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Day 2
Daniel 1 – 3
Finding the
structure of a
narrative
identify scenes
scenes usually only have 

2 speaking or active ch...
pay attention to dialogue
the first words are sometimes

the most significant
pay attention to characters 

repeating or res...
tablet recording delivery of
gold to Babylonian court
© British Museum. Used by permission.
Atraharsis
Epic
© British Muse...
‘‘
’’
The fact that Babylon was a place of
dislocation, pain and disappointment
did not compel them to make a
negative res...
1. Redemptive-historical
progression
2. Promise-fulfilment 3. Anticipations (typology)
4. Analogy 5. Longitudinal themes
6....
Daniel 2
Manuscript Bible Study
• Scenes and plot line
• Characters and dialogue
• Structure
• Repeated words, images or c...
5. Longitudinal themes
6. New Testament
references
7. Contrast
‘‘
’’
Only God is truly sovereign, and He
will establish Hi...
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Bible and Culture 2016 – Introduction to the OT Prophets and Daniel
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Bible and Culture 2016 – Daniel 1–2

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Bible and Culture 2016 – Daniel 1 – 2
My slides from day 2 of Bible & Culture 2016
(bibleandculture.org)

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Bible and Culture 2016 – Daniel 1–2

  1. 1. Day 2 Daniel 1 – 3 Finding the structure of a narrative identify scenes scenes usually only have 
 2 speaking or active characters read each scene in the context 
 of the whole narrative find the plot line (crisis and resolution) the big context is
 God’s promises and intention don’t focus on moral lessons pay attention to what characters say and do
  2. 2. pay attention to dialogue the first words are sometimes
 the most significant pay attention to characters 
 repeating or restating things pay attention to repetition in the narration b The young men taken for training (3–7) c Refusing to be defiled; a test (8–16) a’ Historical conclusion: triumph of Cyrus (21) a Historical introduction: triumph of 
 Nebuchadnezzar (1–2) b’ The young men excel in their training
 (17–20) Triumph of Nebuchadnezzar 
 (1–2) ‘‘ ’’ And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with some of the vessels of the house of God. And he brought them to the land of Shinar . . . Daniel 1:2, ESV Training for the king’s service (3–7) ? What do you think the Babylonians’ intentions were? What would they have wanted Daniel and his friends to learn? (Daniel 1:1-7) ?
  3. 3. tablet recording delivery of gold to Babylonian court © British Museum. Used by permission. Atraharsis Epic © British Museum. Used by permission. Babylonian omens tablet © British Museum. Used by permission. model sheep liver © British Museum. Used by permission. Importance of names Daniel = God is my judge Belteshazzar = May Bel protect his life Hananiah = the Lord shows grace Shadrach = command of Aku Mishael = Who is what God is? Meshach = Who is what Aku is? Azariah = The Lord helps Abednego = servant of Nabu Refusing to be defiled (8–16) Excelling in training (17–20) ‘‘ ’’ It was a remarkable process and one which challenges all of us. Rather than avoiding or running from their second-choice world they pursued it and gave it their very best. They headed for the centre of the volcano, the heart of the storm, the vortex of all their fears… ‘‘ ’’ For these men, the way to face Babylon was to become skilled and powerful insiders – not ‘separated’ outsiders. When they chose this way they rejected pouting, self-pity, resentment and self-consumption…
  4. 4. ‘‘ ’’ The fact that Babylon was a place of dislocation, pain and disappointment did not compel them to make a negative response to this pagan world. Being servants of God in Jerusalem or Babylon alike demanded living well before him. Viv Thomas Second Choice (Paternoster, 2000) p. 22 v.20: ‘ten times better’ = hyperbole ‘‘ ’’ For I desire mercy, not sacrifice,
 and acknowledgment of God rather than burnt offerings. Hosea 6:6 ‘‘ ’’ Ephraim’s glory will fly away like a bird —
 no birth, no pregnancy, no conception.
 Even if they rear children,
 I will bereave them of every one. Hosea 9:11 ‘‘ ’’ Cursed be the day I was born! May the day my mother bore me not be blessed! Cursed be the man who brought my father the news, who made him very glad, saying, ‘A child is born to you – a son!’ Jeremiah 20: 14–15 Triumph of Cyrus (21) ? Summarise the theme of Daniel 1 in one sentence. What do you think is the purpose or goal of Daniel 1 (what was its purpose for the original audience)? ? ‘‘ ’’ The sovereign Lord, who guided the faithful Daniel and his friends to positions of power in Babylon, will guide his faithful people even in exile. Sidney Greidanus Preaching Christ from Daniel Linking to Jesus
  5. 5. 1. Redemptive-historical progression 2. Promise-fulfilment 3. Anticipations (typology) 4. Analogy 5. Longitudinal themes 6. New Testament references 7. Contrast ? Which of the 7 ways of connecting 
 the passage to Jesus help us with 
 Daniel 1? How? 1. Redemptive-historical progression 2. Promise-fulfilment 3. Anticipations (typology) 4. Analogy 5. Longitudinal themes 6. New Testament references 7. Contrast ? ? What is the message of Daniel 1 for us? ?
  6. 6. Daniel 2 Manuscript Bible Study • Scenes and plot line • Characters and dialogue • Structure • Repeated words, images or concepts • Figures of speech (metaphors, similes, etc.) • Key themes, concepts or images • Connections with other parts of the Bible • Questions: what do you not understand? ? Summarise the theme of Daniel 2 in one sentence. What is the goal of Daniel 2 (what was its purpose for the original audience)? How do we move from Daniel 2
 to Jesus? ? Theme of Daniel 2: The God of heaven, who deposes and sets up kings, reveals that he will eventually replace all human kingdoms with his everlasting kingdom. Goal of Daniel 2: to give hope to God’s people in exile by reassuring them that God will eventually replace all human kingdoms with his everlasting kingdom. 1. Redemptive-historical progression 2. Promise-fulfilment 3. Anticipations (typology) 4. Analogy
  7. 7. 5. Longitudinal themes 6. New Testament references 7. Contrast ‘‘ ’’ Only God is truly sovereign, and He will establish His eternal kingdom. . . . [This theme] provides coherence for the entire book of Daniel. Les Bruce Daniel 3 Luxor Obelisk21m 27m Humboldt Box 27 m high © Jean-Pierre Dalbéra, used under a Creative Commons licence www.tonywatkins.uk

Bible and Culture 2016 – Daniel 1 – 2 My slides from day 2 of Bible & Culture 2016 (bibleandculture.org)

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