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Culture - Cham People in Cambodia , Cham Culture Presentation.

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The Cham people in Cambodia form the largest minority in the country with about 300.000 people.
They are mostly concentrated along the Mekong and Tonle Sap River in Cambodia.
The Cham people were originally a people of an ancient kingdom from the Kingdom of Champa.
Cham people who follow Islam we call Muslims, and Khmer people who follows Islam we call Khmer-Islam.

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Culture - Cham People in Cambodia , Cham Culture Presentation.

  1. 1. សាកលវិទ្យាល័យបញ្ញា សាស្រ្តកម្ពុជា PAÑÑĀSĀSTRA UNIVERSITY OF CAMBODIA Sila Samādhi Paññā Field Work Cham Muslim Village Subject: Cultural Anthropology Room: Lecture Hall A 1
  2. 2. Prepare by: Group number 8 Name ID 1. Kuong Chhaykeat 59199 2. Keo Song 47764 3. Thol Sokhuy 62496 4. Kang Mouyhong 63112 5. Kim Pagna 61336 6. Ky Tymeng 61570 7. Kim Chengsy 50209 8. Ouch Raksmey Soseng 64202 9. Se Manith 76160 10. Doeu Sopheavann 76392 Academic 2012-2013 2
  3. 3. Outline I. Introduction II. Living III. Dressing IV. Language V. Foods VI. Spending time VII.Religion VIII.Holidays and Festivals IX. Marriage X. The five pillars of Islam XI. Conclusion XII.References XIII.Hajj video 3
  4. 4. Picture of field work at Cham Muslim Village 4
  5. 5. I. Introduction  The Cham people in Cambodia form the largest minority in the country with about 300.000 people.  They are mostly concentrated along the Mekong and Tonle Sap River in Cambodia.  The Cham people were originally a people of an ancient kingdom from the Kingdom of Champa.  Cham people who follow Islam we call Muslims, and Khmer people who 5
  6. 6. I. Introduction (Cont.) 6 New Cham Mosque in Phnom Penh
  7. 7. II. Living  In Cambodia, Cham people make their living the same Khmer people too such as farming, working in the company, selling food and clothing in the market, etc.  Cham people who live near river also go fishing for their daily food and sell in the market like Khmer people too. 7
  8. 8. II. Living (Cont.) 8
  9. 9. III. Dressing  Men and women usually cover their heads with turbans or scarves.  Something that they cover on both men and women, they call Aurat (Cham word).  Aurat for Women are more restrictive than men.  Aurat for men are much less restrictive because men just don’t have as many goodies as women. 9
  10. 10. III. Dressing (Cont.) 10
  11. 11. IV. Language  Most Cham in Cambodia are bilingual, they can speak both Cham and Khmer.  The Cham language has its own writing system.  Western Cham speakers use Arabic script rather than the traditional Cham script. 11
  12. 12. V. Foods 12  Halal foods are good foods for health and allowable in Islam religion.  Otherwise, Haram foods are the food that Muslim forbidden such as alcohol, drug, pork, dog, and animal that has fangs like tiger, crocodile, frog…  Some foods that are remained from the other god is also known as
  13. 13. V. Foods (Cont.) 13 Halal foods Haram foods
  14. 14. VI. Spending time  Cham people always spend their time to salute their god.  They spend their time to salute their god 5 times a day and 10 minutes for each time.  On Friday is the obligation day for all Cham people must to salute their god at the mosque.  Friday is the special day in Islam religion. 14
  15. 15. VI. Spending time (Cont.) 15
  16. 16. VII. Religion  Islam is the religion of the Cham Muslims.  The Cham Muslims worship in their own mosques.  They believe only one god is Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.  Their holy book is called the Quran which is the true word from Allah.  In Islam religion is like being in a test which allow people to do something or not to do something as God’s word. 16
  17. 17. VII. Religion (Cont.) 17
  18. 18. VIII. Holidays and Festivals  There are three important holidays in Islam: Eid Al-Fitr, Ramadan and Eid Al-Adha.  Eid Al-Fitr celebrates at the end of Ramadan.  Ramadan is a month of fasting in Islam.  Eid Al-Adha celebrates at the end of Hajj. 18
  19. 19. VIII. Holidays and Festivals (Cont.) 19
  20. 20. IX. Marriage  Cham Muslim marriages are generally arranged by the parents.  The parents of the young woman ask the groom if he will accept their daughter as his bride.  After he agrees, the marriage is concluded, and they are celebrated with a feast.  Cham Muslim marriages are simple and need little expense on the ceremony.  Polygynous marriages are allowed (up to four wives). 20
  21. 21. IX. Marriage (Cont.) 21
  22. 22. X. The five pillars of Islam  Shahada: the belief of only one god is Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.  Salat (Salah): A Muslim must pray five times a day at dawn, mid-day, late afternoon, sunset and nightfall.  Zakat (Alms): All Muslims obligate to give 2.5% of their wealth to the poor or needy.  Fasting (Sawm): all Muslims abstain of food and drink from dawn until sundown in the month of Ramadan.  Hajj (Pilgrimage): the obligation for Muslims who be able to make the pilgrimage to Mecca. 22
  23. 23. X. The five pillars of Islam (Cont.) 23
  24. 24. XI. Conclusion The majority of Cham Muslims who live in Cambodia are remnants of the Kingdom of Champa. Cham Muslims believe only one god is Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah. Most of the Cham Muslim cultures have many differences with the Khmer Cultures such as religion, food, language, dressing, festival, marriage, Etc. 24
  25. 25. XII. References  Mr. Mat Roya works at Mittapheap Tours Co., Ltd as a web designer and developer.  Miss EMas studies at Norton University.  www.pray-ap.info/hajj  www.google.com.kh  www.islam101.net  www.everyculture.com 25
  26. 26. Thank You and Great Success! Question ? 26

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