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Shortcut methods of english writing for jsc ssc and hsc exam
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### Magic method of fill in the blanks by tanbircox

1. đ īĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.ebooks đĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.cox đ đ¯www.tanbircox.blogspot.com đ đ¯ Magic Rules of Tense (āĻŦāĻžāĻžāĻāĻ˛āĻž āĻ āĻāĻžāĻāĻ˛āĻ˛āĻļ āĻļāĻŦā§āĻĻ āĻ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻ¯ āĻĻā§āĻā§ āĻĻā§āĻ¨āĻžāĻ° āĻāĻĒāĻžā§, āĻ˛āĻŦāĻāĻļāĻˇ āĻ˛āĻ¨ā§āĻŽ āĻ āĻ¤āĻžāĻ° āĻŦāĻ¯āĻŦāĻšāĻžāĻ°) đ đ¯ The Magic Formula of Sentence Structure(āĻāĻā§āĻ˛āĻŋ āĻ¸ā§āĻ¤ā§āĻ° āĻŦāĻž āĻĢāĻŽāĻŽā§āĻ˛āĻž āĻ˛ā§āĻā§ āĻĻā§ āĻĻāĻā§āĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻžāĻāĻ˛āĻ˛āĻļ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻ¯ āĻ¤āĻ¤āĻ˛āĻ°, āĻā§āĻžāĻšāĻ°āĻ¨ āĻ¸āĻšāĻā§āĻžāĻāĻ° āĻ˛āĻŦāĻŦāĻ°āĻŖ ) đ đ¯ Parts Of Speech āĻĻā§āĻ¨āĻžāĻ° (Identification) āĻ¸āĻšāĻ āĻāĻĒāĻžā§ āĻ āĻāĻŦāĻ¸ā§āĻĨāĻžāĻ¨ (Position) [Suffix (āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻ¤ā§āĻ¯ā§) āĻĻā§āĻā§ āĻāĻŋāĻ¨āĻžāĻ° āĻāĻĒāĻžā§ āĻŦāĻžāĻžāĻāĻ˛āĻž āĻāĻ°ā§āĻĨ āĻ¸āĻš āĻāĻ¸āĻžāĻā§āĻ¯ āĻā§āĻžāĻšāĻ°āĻ¨ , Function or Placement (āĻŦāĻžāĻāĻā§āĻ¯ āĻ¤āĻžāĻ° āĻāĻŦāĻ¸ā§āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻ¨āĻ° āĻ˛āĻ¨ā§āĻŽ) , Some critical use of Parts Of Speech ] đ đ¯ 100 Magic Rules of Cloze Test With & Without Clues (āĻāĻžāĻāĻāĻ°āĻ˛āĻ āĻŦāĻžāĻāĻā§āĻ¯āĻ° āĻĻā§ āĻ¸āĻā§āĻ˛ clue āĻĻā§āĻā§ āĻļā§āĻ¨āĻ¯āĻ¸ā§āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻ¨ āĻ¸āĻāĻŋāĻ āĻā§āĻžāĻ°ā§āĻĨ āĻ āĻ¤ā§āĻžāĻ° āĻĻā§ āĻā§āĻ°āĻžāĻŽāĻžāĻ° āĻĢāĻ°āĻŽāĻ¯āĻžāĻ āĻšāĻāĻŦ āĻ¤ā§āĻžāĻ° āĻļāĻāĻĨāĻāĻžāĻ āĻĻāĻāĻāĻāĻ¨āĻ āĻ āĻāĻžāĻĻā§āĻāĻāĻ° āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻŽ ) đ đ¯ 75 Cloze Test With Clues (āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻāĻ¤āĻ¯āĻā§ āĻĻāĻŋāĻā§āĻ° āĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻ¤ā§āĻŦāĻĒā§āĻŖā§ āĻ¸āĻŦ āĻļāĻāĻŦā§āĻĻāĻ° āĻŦāĻžāĻžāĻāĻ˛āĻž āĻāĻ°ā§ā§ āĻ āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻāĻ¤āĻ¯āĻā§ āĻāĻ¤ā§āĻ¤āĻāĻ°āĻ° āĻā§āĻ°āĻžāĻŽāĻžāĻ˛āĻŋāĻā§āĻ¯āĻžāĻ˛ āĻŦāĻ¯āĻžā§āĻ¯āĻž āĻ āĻāĻ āĻ¨ āĻ¸āĻš āĻĻā§āĻā§āĻž āĻāĻā§ āĻāĻ°ā§ā§āĻžā§ āĻĻāĻā§āĻ¨ āĻšāĻā§āĻā§ āĻ¤āĻžāĻ° āĻŦāĻ¯āĻžā§āĻ¯āĻž ) đ đ¯ 65 Probable Cloze Test with clues for JSC/SSC/H.S.C Examination. (āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻāĻ¤āĻ¯āĻā§ āĻĻāĻŋāĻā§āĻ° āĻŦāĻžāĻžāĻāĻ˛āĻž āĻāĻ¨āĻŽāĻŦāĻžā§ āĻ¸āĻš āĻĻā§āĻā§āĻž āĻāĻā§ ) đ đ¯ 50 Cloze Test Without Clues (āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻāĻ¤āĻ¯āĻā§ āĻĻāĻŋāĻā§āĻ° āĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻ¤ā§āĻŦāĻĒā§āĻŖā§ āĻ¸āĻŦ āĻļāĻāĻŦā§āĻĻāĻ° āĻŦāĻžāĻžāĻāĻ˛āĻž āĻāĻ°ā§ā§ āĻ āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻāĻ¤āĻ¯āĻā§ āĻāĻ¤ā§āĻ¤āĻāĻ°āĻ° āĻā§āĻ°āĻžāĻŽāĻžāĻ˛āĻŋāĻā§āĻ¯āĻžāĻ˛ āĻŦāĻ¯āĻžā§āĻ¯āĻž āĻ āĻāĻ āĻ¨ āĻ¸āĻš āĻĻā§āĻā§āĻž āĻāĻĻā§ āĻāĻ°ā§ā§āĻžā§ āĻĻāĻā§āĻ¨ āĻšāĻā§āĻā§ āĻ¤āĻžāĻ° āĻŦāĻ¯āĻžā§āĻ¯āĻž ) đ āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻā§āĻžāĻāĻ¨ā§ā§ āĻ¸āĻŦ āĻŦāĻžāĻžāĻāĻ˛āĻž đŽ āĻ-āĻŦāĻŽāĻā§ āĻŦāĻž āĻŦāĻ, đģāĻ¸āĻĢāĻŋāĻā§āĻ¯āĻžāĻ° āĻ đŦ āĻ˛āĻŋāĻāĻŋāĻžāĻ˛āĻ°ā§āĻžāĻ˛ āĻā§āĻžāĻāĻ˛āĻā§āĻļ āĻāĻā§āĻ¸āĻžāĻāĻ°ā§ āĻ¸āĻžāĻāĻā§āĻ°āĻš āĻā§āĻ°āĻāĻ¤!
2. đ īĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.ebooks đĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.cox đ đ¯www.tanbircox.blogspot.com āĻāĻāĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋ āĻā§āĻ°āĻžāĻŽāĻžā§ āĻāĻŋāĻāĻ°ā§ āĻšāĻ°ā§ Tense āĻŋāĻžāĻ¨āĻ°ā§ āĻšā§ āĻ¸āĻŦāĻžā§ āĻāĻ°ā§āĨ¤ ā§āĻžāĻ āĻ¸āĻŦāĻ°ā§āĻ°ā§ āĻ¸āĻšāĻŋ āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻ°āĻŽ āĻāĻŋāĻā§āĻ¨ Tense (āĻāĻŋā§āĻžā§ āĻāĻžā§ āĻŦāĻž āĻāĻžā§) Indefinite â Present(āĻŦā§āĻ¤āĻŽāĻžāĻ¨):- Verb Present form (āĻ/āĻ/āĻ)ā§āĻ āĻ¨āĻ subject â v1 â extension â Past(āĻā§ā§ā§):- Verb past form(āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻž āĻāĻŋā§āĻžā§ āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¯ā§ ā§, āĻāĻ¨, ā§āĻžāĻŽ, āĻ¤ā§āĻ¨, āĻĨāĻžāĻ°āĻ) ā§āĻ āĻ¨āĻ subj â v2 â extension âFuture(āĻ­āĻāĻŦāĻˇā§ā§ā§):- Verb present form(āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻž āĻāĻŋā§āĻžā§ āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¯ā§ âāĻŦâ āĻĨāĻžāĻ°āĻ) ā§āĻ āĻ¨āĻ subj â shall/will âextension Continuous â Present(āĻŦā§āĻ¤āĻŽāĻžāĻ¨):- am, is, are (āĻ°ā§/āĻā§āĻ) â Past(āĻā§ā§ā§):- was, were(āĻ¤ā§āĻāĻŋā§āĻžāĻŽ/āĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋāĻ°ā§āĻ¨/āĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋāĻ°ā§/āĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋā§) âFuture(āĻ­āĻāĻŦāĻˇā§ā§ā§):- Shall be (āĻ°ā§āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻŦ/āĻ°ā§āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻ°āĻŦāĻ¨/āĻ°ā§āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻ°āĻŦ ) Perfect â Present(āĻŦā§āĻ¤āĻŽāĻžāĻ¨):- have, has(ā§āĻž/āĻ°ā§) â Past(āĻā§ā§ā§):- had (ā§āĻžāĻāĻŋā§/ā§āĻžāĻāĻŋāĻ°ā§āĻ¨/ā§āĻžāĻāĻŋā§āĻžāĻŽ) âFuture(āĻ­āĻāĻŦāĻˇā§ā§ā§):- Shall have/will have (āĻā§āĻžāĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻŦ/ā§āĻžāĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻ°āĻŦ/ā§āĻžāĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻ°āĻŦāĻ¨) Perfect Continuous â Present(āĻŦā§āĻ¤āĻŽāĻžāĻ¨):- have been,has been,(āĻ¤ā§/āĻā§āĻ/āĻ¯āĻā§ā§āĻž/āĻ¯āĻ°ā§/āĻ¯āĻžāĻŦā§/āĻšāĻāĻ°ā§/āĻ°āĻĨāĻ°āĻ) â Past(āĻā§ā§ā§):- had been(āĻ¤ā§āĻāĻŋā§/āĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋāĻ°ā§āĻ¨/āĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋā§āĻžāĻŽ) âFuture(āĻ­āĻāĻŦāĻˇā§ā§ā§):- Shall have been / will have been ( āĻ¤ā§āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻ°āĻŦ/āĻ°ā§āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻŦ/āĻ°ā§āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻ°āĻŦāĻ¨) āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ Tense āĻ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ Auxiliary Verb āĻāĻŦāĻ Main Verb āĻā§ āĻ°ā§āĻĒ āĻ¤āĻāĻŽāĻ¨ Tense Auxiliary Verb Main Verb āĻā§ āĻ°ā§āĻĒ (Form) Present Indefinite Auxiliary Verb āĻ¤āĻ¨āĻ V(Present Form) Present Continuous am/is/are V(Present Form)âing Present Perfect have/has V(Past Participle Form) Present Perfect Cont. have been/has been V(Present Form)âing Past Indefinite Auxiliary Verb āĻ¤āĻ¨āĻ V(Past Form) Past Continuous was/were V(Present Form)âing Past Perfect had V(Past Participle Form) Past Perfect Cont. had been V(Present Form)âing Future Indefinite will V(Present Form) Future Continuous will be V(Present Form)âing Future Perfect will have V(Past Participle Form) Future Perfect Cont. will have been V(Present Form)âing
