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How an outbreak affects pathway 
likelihoods 
An outbreak has occurred. Therefore: 
• The pathogen must have entered along...
How an outbreak affects pathway 
likelihoods—Example (1) 
The analysis finds three pathways with these 
likelihoods (per y...
How an outbreak affects pathway 
likelihoods—Example (2) 
Given the outbreak, what are the likelihoods for 
each pathway? ...
How an outbreak affects pathway 
likelihoods—Example (3) 
Total likelihood is 31/10 000 before the 
outbreak. Likelihood g...
How an outbreak affects pathway 
likelihoods—Example (4) 
Total likelihood is 31/10 000 before the 
outbreak. Likelihood g...
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How an outbreak affects pathway likelihoods

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How an outbreak affects pathway likelihoods

  1. 1. How an outbreak affects pathway likelihoods An outbreak has occurred. Therefore: • The pathogen must have entered along a pathway; and • The total likelihood of entry for all pathways must equal 1. (The event must (did) occur.)
  2. 2. How an outbreak affects pathway likelihoods—Example (1) The analysis finds three pathways with these likelihoods (per year): a) By sea (p=10/10 000); b) By land (p=20/10 000); c) By air (p=1/10 000); and d) No entry (p=9 969/10 000).
  3. 3. How an outbreak affects pathway likelihoods—Example (2) Given the outbreak, what are the likelihoods for each pathway? (Hint: this is a Bayesian analysis) a) Sea likelihood 10/10 000; b) Land likelihood 20/10 000; and c) Air likelihood 1/10 000.
  4. 4. How an outbreak affects pathway likelihoods—Example (3) Total likelihood is 31/10 000 before the outbreak. Likelihood given an outbreak: a) Sea (10/10 000)/(31/10 000); b) Land (20/10 000)/(31/10 000); and c) Air (1/10 000)/(31/ 10 000).
  5. 5. How an outbreak affects pathway likelihoods—Example (4) Total likelihood is 31/10 000 before the outbreak. Likelihood given an outbreak: a) Sea 10/31; b) Land 20/31; and c) Air 1/31.

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