3. *ABOUT VIRGINIA WOOLF
*In 1882, she was born in Londra
*She was the daughter of famous writer Sir Leslie
*Virginia’s mother suddenly died at the age of thirteen.
*In that years Virginia Woolf couldn’t go to school
because women were remain in the second place but
she developed herself with her father’s help.
*She improved herself in her father’s library and she
published short stories in a newspaper in 1895.
*Type of the book: Novel
*Genre: Modernist, formalist and feminist
*Setting(time): a day in mid-June,1923.
*Setting(place): London, England.
*Narrator: anonymous. The omniscient
narrator is a commenting voice who knows
everything about the characters.
*Clarissa Dalloway : The heroine of the novel, struggles
constantly to balance her internal life with the external world.
Her world consists of fashion, parties and high society.
*Clarissa has a tendency toward introspection that gives her a
profound capacity for emotion, which many other characters
*Constantly overlaying the past and present Clarissa struggles to
reconcile herself to life memories. For most of the novel she
considers aging and death with trepidation such as buying
*Through content, Clarissa never lets go of the doubt she feels
about decisions that have shaped her life , particularly her
decision to marry Richard instead of Peter.
6. *Septimus Warren Smith: A World War 1 veteran suffering from
shell shock, married to an Italian woman named Lucrezia.
*Lucrezia make Septimus notice things outside himself, but he
has removed himself from the physical world. Instead, he lives
in an internal world, wherein he sees and hears things that
aren’t really there and he talks to his dead friend Evans.
* Though he is insane, Septimus views English society in much
the same way as Clarissa does, and he struggles, as she does,
to both maintain his privacy and fulfill his need to
communicate with others.
*Septimus and Clarissa both have beak-noses, love Shakespeare,
and fear oppression.
*Before the war he was a young, idealistic poet. After the war
he regards human nature as evil and believes he is guilty of not
being able to feel. He chooses to escape his problems by killing
7. *Peter Walsh: A close friend of Clarissa’s, once desperately fall
in love with her.
* Clarissa rejected Peter’s marriage proposal when she was
eighteen, and he moved to India.
*Peter acts as a foil to Richard, who is stable, generous and
rather simple. Unlike calm Richard, Peter is like a storm,
thundering and crashing.
*Sally Seton: A close friend of Clarissa and Peter in their young.
She only exist as a figure in Clarissa’s memory but she appears
at the party, she is older but familiar.
*She and Clarissa were sexually attracted to one another as
*Clarissa considers the moment when Sally kissed her own lips
‘the most exquisite moment of her whole life’.
* Now Sally lives in Manchester and is married and olso she has
got five boys. Her married name is Lady Rosseter.
8. *Richard Dalloway: Richard is a simple, hardworking, sensible
husband who loves Clarissa and their daughter, Elizabeth.
* A member of Parliament in the Conservative government,
Richard plans to write a history of the great English military
family, when the party comes to power.
*Elizabeth Dalloway : Clarissa and Richard’s only child. Gentle,
considerate, and somewhat passive, seventeen years old. She
doesn’t have Clarissa’s energy.
*Mrs. Dalloway covers one day from morning to night in one woman’s
life. Clarissa Dalloway, an upper-class housewife, walks through her
London neighborhood to prepare for the party she will host that
* When she returns from flower shopping, an old suitor and friend,
Peter Walsh, drops by her house unexpectedly.
*Years earlier, Clarissa refused Peter’s marriage proposal, and Peter
has never quite gotten over it. Peter asks Clarissa if she is happy
with her husband, Richard, but before she can answer, her daughter,
Elizabeth, enters the room.
* Peter leaves and goes to Regent’s Park. He thinks about Clarissa’s
refusal, which still obsesses him. The point of view then shifts to
Septimus, a veteran of who was injured in trench warfare and now
suffers from shell shock.
10. * In the park Septimus and his wife are waiting for Septimus’s
appointment with Sir William Bradshaw, a celebrated psychiatrist.
