2. Chapter Ten: Learning Objectives
• Define political parties
• Explain the historical development of
the American party system
• Discuss the meaning and impact of
3. Chapter Ten: Learning Objectives
• Analyze the various forms of party
• Understand the role of parties in
• Appraise different arguments about
virtues and defects of the party system
Do you believe that political parties are
an important part of a deliberative
democracy? Why or why not?
Political parties and the issues
separating the parties have evolved
5. Political Parties and Their Functions:
The Meaning of Party
Three levels of political parties
1. Party in the electorate
2. Party organization
3. Party in government
6. Political Parties and Their Functions:
The Functions of Party
Political parties are not addressed in the
Political parties emerged as one way for
citizens to mobilize for political action,
especially during election time.
Democratic-Republicans and Federalists
were early American political parties.
7. Party Alignments and Realignments
Why does the United States have a
What are the differences between
partisan alignment and partisan
8. Party Alignments and Realignments:
Early Party Era
Federalists had economic resources,
but the Democratic-Republicans were
better at voter mobilization.
The presidential election of 1800 started
a shift in the party system.
9. Party Alignments and Realignments:
Democrats and Whigs
The Democrats gained power through
During this time, national party
The Democrats’ opponents were known
10. Party Alignments and Realignments:
Immigration issues emerged and some
anti-immigrant Whigs formed the
American Party or the Know-Nothings.
Opinions on slavery split the Democrats.
The Civil War was the beginning of a
new party realignment with the
emergence of the Republican Party.
11. Myths and Misinformation
Official party histories – yada, yada, yada
Both the Democratic and Republican
parties cast their history in a positive light
and often ignore some of their negative
12. Party Alignments and Realignments:
Populists and Progressives
The Populist Party emerged in the late
1800s to represent rural interests.
The Progressive Party was part of the
movement which fought for adoption of
election procedures like primary
13. Party Alignments and Realignments:
With Roosevelt’s election in 1932, the
New Deal coalition emerged and
southerners, Jews, Catholics, African
Americans, people with roots in
Southern and Eastern Europe, union
members, poor people, intellectuals,
and artists were attracted to the
14. Party Alignments and Realignments:
By the mid to late 1960s, the Democrats
began to lose some of their base from
the New Deal coalition.
Ronald Reagan built a stronger coalition
for the Republican Party, but not
strong enough to prevent divided
15. Party Alignments and Realignments:
Sources of Party Change
What are some sources of party change?
• Ideas about government and politics
• Major historical events
• Economic and demographic change
16. Parties in the Electorate:
How do these characteristics affect party
18. Parties in the Electorate:
Party Registration and Primaries
Types of primaries
4. Blanket (outlawed in 2000)
19. Pledges and Promises
Throughout history, citizens have taken
oaths and pledges to participate in
political party activities.
20. Party Organization
What role do political party organizations
play in choosing candidates?
Rick Wilking/Reuters/Landov Ethan Miller/Getty Images
21. Party Organization:
State and Local Parties
State and local political parties may not
be as influential as they once were, but
continue to provide important
assistance to political candidates in
22. Party Organization:
National Party Committees
The national party committees supply
money to candidates.
Forms of campaign expenditures include
• Direct contributions
• Coordinated expenditures
• Independent expenditures
27. Third Parties
What roles do third parties play in
What barriers do third parties face in
their quest for power in American
28. Political Parties and
Should parties be more specialized in
their focus or more broad-based?
Would a system that encourages more
parties be better or worse for
29. Deliberation, Citizenship, and You
College party organizations
Political parties have active chapters on
many college campuses and, as such,
may foster more political deliberation
among college students.
• Republicans and Democrats dominant
• Party organizations try to influence
• Parties are important in government
• Third parties can affect politics
Notas do Editor
I would like to insert Figure 10-2 from page 310 on this slide.
I would like to place Table 10-2 “Party Money” from page 316 in the text on this slide.