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War and Social Media in Serbia: from Nationalism to Resistance. Week# 4 Global Internet Activism

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In response to yesterday's first anniversary of Kosovo's independence.

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War and Social Media in Serbia: from Nationalism to Resistance. Week# 4 Global Internet Activism

  1. 1. Global Internet Activism Week# 4 War and Social Media in Serbia: from Nationalism to Resistance Trebor Scholz | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  2. 2. Political Activism, Advocacy, and Art Activism week 2 week 1 Access, Censorship, Social Media, and the week 3 Alleged Democratization Citizen Media: from of Society Seattle to South Korea War and Social Media: Serbia week 5 week 4 War and Social Media: Iraq, Gaza week 6 Spring Break week 7 War and Social Media: Counter-publics Iran, Afghanistan in Iran week 8 week 9 Cell phone-enabled Citizen Media in China week 12 activism: Philippines Burma week 11 week 10 Japan, Singapore A Better World in Second Life? week 14 One Laptop Per Child week 13 Cyber Publics in India week 15 Mobilization Trebor Scholz | The New School University | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  3. 3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Location_of_Serbia_in_Europe,_Kosovo_included.png
  4. 4. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ea/Yugoslavia_1998_ethnic_map_es.svg/800px-Yugoslavia_1998_ethnic_map_es.svg.png
  5. 5. http://cidc.library.cornell.edu/DOF/yugoslavia/Captioned/greeting.htm
  6. 6. Back Then, Over There? Human Rights Disasters: 1994 Genocide in Rwanda: Ignored by Nato 1995 Massacre of Srebrenica: UN walks out, NATO-- no response 1999 NATO's high altitude bombings of Kosovo and Serbia Trebor Scholz | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  7. 7. President Bill Clinton - Statement on Kosovo Intervention http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rusF4OJzGbo
  8. 8. http://www.thing.de/blinkface/vh2/usandthem/ Excerpt from: Predictions of Fire by Michael Benson (1996) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Co2Gm3y0qpQ&feature=PlayList&p=64AD6D43071FFFA7&index=6
  9. 9. War and Social Media: Serbia week 4 Feb 14, 17 Required Readings: Raymond Williams, quot;Alternative Technology, Alternative Uses?,quot; Raymond Williams, Televison (London: Routledge, 1990) 138-160 Scholz, Trebor. quot;Carnival in the Eye of the Storm.quot; Art Journal (2000). 1 Dec. 2000. 14 Jan. 2009 Archive of posts March 1999. 1 March. 1999. 26 Jan. 2009 <http://www.nettime.org/Lists-Archives/nettime-l-9903/maillist.html>. Suggested Reading: (Excerpts handed out in class) Collin, Matthew. This Is Serbia Calling : Rock 'n Roll Radio and Belgrade's Underground Resistance. London: Serpent's Tail Limited, 2001. Case Studies: Radio B-92 Media: Excerpts: Predictions of Fire by Michael Benson (1996) Trebor Scholz | The New School University | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  10. 10. Questions for this Week Tuesday: Context, Art, B92 Why were there no (art) activist responses to the NATO bombing in 1999? Was the productive silence caused by the uncertainties related to complexities of history(thousands of years of histories, written differently by each party)? Who has the time to educate themselves well enough to take a stand? Thursday: Readings: Raymond Williams Trebor Scholz | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  11. 11. Fleeing Kosovo Trebor Scholz | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  12. 12. http://www.molodiez.org/kosovo_web/movies/dita.html Aferdita Kelmendi director of RTV21 Pristina (Kosovo), the first Albanian-language radio station to broadcast freely from Kosovo. In-Class Reading: Conflict, Intervention, Media: the West and the Balkans with Boris Buden and Aferdita Kelmendi WEDNESDAY APRIL 19 2000, TRANSCRIPT AFERDITA KELMENDI http://hrp.bard.edu/resource_pdfs/budenandkelmendi.transcript.pdf Fleeing Kosovo Newshour interview of Aferdita Kelmendi with Phil Ponce (4/12/99). http://hrp.bard.edu/resource_pdfs/ponce.kelmendi.pdf Trebor Scholz | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  13. 13. Mathew Brady: Death at Antietam, 1862 (photographs of the civil war) http://www.arkitectrue.com/wp-content/uploads/2007/02/0228_brady-federal-dead-battle-gettysburg.jpg Mathew Brady photographed the civil war and documented the war and repositioned the dead and the machinery of war.
  14. 14.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1IGOZTpbuUY&feature=PlayList&p=E516EF846565A0A2&playnext=1&index=30 Those who control images control history. Technologized, awe-inspiring, entertaining images of quot;sovereign violencequot; -- even thousands of cameras cannot represent the experience of human suffering. Trebor Scholz | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  15. 15. Trebor Scholz, 79 Days
  16. 16. Trebor Scholz, 79 Days
  17. 17. Trebor Scholz, 79 Days
  18. 18. The NATO Bombing, Art, and the Internet Whose voices were heard online? Trebor Scholz | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  19. 19. http://www.molodiez.org/kosovo_web/movies/moviesclips.html