*Before the war, Septimus was budding young poet and lover of
Shakespeare ; when the war broke out, he enlisted immediately for
romantic patriotic reasons. He became numb to the horrors of war
and its aftermath: when his friend Evans died, he felt like sadness.
*Now Septimus sees nothing of worth in the England he fought for,
and he has lost the desire to preserve either his society or himself.
Suicidal, he believes his lack of feeling is a crime.
*Clearly Septimus’s experiences in the war have permanently scarred
him and he has serious mental problems. However Sir William does
not listen to what Septimus says and diagnoses a lack of proportion.
Sir William plans to separate Septimus from Lucreiza and send him to
mental institution in the country.
11. *Richard Dalloway eats lunch with Hug Whitbread and Lady Bruton,
members of high society. After lunch, Richard returns home to
Clarissa with a large bunch of roses. He intends to tell her that he
loves her but finds that he cannot, because it has been so long since
he last said.
*Meanwhile, Septimus and Lucrezia are in their apartment enjoying a
moment of happiness together before the men come to take
Septimus to the mental hospital. Dr. Holmes arrives and Septimus
fears the doctor will destroy his soul and he jumps from a window to
*Peter hears the ambulance go by to pick up Septimus’s body and
marvels ironically at the level of London’s civilization. He goes to
Clarissa’s party .
*Sir William Bradshaw comes party late and his wife explains that
Septimus has committed suicide. The party nears its close as guests
begin to leave. Clarissa enters the room, and her presence fills Peter
with a great excitement.
*Communication vs. Privacy: Throughout Mrs. Dalloway, Clarissa,
Septimus, Peter and others struggle to find outlets for
communication as well as adequate privacy, and the balance
between the two is difficult for all to attain. Clarissa in particular
struggles to open the pathway for communication and throws parties
in an attempt to draw people together.
*The war has changed people’s ideas of what English society should
be, and understanding is difficult between those who support
traditional English society and those who hope for continued change.
*The fear of Death: at the very start of her day, when she goes out to
buy flowers for her party, Clarissa remembers a moment in her youth
when she suspected a terrible event would occur. Clarissa repeats a
line from Shakespeare ‘Fear no more the heat o’ the sun / nor the
furious winter’s rages.’
*Middle aged Clarissa has experienced the deaths of her father,
mother, and sister and has lived the war and she has grown to
believe that living even one day is dangerous.
*1. ‘‘ Clarissa had a theory in those days.. That since our apparitions,
the part of us which appears, are so momentary compared with the
other, the unseen part of us, which spreads wide, the unseen might
survive, be recovered somehow attached to this person or that, or
even haunting certain places after death… perhaps- perhaps.’’
This quotation occurs as Peter Walsh walks back to his hotel. He
hears the ambulance go by to pick up Septimus’s body and
remember Clarissa’s passion during their youth. Although Clarissa
had experienced death at a young age when her sister Sylvia died,
she didn't’t want to believe the death was the absolute end.
14. *2. ‘’ she felt somehow very like him- the young man who had killed
himself. She felt glad that he had done it; thrown it away. The clock
was striking. The leaden circles dissolved in the air. He made her
feel the beauty; made her feel the fun but she must go back. She
*This quotation occurs at the day’s end, when Clarissa is at her
party and receives news of Septimus’s death from Lady Bradshaw.
Everything converges in this one moment, and his scene is the
climax of the book. The narratives of Clarissa and Septimus finally
*MAJOR CONFLİCT: Clarissa and other characters try to
preserve their souls and communicate in an oppressive and
fragmentary post World War 1 England.
*RISING ACTION: Clarissa spends the day organizing a party that
will bring people together, while her double, Septimus Warren
Smith, eventually commits suicide due to the social pressure
that oppress his soul.
*CLIMAX: At her party, Clarissa goes to a small room to
contemplate Septimus’s suicide. She identifies with him and is
glad he did it, believing that he preserved his soul.
*FALLING ACTION: Clarissa returns to her party and is viewed
from the outside. We don’t know whether she will change due
to her moment of clarity, but we don’t know that she will