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Types of doors and windows

Types Of Doors And Windows Reference From Building Construction Book ( Mahajan Publication )

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Types of doors and windows

  2. 2. TOPIC  Introduction of doors  Types of doors  Introduction of windows  Types of windows 30 April 2017 2
  3. 3. Introduction of doors  Broad classification as exterior or interior  Wood, metal, plastic, glass, or a combination of these materials are used to manufacture doors  Considerations for selection of door include:  Fire resistance  Cost  Protection/Privacy  Esthetics/Architectural Style
  4. 4. Types of doors 1. Ledged Door 2. Ledged and Braced Door 3. Ledged , Braced and framed Door 4. Panelled Door 5. Glazed Door 6. Flush door 7. Revolving Door 8. Sliding Shutter Door 9. Collapsible Steel Door 10. Rolling Steel shutter Door 30 April 2017 4
  5. 5. 1.Ledged Door •A ledge door is formed of vertical boards, knows as bottoms , which are secured by horizontal supports , known as ledge. •Battens are 10 cm to 15 cm wide and 20 mm to 30 mm thick. •Ledge are 10 cm to 20 cm wide and 30 mm thick. •Three ledge are employed-top , middle and bottom.
  6. 6.  These are similar to ledged doors except that diagonal members , known as braces are provided.  The braces are generally 10 cm to 15 cm wide and 30 mm thick.  The braces give rigidly to the door and hence , door of this type are useful for wide opening. 2. Ledged & Braced Door
  7. 7.  In this type of doors, a framework for shutters is provided to make the doors stronger and better in appearance.  It can be used for external use.  The braces should inclined upwards from the hanging side. 3. Ledged braced and framed door
  8. 8. 4. Panelled door • These types of doors are widely used in almost all types of buildings . They are strong and give better appearance than battened doors. • The panels are made from timber, plywood, block board or glass . The thickness of panel is about 20 mm. • The number of panels varies from 1 to 6.
  9. 9. 5. Glazed and sash door •Glazed doors are provided where additional light is required to be admitted to the room through the door or where the visibility of the interior of the room is require from the adjacent room. •Such doors are commonly used for hospitals, offices ,libraries ,show rooms, shopping units, etc.
  10. 10. 6. Flush Door • Flush doors are becoming popular these days because of their pleasing appearance, simplicity of construction, less cost, better strength and greater durability. • They are used for residential as well as public and commercial buildings. • These doors consists of solid or hollow core covered on both sides with plywood etc.
  11. 11. 7.Revolving Door  A revolving door consists of a central support of a central support to which four radiating shutters are attached .  Revolving doors keep the opening automatically closed when it is not in use.  These door are provided where there is a constant foot traffic.  These doors are provided at the entrance of public building like, banks, hotels, offices, hospitals, theatres etc. These doors are also suitable for the entrance of air-conditioned buildings.
  12. 12. 8.Sliding Shutter Door  In this type of doors , the shutter slides on the sides with the help of runners.  The shutter of this type of door consists of one or more panels which can slide either on one side or both the sides.  They are commonly used for the entrances of go downs , sheds, shops, showrooms, garages etc.
  13. 13. 9.Collapsible Steel Door  A collapsible door consists of a mild steel frame.  Two vertical pieces of a mild steel channels, about 15 mm to 20 mm wide are joined together with the hollow portion of the channels inside.  A vertical gap of about 12 mm to 15 mm is thus created. Such pieces are spaced at about 12 cm Centre to Centre and are joined together by cross iron pieces.  The cross iron pieces are 10 mm to 15 mm wide and 15 mm thick.  These doors are used for main entrance of residential buildings, shops, garages, public building, sheds, go downs etc.
  14. 14. 10.Rolling Shutter Door  There are commonly used for shops , go downs , stores etc.  The door shutter act like a curtain and thus provide protection and safety against fire and thefts.  The shutter moves in two vertical guide channels installed at their ends.  The channel is made up of steel sheets and deep enough to accommodate the shutter and to keep it in position.
  15. 15. 15 Introduction of windows  Many types of windows are available.  Most types have unique proportions.  Windows are made from wood, metal, or plastic.  Construction differs by manufacturer.  It is important to obtain window specifications from the manufacturer. (continued)
  16. 16. Types of windows 30 April 2017 16 1. Casement windows 2. Steel windows 3. Bay windows 4. Clear story windows 5. Corner windows 6. Dormer windows 7. Sky light 8. Sliding windows 9 .Glazed windows 10. Pivoted windows
  17. 17.  These are the windows, the shutters of which open like doors.  The construction of casement window is just smaller to door construction.  A casement window consists of a frame, horizontal rails and panels or glass panes. 1.Casement window
  18. 18.  Steel window can be fixed direct in the masonry opening in the wall or it may be fitted in a wooden frame fixed in the window opening in the wall. 2. Steel Window
  19. 19.  These windows project outside the external walls of a room.  They may be square, splayed, circular or polygonal in shape.  These windows admit more light, increase opening area and improve the appearance of the building. 3.Bay Window
  20. 20.  These windows are provided near the top of the main roof as shown in figure.  These windows are provided in a room which has greater ceiling height than the surrounding rooms.  Clear story windows provide ventilation to the inside of the room and improve the appearance of building 4. Clear Story Window
  21. 21.  These are the windows provided at the corner of a room.  By use of this window it is possible to ensure light and ventilation from two direction at the right angles.  It also improves the elevation of the building. 5.Corner Window
  22. 22.  It is a vertical window provided in the sloping roof.  The main purpose of providing dormer window is to admit light and the air in the building.  It also serves as an architectural feature to the building.  It is a vertical window. 6.Dormer & Gable window
  23. 23.  These are the windows, provided on the slopping surface of a pitched roof.  The opening for the sky light is made by cutting the common rafter suitably.  The sky light is provided with a view to permit the natural light in the room below it. 7.SkyLight Window
  24. 24. 30 April 2017 24 8. Sliding windows  In this type of windows , the shutter slides on the sides with the help of runners.  The shutter of this type of windows consists of one or more panels which can slide either on one side or both the sides.  They are commonly used for the residential building ,hospital , etc.
  25. 25. 9. Glazed windows • A Glazed windows is a types of casement windows , in which the panels are fully glazed. • The framework of each shutter consists of two vertical styles, top rail and a bottom rail.
  26. 26. 10. Pivoted windows  In this types of windows , the shutters are swing round the pivoted , which are fixed to the windows frame.  The shutter can swing or rotate either horizontally or vertically. 30 April 2017 26
  27. 27. Thank you 27