3. đ īĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.ebooks đĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.cox đ đ¯www.tanbircox.blogspot.com āĻāĻāĻ¨ āĻāĻ āĻ¸āĻžā§āĻŖā§ āĻ¸āĻŽā§āĻĒāĻ°āĻāĻ¤ āĻāĻāĻŋā§ āĻāĻĨāĻž āĻ¯āĻž āĻŽāĻžāĻĨāĻžā§ ā§āĻžāĻāĻ°ā§ āĻāĻāĻžāĻ°āĻ āĻŽāĻžāĻĨāĻžā§ ā§āĻžāĻāĻž āĻ¸āĻšāĻŋ āĻšāĻ°ā§ āĻ¯āĻžāĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ đ¯ Present Indefinite āĻ Past Indefinite Tense āĻ Auxiliary Verb āĻ¤āĻ¨āĻ đ¯ āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻ°āĻāĻžāĻ¨ Continuous Tense (Continuous āĻāĻŦāĻ Perfect Continuous āĻĻā§āĻ°āĻāĻžāĻ) -āĻ āĻŽā§ā§ Verb āĻā§ Form āĻšāĻ°āĻŦ V(Present Form)âing đ¯ āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻ°āĻāĻžāĻ¨ Perfect Tense (āĻļā§āĻ¯ā§āĻ Perfect Continuous āĻŦāĻžāĻ°āĻĻ) -āĻ āĻŽā§ā§ Verb āĻā§ Form āĻšāĻ°āĻŦ V(Past Participle Form) đ¯ Present Indefinite āĻ Future Indefinite Tense -āĻ āĻŽā§ā§ Verb āĻā§ V(Present Form) āĻ¸āĻžā§āĻŖā§āĻāĻž āĻ­āĻžāĻ°ā§āĻžāĻŽāĻ°ā§āĻž āĻŽāĻžāĻĨāĻžā§ ā§āĻžāĻāĻ°ā§ āĻšāĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ āĻāĻ ā§āĻžāĻā§āĻāĻž āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻ¯āĻžā§ā§ āĻāĻŦāĻāĻ­āĻ¨ā§āĻ¨ Subject āĻā§ āĻ¸āĻžāĻ°āĻĨ Auxiliary Verb āĻ Main Verb āĻā§ āĻ¸āĻŽāĻ¨ā§āĻŦā§ āĻāĻāĻāĻ°ā§ āĻĒā§āĻ°ā§ā§ā§ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§ āĻŦāĻžāĻ¨āĻžāĻ°āĻ¨āĻžā§ āĻĒā§āĻ°ā§āĻžāĻāĻāĻāĻ¸ āĻā§āĻ°ā§ āĻšāĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ Auxiliary Verb āĻāĻ āĻ¯ā§āĻ°āĻ¨ā§ Subject āĻ¸āĻžāĻ°āĻĨ āĻŦā§āĻŦāĻšāĻžā§ āĻā§āĻž āĻšā§ ā§āĻžā§ āĻā§āĻ¸ā§āĻāĻ Am â I Is â He, She, It, Rahim, Faysal, 3rd Person-Singular Are â We, You, They, Rahim and Karim, 3rd Person Plural Have â I, You, We, They, 3rd Person-Plural (Zaber and Kabir) Has â He, She, It, 3rd Person-Singular Was â I, He, She, It, Rahim, 3rd Person-Singular Were â We, You, They, Ibrahim and Karim, 3rd Person Plural āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻž āĻāĻāĻāĻž āĻāĻ°ā§āĻ āĻāĻ°āĻŋāĨ¤ āĻāĻāĻž āĻŽā§āĻāĻ¸ā§āĻĨ āĻā§āĻž ā§āĻžā§āĻ°āĻŦ āĻ¨āĻžāĨ¤ ā§āĻ°āĻŦ āĻŽāĻžāĻĨāĻžā§ ā§āĻžāĻāĻ°ā§ āĻšāĻ°āĻŦ āĻāĻŦāĻ āĻ¸āĻŦāĻ°ā§āĻ°ā§ āĻ¤āĻŦāĻāĻŋ āĻŋāĻ°ā§ā§ā§ āĻšāĻ°āĻā§āĻ āĻ¤āĻŦāĻāĻŋ āĻ¤āĻŦāĻāĻŋ āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻŋā§ā§āĻŖ āĨ¤ āĻāĻĒāĻ°ā§ā§ āĻā§āĻ¸ā§āĻāĻāĻžāĻ°āĻāĻ āĻāĻāĻ¨ āĻāĻ°ā§āĻāĻ­āĻžāĻ°āĻŦ āĻāĻŋāĻāĻŦ āĻ¯āĻžāĻ°ā§ āĻ¸āĻšāĻ°āĻŋ āĻŽāĻžāĻĨāĻžā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻ°āĻāĨ¤ āĻāĻŦāĻžā§ āĻ¤āĻĻāĻāĻžāĻŦ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ Subject āĻā§ āĻ¸āĻžāĻ°āĻĨ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ Aux. Verb āĻŦāĻ¸āĻ°ā§ āĻĒāĻžāĻ°ā§āĨ¤ I āĻā§ āĻ¸āĻžāĻ°āĻĨ â am, have, was We, You, They āĻā§ āĻ¸āĻžāĻ°āĻĨ â are, have, were He, She, It āĻā§ āĻ¸āĻžāĻ°āĻĨ â is, was, has 3rd Person Singular āĻā§ āĻ¸āĻžāĻ°āĻĨ â is, was, has 3rd Person-Plural āĻā§ āĻ¸āĻžāĻ°āĻĨ â are, have, were āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻŽāĻ¨: I am going, I have come, I was playing We are singing, They have reached, You were crying He is laughing, She has begun, It was raining
4. đ īĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.ebooks đĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.cox đ đ¯www.tanbircox.blogspot.com āĻāĻāĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋāĻ°ā§ āĻĻāĻā§āĻˇ āĻšāĻ°ā§ āĻšāĻ°ā§ āĻ¤āĻ¯ āĻ¤āĻŽā§āĻā§āĻ āĻāĻŦāĻˇā§ā§āĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻžā§ āĻāĻĒā§ āĻ­āĻžā§ āĻĻāĻā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻ°ā§ āĻšāĻ°āĻŦ ā§āĻžā§ āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¯ā§ Subject āĻ Object āĻāĻ¨ā§ā§āĻŽāĨ¤ Subject (āĻā§āĻ¤āĻž): āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻ°ā§ā§āĻ Sentence -āĻāĻ āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻ¤ā§ āĻāĻāĻāĻ Main Verb (āĻāĻŋā§āĻž) āĻĨāĻžāĻ°āĻāĨ¤ Verb āĻāĻā§ āĻāĻāĻāĻ āĻāĻĨāĻ¤āĻ āĻĨāĻžāĻ°āĻāĨ¤ āĻāĻāĻ¨ āĻāĻ Verb āĻāĻā§ āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻ āĻāĻĨāĻ¤ āĻāĻĨāĻ¤ā§āĻžā§ Verb āĻāĻ āĻĻā§āĻŦāĻžā§āĻž āĻ¯āĻž āĻ¤āĻŦāĻžāĻāĻžā§ āĻ¤āĻ¸āĻ āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ āĻ¯āĻžā§ āĻĻā§āĻŦāĻžā§āĻž āĻ¸āĻŽā§āĻĒāĻ¨ā§āĻ¨ āĻšā§ ā§āĻžāĻ SubjectāĨ¤ āĻāĻāĻā§ āĻā§āĻ°ā§ā§āĻŽā§āĻ­ā§ā§ āĻšāĻ°ā§ āĻ¤ā§ā§ āĻ¨āĻžāĻāĻ? āĻ¸āĻāĻ°āĻā§āĻˇāĻ°āĻĒ, āĻ¯āĻžā§ āĻĻā§āĻŦāĻžā§ āĻāĻžāĻŋ āĻ¸āĻŽā§āĻĒāĻ¨ā§āĻ¨ āĻšā§ āĻ¤āĻ¸āĻ SubjectāĨ¤ āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻŽāĻ¨ : They have beaten an innocent boy. (ā§āĻžā§āĻž āĻāĻāĻāĻ āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻĒā§āĻžāĻ¯ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°ā§āĻ°āĻ āĻ¤āĻŽāĻ°ā§āĻ°āĻŋ) āĻāĻāĻžāĻ°āĻ¨ Beat (āĻŽāĻžā§āĻž) āĻšāĻ°ā§āĻž VerbāĨ¤ āĻā§ āĻŽāĻžā§āĻžā§ āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ āĻāĻ°ā§āĻ°āĻŋ They (ā§āĻžā§āĻž)āĨ¤ ā§āĻžāĻ They (ā§āĻžā§āĻž) āĻšāĻ°ā§āĻž SubjectāĨ¤ āĻ¤ā§āĻ¨āĻžā§ āĻ¸āĻšāĻŋ āĻāĻĒāĻžā§: âāĻ¤āĻâ āĻĻā§āĻŦāĻžā§āĻž āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻļā§āĻ¨ āĻā§āĻ°ā§ āĻāĻ¤ā§āĻ¤ā§ āĻ¤āĻĻā§ SubjectāĨ¤ āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻŽāĻ¨, āĻ¯āĻāĻĻ āĻŦā§āĻž āĻšāĻ°ā§āĻž , âāĻ¤āĻ āĻ¤āĻŽāĻ°ā§āĻ°āĻŋ?â, āĻāĻ¤ā§āĻ¤ā§ āĻšāĻ°ā§āĻž, âThey (ā§āĻžā§āĻž)âāĨ¤ ā§āĻžāĻ They (ā§āĻžā§āĻž) āĻšāĻ°ā§āĻž SubjectāĨ¤ āĻāĻŋāĻžā§āĻžāĻ āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻŽāĻ¨ I went there. (āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻ¤āĻ¸āĻāĻžāĻ°āĻ¨ āĻ¤ā§ā§āĻžāĻŽ) āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻļā§āĻ¨: āĻ¤āĻ āĻ¤ā§ā§?; āĻāĻ¤ā§āĻ¤ā§: āĻāĻāĻŽāĨ¤ ā§āĻžāĻ âāĻāĻāĻŽ-Iâ āĻšāĻ°ā§āĻž SubjectāĨ¤ Object (āĻāĻŽāĻ¤): āĻ¸āĻšāĻŋ āĻ­āĻžāĻˇā§āĻžā§ âāĻ¤āĻâ āĻāĻŦāĻ âāĻāĻžāĻ°āĻâ āĻāĻ āĻĻā§āĻāĻ āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻ°āĻļā§āĻ¨ā§ āĻāĻ¤ā§āĻ¤ā§ āĻ¤āĻ¯ āĻāĻĻāĻ°ā§ āĻĒāĻžāĻ°ā§ āĻ¤āĻ¸āĻ āĻšāĻ°ā§āĻž ObjectāĨ¤ āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻŽāĻ¨: They have beaten an innocent boy. (ā§āĻžā§āĻž āĻāĻāĻāĻ āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻĒā§āĻžāĻ¯ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°ā§āĻ°āĻ āĻ¤āĻŽāĻ°ā§āĻ°āĻŋ) āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻļā§āĻ¨: āĻāĻžāĻ°āĻ āĻ¤āĻŽāĻ°ā§āĻ°āĻŋ; āĻāĻ¤ā§āĻ¤ā§: an innocent boyāĨ¤ ā§āĻžāĻ an innocent boy (āĻāĻāĻāĻ āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻĒā§āĻžāĻ¯ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°ā§) āĻšāĻ°ā§āĻž Object āĻŦāĻž āĻāĻŽāĻ¤āĨ¤ āĻŦā§āĻāĻ°ā§āĻ āĻĒāĻžā§āĻ°āĻŋāĻ¨ Object āĻĻā§āĻ āĻ¯ā§āĻ°āĻŖā§ āĻšāĻ°ā§ āĻĒāĻžāĻ°ā§āĨ¤ ā§§. āĻŦā§āĻāĻŋāĻŦāĻžā§āĻ: āĻāĻžāĻ°āĻ āĻĻā§āĻŦāĻžā§āĻž āĻā§āĻž āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻ°āĻļā§āĻ¨ā§ āĻāĻ¤ā§āĻ¤ā§āĨ¤ āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻŽāĻ¨, āĻāĻĒāĻ°ā§ā§ āĻŦāĻžāĻ°āĻā§ an innocent boy-āĻāĻāĻāĻ āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻĒā§āĻžāĻ¯ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°ā§ ā§¨. āĻŦāĻ¸ā§āĻ¤ā§āĻŦāĻžā§āĻ: āĻā§ āĻĻā§āĻŦāĻžā§āĻž āĻā§āĻž āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻ°āĻļā§āĻ¨ā§ āĻāĻ¤ā§ā§ā§āĨ¤ āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻŽāĻ¨ I will open a bank account-āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻāĻāĻāĻ āĻŦā§āĻžāĻā§āĻ āĻāĻšāĻ¸āĻžāĻŦ āĻā§ā§āĻŦāĨ¤ āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻļā§āĻ¨: āĻā§ āĻā§ā§āĻŦ: āĻāĻ¤ā§āĻ¤ā§: āĻāĻāĻāĻ āĻŦā§āĻžāĻā§āĻ āĻāĻšāĻ¸āĻžāĻŦ-a bank accountāĨ¤ āĻ¤āĻ¸āĻ°āĻšā§ā§ a bank account āĻšāĻ°ā§āĻž ObjectāĨ¤ Note: Subject āĻŦāĻž Object āĻā§ āĻ¸āĻžāĻ°āĻĨ āĻ¯āĻāĻĻ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ Article āĻŦāĻž Adjective āĻĨāĻžāĻ°āĻ ā§āĻ°āĻŦ āĻ¤āĻ¸āĻāĻāĻ Subject āĻŦāĻž Object āĻā§ āĻāĻāĻŋ āĻāĻšāĻ°āĻ¸āĻ°āĻŦ ā§āĻŖā§ āĻšāĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻŽāĻ¨ , an innocent boy-āĻāĻāĻžāĻ°āĻ¨ a āĻšāĻ°ā§āĻž Article āĻā§ innocent (āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻĒā§āĻžāĻ¯) āĻšāĻ°ā§āĻž Adjective (āĻāĻŦāĻ°āĻŋāĻˇā§ā§)āĨ¤ āĻāĻāĻžāĻ°āĻ¨ an innocent boy āĻĒā§āĻ°ā§āĻž āĻŋāĻŦā§āĻĻāĻ¸āĻŽāĻāĻŋāĻ Object. āĻāĻāĻāĻ āĻ¤āĻĒāĻžāĻ°āĻ¸ā§āĻ Subjective, Objective, Possessive Form āĻā§ ā§ā§ā§āĻ¨āĻžāĻŽā§ā§āĻ āĻāĻ°ā§āĻžā§āĻ¨āĻž āĻšāĻ°āĻŦ, āĻāĻ¨āĻŋāĻžâāĻāĻ˛ā§āĻ˛āĻžāĻšāĨ¤
