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Types Of Houses

  1. 1. TYPES OF HOUSES and BUILDINGS Danica Kubi Hugo Treffner Gymansium
  2. 2. A detached house
  3. 3. <ul><li>It is a free-standing residential building. </li></ul><ul><li>Generally found in less dense urban areas , the suburbs of cities, and rural areas . </li></ul><ul><li>Surrounded by a garden . </li></ul><ul><li>Garages can also be found on most lots. </li></ul>
  4. 5. A semi-detached house
  5. 6. <ul><li>They consist of pairs of houses built side by side as units </li></ul><ul><li>They share a party wall </li></ul><ul><li>Usually each house's layout is a mirror image of its twin </li></ul><ul><li>Symbolic of the suburbanisation of the United Kingdom and Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>This type of housing is a half-way state between terraced and detached houses. </li></ul>
  6. 8. Terraced houses A terrace(d) or row house , is a style of housing in use since the late 17th century . A row of identical or mirror-image houses share side walls. The first and last of these houses is called an end terrace .
  7. 10. Royal Crescent in Bath
  8. 11. Terraced houses at Fortuneswell, Dorset, UK
  9. 12. Cottages A cottage is a dwelling, typically in a rural (sometimes village), or semi-rural location. It is usually one and a half storey property.
  10. 14. Bungalows
  11. 15. <ul><li>A bungalow is a house which is all on ground level. Traditionally small, but today it can be quite large. </li></ul>
  12. 16. Block of flats A red brick apartment block in East London, England , on the north bank of the Thames
  13. 17. <ul><li>A block of flats (BrE) or an apartment building (AmE) is a multi-unit dwelling made up of several apartments (US) or flats (UK) </li></ul><ul><li>If the building is a high-rise construction, it is termed a tower block in the UK </li></ul>
  14. 18. A penthouse
  15. 19. <ul><li>A penthouse is a very expnesive apartment on the top floor of the building </li></ul><ul><li>Often occupies the entire floor </li></ul><ul><li>May have a private entrance or lift </li></ul><ul><li>Associated with a luxury lifestyle </li></ul>
  16. 20. Skyscrapers
  17. 21. A villa <ul><li>British English a house that you use or rent while you are on holiday </li></ul><ul><li>a big house in the country with a large garden </li></ul><ul><li>an ancient Roman house or farm with land surrounding it </li></ul>
  18. 22. A mansion - häärber <ul><li>A mansion is a very large and stately dwelling house for the wealthy. </li></ul>
  19. 23. A country house
  20. 24. <ul><li>The English country house is generally a large house or mansion </li></ul><ul><li>It was a weekend retreat for aristocrats as well as a full time residence for some aristocrats and for the minor gentry (maa-aadel) </li></ul><ul><li>It has at least 25 rooms and at least 8,000 square feet (740 m²) of floor space, including service rooms. </li></ul><ul><li>Built at different ages and in various architectural styles. </li></ul>
  21. 26. A stately home <ul><li>These houses became a status symbol for the great families of England. </li></ul><ul><li>Country houses and stately homes are sometimes confused —while a country house is always in the country, a stately home can also be in a town. </li></ul>
  22. 28. A townhouse Leinster House , 18th century Dublin townhouse of the Duke of Leinster. It is now the seat of parliament
  23. 29. <ul><li>Historically in UK and Ireland, a townhouse (or a &quot;house in town&quot;) was a residence of a peer or member of the aristocracy in the capital or major city. </li></ul><ul><li>Most such figures owned one or more country houses in which they lived for much of the year. </li></ul><ul><li>They moved to town when the Parliament was in session </li></ul>
  24. 30. <ul><li>In the United Kingdom and Ireland most townhouses were terraced . </li></ul><ul><li>Only a small minority, generally the largest, were detached. </li></ul><ul><li>Even aristocrats whose country houses had grounds of hundreds of acres, often lived in terraced houses in town. </li></ul>Henrietta Street , it contains some of the oldest and largest Georgian townhouses in Dublin.
  25. 31. A mobile home BrE a large caravan which always stays in the same place and is used as a house
  26. 32. Caravan BrE a vehicle that a car can pull and in which people can live and sleep when they are on holiday = AmE trailer
  27. 33. Stilt houses in Cempa, located in the Lingga Islands of Indonesia
  28. 34. Stilt houses <ul><li>Stilt houses or pile dwellings are houses raised on piles over the surface of the soil or a body of water </li></ul><ul><li>Todat stilt houses are still common in parts of South East Asia , Papua New Guinea and West Africa . </li></ul>
  29. 35. A wigwam It is a single room dwelling used by certain Native American tribes.
  30. 36. Tepees
  31. 37. <ul><li>A tipi (also teepee , tepee ) is a conical tent originally made of animal skins or birch bark </li></ul><ul><li>Popularized by the American Indians of the Great Plains </li></ul><ul><li>The dwelling was remarkably durable, and gave warmth and comfort during harsh winters, it was dry during heavy rains, and cool during the heat of summers. </li></ul>
  32. 38. An igloo
  33. 39. <ul><li>An igloo , translated sometimes as snowhouse , is a shelter constructed from blocks of snow, generally in the form of a DOME </li></ul><ul><li>Predominantly constructed by people of Canada 's Central Arctic and Greenlands Thule area. </li></ul>
  34. 40. Houseboats It is a boat that has been designed to be used primarily as a human dwelling . Some are not motorised, because they are usually kept stationary at a fixed point.
  35. 41. A boathouse
  36. 42. A chalet a house with a steep sloping roof, common in places with high mountains and snow , such as Switzerland
  37. 43. Tents
  38. 44. Tree houses a wooden structure built in the branches of a tree for children to play in
  39. 45. A log cabin
  40. 46. Shanty
  41. 47. Dormitory especially BrE a large room for several people to sleep in, for example in a boarding school or hostel AmE a large building at a college or university where students live [= HALL OF RESIDENCE BrE ]
  42. 48. Bed-sit BrE a rented room used for both living and sleeping in
  43. 49. Condominium <ul><li>( AmE ) one apartment in a building with several apartments, each of which is owned by the people living in it </li></ul>
  44. 50. Monastery / Convent monasteries - a place where monks live convent - a building or set of buildings where nuns live
  45. 51. Cathedral
  46. 52. Barn conversion
  47. 53. Front doors in Britain
  48. 54. Front doors in Ireland
  49. 56. Windows
  50. 57. French windows a pair of doors made mostly of glass, usually opening onto a garden or balcony
  51. 58. Sash windows a window consisting of two frames that you open by sliding one up or down, behind or in front of the other
  52. 59. Bay window a window that sticks out from the wall of a house, usually with glass on three sides
  53. 60. Picture window <ul><li>a large window made of a single piece of glass </li></ul>
  54. 61. Rose window / stained glass windows <ul><li>a circular window in a church, especially one with coloured glass in it </li></ul>
  55. 63. Roofs
  56. 64. Thatched roof
  57. 65. Slate roof - kivikatus
  58. 66. Tin roof – plekk-katus
  59. 67. A pitched roof (=sloping roof) viilkatus
  60. 68. A flat roof