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Funding Infrastructure, N Falk

  1. 1. FUNDING INFRASTRUCTURE: What can we learn from Continental Europe? Dr Nicholas Falk, Founding Director, URBED www.urbed.coop postcardfromthefuture.wordpress.com
  2. 2. MY PRESENTATION WILL: 1. Compare the UK and the Continent 2. Illustrate some smarter growth success stories 3. Suggest why we should learn from the French 4. Propose keys to moving forward
  3. 3. 1. Cutting travel times to work 2. Making living in towns more attractive 3. Boosting useful work and incomes 4. Improving air quality Smarter growth means The Competitive Challenge:
  4. 4. RAPID TRANSIT LAGs BEHIND The Competitive Challenge: Tram systems Metros UK 5 (+1 under construction) 4 France 23 (+4 under construction) 5 Germany 54 16 Source Urbanrail.net France now has five times more light rail systems than the UK and ten times the length (in 1980 we were equal). Below Leipzig, Germany.
  5. 5. WE LACK STRATEGIC PLANS The Competitive Challenge: 1. Over £50 million spent on advance work on Leeds Supertram over 20 years 2. Cost over-runs in Edinburgh – the utilities issue especially 3. Low revenues due to lack of house-building in Croydon 4. Stop/start on Manchester link to Rochdale
  6. 6. LILLE SOME CONTINENTAL SUCCESS STORIES: 1. Modernising former textile towns 2. Linked up to the TGV with modern trams and the two VAL metro lines
  7. 7. LILLE SOME CONTINENTAL SUCCESS STORIES: 3. Repositioned from run-down industrial city to European services hub 4. ‘Metropolitan compromise’ with 85 authorities led by the Mayor of Lille
  8. 8. MONTPELLIER SOME CONTINENTAL SUCCESS STORIES: 1. Turning an ancient university town into a modern technopole 2. The tramways give the city a modern Mediterranean image
  9. 9. MONTPELLIER SOME CONTINENTAL SUCCESS STORIES: 3. Pedestrianised medieval centre with trams very visible on the centre but (but parking underground) 4. High tech businesses and new housing developed along the four lines
  10. 10. FREIBURG SOME CONTINENTAL SUCCESS STORIES: 1. Cutting car dependence and creating attractive neighbourhoods 2. Trips by public transport doubled since 1984 with car use static
  11. 11. FREIBURG SOME CONTINENTAL SUCCESS STORIES: 3. Bombed historic centre and tram system completely rebuilt 4. Planned extensions allowed the city to grow in a sustainable way
  12. 12. UTRECHT SOME CONTINENTAL SUCCESS STORIES: 1. A well-connected polycentric growth city region – firm strategies for housing and transport 2. Smaller historic towns like Amersfoort have built sustainable urban extensions e.g. Vathorst
  13. 13. UTRECHT SOME CONTINENTAL SUCCESS STORIES: 3. New towns like Houten are considered among the best places to live (thanks to the public realm) trebling in size since the 1980s
  14. 14. investing in the ‘urban common wealth’ pays off THE FRENCH MODEL OF SMARTER GROWTH: 1. Smart young people come to study and work
  15. 15. investing in the ‘urban common wealth’ pays off THE FRENCH MODEL OF SMARTER GROWTH: 2. They stay because housing is more affordable
  16. 16. investing in the ‘urban common wealth’ pays off THE FRENCH MODEL OF SMARTER GROWTH: 3. Cities benefit from rising land values
  17. 17. investing in the ‘urban common wealth’ pays off THE FRENCH MODEL OF SMARTER GROWTH: 4. Investors benefit from inflation-proofed revenue streams Public investment bank; Caisse des Depots in France delivers 133,000 affordable homes in 2011
  18. 18. Planning, development and finance form an escalator THE FRENCH MODEL OF SMARTER GROWTH: 7. DUP (Declaration d’Utilite Publique) 6. CNDP (National Commission for Public Debat 5. Zone d’Amenagement Concerte (ZAC) 4. Contrat de Development Territorial 3. Plan des Deplacements Urbaines (PDU) 2. Schema Directeur 1. Contrat de Ville
  19. 19. Local leadership helps resolve conflicts THE FRENCH MODEL OF SMARTER GROWTH: 1. Municipal/National Champions (Pierre Mauroy, George Frêche)
  20. 20. Local leadership helps resolve conflicts THE FRENCH MODEL OF SMARTER GROWTH: 2. Integrated strategic plans (Le Grand Paris - A network of new tramways is reinforcing the regional express network (RER) and Metro)
  21. 21. Local leadership helps resolve conflicts THE FRENCH MODEL OF SMARTER GROWTH: 3. Business support and cross-sectoral collaboration (Plaine Commune, St Denis, Paris )
  22. 22. Financial mechanisms should support investment, not consumption KEYS TO MOVING FORWARD: 1. Public investment banks to mobilise savings BNG funds infrastructure in Vathorst, Amersfoort, NL KfW funds site acquisition and Infrastructure in Freiburg, Germany
  23. 23. Financial mechanisms should support investment, not consumption KEYS TO MOVING FORWARD: 2. Public private partnerships or ‘sociétés d’economie mixtes’ and joint venture companies to share the risks (SEMAPA)
  24. 24. Financial mechanisms should support investment, not consumption KEYS TO MOVING FORWARD: 3. Local taxes/charges to fill the gap (Orestad, Copenhagen)
  25. 25. Financial mechanisms should support investment, not consumption KEYS TO MOVING FORWARD: 4. Municipal Bonds to package finance (Portland, Oregon)
  26. 26. KEYS TO MOVING FORWARD: strategic planning aimed at supporting holistic growth 1. Enable Local Authorities to raise capital funds
  27. 27. strategic planning aimed at supporting holistic growth KEYS TO MOVING FORWARD: 2. Focus on city regions and transport corridors 3. Account for environmental and social as well as economic benefits – NATA is not enough! 4. Use different approaches to regeneration and growth areas Images courtesy of Jon Rowland (right) and Peter Hedicar (left)
  28. 28. WANT TO KNOW MORE: Visit www.urbed.coop for the full SUNN report

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