5. đ īĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.ebooks đĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.cox đ đ¯www.tanbircox.blogspot.com subject, object, possessive, form &reflexive pronoun āĻāĻ° āĻ¤ā§āĻ˛āĻ¨āĻžāĻŽā§āĻ˛āĻ āĻāĻ˛āĻ˛āĻžāĻāĻ¨āĻžāĻžāĻ Subject (āĻāĻ¤āĻ¤āĻž) Object (āĻāĻŽāĻ¤) Possessive Adjective (āĻ¸ā§āĻŦāĻ¤ā§āĻŦāĻžāĻāĻ¯āĻāĻžā§ā§) Possessive pronoun Reflexive pronoun I āĻāĻŽāĻŽ Me āĻāĻŽāĻžāĻ˛āĻ My āĻāĻŽāĻžāĻ° MineāĻāĻŽāĻžāĻ°āĻŽāĻŋ Myself āĻāĻŽāĻŽ āĻŽāĻ¨āĻ˛ā§ We āĻāĻŽāĻ°āĻž Us āĻāĻŽāĻžāĻ˛ā§āĻ°āĻ˛āĻ Our āĻāĻŽāĻžāĻ˛ā§āĻ° Ours āĻāĻŽāĻžāĻ˛ā§āĻ°āĻŽāĻŋ Ourselves āĻāĻŽāĻ°āĻž āĻŽāĻ¨āĻ˛ā§āĻ°āĻž You āĻ¤ā§āĻŽāĻŽ You āĻ¤āĻ¤āĻžāĻŽāĻžāĻ˛āĻ Your āĻ¤āĻ¤āĻžāĻŽāĻžāĻ° Yours āĻ¤āĻ¤āĻžāĻŽāĻžāĻ°āĻŽāĻŋ Yourself āĻ¤ā§āĻŽāĻŽ āĻŽāĻ¨āĻ˛ā§ You āĻ¤āĻ¤āĻžāĻŽāĻ°āĻž You āĻ¤āĻ¤āĻžāĻŽāĻžāĻ˛ā§āĻ°āĻ˛āĻ Your āĻ¤āĻ¤āĻžāĻŽāĻžāĻ˛ā§āĻ° Yours āĻ¤āĻ¤āĻžāĻŽāĻžāĻ˛ā§āĻ°āĻŽāĻŋ Yourselves āĻ¤āĻ¤āĻžāĻŽāĻ°āĻž āĻŽāĻ¨āĻ˛ā§āĻ°āĻž He āĻ¤ā§-āĻĒā§āĻ°ā§āĻˇ Him āĻ¤āĻžāĻ˛āĻ-āĻĒā§āĻ°ā§āĻˇ His āĻ¤āĻžāĻ°-āĻĒā§āĻ°ā§āĻˇ His āĻ¤āĻžāĻ°āĻŽāĻŋ Himself āĻ¤ā§ āĻŽāĻ¨āĻ˛ā§ She āĻ¤ā§-āĻ¸ā§āĻ¤ā§āĻ°ā§ Her āĻ¤āĻžāĻ˛āĻ-āĻ¸ā§āĻ¤ā§āĻ°ā§ Her āĻ¤āĻžāĻ°-āĻ¸ā§āĻ¤ā§āĻ°ā§ HersāĻ¤āĻžāĻ°āĻŽāĻŋ Herself āĻ¤āĻžāĻ°āĻž āĻŽāĻ¨āĻ˛ā§āĻ°āĻž They āĻ¤āĻžāĻ°āĻž Them āĻ¤āĻžāĻ˛ā§āĻ°āĻ˛āĻ Their āĻ¤āĻžāĻ˛ā§āĻ° Theirs āĻ¤āĻžāĻ˛ā§āĻ°āĻŽāĻŋ Themselves āĻ¤āĻžāĻ°āĻž āĻŽāĻ¨āĻ˛ā§āĻ°āĻž It āĻāĻšāĻž It āĻāĻšāĻžāĻ˛āĻ Its āĻāĻšāĻžāĻ° Its āĻāĻŽāĻŋāĻ°-āĻŽāĻŋ Itself āĻāĻŽāĻŋ āĻŽāĻ¨āĻ˛ā§ Tense āĻŦāĻž āĻāĻžā§' āĻāĻŋā§āĻžā§ āĻāĻžā§ āĻ¤āĻ Tense āĻŦā§āĻž āĻšā§ ā§ˇāĻāĻĨāĻ¤āĻžā§ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻžāĻŋ āĻ¸āĻŽā§āĻĒāĻžāĻĻāĻ°āĻ¨ā§ āĻ¸āĻŽā§āĻ°āĻ tense āĻŦāĻž āĻāĻžā§ āĻŦāĻ°ā§āĨ¤ Tense āĻĻā§āĻŦāĻžā§āĻž āĻ¸āĻŽā§āĻ°āĻ āĻāĻ°āĻ˛ā§āĻ˛āĻ āĻā§āĻž āĻšā§ āĻāĻŦāĻ āĻ¯āĻž āĻŦā§āĻ¤āĻŽāĻžāĻ¨, āĻā§ā§ā§ āĻāĻāĻāĻŦāĻž āĻ­āĻāĻŦāĻˇā§ā§ā§ āĻšāĻ°ā§ āĻĒāĻžāĻ°ā§āĨ¤ Example:â 1.I eat rice. (present) āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻ­āĻžā§ āĻāĻžāĻ ā§ˇ (āĻŦā§āĻ¤āĻŽāĻžāĻ¨) 2.I ate rice. (past) āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻ­āĻžā§ āĻ¤āĻāĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋā§āĻžāĻŽā§ˇ (āĻā§ā§ā§) 3.I will eat rice. (future) āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻ­āĻžā§ āĻāĻžāĻ°āĻŦāĻžā§ˇ (āĻ­āĻāĻŦāĻˇā§ā§ā§) āĻāĻāĻžāĻ°āĻ¨ āĻāĻĒāĻ°ā§ā§ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§ āĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻžāĻ°ā§ āĻ¯āĻĨāĻžāĻŋāĻ°āĻŽ āĻŦā§āĻ¤āĻŽāĻžāĻ¨, āĻā§ā§ā§ āĻ āĻ­āĻāĻŦāĻˇā§ā§ā§ āĻāĻžāĻ°āĻŋā§ āĻāĻĨāĻž āĻāĻ¨āĻ°āĻĻāĻ¤āĻŋ āĻāĻ°ā§āĨ¤ Types of Tense: (Tense āĻā§ āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻāĻžā§) Tense āĻ¤āĻ āĻā§āĻ¨ āĻ­āĻžāĻ°ā§ āĻ­āĻžā§ āĻā§āĻž āĻ¯āĻžā§ ā§ˇ 1.present tense (āĻŦā§āĻ¤āĻŽāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻžā§). (what are you presently doing ) 2.Past Tense (āĻā§ā§ā§ āĻāĻžā§) .(What you did some time back). 3.Future Tense (āĻ­āĻāĻŦāĻˇā§ā§ā§ āĻāĻžā§). (What you will do some time later). âĸ āĻāĻ°āĻĻā§ āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻ°ā§ā§āĻ āĻ¤āĻ āĻāĻŦāĻžā§ ā§āĻžā§āĻ­āĻžāĻ°ā§ āĻ­āĻžā§ āĻā§āĻž āĻ¯āĻžā§ âĻ.. 1.Indefinite Tense (āĻ¸āĻžāĻ¯āĻžā§āĻŖ āĻāĻžā§) 2.Continuous Tense (āĻāĻāĻŽāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻžā§) 3.Perfect Tense (āĻĒā§ā§āĻžāĻāĻāĻā§ āĻāĻžā§) 4.Perfect Continuous Tense (āĻĒā§ā§āĻžāĻāĻāĻā§ āĻŦā§āĻ¤āĻŽāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻžā§) āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻā§āĻžāĻāĻ¨ā§ā§ āĻ¸āĻŦ āĻŦāĻžāĻžāĻāĻ˛āĻž đŽ āĻ-āĻŦāĻŽāĻā§ āĻŦāĻž āĻŦāĻ, đģāĻ¸āĻĢāĻŋāĻā§āĻ¯āĻžāĻ° āĻ đŦ āĻ˛āĻŋāĻāĻŋāĻžāĻ˛āĻ°ā§āĻžāĻ˛ āĻā§āĻžāĻāĻ˛āĻā§āĻļ āĻāĻā§āĻ¸āĻžāĻāĻ°ā§ āĻ¸āĻžāĻāĻā§āĻ°āĻš āĻā§āĻ°āĻāĻ¤!
6. đ īĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.ebooks đĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.cox đ đ¯www.tanbircox.blogspot.com đŽ Present Indefinite Tense: āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻžāĻŋ āĻŦā§āĻ¤āĻŽāĻžāĻ°āĻ¨ āĻšā§ āĻ¤āĻŦāĻžāĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ āĻŦāĻž āĻāĻ­ā§āĻžāĻ¸ā§ā§ āĻ¸ā§ā§ āĻ¤āĻŦāĻžāĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§ā§āĻ¸ā§ā§ āĻ¤āĻŦāĻžāĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ Present Indefinite Tense āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻā§āĻ¨āĻžā§ āĻāĻĒāĻžā§: āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻāĻŋā§āĻžā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°āĻˇā§ āĻ, āĻ, āĻ, āĻ, āĻ, āĻāĻ¨, āĻāĻ¸, āĻāĻ¨, āĻā§ āĻā§ā§āĻžāĻāĻĻ āĻĨāĻžāĻ°āĻāĨ¤ āĻāĻāĻā§āĻŋ āĻŋāĻŦā§āĻĻ āĻ¤āĻĻāĻ°āĻ Present Indifinte Tense āĻ¤ā§āĻ¨āĻžā§ āĻāĻĒāĻžā§: āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻ¸āĻŽāĻ°ā§ā§ āĻāĻ°āĻ˛ā§āĻ˛āĻ āĻĨāĻžāĻ°āĻāĻ¨āĻž āĻāĻŽāĻ¨ āĻŦāĻžāĻ°āĻā§ āĻ¯āĻāĻĻ always (āĻ¸āĻŦāĻ¸āĻŽā§), regularly (āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻāĻŽā§āĻ­āĻžāĻ°āĻŦ), sometimes (āĻŽāĻžāĻ°āĻ āĻŽāĻžāĻ°āĻ), often (āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻžā§āĻ), Generally (āĻ¸āĻžāĻ¯āĻžā§āĻ¨ā§), Daily (āĻĒā§āĻ°ā§ā§āĻš), everyday (āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻ°ā§ā§āĻāĻāĻĻāĻ¨), occasionally (āĻŽāĻžāĻ°āĻ āĻŽāĻžāĻ°āĻ), Usually (āĻ¸āĻžāĻ¯āĻžā§āĻ¨ā§), on Fridays (āĻļā§āĻŋāĻŦāĻžā§āĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻžāĻ°ā§ etc.), twice (āĻĻā§āĻāĻŦāĻžā§ etc. ), Every āĻŦāĻžā§āĻ āĻŋāĻŦā§āĻĻ ( every week, every month etc. ) āĻĨāĻžāĻ°āĻ ā§āĻžāĻšāĻ°ā§ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻāĻ Present indefinite tense āĻā§ āĻšāĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻŽāĻ¨āĻ A good boy prepares his lessons regularly. (āĻāĻāĻŋāĻ¨ āĻ­āĻžā§āĻŋāĻžāĻ¤ā§āĻ° āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻāĻŽā§ ā§āĻžā§ āĻĒāĻžāĻ  āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻ¸ā§āĻ¤ā§ āĻāĻ°ā§āĨ¤) He always disturbs the class. (āĻ¤āĻ¸ āĻ¸āĻŦāĻ¸āĻŽā§ āĻā§āĻ˛āĻžāĻŋāĻ°āĻ āĻŦā§āĻžāĻšā§ / āĻāĻŦā§āĻŋ āĻāĻ°ā§āĨ¤) āĻāĻāĻā§āĻŋ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§ āĻ¤āĻĻāĻ°āĻ āĻ¤ā§āĻ¨āĻžā§ āĻāĻĒāĻžā§āĻ đ¯ āĻ¸āĻžāĻ¯āĻžā§āĻŖ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§ āĻĻā§āĻŦāĻžā§āĻž Universal truth (āĻā§ā§āĻ¨ā§āĻ¤āĻ¨ āĻ¸ā§ā§), General truth (āĻ¸āĻžāĻ¯āĻžā§āĻ¨ āĻ¸ā§ā§), Habitual fact (āĻāĻ­ā§āĻžāĻ¸ā§ā§ āĻāĻŽāĻ¤) āĻāĻŦāĻ Historical truth (āĻāĻā§āĻšāĻžāĻāĻ¸āĻ āĻ¸ā§ā§) , Near Future , Scientific Fact , Quotations āĻāĻŦāĻ Exclamatory Sentence āĻā§ā§āĻžāĻāĻĻ āĻ­āĻžāĻŦ āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻā§āĻā§ Present indefinite tense āĻšā§ā§āĨ¤ Example : He takes tea every day. Habitual fact: The earth moves round the sun. Universal truth : India wins freedom in 1947. Historical truth; Ice floats on water. Scientific fact: Keats says, beauty is truth, truth beauty. Quotations: Here comes the bus! - Exclamatory sentence āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻŽāĻ¨āĻUT: Ice floats on water. (āĻŦā§āĻĢ āĻĒāĻžāĻāĻ¨ā§ āĻāĻĒā§ āĻ­āĻžāĻ°āĻ¸āĨ¤) GT: Honesty is the best policy. (āĻ¸ā§ā§āĻžāĻ āĻ¸āĻ°āĻŦāĻ¤āĻžā§āĻā§ āĻŋ āĻĒāĻ¨ā§āĻĨāĻž ) HF: I get up early in the morning. (āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻĒā§āĻ°ā§ā§ā§āĻ°āĻˇā§ āĻā§āĻŽ āĻ¤āĻĨāĻ°āĻ āĻāĻāĻ ) HT: Shakespeare is one of our great writers.(āĻ¤āĻ¸āĻā§āĻ¸āĻāĻĒā§ā§ āĻāĻŽāĻžāĻ°āĻĻā§ āĻŽāĻšāĻžāĻ¨ āĻ¤ā§āĻāĻāĻ°āĻĻā§ āĻāĻ¨ā§ā§āĻŽ) đ¯ āĻāĻāĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋāĻ°ā§ āĻāĻŦāĻ°āĻŋāĻˇā§ āĻāĻāĻŋā§ verb āĻ¯āĻžāĻ°āĻĻā§ āĻāĻāĻ°āĻ¨āĻž continuous tense āĻšā§āĻ¨āĻžāĨ¤ āĻ āĻ¸āĻā§ verb āĻ¤āĻ indefinite tense āĻ āĻŦā§āĻŦāĻšāĻžā§ āĻā§āĻ°ā§ āĻšā§āĨ¤ Verb āĻā§āĻā§ āĻšāĻ°ā§āĻžāĻ
