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The opportunistic librarian (DH2014, Lausanne)

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The opportunistic librarian (DH2014, Lausanne)

  1. 1. The opportunistic librarian: A Leuven confession DemmyVerbeke
  2. 2. Libraries and DH acrl.ala.org/dh (Posner 2013)
  3. 3. Why the Digital Humanities? (Spiro 2011;Vandegrift –Varner 2013) 1. Provide wide access to cultural information 2. Enhance teaching and learning 3. Transform scholarly communication 4. Make a public impact 5. Enable manipulation of data
  4. 4. Leiden University Library (1610)
  5. 5. Joe & Rika Mansueto Library, University of Chicago Saltire Centre, Glasgow Caledonian University
  6. 6. The collaboration triangle Humanities research Information technology Information management DH
  7. 7. R&D in libraries (Nowviskie 2013, Nowviskie 2014) “When a library can both support basic digital scholarship needs through distributed services and create a critical mass of staffing and intellectual energy in something like a center (however conceived), it has set the conditions for the advancement of knowledge itself, through the fulfillment of research desires yet unknown, un-expressed.” (Nowviskie 2014)
  8. 8. Centre of expertise for: Plagiarism Copyright OpenAccess Digital Humanities Academic Bibliography & Institutional Repository Reference librarians A library supporting research
  9. 9. Institutional context  since November 2011: DHTask Force,Arts Faculty (vice dean of research, faculty librarian, head of the faculty’s computer department, research support officer of the faculty, and all interested researchers)  2014: 3 new academic positions:Tenure track professor in DH (Arts Faculty), Computer Science for DH (Department of Computer Science), Human-Media Interaction (Institute for Media Studies)  2015: Advanced Master in Digital Humanities
  10. 10. A library supporting DH White paper “Digital Humanities en/in KU Leuven bibliotheken“ of the Library Council of the Humanities and Social Sciences Group (February 2013) intention to focus on:  digitisation projects  supporting relevant grant applications  partnering in DH projects, from inception to completion (and beyond)  providing training in DH tools  playing an expert role in the field of scholarly communication
  11. 11. Project example Portable Light Dome (“Mini-dome”) www.arts.kuleuven.be/info/ONO/ Meso/digitalisatie
  12. 12. Project example RICH - Reflectance Imaging for Cultural Heritage www.illuminare.be/rich_project
  13. 13. Project example Europeana Photography www.europeana-photography.eu
  14. 14. Project example OCR/NER for 17th-, 18th- and 19th-C Dutch books Funding: SUpport action Centre for CompEtEnce in Digitisation (www.succeed-project.eu) Team:  Digitisation services of University Library (Diewer van der Meijden, Mark Verbrugge, BrunoVandermeulen)  LIBIS (Sam Alloing)  Arts Faculty Library (DemmyVerbeke)  Student workers (Jolien Berckmans, Els Meskens) Support: • INL (Instituut voor Nederlandse Lexicologie)
  15. 15. KU Leuven & succeed goals End goal:  integration of OCR in digitisation workflow at KU Leuven  integration of NER in digitisation workflow at KU Leuven Specifically:  learn from digitising textual material with a view to OCR (rather than as a representation of the book as physical object)  understand OCR possibilities  learn how to enrich textual material with NER  develop workflows, identify infrastructure problems, etc.
  16. 16. KU Leuven & succeed corpus 13 books from the pretiosa collection of the Gulden Librije: - translations from Latin - monolingual Dutch (so without Latin original) - books with comparable, simple typefaces (no Gothic) - books that have not been digitized yet Augustinus, Stad Gods (1876-8); Augustinus, Belydenis (1741); Boëthius, Vertroostinge der wysgeerte (1703); Horatius, Over de dichtkunst (1866); Horatius, Hekeldichten en brieven (1728); Nepos, Leevens van doorlugtige mannen (1796); Nepos, Leeven der doorluchtige veld-ooversten (1726); Ovidius, Treur-digten (1814-5); Ovidius, Treur-gesangen (1692); Seneca, Christelycke Seneca (1705);Tacitus, Vande ghedenkwaerdige geschiedenissen der Romeinen (1645);Vergilius, Wercken (1737);Vergilius, Aeneis (1662)
  17. 17. KU Leuven & succeed tools ABBY Finereader Engine SDK 11 – OCR User PatternTrainer ofABBY Finereader – train OCR IMPACT historical lexicon for Dutch, integrated as a FineReader external dictionary – improve OCR Aletheia – build ground truth ocrevalUAtion – compare OCR results NER tool for Europeana Newspapers – NER NE AttestationTool – manually correct NER NERT – build training & test set
  18. 18. Conclusion “This is one of the great opportunity spaces that the Digital Humanities opens up, giving archivists, librarians, and curators a chance to not simply enlarge but completely re-envision their communities, publics, and missions.” (Burdick et al. 2012, 48-49)
  19. 19. References @viroviacum demmy.verbeke@arts.kuleuven.be Anne Burdick and others, Digital_Humanities (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2012) Christian Clausner, Stefan Pletschacher and ApostolosAntonacopoulos, ‘Efficient OCRTraining Data Generation with Aletheia’, in Proceedings of the 11th International Association for Pattern Recognition (IAPR)Workshop on Document Analysis Systems (DAS2014) <www.primaresearch.org/www/assets/papers/DAS2014_Clausner_OCRTrainingDataGeneration.pdf> William A. Kretzschmar and William Gray Potter, “Library Collaboration with Large Digital Humanities Projects,” Literary and Linguistic Computing 25, no. 4 (2010): 439–445 <doi:10.1093/llc/fqq022> Bethany Nowviskie, “Skunks in the Library: A Path to Production for Scholarly R&D,” Journal of Library Administration 53, no. 1 (2013): 53–66 <doi:10.1080/01930826.2013.756698> Bethany Nowviskie, “Asking for It,” 2014 <http://nowviskie.org/2014/asking-for-it> Miriam Posner, “Digital Humanities and the Library: A Bibliography,” 2013 <http://miriamposner.com/blog/?page_id=1033> Jennifer Schaffner and Ricky Erway, “OCLC Research Report: Does Every Research Library Need a Digital Humanities Center?,” 2014 <www.oclc.org/research/publications/library/2014/oclcresearch-digital- humanities-center-2014-overview.html> Ben Showers, “Does the Library Have a Role to Play in the Digital Humanities?,” 2012 <http://infteam.jiscinvolve.org/wp/2012/02/23/does-the-library-have-a-role-to-play-in-the-digital- humanities> Lisa Spiro, “Why the Digital Humanities?,” 2011 <http://digitalscholarship.files.wordpress.com/2011/10/dhglca-5.pdf> MicahVandegrift and StewartVarner, “Evolving in Common: Creating Mutually Supportive Relationships Between Libraries and the Digital Humanities,” Journal of Library Administration 53, no. 1 (2013): 67–78 <doi:10.1080/01930826.2013.756699>