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Trees and plants

for knowing the trees & plants used for landscape in india

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Trees and plants

  1. 1. A project by.. • Asmaniwala Deval -002 • Bhalala Arohi – 003 • Gajjar Dinal – 008 • Gandhi Isha – 009 • Gheewala Jahnvi – 010 • KelawalaVishwa – 014 • LadYashwani – 016 • Modi Pooja – 019
  2. 2. Introduction • Landscaping : Improve the aesthetic appearance of a piece of land by changing its contours, adding ornamental features and plantings.The process of combining a design in relation to the scenic environment.
  3. 3. Needs • It enhances property values. • Proper placement of shade trees and evergreen reduces cooling costs. • One tree removes 26 pounds of carbon dioxide from the air every-year and releases about 13 pounds of oxygen-enough for a family offer on a daily basis. • Plants control runoff and erosion. • Plants reduce noise pollution up to 50 percent. • Plants creates green space for human rest & recreation.
  4. 4. Types of plantations 1. Plants & shrubs 2. Trees 3. Creepers
  5. 5. Common name: rose Botanical name: Hibiscus rosa- sinensis Height: 2.5–5 ft Diameter: 1.5–3 ft Use: gardens, residential landscape Climate: hot and humid Common name: lotus Botanical name: Nelumbo nucifera Height: about 150 cm Diameter: 60 cm Use: gardens, residential landscape, landscapes of water bodies Climate: hot and humid
  6. 6. Common name: Bougainvillea Botanical name: Bougainvillea glabra Height: 3.0–3.7 ft, occasionally 9ft. Use: gardens, residential landscape. Climate: hot and humid Common name: orchid Botanical name:Orchidaceae Height: up to 2.5m Use: gardens and for all types of landscapes Climate: hot and humid
  7. 7. Common name: Jasmine Botanical name: Jasminum Officinale Height: 2.5 to 6m Use: gardens and tropical landscape Climate: cool & dry and hot & humid also. Common name: desert sage Botanical name: Salvia dorrii Height: about 1 to 1.5m Use: deserts and salination areas Climate: very hot and dry
  8. 8. Common name: Dypsis lutescens Botanical name:Chrysalidocarpus lutescens green Height: 20-30 cm Use: gardens and tropical landscape Climate: medium hot Common name: Furcraea Botanical name: Furcraea gigantia 'medio picta' Height: 120-150 cm Use: gardens and tropical landscape Climate: medium hot
  9. 9. Common name: Japanese sago Botanical name: cycas revoluta Height: 30-50 cm Use: gardens and tropical landscape Climate: late spring Common name: peony Botanical name: paeonia suffruticosa Height: 180-300 cm Use: gardens and tropical landscape Climate: medium hot
  10. 10. Common name Rose Lotus Bougainvillea Orchid Botanical name Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Nelumbo nucifera Bougainvillea glabra Orchidaceae Plant climate hot and humid Climate: hot and humid hot and humid hot and humid Use gardens, residential landscape gardens, residential landscape, landscapes of water bodies gardens, residential landscape. gardens and for all types of landscapes Height 2.5–5 ft about 150 cm 3.0–3.7 ft, occasionally 9ft. up to 2.5m
  11. 11. Common name Jasmine Desert sage Dypsis lutescens Furcraea Botanical name Jasminum Officinale Salvia dorrii Chrysalidocarpus lutescens green Furcraea gigantia 'medio picta' Plant climate cool & dry and hot & humid also. very hot and dry medium hot medium hot Use gardens and tropical landscape deserts and salination areas gardens and tropical landscape gardens and tropical landscape Height 2.5 to 6m about 1 to 1.5m 20-30 cm 120-150 cm
  12. 12. Common name Japanese sago peony Botanical name cycas revoluta paeonia suffruticosa Plant climate late spring medium hot Use gardens and tropical landscape gardens and tropical landscape Height 30-50 cm 180-300 cm