7. đ īĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.ebooks đĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.cox đ đ¯www.tanbircox.blogspot.com believe (āĻāĻŦāĻļā§āĻŦāĻžāĻ¸ āĻā§āĻž), smell (āĻā§āĻ°āĻžāĻŖ ā§āĻā§āĻž), hate (āĻā§āĻ¨āĻž āĻā§āĻž), want (ā§āĻžāĻā§āĻž), need(āĻĻā§āĻāĻžā§ āĻšāĻā§āĻž), taste(āĻ¸ā§āĻŦāĻžāĻĻ ā§āĻā§āĻž), have (āĻāĻāĻ¯āĻāĻžā§ āĻā§āĻž), wish (āĻāĻŋāĻž āĻā§āĻž), think (āĻā§āĻ¨ā§āĻ¤āĻž āĻā§āĻž), appreciate (āĻŽā§ā§ā§āĻžā§āĻ¨ āĻā§āĻž), understand (āĻŦā§āĻāĻž), adore (āĻĒā§āĻŋāĻž āĻā§āĻž), know (āĻŋāĻžāĻ¨āĻž), desire (āĻāĻŋāĻž āĻā§āĻž), hear (āĻļā§āĻ°āĻŦāĻ¨ āĻā§āĻž), recollect (āĻĒā§āĻ¨āĻāĻ¸ā§āĻŦā§āĻ¨ āĻā§āĻž), recall(āĻ¸ā§āĻŦā§āĻ¨ āĻā§āĻž), care (āĻ¯ā§Å āĻā§āĻž), mind (āĻāĻĒāĻāĻ¤ā§āĻ¤ āĻā§āĻž), dislike (āĻāĻĒāĻŋāĻ¨ā§āĻĻ āĻā§āĻž), love (āĻ­āĻžā§āĻŦāĻžāĻ¸āĻž), detest (ā§ā§āĻŦā§āĻ° āĻā§āĻ¨āĻž āĻā§āĻž), expect (āĻāĻŋāĻž āĻā§āĻž), fear (āĻ­ā§ āĻā§āĻž), value (āĻŽā§ā§ā§āĻžā§āĻ¨ āĻā§āĻž), realize (āĻāĻĒā§āĻāĻŦā§āĻĻ āĻā§āĻž), trust (āĻāĻŦāĻļā§āĻŦāĻžāĻ¸ āĻā§āĻž), prescribe (āĻĒā§āĻžāĻŽāĻŋāĻ¤ āĻ¤āĻĻā§āĻž), notice (ā§āĻā§āĻˇā§ āĻā§āĻž), appear (āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¨ āĻšāĻā§āĻž), sound (āĻŦā§āĻŋ āĻā§āĻž), see(āĻ¤āĻĻāĻāĻž), own (āĻŽāĻžāĻā§āĻ āĻšāĻā§āĻž), like (āĻĒāĻŋāĻ¨ā§āĻĻ āĻā§āĻž), seem (āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¨ āĻšāĻā§āĻž), observe (āĻĒāĻ¯āĻ¤āĻ°āĻŦāĻā§āĻˇāĻ¨ āĻā§āĻž), remember (āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¨ āĻā§āĻž), forget (āĻ­ā§ āĻ°ā§ āĻ¯āĻžāĻā§āĻž) āĻā§ā§āĻžāĻāĻĻ āĻāĻĒāĻ°ā§ā§ verb āĻā§āĻā§ āĻŽā§ā§ā§āĻ ā§Ē āĻ¤āĻļā§āĻ°āĻŖā§ā§āĨ¤ āĻ¯āĻĨāĻžāĻ 1. Verbs of perception (āĻāĻĒā§āĻāĻŦā§āĻĻāĻ¸ā§ā§āĻ āĻāĻŋā§āĻž) 2. Verb of appearing (āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¨ āĻšāĻā§āĻž āĻ¸ā§ā§āĻ āĻāĻŋā§āĻž) 3. Verb of emotion (āĻāĻ°āĻŦā§āĻ¸ā§ā§āĻ āĻāĻŋā§āĻž) 4. Verbs of thinking (āĻā§āĻ¨ā§āĻ¤āĻžāĻ¸ā§ā§āĻ āĻāĻŋā§āĻž) āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻŽāĻ¨āĻ Now I am believing you. (Wrong) Right: Now I believe you. (āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻāĻāĻ¨ āĻ¤ā§āĻžāĻŽāĻžāĻ°āĻ āĻāĻŦāĻļā§āĻŦāĻžāĻ¸ āĻā§āĻāĻŋ |) â Structure: Subject â Main Verb â Object. āĻŽā§ā§ verb-āĻā§ present form āĻŦā§āĻŦāĻšā§ā§ āĻšā§āĨ¤ ā§āĻ°āĻŦ subject (āĻā§āĻ¤āĻž) third person singular number āĻšāĻ°ā§ āĻŽā§ā§ verb-āĻā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°āĻˇā§ s āĻŦāĻž es āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻžā§ āĻā§āĻ°ā§ āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻāĻĻāĻžāĻšā§āĻŖ :â āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻ­āĻžā§ āĻāĻžāĻ â I eat rice. â§ āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻ¸ā§āĻā§ āĻ°ā§ āĻ¯āĻžāĻ â I go to school. â§ āĻ¤āĻ¸ āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻā§āĻāĻĻāĻ¨ āĻ¸ā§āĻā§ āĻ°ā§ āĻ¯āĻžā§ â He goes to school every day. â§ ā§ā§āĻāĻŽ āĻŦāĻ āĻĒā§ â You read a book. â§ āĻ¤āĻ¸ āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻā§āĻāĻĻāĻ¨ ā§āĻžā§ āĻĻāĻŋ āĻāĻžā§ āĻā§āĻŽāĻžāĻ°ā§ āĻ¯āĻžā§ â He goes to bed at ten pm every day. â§ āĻ¸ā§āĻ¯āĻ¤ āĻĒā§āĻŦāĻ¤ āĻāĻĻāĻ°āĻ āĻāĻāĻĻā§ āĻšā§ â The sun rises in the East. â§ āĻĒāĻžāĻāĻ¨ āĻŋā§āĻ¨ā§ āĻāĻŋāĻāĻā§āĻ° āĻ¤āĻ¸āĻāĻŋāĻ°āĻā§āĻ°āĻ°āĻŋ āĻŋāĻŽāĻžāĻ āĻŦāĻžāĻ°āĻ¯ â Water freezes at 0Â° centegrade. Note â Subject third person singular number (he, she, it, āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻŦā§āĻāĻŋ, āĻŦāĻ¸ā§āĻ¤ā§, āĻŋāĻžā§ā§āĻž āĻŦāĻž āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻžāĻŖā§ā§ āĻ¨āĻžāĻŽ āĻ¤āĻŦāĻžāĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ verb āĻā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°āĻˇā§ s āĻŦāĻž es āĻŦāĻ°āĻ¸āĨ¤ āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¨ āĻ¤ā§āĻ°āĻāĻž â 1. I/we â First Person 2. You/your â Second person âĸ He/she ,it, they āĻ¸āĻŽāĻ¸ā§āĻ¤ āĻ¨āĻžāĻŽ â Third Person āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻā§āĻžāĻāĻ¨ā§ā§ āĻ¸āĻŦ āĻŦāĻžāĻžāĻāĻ˛āĻž đŽ āĻ-āĻŦāĻŽāĻā§ āĻŦāĻž āĻŦāĻ, đģāĻ¸āĻĢāĻŋāĻā§āĻ¯āĻžāĻ° āĻ đŦ āĻ˛āĻŋāĻāĻŋāĻžāĻ˛āĻ°ā§āĻžāĻ˛ āĻā§āĻžāĻāĻ˛āĻā§āĻļ āĻāĻā§āĻ¸āĻžāĻāĻ°ā§ āĻ¸āĻžāĻāĻā§āĻ°āĻš āĻā§āĻ°āĻāĻ¤!
8. đ īĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.ebooks đĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.cox đ đ¯www.tanbircox.blogspot.com đŽ Present Continious Tense: āĻŦā§āĻ¤āĻŽāĻžāĻ°āĻ¨ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻžāĻŋ ā§ā§āĻ°āĻŋ āĻŦāĻž āĻāĻ¨āĻāĻ āĻ­āĻāĻŦāĻˇā§ā§āĻ°ā§ ā§ā§āĻ°āĻŦ āĻāĻ°ā§āĻĒ āĻ¤āĻŦāĻžāĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ present continuous tense āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻā§āĻ¨āĻžā§ āĻāĻĒāĻžā§: āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻāĻŋā§āĻž āĻŦāĻž verb āĻā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°āĻˇā§ āĻ¤ā§āĻāĻŋ, āĻ¤ā§āĻŋ, āĻ¤ā§āĻ°āĻŋ, āĻ¤ā§āĻ°āĻŋāĻ¨, āĻā§āĻ, āĻāĻā§āĻ, āĻ¤āĻā§āĻ, āĻ¤āĻā§āĻāĻ¨, āĻāĻŋ, āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ¨, āĻā§ā§āĻžāĻāĻĻ āĻĨāĻžāĻ°āĻāĨ¤ āĻāĻāĻā§āĻŋ āĻŋāĻŦā§āĻĻ āĻ¤āĻĻāĻ°āĻ āĻ¤ā§āĻ¨āĻžā§ āĻāĻĒāĻžā§: Now At this moment At present Day by day Now and now Today Right now / tonight This year gradually increasingly āĻāĻĒāĻ°ā§āĻžāĻŋ Word āĻāĻŦāĻ phrase āĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻž āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻŦāĻžāĻ°āĻā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻ°ā§ ā§āĻž present continuous tense āĻšā§āĨ¤ Example : The baby is crying at present because it is hungry now. The sun is shining in the eastern sky now. đ¯ āĻāĻ¨āĻ°ā§ā§ Verb āĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻž 1. Verbs of perception (āĻāĻĒā§āĻāĻŦā§āĻĻāĻ¸ā§ā§āĻ āĻāĻŋā§āĻž) 2. Verb of appearing (āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¨ āĻšāĻā§āĻž āĻ¸ā§ā§āĻ āĻāĻŋā§āĻž) 3. Verb of emotion (āĻāĻ°āĻŦā§āĻ¸ā§ā§āĻ āĻāĻŋā§āĻž) 4. Verbs of thinking (āĻā§āĻ¨ā§āĻ¤āĻžāĻ¸ā§ā§āĻ āĻāĻŋā§āĻž) ] āĻ¸āĻžāĻ¯āĻžā§āĻŖā§ present continuous tense āĻšā§ āĻ¨āĻžāĨ¤ āĻŦā§āĻ present indefinite tense āĻšā§āĨ¤ Agree Appear Adore Belong Believe Care Contain Consider Desire Dislike Detest Depend Expect Feel Fear Forget Hate Hear Hope Love Like Mind Mean notice Need know Owe Observe Prefer Possess Prescribe Remember Refuse Recall see Seem Smell Trust Think Value Understand Want Wish Be Pity Envy Remember Intend Deserve Lack Matter own Example : Incorrect: Anwar is knowing me. Correct: Anwar knows me. Incorrect: he is believing me now. Correct: He believes me now. â Structure: Subject â be verb āĻŦāĻž Am/is/are (number āĻ person āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻ¯āĻžā§ā§ āĻŦāĻ¸āĻ°āĻŦ) â verb â ing â object.
