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Heat Stress In Horses

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Causes, signs, treatments, and prevention methods for heat stress in your horse.

Publicada em: Estilo de vida
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Heat Stress In Horses

  1. 1. HEAT STRESS IN HORSESHeat stress can put a horse in serious danger. Here are some causes, signs, treatments and prevention methods that owners and riders should understand. CAUSES & CONTRIBUTING FACTORS WHAT TO LOOK FOR FUTURE PREVENTION Did you know? Portion of a horse’s cooling process that can be attributed to sweating65% Dehydration Heat generated in muscles Hot, humid weather Transporting in hot conditions Poor conditioning Insufficient oxygen intake Exhaustion Intense exercise Inability to sweat normally Riding too fast for horse’s fitness level Insufficient time to acclimate to warm climate Sluggishness, weakness or poor posture Cramping, spasms, loss of muscular control Rectal temperature over 103.5 degrees F Hot, dry skin (but might sweat under mane) Rapid breathing/ flared nostrils Sunken eye sockets Stop exercise immediately Relocate to shady area with light breeze or fan Offer water Cool rapidly with hose or sponge, focusing on legs, head, back, neck, areas where large veins are close to skin Scrape away excess water as it heats up Refrain from draping horse with a cooling towel, which might actually keep heat in Massage major muscle groups if horse refuses to move Monitor rectal temperature until it recedes to 101 degrees After recovery, hand walk for about 15 minutes to prevent cramping Monitor for several hours Dunk in pond if dangerously overheated Administer electrolytes Administer intravenous fluids if horse is in shock or dehydration is severe Contact veterinarian if temperature exceeds 104 degrees and won’t go down Refrain from administering medications while dehydrated Reduced tolerance to exercise Inability to sweat Poor recovery after workout High or irregular heart rate Falling/stumbling Seizures Colic Reduced interest in food/water Reduction in skin elasticity Refusal to move 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 11 13 14 15 Improve fitness level Emphasize hydration Offer water immediately after exercise Monitor heart rate recovery Use appropriate cool-down techniques Don’t ride too fast/ climb too steep a hill for fitness level Keep coat hair shorter Incorporate rest periods during exercise Reduce/delay work if over 90 degrees www.besteverpads.com TREATMENTS 1 VISIBLE SIGNS OF HEAT STRESS