  13. 13. Common name:Tamarind Botanical name:Tamarindus indica Height: 24-30m Diameter: 7.5m Use: street avenues Climate: hot and humid Common name: mahogany Botanical name: Swietenia mahagoni Height: up to 22.5 m Diameter: 9.1m Use: coastal landscape Climate: moist and tropical
  14. 14. Common name: jarul Botanical name: logerstraemia speciasa Height: up to 20 m Use: tropical landscape Climate: moist and tropical Common name: silver oak Botanical name: grevillea robusta Height: up to 20 m Use: for shady avenues Climate: hot sun
  15. 15. Common name: malabar chestnut Botanical name: pachira saithifolia Height: up to 18 m Use: as ornamental tree Climate: adapts all conditions Common name: rubber tree Botanical name: hevea brasiliensis Height: up to 30 m Use: ornamental tree Climate: heavy rain
  16. 16. Common name: Royal palm Botanical name: Roystonea Height: up to 30m Use: resorts and coastal landscape and boundaries Climate: hot and humid Common name: Mango Botanical name: Mangifera indica Height: up to 19m Diameter: 5.5 to 7.5m Climate: hot and humid
  17. 17. Common name:Golden apple Botanical name: Spondias cytherea Height: 12 to 15m Diameter: up to 6m Climate: hot Common name:Cordia Botanical name:Cordia sebestena Height: up to 7.5m Diameter: up to 6m Use: parking, coastal landscapes Climate: hot and humid
  18. 18. Common name mahogany Tamarind Jarul Silver oak Botanical name Swietenia mahagoni Tamarindus indica Logerstraemia speciasa Grevillea robusta Tree climate moist and tropical hot and humid moist and tropical hot sun Use coastal landscape street avenues tropical landscape for shady avenues Height up to 22.5 m 24-30m up to 20 m up to 20 m diameter 9.1 m 7.5m - -
  19. 19. Common name Malabar chestnut Rubber tree Royal palm Mango Botanical name Pachira saithifolia Hevea brasiliensis Roystonea Mangifera indica Tree climate adapts all conditions heavy rain hot and humid hot and humid Use as ornamental tree as ornamental tree resorts and coastal landscape and boundaries - Height up to 18 m up to 30 m up to 30m up to 19m diameter - - - 5.5 to 7.5m
  20. 20. Common name Golden apple Cordia Botanical name Spondias cytherea Cordia sebestena Tree climate hot hot and humid Use - parking, coastal landscapes Height 12 to 15m up to 7.5m diameter up to 6m up to 6m
  21. 21. Creepers Defination: any plant that grows along the ground, around another plant, or up a wall by means of extending stems or branches. They are used for ornamented entrances, shady roofs, green walls, gardens, arched gateways, etc.
  22. 22. Common name: elephant creeper Botanical name: Argyreia nervosa Height: about 7cm Use: gardens Climate: hot and humid Common name: curtain creeper Botanical name:Vernonia elaeagnifolia Height: about 1.2 to 1.8m Use: gardens Climate: hot and humid
  23. 23. Common name: garlic creeper Botanical name: Mansoa alliacea Height: about 2-3m Use: gardens Climate: hot and humid Common name: grape creeper Botanical name:Combretum indicum Height: about 2.5-8m Use: gardens Climate: hot and humid
  24. 24. Common name: Helmet Pepper Botanical name: Piper galeatum Height: 7.5 – 12.5 cm Climate: hot and humid Common name:Aerial yam, Air potato, Air yam Botanical name: Dioscorea bulbifera Length: 50 – 100 cm Height: up to 6 cm Climate: hot and humid
  25. 25. Common name elephant creeper curtain creeper garlic creeper Botanical name Argyreia nervosa Vernonia elaeagnifolia Mansoa alliacea Creeper climate hot and humid hot and humid hot and humid Use gardens gardens gardens Height about 7cm about 1.2 to 1.8m about 2-3cm
  26. 26. Common name grape creeper Helmet Pepper Aerial yam, Air potato, Air yam Botanical name Combretum indicum Piper galeatum Dioscorea bulbifera Creeper climate hot and humid hot and humid hot and humid Use gardens - - Height about 2.5-8cm 7.5 – 12.5 cm up to 6 cm

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