9. đ īĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.ebooks đĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.cox đ đ¯www.tanbircox.blogspot.com đ Subject-āĻā§ āĻĒā§ person āĻ number āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻ¸āĻžāĻ°ā§ am, is, are āĻŦāĻ°āĻ¸ āĻāĻŦāĻ āĻŽā§ā§ verb-āĻā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°āĻˇā§ ing āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻžā§ āĻšā§āĨ¤ â Example: āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻ­āĻžā§ āĻāĻžāĻāĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋ â I am eating rice. â§ āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻ¸ā§āĻā§ āĻ°ā§ āĻ¯āĻžāĻāĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋ â I am going to school. â§ āĻ¤āĻ¸ āĻ¸ā§āĻā§ āĻ°ā§ āĻ¯āĻžāĻāĻ°ā§āĻ°āĻŋ â He is going to school. â§ ā§ā§āĻāĻŽ/ āĻ¤ā§āĻžāĻŽā§āĻž āĻŦāĻ āĻĒāĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻŋ â You are reading book. â§ āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻāĻŋ ā§āĻžāĻ°ā§ āĻāĻā§āĻžāĻāĻ°ā§ āĻ¯āĻžāĻŦ â I am going to Angrail tonight. (Near future āĻŦāĻž āĻāĻ¨āĻāĻ āĻ­āĻāĻŦāĻˇā§ā§ā§) â§ āĻāĻĒāĻāĻ¨ āĻāĻ āĻāĻŋ āĻāĻŦāĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ āĻŽā§āĻāĻāĻ āĻ āĻāĻ¸āĻ°āĻŋāĻ¨ â Are you coming to the meeting this afternoon? (Near future) Note â I āĻā§ āĻĒā§ am āĻŦāĻ¸āĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ He, She, it āĻāĻŦāĻ āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻ¸āĻŦ third person singular number āĻā§ āĻĒā§ is āĻŦāĻ¸āĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ We, you, they āĻāĻŦāĻ Plural subject āĻā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°āĻˇā§ are āĻŦāĻ°āĻ¸āĨ¤ đŽ Present Perfect Tense: āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻžāĻŋ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻˇā§ āĻšāĻ°ā§āĻ°āĻŋ āĻāĻĨā§ ā§āĻžā§ āĻĢā§ āĻāĻāĻ¨āĻ āĻŦā§āĻ¤āĻŽāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻ°āĻŋ (āĻāĻĒā§āĻ°āĻāĻžāĻāĻŋā§), āĻāĻ°ā§āĻĒ āĻ¤āĻŦāĻžāĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ Present perfect tense āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻā§āĻ¨āĻžā§ āĻāĻĒāĻžā§: āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻāĻŋā§āĻžā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°āĻˇā§ ā§āĻžāĻŋ, ā§āĻžāĻ°āĻŋ, ā§āĻžāĻāĻŋ, ā§āĻžāĻ°āĻŋ, ā§āĻžāĻ°āĻŋāĻ¨, āĻ¤ā§āĻŋ, āĻā§āĻžāĻŋ, āĻā§āĻžāĻāĻŋ, āĻā§āĻžāĻ°āĻŋ, āĻāĻ°ā§āĻŋ, āĻā§āĻžāĻ°āĻŋāĻ¨ āĻā§ā§āĻžāĻāĻĻ āĻŦāĻ°āĻ¸āĨ¤ āĻāĻŋāĻžā§āĻž āĻāĻā§āĻāĻ¨, āĻāĻā§ āĻ¨āĻžāĻ, āĻāĻžāĻāĻāĻ¨, āĻāĻžāĻ āĻ¨āĻžāĻ, āĻ¤āĻŦāĻžāĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ Present perfect tense āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻāĻāĻā§āĻŋ āĻŋāĻŦā§āĻĻ āĻ¤āĻĻāĻ°āĻ āĻ¤ā§āĻ¨āĻžā§ āĻāĻĒāĻžā§: āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻŦāĻžāĻ°āĻā§ just (āĻāĻ āĻŽāĻžāĻ¤ā§āĻ°), just now (āĻāĻ āĻ āĻāĻ āĻŽāĻžāĻ¤ā§āĻ°), already (āĻāĻ°ā§āĻžāĻŽāĻ°āĻ¯ā§), yet (āĻāĻāĻ¨āĻ), ever (āĻ āĻĒāĻ¯āĻ¤āĻ¨ā§āĻ¤ / āĻāĻāĻ°āĻ¨āĻž), lately (āĻ¸āĻŽā§āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻā§), recently (āĻ¸āĻŽā§āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻā§)āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻ°ā§ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻāĻ Present perfect tense āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻ¯āĻĨāĻžāĻ I have seen him recently. Already āĻ¸āĻžāĻ¯āĻžā§āĻ¨ā§āĻ affirmative sentence (āĻšā§āĻžāĻžāĻāĻ°āĻŦāĻžāĻ¯āĻ āĻŦāĻžāĻ°āĻā§) āĻŦāĻ°āĻ¸āĨ¤ āĻāĻšāĻž āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻžā§āĻŋāĻ Auxiliary āĻāĻŦāĻ Principal verb āĻā§ āĻŽāĻžāĻāĻāĻžāĻ°āĻ¨ āĻŦāĻ°āĻ¸āĨ¤ āĻ¯āĻĨāĻžāĻ We have already completed our job. Yet āĻ¸āĻžāĻ¯āĻžā§āĻ¨ā§āĻ Negative sentence āĻā§ āĻ¸āĻžāĻ°āĻĨ āĻŦāĻ°āĻ¸āĨ¤ āĻ¯āĻĨāĻžāĻ Yet he hasnât finished the writing. â Structure: Subject â have/has â past participle â object. đ Subject-āĻā§ āĻĒā§ person āĻ number āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻ¸āĻžāĻ°ā§ have āĻŦāĻž has āĻŦāĻ°āĻ¸ āĻāĻŦāĻ āĻŽā§ā§ verb-āĻā§ past participle form āĻŦā§āĻŦāĻšā§ā§ āĻšā§āĨ¤
10. đ īĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.ebooks đĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.cox đ đ¯www.tanbircox.blogspot.com â Example: āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻ­āĻžā§ āĻāĻžāĻā§āĻžāĻāĻŋ â I have eaten rice. â§ āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻ¸ā§āĻā§ āĻ°ā§ āĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋ â I have gone to school. â§ āĻ¤āĻ¸ āĻ¸ā§āĻā§ āĻ°ā§ āĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋ â He has gone to school. â§ āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻ­āĻžā§ āĻāĻžāĻāĻāĻ¨ â I have not eaten rice. â§ ā§āĻžā§āĻž/ā§āĻžāĻšāĻžā§āĻž āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ āĻāĻā§ā§āĻžāĻ°āĻŋ â They have done the work. â§ āĻ¤āĻ¸ āĻāĻŖā§āĻāĻžā§ āĻĒā§ āĻāĻŖā§āĻāĻž āĻĒāĻ°ā§āĻ°āĻŋ â He/she has studied for hours. â§ ā§āĻžā§āĻž āĻāĻāĻŽāĻžāĻ¤ā§āĻ° āĻĢā§ āĻāĻŦā§ āĻ¤āĻāĻā§ā§āĻžāĻ°āĻŋ â They have just played football. â§ āĻ¤āĻ¸ āĻāĻāĻŽāĻžāĻ¤ā§āĻ° āĻĢā§ āĻāĻŦā§ āĻ¤āĻāĻā§ā§āĻžāĻ°āĻŋ â He has just played football. Note â Subject third person singular number (he, she, it āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻŦā§āĻāĻŋ, āĻŦāĻ¸ā§āĻ¤ā§, āĻŋāĻžā§ā§āĻž āĻŦāĻž āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻžāĻŖā§ā§ āĻ¨āĻžāĻŽ) āĻ¤āĻŦāĻžāĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ has āĻŦāĻ¸āĻ°āĻŦ āĨ¤ I, we, you, they āĻāĻŦāĻ āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻ¸āĻŦ plural subject āĻā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°āĻˇā§ have āĻŦāĻ¸āĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ đŽ Present Perfect Continuous Tense āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻžāĻŋ āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻŦāĻ¤ āĻā§āĻŽā§āĻ­ āĻšāĻ°ā§ āĻāĻāĻ¨āĻ ā§ā§āĻ°āĻŋ āĻāĻ°ā§āĻĒ āĻ¤āĻŦāĻžāĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ Present perfect continuous tense āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻā§āĻ¨āĻžā§ āĻāĻĒāĻžā§: āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻāĻŋā§āĻžā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°āĻˇā§ āĻ¤ā§āĻŋ, āĻ¤ā§āĻāĻŋ,āĻ°ā§āĻ°āĻŋ, āĻ¤ā§āĻ°āĻŋāĻ¨, āĻā§āĻ, āĻāĻā§āĻ, āĻ¤āĻā§āĻ, āĻ¤āĻā§āĻāĻ¨, āĻā§, āĻāĻā§, āĻ¤āĻā§, āĻ¤āĻā§āĻ¨ āĻā§ā§āĻžāĻāĻĻ āĻāĻ°āĻ˛ā§āĻ˛āĻ āĻĨāĻžāĻ°āĻ āĻāĻŦāĻ ā§āĻžā§ āĻ¸āĻžāĻ°āĻĨ āĻ¸āĻŽāĻ°ā§ā§ āĻāĻ°āĻ˛ā§āĻ˛āĻ āĻĨāĻžāĻ°āĻāĨ¤ â Structure: Subject â has been/have been â main verb â ing â since/from/for â object. đ Subject-āĻā§ āĻĒā§ person āĻ number āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻ¸āĻžāĻ°ā§ have been āĻŦāĻž has been āĻŦāĻ°āĻ¸ āĻāĻŦāĻ āĻŽā§ā§ verb-āĻā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°āĻˇā§ ing āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻžā§ āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻŦāĻžāĻ°āĻā§ā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°āĻˇā§ since â āĻ¸āĻŽā§ āĻŦāĻžā§āĻ āĻŋāĻŦā§āĻĻ āĻāĻāĻāĻŦāĻž for â āĻ¸āĻŽā§ āĻŦāĻžā§āĻ āĻŋāĻŦā§āĻĻ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻ°ā§ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻāĻ āĻ¸āĻžāĻ¯āĻžā§āĻ¨ā§āĻ Present perfect continuous tense āĻā§ āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻ¯āĻĨāĻžāĻ The baby has been crying since morning. (āĻ¸āĻāĻžā§ āĻšāĻ°ā§ āĻāĻŋāĻļā§āĻāĻ āĻāĻžāĻžāĻāĻĻāĻ°āĻŋāĨ¤) ā§āĻ°āĻŦ āĻŦāĻžāĻ°āĻā§ā§ āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¯ā§ āĻ¯āĻāĻĻ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ principal verb āĻ¨āĻž āĻĨāĻžāĻ°āĻ ā§āĻžāĻšāĻ°ā§ present perfect tense āĻ āĻšāĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ āĻ āĻ¤āĻā§āĻˇāĻ°āĻ¤ā§āĻ° Be verb āĻāĻšāĻ°āĻ¸āĻ°āĻŦ heve been / has been āĻŦāĻ°āĻ¸āĨ¤ āĻ¯āĻĨāĻžāĻ The old man has been ill for seven days. â Example: āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻĻā§āĻ āĻāĻĻāĻ¨ āĻ¯āĻ°ā§ āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ āĻāĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋ â I have been doing this work for two days. â§ āĻ¤āĻ¸ āĻĻā§āĻ āĻāĻŖā§āĻāĻž āĻ¯āĻžāĻŦā§ āĻĒāĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻ°āĻŋ â He has been reading for two hours. (āĻāĻ¨āĻāĻĻāĻ¤āĻŋ āĻ¸āĻŽā§) â§ āĻ¤āĻ¸ āĻ¸āĻāĻžā§ āĻ¤āĻĨāĻ°āĻ āĻĒāĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻ°āĻŋâ He has been reading since mourning. â§ āĻ¤āĻ¸ āĻā§āĻ¨ āĻŦāĻŋā§ āĻ¯āĻžāĻŦā§ āĻāĻ āĻ¸ā§āĻā§ āĻ°ā§ āĻĒāĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻ°āĻŋ â He/She has been reading in this school for three years. â§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°ā§āĻ°āĻŦā§āĻž āĻšāĻ°ā§ āĻ¤āĻ¸ āĻāĻāĻžāĻ°āĻ¨ āĻŦāĻžāĻ¸ āĻāĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻ°āĻŋ â He has been living here from his
11. đ īĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.ebooks đĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.cox đ đ¯www.tanbircox.blogspot.com boyhood. â§ āĻĢāĻžāĻāĻšāĻŽ ā§ā§ āĻ¤āĻ¸āĻžāĻŽāĻŦāĻžā§ āĻšāĻāĻ°ā§ āĻā§āĻŦāĻ°ā§ āĻ­ā§ āĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻ°āĻŋ â Fahim has been suffering from fever since sunday last. Note â Subject third person singular number (he, she, it āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻŦā§āĻāĻŋ, āĻŦāĻ¸ā§āĻ¤ā§, āĻŋāĻžā§ā§āĻž āĻŦāĻž āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻžāĻŖā§ā§ āĻ¨āĻžāĻŽ) āĻ¤āĻŦāĻžāĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ has been āĻŦāĻ¸āĻ°āĻŦ āĨ¤ I, we, you, they āĻāĻŦāĻ āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻ¸āĻŦ plural subject āĻā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°āĻˇā§ have been āĻŦāĻ¸āĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ Note â āĻāĻ°āĻā§āĻˇāĻ°āĻ¤ā§āĻ° since āĻŦā§āĻžāĻŦāĻšāĻžā§ āĻšāĻ°āĻŦ āĻļā§āĻ¯ā§āĻŽāĻžāĻ¤ā§āĻ° point of time (past tense) āĻā§ āĻ¤āĻā§āĻˇāĻ°āĻ¤ā§āĻ°āĨ¤ āĻāĻĻāĻ¨ āĻāĻāĻāĻŦāĻž āĻŦāĻžā§ āĻā§ āĻ¤āĻā§āĻˇāĻ°āĻ¤ā§āĻ° since or from āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻ¸āĻŦ tense āĻā§ āĻ¤āĻā§āĻˇāĻ°āĻ¤ā§āĻ° from āĻŦā§āĻžāĻŦāĻšāĻžā§ āĻā§āĻž āĻ¯āĻžā§āĨ¤ āĻāĻ°āĻ¨āĻ āĻ¤āĻŦāĻāĻŋ āĻ¸āĻŽā§ āĻā§ āĻ¤āĻā§āĻˇāĻ°āĻ¤ā§āĻ°, āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻŦā§āĻžāĻāĻŋā§ā§ āĻ¤āĻā§āĻˇāĻ°āĻ¤ā§āĻ° from āĻŦā§āĻžāĻŦāĻšāĻžā§ āĻšā§āĨ¤ Period of time āĻā§ āĻ¤āĻā§āĻˇāĻ°āĻ¤ā§āĻ° āĻāĻĨāĻ¤āĻžā§ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻ¨āĻāĻĻāĻ¤āĻŋ āĻ¸āĻŽāĻ°ā§ā§ āĻŦā§āĻžāĻāĻŋ āĻ¤āĻŦāĻžāĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ for āĻŦā§āĻžāĻŦāĻšāĻžā§ āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻā§āĻžāĻāĻ¨ā§ā§ āĻ¸āĻŦ āĻŦāĻžāĻžāĻāĻ˛āĻž đŽ āĻ-āĻŦāĻŽāĻā§ āĻŦāĻž āĻŦāĻ, đģāĻ¸āĻĢāĻŋāĻā§āĻ¯āĻžāĻ° āĻ đŦ āĻ˛āĻŋāĻāĻŋāĻžāĻ˛āĻ°ā§āĻžāĻ˛ āĻā§āĻžāĻāĻ˛āĻā§āĻļ āĻāĻā§āĻ¸āĻžāĻāĻ°ā§ āĻ¸āĻžāĻāĻā§āĻ°āĻš āĻā§āĻ°āĻāĻ¤! đŽ Past Indefinite Tense: āĻā§ā§ā§ āĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ā§ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻžāĻŋ āĻ¤āĻŦāĻžāĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ āĻŦāĻž āĻā§ā§āĻ°ā§ā§ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻ­ā§āĻžāĻ¸ āĻ¤āĻŦāĻžāĻāĻžāĻ°ā§, āĻ¯āĻžā§ āĻĢā§ āĻāĻŦāĻĻā§āĻŽāĻžāĻ¨ āĻ¤āĻ¨āĻ ā§āĻžāĻ°āĻ Past Indefinite Tense āĻŦāĻ°ā§āĨ¤ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻā§āĻ¨āĻžā§ āĻāĻĒāĻžā§: āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻāĻŋā§āĻžā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°āĻˇā§ ā§, ā§āĻžāĻŽ, ā§, ā§āĻžāĻŽ, āĻ¤ā§, āĻ¤ā§āĻ¨ āĻāĻ°āĻĻā§ āĻ¤āĻ¯ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻāĻāĻ āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻžā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻ°āĻāĨ¤ āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻŽāĻ¨ ( āĻāĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋā§, āĻāĻā§ā§āĻžāĻāĻŋā§, āĻāĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋā§āĻžāĻŽ, āĻāĻā§ā§āĻžāĻāĻŋā§āĻžāĻŽ, āĻāĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋāĻ°ā§, āĻāĻā§ā§āĻž āĻāĻŋāĻ°ā§, āĻāĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋāĻ°ā§āĻ¨, āĻāĻā§ā§āĻžāĻāĻŋāĻ°ā§āĻ¨, āĻĒāĻā§ā§, āĻĒāĻā§ā§āĻžāĻŽ, āĻĒāĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻ¨, āĻĒāĻā§ā§, āĻĒāĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻ¨) āĻāĻāĻā§āĻŋ āĻŋāĻŦā§āĻĻ āĻ¤āĻĻāĻ°āĻ āĻ¤ā§āĻ¨āĻžā§ āĻāĻĒāĻžā§: đ¯ āĻāĻāĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋ āĻŦāĻžāĻ°āĻā§ āĻā§ā§āĻ°ā§ā§ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻ¸āĻŽā§ (āĻā§ā§āĻ°ā§ā§ āĻāĻĻāĻ¨, ā§āĻžāĻā§āĻ, āĻ¸āĻžā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻ°ā§ āĻāĻāĻāĻŦāĻž yesterday (ā§ā§āĻāĻžā§), ago (āĻāĻ°ā§), long since (āĻāĻ°āĻ¨āĻ āĻāĻ°ā§), formerly (āĻāĻā§āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻŦāĻ¤ / āĻĒā§āĻŦāĻ¤ā§āĻ¨), once (āĻāĻāĻĻāĻž), once upon a time (āĻāĻāĻĻāĻž), last āĻ¸ā§ā§āĻ āĻŋāĻŦā§āĻĻ (last night- ā§ā§ā§āĻžāĻ°āĻ¤ā§āĻ°, last week â ā§ā§āĻ¸āĻŋāĻžāĻ°āĻš, last year- ā§ā§ āĻŦāĻŋāĻ°ā§ āĻā§ā§āĻžāĻāĻĻ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻ°ā§ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻāĻ past indefinite tense āĻā§ āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻ¯āĻĨāĻžāĻ He left home last night (āĻā§āĻāĻ¨ ā§ā§ā§āĻžāĻ°āĻ¤ā§āĻ° āĻŦāĻžā§ā§ ā§ā§āĻžā§ āĻāĻ°ā§āĻ°āĻŋāĻ¨|) Once there lived a saint in Dhaka. đ¯āĻā§ā§āĻ°ā§ā§ āĻāĻāĻ¨ā§āĻāĻŽā§ āĻāĻ­ā§āĻžāĻ¸ āĻŦā§āĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ used to āĻāĻĨāĻŦāĻž would āĻšā§āĨ¤ Subject â would / used to â verb āĻā§ present form â âĻ.. āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻŽāĻ¨āĻ Apurba would / used to play cricket every afternoon. đ¯ āĻā§ā§ā§ āĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ā§ āĻāĻ­ā§āĻžāĻ¸ āĻŦā§āĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ Often , always , usually , regularly āĻā§ā§āĻžāĻāĻĻ āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻžā§ āĻāĻ°ā§ simple past tense āĻŦā§āĻŦāĻšā§ā§ āĻā§āĻž āĻ¯āĻžā§āĨ¤ Example : He watered the plants regularly.
12. đ īĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.ebooks đĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.cox đ đ¯www.tanbircox.blogspot.com (Water āĻāĻāĻžāĻ°āĻ¨ verb āĻāĻšāĻ°āĻ¸āĻ°āĻŦ āĻŦā§āĻŦāĻšā§ā§ āĻšāĻ°ā§āĻ°āĻŋ, āĻ¯āĻžā§ āĻāĻĨāĻ¤ āĻĒāĻžāĻāĻ¨ āĻ¤āĻĻāĻā§āĻž) â Structure: Subject â past form of main verb â object. đ Subject-āĻā§ āĻĒā§ person āĻ number āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻ¸āĻžāĻ°ā§ have been āĻŦāĻž has been āĻŦāĻ°āĻ¸ āĻāĻŦāĻ āĻŽā§ā§ verb-āĻā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°āĻˇā§ ing āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻžā§ āĻšā§āĨ¤ â Example: āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻ­āĻžā§ āĻāĻžāĻā§āĻžāĻāĻŋā§āĻžāĻŽ/āĻ°āĻāĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋā§āĻžāĻŽ â I ate rice. â§ āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻ¸ā§āĻā§ āĻ°ā§ āĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋ/āĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋā§āĻžāĻŽ â I went to school. â§ āĻ¤āĻ¸ āĻ¸ā§āĻā§ āĻ°ā§ āĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻ°āĻŋ/āĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋā§ â He went to school. â§ ā§ā§āĻāĻŽ/ āĻ¤ā§āĻžāĻŽā§āĻž āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ āĻāĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋāĻ°ā§/āĻāĻā§ā§āĻžāĻāĻŋāĻ°ā§- You did the work. â§ ā§āĻžā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°ā§āĻ°āĻŦā§āĻž ā§āĻ¨ā§āĻĄāĻ¨ āĻ¤āĻāĻ°āĻāĻāĻŋā§ â He spent his boyhood in London. â§ ā§ā§āĻ¨āĻž āĻāĻāĻāĻ ā§āĻžāĻ¨ āĻ¤ā§āĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋā§ â Luna sang a song. â§ āĻ¤āĻ¸ āĻĢā§ āĻāĻŦā§ āĻ¤āĻāĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋā§ â He played football. Note â Past indefinite tense āĻ¯ā§āĻŋ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ sentence āĻ āĻ¯āĻāĻĻ main verb āĻ¨āĻž āĻĨāĻžāĻ°āĻ ā§āĻžāĻšāĻ°ā§ āĻ¤āĻ¸āĻāĻžāĻ°āĻ¨ be verb āĻ main verb āĻāĻšāĻ°āĻ¸āĻ°āĻŦ āĻŦā§āĻžāĻŦāĻšāĻžā§ āĻšāĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ đŽ Past Continuous Tense: āĻā§ā§ā§āĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻžāĻŋ āĻāĻāĻŋā§āĻā§āĻˇāĻŖ āĻ¯āĻ°ā§ ā§ā§āĻāĻŋā§ āĻāĻ°ā§āĻĒ āĻ¤āĻŦāĻžāĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ Past continuous tense āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻā§āĻ¨āĻžā§ āĻāĻĒāĻžā§: āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻāĻŋā§āĻžā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°āĻˇā§ āĻ¤ā§āĻāĻŋā§, āĻ¤ā§āĻāĻŋā§āĻžāĻŽ, āĻ¤ā§āĻāĻŋāĻ°ā§, āĻ¤ā§āĻāĻŋāĻ°ā§āĻ¨, āĻāĻā§āĻā§, āĻāĻā§āĻāĻ°ā§, āĻāĻā§āĻāĻ°ā§āĻ¨, āĻāĻŋā§, āĻāĻŋā§āĻžāĻŽ, āĻāĻŋāĻ°ā§, āĻāĻŋāĻ°ā§āĻ¨, āĻāĻ°āĻĻā§ āĻ¤āĻ¯ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻāĻāĻ āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻžā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻ°āĻāĨ¤ â Structure: Subject â was/were â main verb â ing â object. đ Subject-āĻā§ āĻĒā§ person āĻ number āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻ¸āĻžāĻ°ā§ was āĻŦāĻž were āĻŦāĻ°āĻ¸ āĻāĻŦāĻ āĻŽā§ā§ verb-āĻā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°āĻˇā§ ing āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻžā§ āĻšā§āĨ¤ đ¯ āĻā§ā§āĻ°ā§ā§ āĻĻā§āĻāĻ āĻāĻžāĻ°āĻŋā§ āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¯ā§ āĻāĻāĻāĻ āĻāĻžāĻŋ ā§ā§āĻŽāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻŦāĻ¸ā§āĻĨāĻžā§ āĻāĻĻā§āĻŦā§ā§ā§ āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ āĻāĻ°āĻāĻāĻŋā§ āĻāĻŽāĻ¨ āĻ¤āĻŦāĻžāĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻĨāĻŽ āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ Past continuous āĻāĻŦāĻ āĻāĻĻā§āĻŦā§ā§ā§ āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ past indefinite āĻŦāĻ°āĻ¸āĨ¤ ā§āĻ°āĻŦ āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻĨāĻŽ āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ past indefinite â past continuous āĻāĻ­āĻžāĻ°āĻŦāĻ āĻŦāĻ¸āĻ°ā§ āĻĒāĻžāĻ°ā§āĨ¤ āĻāĻĨāĻ¤āĻžā§ , āĻā§ā§ā§ āĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ā§ āĻĻā§āĻāĻ āĻāĻžāĻ°āĻŋā§ āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¯ā§ ā§ā§āĻŽāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ Past continuous tense āĻšā§ āĻāĻŦāĻ āĻāĻ¨ā§ āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ past indefinite tense āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻ āĻ¯ā§āĻ°āĻ¨ā§ āĻŦāĻžāĻ°āĻā§ā§ structure āĻšāĻ°ā§āĻž- When â subject (1) simple past â subject (2) â past continuous. Example: When Henry arrived home after a hard day at work, his wife was sleeping. Or : Subject (1) â past continuous â when â subject (2) â simple past. Example: We were doing a test when the lights went out.
13. đ īĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.ebooks đĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.cox đ đ¯www.tanbircox.blogspot.com -āĻā§ā§ā§āĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ā§ āĻĻā§āĻāĻ āĻāĻžāĻŋ āĻāĻāĻ āĻ¸āĻŽāĻ°ā§ ā§ā§āĻāĻŋā§ āĻŦā§āĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ āĻāĻ­ā§āĻāĻ Past āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻ āĻ¯ā§āĻ°āĻ¨ā§ āĻŦāĻžāĻ°āĻā§ā§ structure āĻšāĻ°ā§āĻž- Subject (1)â past continuous â while â subject (2)â past continuous. Example: Robin was playing football while Abu Talha was watching TV. Or: While â subject (1)â past continuous â subject (2) â past continuous While Byezid was travelling , Imtiaz was flying by plane. āĻ¯āĻĨāĻžāĻ When Miraz came home, Maria was cooking food. Or, Maria was cooking food when Miraz came home. Exception: Time and tide wait for none. â Example: āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻ­āĻžā§ āĻāĻžāĻāĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋā§āĻžāĻŽ/āĻāĻžāĻāĻā§āĻā§āĻžāĻŽ â I was eating rice. â§ āĻ¤āĻ¸ āĻ¸ā§āĻā§ āĻ°ā§ āĻ¯āĻžāĻāĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋā§/āĻ¯āĻžāĻāĻā§āĻā§ â He was going to school. â§ ā§āĻžā§āĻž āĻĢā§ āĻāĻŦā§ āĻ¤āĻāĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋā§/āĻ°āĻā§āĻāĻŋā§ â They were playing football. â§ ā§ā§āĻāĻžā§ āĻ¸āĻ¨ā§āĻ§āĻžā§ āĻ¤āĻ¸ āĻĸāĻžāĻāĻž āĻ¯āĻžāĻāĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋā§ â He was going to Dhaka last evening. â§ āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻāĻāĻž āĻāĻāĻž ā§āĻžāĻ¨ ā§āĻžāĻāĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋā§āĻžāĻŽ â I was singing song alone. Note â subject first person and third person singular number āĻšāĻ°ā§ was āĻŦāĻ¸āĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ we, you, they āĻāĻŦāĻ āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻžāĻ¨ā§ plural number āĻā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°āĻˇā§ were āĻŦāĻ¸āĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ đŽ Past Perfect Tense : āĻā§ā§ā§ āĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ āĻĻā§āĻāĻ āĻāĻžāĻŋ āĻ¸āĻŽā§āĻĒāĻ¨ā§āĻ¨ āĻšāĻ°ā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻ°ā§ ā§āĻžāĻ°āĻĻā§ āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¯ā§ āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻāĻ āĻāĻ°ā§ āĻāĻ°āĻāĻāĻŋā§ ā§āĻž Past perfect tense āĻšā§ āĻāĻŦāĻ āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻāĻ āĻĒāĻ°ā§ āĻšāĻ°ā§āĻāĻŋā§ ā§āĻž simple past tense āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻā§āĻ¨āĻžā§ āĻāĻĒāĻžā§: āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻāĻŋā§āĻžā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°āĻˇā§ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻ¨āĻāĻĻāĻ¤āĻŋ āĻā§ā§ā§ āĻāĻāĻ¨āĻžā§ āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻŦāĻ¤, āĻāĻŋā§, āĻāĻŋā§āĻžāĻŽ, āĻāĻŋāĻ°ā§, āĻāĻŋāĻ°ā§āĻ¨, ā§, ā§āĻžāĻŽ, āĻ¤ā§, āĻ¤ā§āĻ¨, ā§āĻžāĻŽ, āĻ¤ā§, āĻ¤ā§āĻ¨ āĻāĻ°āĻĻā§ āĻ¤āĻ¯ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻāĻāĻ āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻžā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻ°āĻāĨ¤ â Structure: 1st subject â had â verb āĻā§ past participle â 2nd subject â verb āĻā§ past form â2nd object. đ Subject-āĻā§ āĻĒā§ had āĻŦāĻ°āĻ¸ āĻāĻŦāĻ āĻŽā§ā§ verb-āĻā§ past participle form āĻŦā§āĻŦāĻšā§ā§ āĻšā§āĨ¤ đ¯ āĻā§ā§ā§āĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ā§ āĻĻā§āĻāĻ āĻāĻāĻ¨āĻžā§ āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¯ā§ āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻāĻ āĻāĻ°ā§ āĻāĻ°āĻ āĻ¤āĻ¸āĻāĻ Past perfect tense āĻšā§ āĻāĻŦāĻ āĻĒāĻ°ā§ā§āĻāĻ past indefinite tense āĻšā§āĨ¤ Before āĻā§ āĻāĻ°ā§ā§ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§ āĻāĻŦāĻ after āĻā§ āĻĒāĻ°ā§ā§ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§ past perfect āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻāĻ°āĻ˛ā§āĻ˛āĻā§ āĻāĻ­ā§ āĻ¤āĻā§āĻˇāĻ°āĻ¤ā§āĻ°āĻ āĻāĻ¨ā§ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻāĻ Past indefinite āĻšā§āĨ¤āĻ°āĻ¯āĻŽāĻ¨āĻ My friend had left before I came. She told me his name after he had left.
