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Argyri Panezi Legal challenges for building digital collections

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Presentazione di Agyri Panezi, ricercatore presso l'IUE al Seminario IFLA Trend Report una roadmap per le biblioteche italiane, Firenze 13 ottobre 2014

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Argyri Panezi Legal challenges for building digital collections

  1. 1. LEGAL CHALLENGES FOR BUILDING DIGITAL COLLECTIONS. 13/10/14 Workshop on the future of libraries Biblioteca delle Oblate 1
  2. 2. LEGAL CHALLENGES FOR BUILDING DIGITAL COLLECTIONS. Argyri Panezi, Ph.D. Candidate European University Institute, department of law 2
  3. 3. • “How libraries evolve to remain relevant in the new information landscape.” • Libraries’ traditional role: collecting, organizing, giving access My research question: • Does the existing copyright framework provide enough space for libraries to claim an equivalent central role in the digital space? 3 The IFLA report and the future of libraries.
  4. 4. Categorising works according to their legal status. • 3 categories of works according to copyright status: 1. Copyrighted works 2. Orphan and out-of-print works 3. Public domain • Legal status dictates accessibility - two phases: Input phase: how does the library get access to the copyrighted material Output phase: in what manner is the library allowed to offer access to its users/the public 4
  5. 5. • Article 6 of the WIPO Copyright - right of distribution - limited by exhaustion • Exhaustion is the legal basis for library lending but NOT for e-lending • Currently copyright law worldwide explicitly only grants exhaustion to tangible objects, such as printed books • [03/09/14] – pending case Dutch Court refers preliminary questions on the lending of e-books to the Court of Justice of the European Union 5 Copyrighted works.
  6. 6. 1. Perpetual access: replicating print books lending 2. Subscription model: database of e-book titles 3. Pay per view: list of available titles display and fee per view of a specific title - Patron-driven acquisition • Advantages & Disadvantages • Fear of ‘cannibalization’ of sales 6 Licensing and e-lending models.
  7. 7. • A market failure problem • Appreciable corpus of works • Orphan works directive 2012/28/EU ‘on certain permitted uses of orphan works’ 7 Orphan and out-of-print works.
  8. 8. • Freed from copyright. • The legal consequence of the public domain status is that users may access, reuse and appropriate freely from these works. • Value of the public domain: 1. Provides building blocks for new creation 2. Enables competitive imitation 3. Low cost access to information 4. Public access to cultural heritage 5. Education 8 Public domain works.
  9. 9. [11/09/2014] - decided Case C-117/13 Technische Universität Darmstadt v Eugen Ulmer KG A Member State may authorize libraries to digitize, without the consent of the right-holders, books they hold in their collection so as to make them available at electronic reading points 9 Recent developments.
  10. 10. • Critical moment • Participation of libraries to the policy debate • Public Consultation on the review of the EU copyright rules – Commission Report on the responses (July 2014) http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/consultations/2013/copyright-rules/ docs/contributions/consultation-report_en.pdf 10 Ways forward.
  11. 11. Thank you. 11 Argyri Panezi, Ph.D. Candidate | argyri.panezi@eui.eu European University Institute, Florence, Italy Department of Law