  20. 20. quot;It's us the armchair passengers who observe what passes, and decide what passed. <...> To quot;doquot; something doesn't always mean to engage oneself in the concrete practical situation. Grasping the meaning of historical events can have an impact on them...quot; quot;There is never enough time- for an accurate knowledge of the history of a region, for reliable, confirmed information, for an instant theory that explains it all...quot; --- Bastard Special Edition
  21. 21. http://www.ljudmila.org/~woelle/lajka/war/ quot;Nearly ramdom screenshotsquot; from Yugoslavian TV on the night of March 24, 1999 shows how different networks (CNN, BBC World, and local stations) portray the bombing.
  22. 22. quot;The media have a role in producing the situations that they seem only to anticipate... The camera transformed life into mis-en-scene, and scripts an awareness of a future audience of witnesses. quot; (J. Crandall, 2004) Crandall, J. On Accuracy. <nettime>. Available: http://amsterdam.nettime.org/Lists-Archives/nettime-l-0401/msg00046.html. Last Accessed17 November 2004. Trebor Scholz | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  23. 23. Vuc Cosic, TV Screens
  24. 24. Andrej Tisma Glorious Victory http://www.webheaven.co.yu/victory/nato1.htm
  25. 25. http://web.archive.org/web/20030603181712/www.teo-spiller.org/kosovo/
  26. 26. http://web.archive.org/web/20030603192101/www.teo-spiller.org/wargames/
  27. 27. screen cast of http://www.teo-spiller.org.way_back_stub/wargames/index.htm
  28. 28. Sisley Xhafa http://ww.mediachannel.org/images/eyestorm/xhafa-585X400.jpg
  29. 29. Teo Spiller Us/them
  30. 30. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0xkUMqXyDAo&feature=PlayLis t&p=64AD6D43071FFFA7&playnext=1&index=2 Predictions of Fire (1996), Michael Benson Facing the Menace of Totalitarianism http://movies.nytimes.com/movie/review?res= 9C06E0DA1F3CF931A35753C1A960958260 Srdjan Dragojevic, Pretty Village, Pretty Flame Pretty Village, Pretty Flame. Yugoslavia, 1996. Director: Srdjan Dragojevic. 128 mins.Loosley based on a true incident, Dragojevic&Mac185;s multilayered narrative focuses on a bloody,ten-day stand-off between Muslims and the Serbs they have trapped in a tunnel linking Zagrebwith Belgrade. The Brotherhood and Unity tunnel is used as a symbolic staging ground in whichthe desperate soldiers act out serio-comic vignettes covering a wide rage of topics before theyare killed off one by one. quot;Wilder in its black humor than M.A.S.H., bolder in its vision than any movie Stanley Kubrick hasmade, this is one of the most audacious anti-war statements ever committed to the big screen.quot; Variety
  31. 31. http://www.thing.de/blinkface/vh2/index_b.htm
  32. 32. US & them http://www.thing.de/blinkface/vh2/usandthem/
  33. 33. Predrag Sidjanin In Memento http://ps.memetic-tv.net/index_im.html
  34. 34. uw2 Group http://www.thing.de/blinkface/ vh2/pavlec/clinetton.htm
  35. 35. Miss Saigon http://ps.memetic-tv.net/index_ta.html Miss Saigon http://ps.memetic-tv.net/index_ta.html
  36. 36. B92: the Beginning of Citizen Journalism in Serbia Trebor Scholz | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  37. 37. Guest speaker: thank you to Danica Radovanovic! respond at: http://seesmic.com/videos/W3XZxJlMTf Trebor Scholz | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  38. 38. http://web.archive.org/web/19990428142152/http://www.b92.net/index.html
  39. 39. -- founded in May 1989 in Belgrade as a predominantly youth-oriented radio station “B92 is a gutsy, in your face broadcaster which stands up for the rights of Serbian people.” “The station was a rare outlet for independent news and information in Serbia under Slobodan Milošević, and was a force behind many demonstrations that took place in Belgrade during the turbulent 1990s. Due to this, B92 won MTV Free Your Mind award in 1998, and many other awards for journalism and fighting for human rights. B92 is the subject of the bestselling book This is Serbia Calling.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B92 Trebor Scholz | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  40. 40. Apr 24, 1999 * Apr 28, 1999 http://web.archive.org/web/19990424073033/http://www.b92.net/ May 08, 1999 *
  41. 41. B92 was shut down by authorities a few times in its early years. “It was forced off the air for a time in 1999 when NATO bombed Serbia, and government agents cracked down on independent reporting. The government took over the station in 1999 but the team continued broadcasting in borrowed studios as B2-92. In a dawn raid in May 2000 government troops seized everything but internet broadcasting from secret studios continued until after the ousting of Slobodan Milošević in October 2000, when the two stations were unified. It has continued as a combined music and news radio station since. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B92 Trebor Scholz | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  42. 42. Nationalism and Social Media Trebor Scholz | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  43. 43. http://thepiratebay.org/torrent/4689344/Documentary_-_Nato_bombing_of_Serbia Trebor Scholz | LCST 4014 A | Spring 2009
  44. 44. Trebor Scholz scholzt@newschool.edu Twitter: trebors Blog: http://www.collectivate.net/journalisms Delicious: http://del.icio.us/trebor Flickr: http://flickr.com/photos/treborscholz LibraryThing: http://www.librarything.com/profile/trebor