16. đ īĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.ebooks đĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.cox đ đ¯www.tanbircox.blogspot.com đŽ Future Indefinite Tense: āĻ­āĻāĻŦāĻˇā§ā§āĻ°ā§ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻžāĻŋ āĻāĻāĻ°āĻŦ āĻāĻ°ā§āĻĒ āĻ¤āĻŦāĻžāĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ Future indefinite tense āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻā§āĻ¨āĻžā§ āĻāĻĒāĻžā§: āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻāĻŋā§āĻžā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°āĻˇā§ āĻ¤āĻŦ, āĻŦ, āĻŦāĻž, āĻāĻŦ, āĻ¤āĻŦāĻ¨ āĻāĻ°āĻĻā§ āĻ¤āĻ¯ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻāĻāĻ āĻāĻ°āĻ˛ā§āĻ˛āĻ āĻĨāĻžāĻ°āĻāĨ¤ â Structure: Subject â shall/will â verb â object đ Subject-āĻā§ āĻĒā§ person āĻ number āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻ¸āĻžāĻ°ā§ shall āĻŦāĻž will āĻŦāĻ°āĻ¸ āĻāĻŦāĻ āĻŽā§ā§ verb-āĻā§ present form āĻŦā§āĻŦāĻšā§ā§ āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻāĻāĻā§āĻŋ āĻŋāĻŦā§āĻĻ āĻ¤āĻĻāĻ°āĻ āĻ¤ā§āĻ¨āĻžā§ āĻāĻĒāĻžā§: đ¯ āĻāĻ (Assume, Be Afraid, Doubt, Daresay ,Expect,Hope,Feel,Know,Suppose ,Think, Wonder, Possible, Perhaps, ) verb āĻāĻŦāĻ adverb āĻā§āĻ°ā§āĻž āĻŦāĻŋāĻžā§ āĻ­āĻāĻŦāĻˇā§ā§ā§ āĻ¸āĻŽā§āĻĒāĻāĻāĻ¤ā§ āĻ¯āĻžā§āĻŖāĻž, āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻŽāĻžāĻ¨ āĻ āĻŽā§āĻžāĻŽā§ āĻŦā§āĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ future indefinite tense āĻšā§āĨ¤ Example : I believe Ashraful will help me. I know Rajib will play football. đ¯ āĻ­āĻāĻŦāĻˇā§ā§āĻ°ā§ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻžāĻŋ āĻ¸āĻāĻāĻāĻ ā§ āĻšāĻ°āĻŦ āĻŦā§āĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ āĻāĻāĻāĻŦāĻž āĻŦāĻžāĻ°āĻā§ā§ āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¯ā§ tomorrow (āĻā§āĻžāĻŽā§āĻāĻžā§), next āĻŦāĻžā§āĻ āĻŋāĻŦā§āĻĻ ( next week āĻā§āĻžāĻŽā§ āĻ¸āĻŋāĻžāĻ°āĻš, next night āĻā§āĻžāĻŽā§ ā§āĻžāĻ°āĻ¤ā§āĻ°) coming āĻŦāĻžā§āĻ āĻŋāĻŦā§āĻĻ (coming month āĻā§ā§ /āĻā§āĻžāĻŽā§ āĻŽāĻžāĻ¸) āĻā§ā§āĻžāĻāĻĻ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻ°ā§ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻāĻ future indefinite tense āĻā§ āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻ¯āĻĨāĻžāĻ I shall go there next Friday. (āĻĒā§āĻŦā§āĻ¤ā§ āĻļā§āĻŋāĻŦāĻžāĻ°ā§ āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻ¤āĻ¸āĻāĻžāĻ°āĻ¨ āĻ¯āĻžāĻŦāĨ¤) â Example: āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ āĻāĻā§āĻŦ- I will/shall do the work. â§ ā§āĻžā§āĻž āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ āĻāĻā§āĻ°āĻŦ- They will/shall do the work. â§ āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻāĻŦāĻĻā§āĻžā§āĻ°ā§ āĻ¯āĻžāĻŦ(āĻ¯āĻžāĻŦāĻ)- I shall go to the school. â§ āĻ¤āĻ¸ āĻāĻŦāĻĻā§āĻžā§āĻ°ā§ āĻ¯āĻžāĻ°āĻŦ(āĻ¯āĻžāĻ°āĻŦāĻ)- He will go to the school. â§ ā§āĻžā§āĻž āĻŦāĻžāĻŋāĻžāĻ°ā§ āĻ¯āĻžāĻāĻ°āĻŦ(āĻ¯āĻžāĻ°āĻŦ) â They will go to the market. Note â āĻ¸āĻžāĻ¯āĻžā§āĻ¨ā§ 1st person āĻā§ āĻĒā§ shall āĻŦāĻ°āĻ¸āĨ¤ āĻāĻŋāĻžā§āĻž āĻāĻ¨ā§ āĻ¸āĻŦ āĻ¤āĻā§āĻˇāĻ°āĻ¤ā§āĻ° will āĻŦāĻ¸āĻžāĻ°ā§āĻ ā§ā§āĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ đŽ Future Continuous Tense: āĻ­āĻāĻŦāĻˇā§ā§ā§ āĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻžāĻŋ ā§ā§āĻ°ā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻ°āĻŦ āĻāĻ°ā§āĻĒ āĻ¤āĻŦāĻžāĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ Future continuous tense āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻā§āĻ¨āĻžā§ āĻāĻĒāĻžā§: āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻāĻŋā§āĻžā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°āĻˇā§ āĻ¤ā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻŦ, āĻ¤ā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻ°āĻŦ, āĻ¤ā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻŦāĻž, āĻ¤ā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻ°āĻŦāĻ¨ āĻāĻ°āĻĻā§ āĻ¤āĻ¯ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻāĻāĻ āĻ¯ā§āĻŋ āĻĨāĻžāĻ°āĻāĨ¤ â Structure: Subject â shall be/will be â main verb â ing â object.
17. đ īĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.ebooks đĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.cox đ đ¯www.tanbircox.blogspot.com đ Subject-āĻā§ āĻĒā§ person āĻ number āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻ¸āĻžāĻ°ā§ shall be āĻŦāĻž will be āĻŦāĻ°āĻ¸ āĻāĻŦāĻ āĻŽā§ā§ verb-āĻā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°āĻˇā§ ing āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻžā§ āĻšā§āĨ¤ â Example: āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻŦāĻāĻāĻ āĻĒāĻā§āĻ°ā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻŦ â I shall be reading the book. â§ āĻāĻāĻŽ ā§āĻžāĻ¨ ā§āĻžāĻāĻ°ā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻŦ- I shall be singing the song. â§ ā§āĻžā§āĻž āĻĢā§ āĻāĻŦā§ āĻ¤āĻāĻā§āĻ°ā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻ°āĻŦ- They will be playing football. â§ āĻ¤āĻ¸ āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ āĻāĻā§āĻ°ā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻ°āĻŦ- He will be doing the work. â§ ā§ā§āĻāĻŽ/ āĻ¤ā§āĻžāĻŽā§āĻž āĻ¸ā§āĻā§ āĻ°ā§ āĻ¯āĻžāĻāĻ°ā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻ°āĻŦ- they will be going to school. â§ āĻā§āĻāĻ¨ āĻāĻāĻĢāĻ°āĻ¸ āĻ¯āĻžāĻāĻ°ā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻ°āĻŦāĻ¨- He will be going to office. đŽ Future Perfect Tense : āĻ­āĻāĻŦāĻˇā§ā§ā§ āĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻ¨āĻāĻĻāĻ¤āĻŋ āĻ¸āĻŽāĻ°ā§ā§ āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¯ā§ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻžāĻŋ āĻšāĻ°ā§ āĻ¯āĻžāĻ°āĻŦ āĻ¤āĻŦāĻžāĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ āĻŦāĻž āĻĻā§āĻāĻ āĻāĻžāĻ°āĻŋā§ āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¯ā§ āĻāĻāĻāĻ āĻāĻ°ā§ āĻšāĻ°āĻŦ āĻ¤āĻŦāĻžāĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ Future perfect tense āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻ­āĻāĻŦāĻˇā§ā§ā§ āĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ā§ āĻĻā§āĻāĻ āĻāĻžāĻ°āĻŋā§ āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¯ā§ āĻ¤āĻ¯ āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ āĻāĻ°ā§ āĻšāĻ°āĻŦ ā§āĻž Future perfect tense āĻšā§ āĻāĻŦāĻ āĻĒāĻ¤ā§ā§āĻāĻž simple present tense āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻā§āĻ¨āĻžā§ āĻāĻĒāĻžā§: āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻāĻŋā§āĻžā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°āĻˇā§ ā§āĻž āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻŦ, ā§āĻž āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻŦāĻž, ā§āĻž āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻ°āĻŦ, ā§āĻž āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻ°āĻŦāĻ¨, āĻāĻ°āĻĻā§ āĻ¤āĻ¯ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻāĻāĻ āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻžā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻ°ā§ Future perfect tense āĻšā§āĨ¤ â Structure: 1st subject â shall have/will have â verb āĻā§ past participle â 1st object â before â 2nd subject â main verb â 2nd object. đ Subject-āĻā§ āĻĒā§ person āĻ number āĻāĻ¨ā§āĻ¸āĻžāĻ°ā§ shall have āĻŦāĻž will have āĻŦāĻ°āĻ¸ āĻāĻŦāĻ āĻŽā§ā§ verb-āĻā§ past participle form āĻŦā§āĻŦāĻšā§ā§ āĻšā§āĨ¤ đ¯ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻŦāĻžāĻ°āĻā§ By time , by then , by that time , by the 5th , by the end āĻĻā§āĻŦāĻžā§āĻž āĻ¸āĻŽā§ āĻāĻ¨āĻ°āĻĻāĻ¤āĻŋ āĻā§āĻ°ā§ āĻ¤āĻ¸āĻ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻāĻ future perfect tense āĻšā§āĨ¤ Example: By the end of the lesson , you will have written an essay. đ¯By this time / by â āĻ¸āĻŽā§ [by morning, by Sunday etc ] āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻ°ā§ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻāĻ āĻ¸āĻžāĻ¯āĻžā§āĻ¨ā§āĻ future perfect tense āĻā§āĻ°ā§ āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻ¯āĻĨāĻžāĻ He will have reached here by afternoon. I should have finished the book by June 2007. â Example: āĻŦāĻžāĻŦāĻž āĻāĻ¸āĻžā§ āĻāĻ°ā§ āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ āĻāĻā§ā§āĻž āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻŦ â I shall have done the work before my father comes. â§ āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻāĻŦāĻāĻžā§ ā§āĻžā§āĻāĻžā§ āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¯ā§ āĻŦāĻāĻāĻ āĻĒāĻā§ā§āĻž āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻŦ â I shall have finished reading the book by 4. P. m. â§ ā§ā§āĻāĻŽ āĻ¯āĻžāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻŦāĻ¤ āĻāĻāĻŽ ā§āĻžāĻ¨ ā§āĻžāĻā§āĻž āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻŦ- I shall have sang a song before you leave. â§ ā§āĻžā§āĻž āĻāĻ¸āĻžā§ āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻŦāĻ¤ āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻĒā§āĻž āĻ¤āĻŋāĻˇā§ āĻāĻā§āĻŦ â I shall have finished my lesson before they come.
