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Migration 1

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Migration 1

  1. 1. Managing change in the human environment Rural-urban migration in LEDCs Why do people move from rural to urban areas in LEDCs?
  2. 2. The largest cities of the world The fastest growing cities are in LEDCs where most mega cities are found (over 10 million people)
  3. 3. Why do people move from rural to urban areas in LEDCs? <ul><li>Definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Push factors – things that encourage people to leave rural areas </li></ul><ul><li>Pull factors – things that attract people to cities </li></ul><ul><li>Rural-urban migration – the movement of people from rural areas to live in cities </li></ul><ul><li>Urban growth – the expansion of towns and cities </li></ul><ul><li>Millionaire city – a city with a million people </li></ul><ul><li>Mega city – a city with over 10 million people </li></ul>The world in becoming more urban with more and more people moving from rural (countryside) areas to urban areas (towns and cities). People who move from a rural area to a city are generally poor; they are pushed out by physical or human factors, and think life will be better in the city.
  4. 4. Push and Pull factors <ul><li>Pull factors </li></ul><ul><li>Work/employment/money – may be easier to find in cities </li></ul><ul><li>Healthcare/education – though not great, are generally better in cities </li></ul><ul><li>Food/water – people think will be easier to find in cities </li></ul><ul><li>Protection – seems better in cities away from conflict in the countryside </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of life – is thought to be better in cities </li></ul><ul><li>Push factors </li></ul><ul><li>Drought – leaves subsistence farmers without food </li></ul><ul><li>Flooding – wipes out homes and crops </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict – may mean people leave the area suddenly </li></ul><ul><li>Land degradation – overgrazing and soil erosion </li></ul><ul><li>Land ownership – disputes and land provision </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of commercial agriculture – displaces subsistence farming </li></ul><ul><li>Decline of traditional industries – leaves people impoverished in many LEDCs </li></ul>
  5. 5. Brazil: Rural-urban migration <ul><li>Rural-urban migration to the cities on the coast has been important to the growth of Brazil (Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro). </li></ul><ul><li>The south east coastal area is far more prosperous and life in a favela (informal settlement) can seem more attractive than life in a rural area. </li></ul>North East Brazil is the poorest region lacking good farm land. Amazonia is the most sparsely populated area of Brazil. LEDC