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Arts in Human Development
• Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a
theory in psychology as postulated in his
paper, "A Theory of Human Motivation....
• In the real world, people do not work
successively through these levels. They are
much less structured in the way they s...
Morality, Creativity, Spontaneity, Problem-
solving, Lack of prejudice, Acceptance of
facts
Self – esteem, Confidence, Ach...
• Artists, philosophers, anthropologists,
psychologists, and programmers use the
notion of art in their respective fields....
Multiple Intelligences
• Dr. Howard Gardner, an education professor
at Harvard University, postulated the theory
of multip...
Multiple Intelligences by Dr. Howard Gardner
• Linguistic or languages (word-smart)
• Logical-mathematical intelligence
(n...
• Dr. Gardner states that schools and culture focus most of
their attention on linguistic and logical-mathematical
intelli...
The study of arts is related to the judgment of
aesthetic value. Aesthetics examines the affective
domain's response to a...
Activity: Mind Exercise
• How would you define beauty?
• Give examples of what you consider
beautiful?
• What do you assoc...
WHAT IS AESTHETICS?
- Aesthetics is the subfield of philosophy
concerning beauty and art. It spans all areas of
artistic e...
Aesthetics and Beauty
• Aesthetics originated from the Greeks and
has something to do with the appreciation of
art and bea...
Aesthetics, Taste, Beauty
• Aesthetics – appreciation of art and beauty.
– “Aisthetikos” – of sense of perception.
– refer...
• Interpretations of art and beauty posses two
concepts of value: AESTHETICS and TASTE.
• Aesthetics is the philosophical ...
• In appreciating beauty, the critic should be
able to recognize or give his/her opinion on
the work of the artist.
• Cons...
How an Artist Should Express
Himself/Herself
• The artist can be considered sensitive and
creative. He/She can see and fee...
To be an artist, one must express himself
using the following:
• Skill - learned capacity to carry out pre-
determined res...
BASIC QUESTIONS IN AESTHETICS
1. What is art and what is non art?
2. What do the various arts have in common
3. What, if a...
6. What effects can a work of art have on the
observer?
7. How does one interpret a work of art?
8. What is beauty and wha...
Understanding the Humanities and the
Arts
• Artist – a person engaged in one or more activities related to
creating art, p...
Understanding the Humanities and the Arts
• Interdependence – the value of being mutually and
physically responsible for o...
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6. arts in human development

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6. arts in human development

