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1.Surah titles are not an integral part of the Qur’aan. A
distinguishing word in a particular surah or a word defining
its subject matter often became a common means of
identification among the Prophet’s companions and later
Although some names ,such as Al-fatihah ,were used by the
Prophet (PBUH) in reference to particular surah, they were
not specifically designated by him as titles .
• Al –Fatihah : The opening (of the Qur’aan)*1.
IN THE NAME OF ALLAH ,*2 THE ENTIRELY MERCIFUL ,THE ESPECIALLY
*2. Allah is a roper name belonging only to the one Almighty God,
Creator and sustainer of the Earth and all that is within them, the
Eternal and Absolute , to whom alone all worship is due.
*3.Ar-Rahman and Ar-raheem are the two names of Allah derived
from the word Rahmah (mercy) . In Arabic grammar both are
intensive forms of “merciful” (i.e ., extremely merciful ). A
complementary and comprehensive meaning is intended by using
• Rahman is used to describe Allah ,while raheem might be used
to describe a person as well.
• The Prophet (P.B.U.H) was described in the the Qur’aan as
• Rahman is above the human level (i.e., intensively merciful).
• Since one usually understands intensity to be something of
short duration ,Allah describes himself also as raheem (i.e.,
• Rahman also carries a wider meaning – merciful to all creation.
Justice is a part of this mercy. Raheem includes the concept of
specialty –especially and specifically merciful to the believers .
• Forgiveness is the part of this mercy.
(see al-Qurtubi’s al-Jami’u li Akhamil-Qur’aan,pp.103-107.)
• (All) praise is (due) to Allah ,Lord *4 of the worlds
4. when referring to Allah (Subhanahu wa ta‟aala) ,the
Arabic term “rabb” (translated as “LORD”) includes all
of the following meanings :
“owner, master, ruler, controller, sustainer, provider,
guardian and care taker”
Al-fatihah is actually a prayer ,which Allah
teaches to all who embark upon the study of
this book .its position at the beginning
specifies that anyone who wants to be
benefit from this book should first offer this
prayer to the Lord of the Universe.
2. The word Rabb has three connotations:
i. lord and Master
ii. Sustainer, provider, supporter, Nourisher
He who controls and directs ,
Allah is Rabb of the Universe in all these
The entirely Merciful ,the Especially Merciful
(as explained in slide 5)
Sovereign of the Day of Recompense *5
5. i.e., repayment and compensation for whatever was
earned of good or evil during life on this earth .
You alone do we worship *3 and you alone we turn to
*3 „ibadah is also used in three senses
i. Worship, prayer and adoration
ii. Submission and obedience,
iii. Bondage and servitude
Are sad-ra-tay = THE PATH Which is even ,wide
enough and can be trodden without difficulty. A
road /way/path ,long sword
Are Nun-ayn-miim= to lead an easy life, enjoy the
comforts and conveniences of life ,be joyful,
become easy/soft/plentiful/pleasant/good/flourishing, to
In‟aam beneficence, favor to a person , blessing,
gifted(with speech/talent/reason etc).
Direct us to the straight way ,the path of
those upon whom You have bestowed favor,
not of those who have earned(Your) anger or
of those who are astray.*4
Are ghyn-daad-ba= anger/wrath/stern,
Displeasure, indignation, hot tempered, passion,
Are dad-la-lam= erred, strayed, or went astray.
Deviated from the right way or the course.
Missed or lost the right way. Lost something but
doesn't know its place.
Confounded or perplexed and unable to see the
Become hidden, unperceived , concealed, absent or
escaped. Went away.
*4 Al-Fatihah is a prayer from man to
God, and the rest of Qur‟aan is Allah‟s
response to show him the straight Way
In response to this prayer Allah offers
the Qur‟aan as the true guidance ,the
“Straight way “ which man has sought
and prayed for.