. 17. Another important factor that accounts for the systematic nature of variability is the psycholinguistic context- learners only use the correct forms of L2 when they have the opportunity to
  18. 18.  THANKS 

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