18. đ īĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.ebooks đĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.cox đ đ¯www.tanbircox.blogspot.com đŽ Future Perfect Continuous Tense: āĻ­āĻāĻŦāĻˇā§ā§ā§ āĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻ¸āĻŽāĻ°ā§ā§ āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¯ā§ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻžāĻŋ ā§ā§āĻ°ā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻ°āĻŦ āĻāĻ°ā§āĻĒ āĻ¤āĻŦāĻžāĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ future perfect tense āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻ­āĻāĻŦāĻˇā§ā§ā§ āĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ āĻĻā§āĻāĻ āĻāĻžāĻ°āĻŋā§ āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¯ā§ āĻ¤āĻ¯ āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ āĻāĻ°ā§ ā§ā§āĻ°ā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻ°āĻŦ ā§āĻž future perfect tense āĻšā§ āĻ¤āĻ¯ āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ āĻĒāĻ°ā§ āĻšāĻ°āĻŦ ā§āĻž simple present tense āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻā§āĻ¨āĻžā§ āĻāĻĒāĻžā§: āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻāĻŋā§āĻžā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°āĻˇā§ āĻ¤ā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻŦ, āĻ¤ā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻ°āĻŦ, āĻ¤ā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻŦāĻž, āĻ¤ā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻ°āĻŦāĻ¨ āĻāĻ°āĻĻā§ āĻ¤āĻ¯ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻāĻāĻ āĻāĻ°āĻ˛ā§āĻ˛āĻ āĻĨāĻžāĻ°āĻāĨ¤ â Structure: Subject â 1st subject â shall have been/will have been â main verb â ing â 1st object â 2nd subject â main verb â 2nd object. đ Subject-āĻā§ āĻĒā§ shall have been āĻŦāĻž will have been āĻŦāĻ°āĻ¸ āĻāĻŦāĻ āĻŽā§ā§ verb-āĻā§ āĻ¤āĻŋāĻ°āĻˇā§ ing āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻžā§ āĻšā§āĨ¤ â Example: ā§ā§āĻāĻŽ āĻāĻĢāĻ°ā§ āĻ¨āĻž āĻāĻ¸āĻž āĻĒāĻ¯āĻ¤āĻ¨ā§āĻ¤ āĻāĻŽā§āĻž āĻ¤ā§āĻžāĻŽāĻžā§ āĻŋāĻ¨ā§ āĻāĻ°āĻĒāĻā§āĻˇāĻž āĻā§āĻ°ā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻŦ- we shall have been waiting for you until you come back. â§ āĻŦāĻžāĻŦāĻž āĻāĻ¸āĻžā§ āĻāĻ°ā§ āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ āĻāĻā§āĻ°ā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻŦ- I shall have been doing the work before my father comes. â§ ā§āĻžā§āĻž āĻāĻ¸āĻžā§ āĻāĻ°ā§ āĻāĻāĻŽ āĻ¤āĻāĻā§āĻ°ā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻāĻŦ- I shall have been playing before they come. â§ āĻ¤āĻ¸ āĻāĻŋāĻāĻā§āĻ° āĻĒāĻžāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻŦāĻ¤ ā§āĻžā§ āĻŦāĻŋā§ ā§āĻŦā§āĻ¨ā§āĻĻā§āĻ°āĻ­āĻžā§āĻā§ āĻāĻŦāĻļā§āĻŦāĻāĻŦāĻĻā§āĻžā§āĻ°ā§ āĻĒā§āĻ°ā§ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻ°āĻŦ â he will have been studying at Rabindrabharati university for four years before he gets degree. āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻā§āĻžāĻāĻ¨ā§ā§ āĻ¸āĻŦ āĻŦāĻžāĻžāĻāĻ˛āĻž đŽ āĻ-āĻŦāĻŽāĻā§ āĻŦāĻž āĻŦāĻ, đģāĻ¸āĻĢāĻŋāĻā§āĻ¯āĻžāĻ° āĻ đŦ āĻ˛āĻŋāĻāĻŋāĻžāĻ˛āĻ°ā§āĻžāĻ˛ āĻā§āĻžāĻāĻ˛āĻā§āĻļ āĻāĻā§āĻ¸āĻžāĻāĻ°ā§ āĻ¸āĻžāĻāĻā§āĻ°āĻš āĻā§āĻ°āĻāĻ¤!
19. đ īĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.ebooks đĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.cox đ đ¯www.tanbircox.blogspot.com 1 Next Monday is a holiday for all the staff. Replace the underlined word with the following. A) was B) will be C) be D) has āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻāĻā§ āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¯ā§ next āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻžā§ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻāĻ Future indefinite tense āĻšāĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ ā§āĻžāĻ āĻāĻ¤ā§āĻ¤āĻ°ā§ā§ āĻ¸āĻāĻ āĻ option āĻšā§: B 2 Which of the following sentence is the correct one? A) By the end of twenty first century, the computer because a necessity in every home. B) By the end of twenty first century, the computer becoming a necessity in every home. C) By the end of twenty first century, the computer has become a necessity in every home. D) By the end of twenty first century, the computer will have become a necessity in every home. āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻāĻā§ āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¯ā§ By â time (By the end of twenty first century) āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻžā§ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻāĻ Future perfect tense āĻšāĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ā§āĻžāĻ āĻāĻ¤ā§āĻ¤āĻ°ā§ā§ āĻ¸āĻāĻ āĻ option āĻšā§: D 3 Which of the following sentence is the correct one? A) By this time next month, the government would have resigned. B) By this time next month, the government will have resigned. C) By this time next month, the government will resigned. D) By this time next month, the government have resigned. āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻāĻā§ āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¯ā§ By this time āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻžā§ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻāĻ Future perfect tense āĻšāĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ā§āĻžāĻ āĻāĻ¤ā§āĻ¤āĻ°ā§ā§ āĻ¸āĻāĻ āĻ option āĻšā§: B 4 Which of the following sentence is the correct one? A) When I may get money, I will buy a dictionary. B) When I may be got money, I will buy a dictionary. C) When I will get money, I will buy a dictionary. D) When I get money, I will buy a dictionary. When āĻĻā§āĻŦāĻžā§āĻž āĻ­āĻāĻŦāĻˇā§ā§ā§ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻĨāĻ¤ āĻŦā§āĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ āĻāĻ¨āĻ°āĻ¨āĻžāĻŋ ā§āĻ āĻ¨āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻŖāĻžā§ā§ āĻŦā§āĻŦāĻšāĻžā§ āĻā§āĻ°ā§ āĻšā§āĨ¤ āĻ¯āĻĨāĻž: When â present indefiniteâ future indefinite. ā§āĻžāĻ āĻāĻ¤ā§āĻ¤āĻ°ā§ā§ āĻ¸āĻāĻ āĻ option āĻšā§: D
21. đ īĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.ebooks đĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.cox đ đ¯www.tanbircox.blogspot.com āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ Past indefinite tense āĻšāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻā§ā§āĻ°ā§ ā§ā§āĻŽāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ / āĻāĻĻā§āĻŦā§ā§ā§ āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ past continuous tense āĻšāĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ ā§āĻžāĻ āĻāĻ¤ā§āĻ¤āĻ°ā§ā§ āĻ¸āĻāĻ āĻ option āĻšā§: A 10 Which of the following sentence is the correct one? A) I quickly lost interest in Fr. Rahman's story because he was repeatedly himself. B) I quickly lost interest in Fr. Rahman's story because he was repeated himself. C) I quickly lost interest in Fr. Rahman's story because he was repetitious himself. D) I quickly lost interest in Fr. Rahman's story because he was repeating himself. āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ Past indefinite tense āĻšāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻā§ā§āĻ°ā§ ā§ā§āĻŽāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ / āĻāĻĻā§āĻŦā§ā§ā§ āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ past continuous tense āĻšāĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ ā§āĻžāĻ āĻāĻ¤ā§āĻ¤āĻ°ā§ā§ āĻ¸āĻāĻ āĻ option āĻšā§: D 11 Which of the following sentence is the correct one? A) Neela burn her hand when she was cooking dinner. B) Neela burning her hand when she was cooking dinner. C) Neela was burning her hand when she was cooking dinner. D) Neela burnt her hand when she was cooking dinner. ā§ā§āĻŽāĻžāĻ¨ āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ / āĻāĻĻā§āĻŦā§ā§ā§ āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ Past continuous tense āĻšāĻā§āĻžā§ āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻĨāĻŽ āĻāĻžāĻŋāĻāĻ past indefinite tense āĻšāĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ ā§āĻžāĻ āĻāĻ¤ā§āĻ¤āĻ°ā§ā§ āĻ¸āĻāĻ āĻ option āĻšā§: D 12 Which of the following sentence is the correct one? A) This book has been first published in 1985 B) This book is first published in 1985 C) This book was first published in 1985 D) This book was being first published in 1985 āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻāĻā§ āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¯ā§ in 1985- āĻā§ā§ā§ āĻ¸āĻŽā§ āĻāĻ°āĻ˛ā§āĻ˛āĻ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻžā§ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻāĻ past indefinite tense āĻšāĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ā§āĻžāĻ āĻāĻ¤ā§āĻ¤āĻ°ā§ā§ āĻ¸āĻāĻ āĻ option āĻšā§: c 13 Which of the following sentence is the correct one? A) It is high time we will discuss the matter. B) It is high time we would discuss the matter. C) It is high time we discussed the matter. D) It is high time we should the matter. āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻāĻā§ āĻŽāĻ°āĻ¯ā§ It is high time āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻžā§ āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻāĻ past indefinite tense āĻšāĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ā§āĻžāĻ āĻāĻ¤ā§āĻ¤āĻ°ā§ā§ āĻ¸āĻāĻ āĻ option āĻšā§: c 14 Which of the following sentence is the correct one? A) I went to his house yesterday but could not meet him. B) I would go to his house yesterday but could not meet him.
22. đ īĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.ebooks đĻ www.facebook.com/tanbir.cox đ đ¯www.tanbircox.blogspot.com C) I have gone to his house yesterday but could not meet him. D) I was gone to his house yesterday but could not meet him. yesterday āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻ°ā§ past indefinite tense āĻšā§āĨ¤ ā§āĻžāĻ āĻ¸āĻāĻ āĻ āĻāĻ¤ā§āĻ¤ā§ (A) 15 Which of the following sentence is the correct one? A) Jerry is at the orphanage since he was four. B) Jerry has been at the orphanage since he was four. C) Jerry is being at the orphanage since he was four. D) Jerry had been at the orphanage since he was four. Since āĻā§ āĻāĻ°ā§ past perfect āĻ āĻĒāĻ°ā§ past indefinite tense āĻŦā§āĻŦāĻšā§ā§ āĻšā§āĨ¤ ā§āĻžāĻ āĻāĻ¤ā§āĻ¤āĻ°ā§ā§ āĻ¸āĻāĻ āĻ option āĻšā§: D 16 Which of the following sentence is the correct one? A) Rahim will finish his work by the time his friends arrived. B) Rahim had finished his work by the time his friends arrived. C) Rahim has finished his work by the time his friends arrived. D) Rahim having finished his work by the time his friends arrived. āĻŦāĻžāĻā§āĻāĻ āĻā§ā§āĻ°ā§ā§ āĻāĻāĻ¨āĻžāĨ¤ āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻ°āĻšā§ā§ āĻŦāĻžāĻ°āĻā§ā§ āĻāĻ āĻāĻāĻ°āĻŋ past indefinite tense āĻāĻ°āĻŋ ā§āĻžāĻ āĻāĻĒā§ āĻāĻāĻ°āĻŋ past perfect tense āĻšāĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ āĻāĻāĻžā§āĻ°āĻŖ āĻ¸āĻāĻ āĻ āĻāĻ¤ā§āĻ¤ā§ (B) 17 Which of the following sentence is the correct one? A) This book has been first published in 1985. B) This book was first published in 1985. C) This book is first published in 1985 D) This book was being first published in 1985. āĻŦāĻžāĻā§ āĻā§ā§ā§ āĻāĻžāĻ°ā§ā§ āĻ¤āĻāĻžāĻ¨ āĻ¸āĻžā§ āĻāĻ°āĻ˛ā§āĻ˛āĻ āĻĨāĻžāĻāĻ°ā§ past indefinite āĻšāĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ āĻāĻāĻžā§āĻ°āĻŖ (B) āĻ¸āĻāĻ āĻ āĻāĻ¤ā§āĻ¤ā§āĨ¤ 18 Which of the following sentence is the correct one? A) After sixteen years I lived with a lie. B) Before sixteen years I lived with a lie. C) For sixteen years I lived with a lie. D) Since sixteen years I lived with a lie. āĻŦāĻžāĻ°āĻā§ āĻāĻāĻ¨āĻāĻĻāĻ¤āĻŋ āĻ¸āĻŽāĻ°ā§ā§ āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻŦāĻ¤ for āĻŦāĻ°āĻ¸ āĻāĻŦāĻ āĻāĻ¨āĻāĻĻāĻ¤āĻŋ āĻ¸āĻŽāĻ°ā§ā§ āĻĒā§āĻ°āĻŦāĻ¤ since āĻŦāĻ°āĻ¸āĨ¤ āĻāĻāĻžāĻ°āĻ¨ sixteen years āĻ¤āĻ¯āĻ°āĻšā§ā§ āĻāĻāĻ¨āĻāĻĻāĻ¤āĻŋ ā§āĻžāĻ since āĻŦāĻ¸āĻ°āĻŦāĨ¤ ā§āĻžāĻ āĻāĻ¤ā§āĻ¤āĻ°ā§ā§ āĻ¸āĻāĻ āĻ option āĻšā§: C 19 Which sentence is correct? A) When the police seen the thief, he ran away. B) When the thief saw the police, he ran away.