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Twelve Tone Presentation (Lesson)

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Twelve Tone Presentation (Lesson)

  1. 1. 27th April,2009. Introduction to Twelve Tone Series
  2. 2. Using IT to teach Twelve-tone Series <ul><li>PowerPoint </li></ul><ul><li>Finale </li></ul><ul><li>visual </li></ul>audio
  3. 3. Teaching Duration <ul><li>2 hours (I hour per lesson) </li></ul><ul><li>class size: 10-15 students </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why we choose this topic <ul><li>seldom people use Finale to teach </li></ul><ul><li>twelve-tone series </li></ul><ul><li>difficult to arouse the interests of </li></ul><ul><li>secondary school students to learn </li></ul><ul><li>twelve-tone series (adolescents have a </li></ul><ul><li>narrow music preference of pop styles and </li></ul><ul><li>strong dislike for all other styles) </li></ul><ul><li>students will be more interested in </li></ul><ul><li>learning twelve-tone series by using </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Finale’, especially in doing the </li></ul><ul><li>twelve-tone matrix </li></ul>
  5. 5. Target Group <ul><li>senior Secondary 4-6 music students </li></ul><ul><li>who will sit for Hong Kong Diploma of </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary Education Examination of the </li></ul><ul><li>New Senior Secondary Education (NSSE). </li></ul><ul><li>the music students passed the ABRSM </li></ul><ul><li>grades 5 examination </li></ul><ul><li>(Intervals, enharmonic equivalent). </li></ul><ul><li>they knew how to use Finale </li></ul>
  6. 6. Teaching Objectives <ul><li>students will have a briefly </li></ul><ul><li>introduction of twelve-tone series </li></ul><ul><li>students enable to use Finale to make </li></ul><ul><li>twelve-tone matrix </li></ul><ul><li>students can compose a simple </li></ul><ul><li>melody writing in 8 bars </li></ul>
  7. 7. Expressionist Music in 20th Century <ul><li>Second Viennese school composers: </li></ul><ul><li>Pierrot Lunaire: 1st song </li></ul><ul><li>(by Arnold Schoenberg) </li></ul><ul><li>Violin Concerto </li></ul><ul><li>(by Alban Berg) </li></ul><ul><li>Symphony Op.21 </li></ul><ul><li>(by Anton Webern) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Twelve tone Series Background <ul><li>Historical Background </li></ul><ul><li>Expressionism </li></ul><ul><li>It is a term that embraces an early 20th </li></ul><ul><li>century style of art, music and literature </li></ul><ul><li>that is charged with an emotional and </li></ul><ul><li>spiritual vision of the world. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Expressionist Art The Scream Edvard Munch (1863-1944) (oil, tempera and pastel on board, 1893)
  10. 10. Blue Horse I Franz Marc ( 1880-1916) ( oil on canvas ,1911 )
  11. 11. Twelve-tone Series <ul><li>use the twelve semi-tones of an octave to form a Tone Row </li></ul><ul><li>musical devices: </li></ul><ul><li>Inversion, </li></ul><ul><li>Retrograde, </li></ul><ul><li>Retrograde Inversion </li></ul><ul><li>atonal music </li></ul>Finale
  12. 12. Twelve-tone Matrix Original /Prime C# F# G# G D C E B A Bb Eb F
  13. 13. Inversion <ul><li>Original/Prime Row </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. F E b B b  </li></ul>Inversion Row e.g.  # game
  14. 14. Original /Prime Twelve-tone Matrix Inversion A E D Eb G Bb F # B C # C G C# F# G# G D C E B A Bb Eb F
  15. 15. Retrograde <ul><li>F E b B b A B E C D G G # F # C # </li></ul>C # F # G # G D C E B A B b E b F Original /Prime Retrograde game
  16. 16. Original /Prime Twelve-tone Matrix Inversion Retrograde A E D Eb G Bb F # B C # C G C# F# G# G D C E B A Bb Eb F
  17. 17. Original /Prime Twelve-tone Matrix Inversion Retrograde Retrograde Inversion A E D Eb G Bb F # B C # C G C# F# G# G D C E B A Bb Eb F
  18. 18. 8 Bars Melody Writing <ul><li>compose a eight bars melody choosing </li></ul><ul><li>the letter names in twelve-tone matrix </li></ul><ul><li>Timothy and Viola students composed </li></ul><ul><li>the melody, let us see their composition! </li></ul>
  19. 20. Timothy’s student composition
  20. 21. Viola’s student composition
  21. 22. Original /Prime Twelve-tone Matrix Inversion Retrograde Retrograde Inversion Finale A E D Eb G Bb F # B C # C G C# F# G# G D C E B A Bb Eb F
  22. 23. Original /Prime Twelve-tone Matrix Inversion Retrograde Retrograde Inversion Finale A E D Eb G Bb D G A G # Eb C # F C Bb B E F # B C # C G C# F# G# G D C E B A Bb Eb F
  23. 24. Original /Prime Twelve-tone Matrix Inversion Retrograde Retrograde Inversion A E D Eb G Bb D G A G # Eb C # F C Bb B E F # B C # C Eb G # Bb A E D F # C # B C F G C# F# G# G D C E B A Bb Eb F
  24. 25. Original /Prime Twelve-tone Matrix Inversion Retrograde Retrograde Inversion F Bb C B F# E G# Eb C# D G A C F G F# C# B Eb Bb G# A D E Bb Eb F E B A C# G# F# G C D B E F# F C Bb D A G G# C# Eb E A B Bb F Eb G D C C# F# G# F# B C# C G F A E D Eb G# Bb D G A G# Eb C# F C Bb B E F# G C D C# G# F# Bb F Eb E A B A D E Eb Bb G# C G F F# B C# G# C# Eb D A G B F# E F Bb C Eb G# Bb A E D F# C# B C F G C# F# G# G D C E B A Bb Eb F
  25. 26. Pro and Cons in teaching this topic <ul><li>quite interesting for students in using </li></ul><ul><li>IT </li></ul><ul><li>easier to write modern music </li></ul><ul><li>immediately share their composition </li></ul><ul><li>with others thought internet </li></ul><ul><li>students must have Finale software at </li></ul><ul><li>home </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Finale’ limitation </li></ul>
  26. 27. Assessment <ul><li>compose a eight bars melody choosing </li></ul><ul><li>the letter names in twelve-tone matrix </li></ul><ul><li>they can hand in the assignment through </li></ul><ul><li>e-mail </li></ul><ul><li>teacher will post the creative </li></ul><ul><li>composition on the music blog </li></ul><ul><li>student can leave a message on the </li></ul><ul><li>music blog and teachers give comments </li></ul>
  27. 28. Conclusion <ul><li>more convenient </li></ul><ul><li>the students can listen their </li></ul><ul><li>composition result through Finale </li></ul><ul><li>arouse their interest in atonal music </li></ul>
  28. 29. <ul><li>twelve-tone series is very new to the students. In fact, composers used this kind of device in the pervious periods, e.g. Baroque, Classical, Romantic or in Chinese music </li></ul>
  29. 30. <ul><li>Baroque Period </li></ul><ul><li>Bach’s Prelude </li></ul><ul><li>Classical Period </li></ul><ul><li>Beethoven’s Sonata </li></ul><ul><li>Romantic Period </li></ul><ul><li>Chopin’s Nocturne Op.37 No.2 </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese Music (first Chinese music using </li></ul><ul><li>twelve-tone) </li></ul><ul><li>涉江采芙蓉 </li></ul>

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