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Turning an industrial area into an eco industrial park

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industrial ecology and industrial symbiosis

Publicada em: Engenharia
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Turning an industrial area into an eco industrial park

  1. 1. PRESENTATION BY TAURAI MPASO R113641T TURNING INDUSTRIAL AREA INTO AN ECO – INDUSTRIAL PARK IN ZIMBABWE: CASE STUDY TITLE
  2. 2. WHAT ARE ECO INDUSTRIAL PARKS?? • A COMMUNITY OF MANUFACTURING AND SERVICE FIRMS LOCATED TOGETHER IN A COMMON PROPERTY. MEMBER BUSINESSES SEEK ENHANCED ENVIRONMENTAL, ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL PERFORMANCE THROUGH COLLABORATION IN MANAGING ENVIRONMENTAL AND RESOURCE ISSUES. • BY WORKING TOGETHER, THE COMMUNITY OF BUSINESSES SEEKS A COLLECTIVE BENEFIT THAT IS GREATER THAN THE SUM OF INDIVIDUAL BENEFITS EACH COMPANY WOULD REALIZE BY ONLY OPTIMIZING ITS INDIVIDUAL PERFORMANCE Lowe(1997)
  3. 3. WHAT IS THE PROBLEM
  4. 4. POLLUTION River discharg e Massive emission s Land fills
  5. 5. EXPENSIVE PRODUCTION COSTS Unsustainable processes price s price s Sustainable processes PRODUCT A Cost of production convectional methods Cost of production IEP = $100 = $60
  6. 6. EXPLOITATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES
  7. 7. WHAT IS THE SOLUTION?
  8. 8. ECO INDUSTRIAL PARKS EIP’S OPERATE BASED ON THE CONCEPTS OF INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY, COLLABORATIVE STRATEGIES NOT ONLY INCLUDE BY-PRODUCT SYNERGY (“WASTE-TO-FEED” EXCHANGES), BUT CAN ALSO TAKE THE FORM OF: • WASTEWATER CASCADING • SHARED LOGISTICS AND RECEIVING FACILITIES • GREEN TECHNOLOGY PURCHASING BLOCKS • MULTI-PARTNER GREEN BUILDING RETROFIT • DISTRICT ENERGY SYSTEMS • LOCAL EDUCATION & RESOURCE CENTRES.
  9. 9. HOW THEY OPERATE • INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY WAS POPULARISED IN 1989 IN AN ARTICLE BY ROBERT NICHOLAS SALAPOUS – WHERE HE SUGGESTED THAT OUR INDUSTRIAL ECOSYSTEM BEHAVES LIKE A NATURAL ECO-SYSTEM I.E. THEY ARE SYMBIOTIC RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN INDUSTRIES.
  10. 10. BENEFITS
  11. 11. ECONOMIC BENEFITS • THERE IS DECREASED PRODUCTION COSTS • EXTRA CASH COMES IN - WASTE AND BY PRODUCT SELLING • DECREASED WASTE MANAGEMENT • DECREASES COSTS OF COMPLIANCE • DECREASES COST OF RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT - AS THESE COSTS WOULD BE SHARED WITH OTHER COMPANIES.
  12. 12. ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS • DECREASE DEMAND ON NATURAL RESOURCES • DECREASED WASTE IN FORMS OF SOLID WASTE, AIR EMISSIONS, WASTEWATER
  13. 13. SOCIAL BENEFITS Job Creation Reduced Traffic Noise and Pollution Reduced odors Visual mitigation less waste disposed to landfills
  14. 14. AIM • ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT OF INDUSTRIAL SETUP AND PRACTICES TO DEVELOP FUNCTIONAL COOPERATION, IMPROVED MATERIAL EFFICIENCY, BETTER WASTE MANAGEMENT AND INCREASED ECO EFFICIENCY.
  15. 15. OBJECTIVES • TO IDENTIFY IF THERE ARE TRACES OF NATURALLY OCCURRING SYMBIOTIC RELATIONSHIPS • TO IDENTIFY COMMON INPUTS REQUIRED AND BY PRODUCTS AND WASTES PRODUCED • TO IDENTIFY IF THERE ARE POSSIBLE COMMON PATTERNS ON WHICH THE PRINCIPLE OF MATERIAL EXCHANGE CAN BE IMPLEMENTED
  16. 16. JUSTIFICATION • FROM THE DATA COLLECTED AND ANALYSED RECOMMENDATIONS ARE PRODUCED WHICH CAN RESULT IN A QUANTIFIABLE COST SAVINGS AND REDUCED ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT. • ZIMBABWE PRODUCES MILLIONS TONS OF WASTE PER ANNUM, MOSTLY BEING INDUSTRIAL WASTE FROM THE PROCESSING OF NATURAL RESOURCES INTO INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS. A HUGE PERCENTAGE OF THIS WASTE IS EITHER DISCHARGED INTO WATER BODIES (E.G. RIVERS) OR DUMPED IN LANDFILLS. MUNICIPALITIES AND INDUSTRY ARE THUS IN A DIFFICULT POSITION, CHALLENGING THEM TO FIND ALTERNATIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES. ECO INDUSTRIAL PARKS CAN BE COMPETITIVE SOLUTION TO THE CHALLENGE. • A SUCCESSFUL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROJECT RESULTS IN IMPROVED COMPETITIVENESS, ATTRACTIVENESS, ENVIRONMENTAL IMAGE, MATERIAL EFFICIENCY, ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND COLLABORATION AMONG FIRMS.
  17. 17. METHODOLOGY LITERATURE REVIEW • LIBRARY RESEARCH • INTERNET BROWSING • CONSULTING SUPERVISOR • DISCUSSIONS WITH PEOPLE IN THE INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGY FIELD SELECTING INDUSTRIAL SITE FOR CASE STUDY DATA COLLECTION AND RECORDING • INTERVIEWS • QUESTIONNAIRES • OBSERVATIONS DATA ASSESSMENT AND ANALYSIS DISCUSSION OF RESULTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
  18. 18. PROJECT SCHEDULE ACTIVITY Dec 2013 Jan 2013 Feb 2014 Mar 2014 Apr 2014 May 2014 Literature review Selecting site Data collection Analysing the data Conclusion and final presentation
  19. 19. THANK YOU

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