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National Policy on Disaster management 2009

  1. NATIONAL POLICY ON DISASTER MANAGEMENT 2009: AN OVERVIEW 1 Facts we all need to know by Vishwa Deepak Kumar Rajneesh Mishra Abhishek Sharma Priya Soni (B.Pharmacy 3rd Year) Department of Pharmacy, IEC Group of Institutions, Greater Noida (U.P)
  2. 2 DISASTER ? • A disaster is a natural or manmade event which results in widespread human loss, loss of livelihood, property and life.
  3. LEGAL MANDATE-THE DISASTER MANAGEMENT ACT, 2009 • The Disaster Management Act, 2009 was enacted on 22nd October,2009. • The Disaster Management Act, 2009 consists arrangement of power, preventation, risk and finance for Disaster Management. • The policy has 13 Chapter (social security and social insurance) as under. • This will have the advantage that it will permit the States also to have their own legislation on disaster management. 3
  4. 4 1.Preamble Disaster Risks in India Paradigm Shift in DM NDMA DDMASDMA
  5. 5 2. Approach and Objectives Approach • Community based DM, • Capacity development in all spheres. • Consolidation of past initiatives and best practices. • Cooperation with agencies at National and International levels. The objectives of the National Policy on Disaster Management are: Promoting a culture of prevention, preparedness and resilience at all levels through knowledge, innovation and education.
  6. 6 3. Institutional and Legal Arrangements • The Act provides for establishment of NDMA • Pending enactment of the law NDMA was established by an executive Order on 30-5-2009; headed by Prime Minister. • Vice-chairperson and Members notified on 28-9-2009. • NDMA presently working on development of policies, guidelines and plans. • NDMA is assisted by National Executive Committee National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)
  7. Functions of NDMA • Lay down policies on Disaster Management • Approve the National plan. • Lay down guidelines to be followed by State Authorities in drawing up state plans. • Coordinate enforcement and implementation of policies and plans. • Lay down broad policies and guidelines for NIDM. • Recommend guidelines for minimum standards of relief. • Recommend relief in the payment of loans or for grant of fresh loans in case of disasters of severe magnitude. 7
  8. State Disaster Management Authority (SDMA) • Each State/UT to constitute SDMA headed by Chief Minister/Lt Governor, as the case may be. District Disaster Management Authority (DDMA) • States to establish DDMA for every district headed by District Magistrate. 8
  9. 9 National Executive Committee (NEC): • The NEC is the executive committee of the NDMA. • The NEC comprises the Chairman, Union Home Secretary & various other ministries Secretary. National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM) • The NIDM in partnership with other research institutions and function within the broad policies and guidelines laid down by the NDMA. Some other Armed Forces like Central Paramilitary Forces, State Police Forces and Fire Services, Civil Defence and Home Guards, State Disaster Response Force (SDRF), National Cadet Corps (NCC), National Service Scheme (NSS) and Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS) are help in serious disaster situations.
  10. 4.Financial Arrangements • Present funding mechanism for disaster relief (CRF/NCCF) to continue. • Act provides for constitution of Disaster Response Fund and Disaster Mitigation Fund at National, State and District level. • Each Department of Central and State Governments to make provision in annual budgets for implementation of District Plan. • Provides penalties for obstruction, false claims, misappropriation, false warnings etc. 10
  11. 5. Disaster Prevention, Mitigation and Preparedness Mitigation & Capacity Building – • Detailed evaluation & retrofitting of lifeline buildings. • Construction of multi purpose cyclone shelters. • Capacity building of all stakeholders. Preparedness and Response - • Development of fully trained and equipped specialist response teams. • Strengthening of civil defense set up to supplement local response and relief efforts. • Development of Standard Operating Procedures by all relevant Ministries/Departments at Central, State and District level. 11
  12. 12 6. Techno-Legal Regime • Land Use Planning • Safe Construction Practices 7. Response • Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) :SOPs will be prescribed for activities like search and rescue, medical assistance and casualty management, evacuation, restoration of essential services and communication at disaster sites. • Levels of Disasters : Response are depends on levels of disasters. • Information and Media Partnership
  13. 8.Relief & Rehabilitation • State Governments to establish pre-contract arrangements for immediate mobilization of resources. • Central Government will also facilitate mobilization of resources when requested by State Governments. 13
  14. 14 9. Reconstruction and Recovery 10. Capacity Development Phase involved in Reconstruction and Recovery • Owner Driven Reconstruction • Speedy Reconstruction A strategic approach to capacity development can be done by following ways • Training of Artisans • DM Education in School • Training of Communities • Training of Other Groups • Professional Technical Education
  15. 11. Knowledge Management Awareness Generation - • People living in areas that are vulnerable to hazards will be sensitized to the hazards which they face as well as methodologies for mitigating the risk. • Wide dissemination of safe construction practices and dos’ and don’ts for various hazards will be undertaken through mass media, information, education and communication materials. • Public education on disaster risk management will be made an integral part of the school and university curricula. 15
  16. 12. Research and Development
  17. 13.National Roadmap • National Disaster Management Framework drawn up in 2002; further refined in 2004 • It covers institutional mechanism; legal and policy framework; disaster prevention strategy; early warning systems; disaster mitigation, preparedness and response; human resource development. • States advised to draw up similar Roadmaps 17
  18. Conclusion • aim to minimize the losses to lives, livelihoods and property, caused by natural or manmade disasters with a vision to build a safe & Disaster resilient India. • With this national Policy in place in India, a holistic and integrated approach will be evolved towards disaster management with emphasis on building strategic partnerships at various levels. References • National Policy on Disaster Management 2009, Published by Ministry of home affairs, Government of India, 2009.
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