  1. 1. Arts in Human Development
  2. 2. • Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology as postulated in his paper, "A Theory of Human Motivation." Maslow extended the idea to include his observations on human's innate curiosity. His theory contends that as humans meet basic needs, they seek to successively satisfy "higher needs" that occupy a set hierarchy. (Maslow, 1954)
  3. 3. • In the real world, people do not work successively through these levels. They are much less structured in the way they satisfy their needs. On the other hand, different people from diverse cultures and in various situations may have different hierarchical needs.
  4. 4. Morality, Creativity, Spontaneity, Problem- solving, Lack of prejudice, Acceptance of facts Self – esteem, Confidence, Achievement, Respect of others, Respect by others Family, Friendship, Sexual intimacy Security of body, of employment, of resources, of morality, of the family, of health, of property. Breathing, food, water, sex, sleep, homeostasis, excretion Self-actualizationSelf-actualization EsteemEsteem Love/BelongingLove/Belonging SafetySafety PhysiologicalPhysiological Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
  5. 5. • Artists, philosophers, anthropologists, psychologists, and programmers use the notion of art in their respective fields. Artists are either the creation or the performers. • Arts is a person's way of expressing his/her ideas and feelings through his/her creation and non-graphic expression.(Estolas et al., 1995)
  6. 6. Multiple Intelligences • Dr. Howard Gardner, an education professor at Harvard University, postulated the theory of multiple intelligences in 1983. • This theory suggests that the traditional notion of intelligence, based on I.Q. testing, is far too limited. • Dr. Gardner proposes the following eight (8) realms of intelligence to account for a broader range of human potential in children and adults.
  7. 7. Multiple Intelligences by Dr. Howard Gardner • Linguistic or languages (word-smart) • Logical-mathematical intelligence (number/reasoning smart) • Spatial intelligence (picture-smart) • Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence (body-smart) • Musical intelligence (music-smart) • Interpersonal intelligence (people-smart) • Intrapersonal intelligence (self-smart) • Naturalistic intelligence (nature-smart)
  8. 8. • Dr. Gardner states that schools and culture focus most of their attention on linguistic and logical-mathematical intelligence. • Articulate or logical people are highly respected in Philippine culture. • Dr. Gardner adds that equal regard should be given to individuals who show gifts in the other intelligence such as; artists, architects, musicians, naturalists, designers, dancers, therapists, entrepreneurs, and others who enrich the world in which we live. • The theory of multiple intelligences espouses a major transformation in the way our schools are run and subjects are taught. It suggests that teachers nowadays must be trained to present their lessons creatively using multimedia.
  9. 9. The study of arts is related to the judgment of aesthetic value. Aesthetics examines the affective domain's response to an object of phenomenon. Immanuel Kant opines: "Everyone has his own sense of taste. The case of beauty is different from mere agreeableness because if he proclaims something to be beautiful, then he requires the same liking from others; he then judges not just for himself but for everyone, and speaks of beauty as if it were a property of things."
  10. 10. Activity: Mind Exercise • How would you define beauty? • Give examples of what you consider beautiful? • What do you associate with beauty?
  11. 11. WHAT IS AESTHETICS? - Aesthetics is the subfield of philosophy concerning beauty and art. It spans all areas of artistic endeavor. The word derives from the Greek aisthetikos, meaning “of sense perception.” - It refers to the forms and psychological effects of arts.
  12. 12. Aesthetics and Beauty • Aesthetics originated from the Greeks and has something to do with the appreciation of art and beauty. • Beauty is the quality of things as perceived by the person judging the objects. • Determining whether something is beautiful depends on the faculty of sight and a person's own sentiments for beauty which vary in every individual.
  13. 13. Aesthetics, Taste, Beauty • Aesthetics – appreciation of art and beauty. – “Aisthetikos” – of sense of perception. – refers to the forms and psychological effects of arts. • Beauty – is the quality of things as perceived by the person judging the objects. – Contemporary beauty – is based not on innate qualities but rather on cultural specifics and individual interpretations. • Taste varies according to class, cultural background, and education.
  14. 14. • Interpretations of art and beauty posses two concepts of value: AESTHETICS and TASTE. • Aesthetics is the philosophical notion of beauty. • For Kant, beauty is objective and universal; thus, certain things are beautiful to everyone. • Taste varies according to class, cultural background, and education.
  15. 15. • In appreciating beauty, the critic should be able to recognize or give his/her opinion on the work of the artist. • Constructive criticism makes the artist more creative as he/she tries to improve his/her form or style in creating a work of art.
  16. 16. How an Artist Should Express Himself/Herself • The artist can be considered sensitive and creative. He/She can see and feel what an ordinary person cannot. • His/Her imagination can extend far beyond the thoughts of an ordinary person.
  17. 17. To be an artist, one must express himself using the following: • Skill - learned capacity to carry out pre- determined results • Talent - natural capacity to do something. • Motivation - driving force.
  18. 18. BASIC QUESTIONS IN AESTHETICS 1. What is art and what is non art? 2. What do the various arts have in common 3. What, if anything makes some art good or bad? 4. Can art be evaluated objectively, or only subjectively (that is, are aesthetic properties merely "in the eye of the beholder" or "matters of taste")? 5. What is the importance of art, to whom, and for what?
  19. 19. 6. What effects can a work of art have on the observer? 7. How does one interpret a work of art? 8. What is beauty and what is its relationship to art? 9. Why do we find certain things beautiful? 10. What is the role of emotion in the appreciation of art? 11. What is the role of the artist's intention in interpreting a work of art? 12. What is the connection between art and ethics?
  20. 20. Understanding the Humanities and the Arts • Artist – a person engaged in one or more activities related to creating art, practicing the arts, and/or demonstration an art. • Affective learning – the effect and the acquisition of behaviors involved in expressing feelings, attitudes, appreciation, and values. • Creativity – the act of a person who, through imagery, makes something new such as a product, a solution, or a work of art that has some kind of value. • Gustatory Art – also called food decorating or food plating, gustatory arts refer to the visual content and aesthetic presentation of food. • Independence – the value of freedom and acting on one’s own will and capacity.
  21. 21. Understanding the Humanities and the Arts • Interdependence – the value of being mutually and physically responsible for others, and sharing a common set of principles with them (i.e. classmates, team members, group mates). • Modern Teacher – describes the new breed of unconventional, creative instructors and facilitators who deviate from the norms of teaching based on books and theories. • Multimedia – refers to today’s media using a combination of different tools and form which include text or print, audio- visual presentation, animation, documentary, the Internet, photographs, and the like. • Practical Approach – a method of teaching which instills learning through action and participation • Theories – refer to the coherent group of general propositions used as principles of explanation for a class of phenomenon .

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