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A framework for lifelong learning and teaching: the competencies paradigm and Library Associations

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A framework for lifelong learning and teaching: the competencies paradigm and Library Associations

  1. 1. A.M.Tammaro New Librarians Global Connection, Oct. 26th, 2015 A framework for lifelong learning and teaching: the competencies paradigm and Library Associations Anna Maria Tammaro (IFLA Library Theory and Research Section) October 26th , 2015
  2. 2. A.M.Tammaro New Librarians Global Connection, Oct. 26th, 2015 Outline ● International dimension of the librarians ● Prior research on equivalency and reciprocity of LIS education ● Learning outcomes and competencies ● Cooperation standards & tools ● Individual responsibility & relationship ● Transparency & recognition ● IFLA role? Library Associations role
  3. 3. A.M.Tammaro New Librarians Global Connection, Oct. 26th, 2015 Internationalising the profession Local & Global Accreditation & Recognition Global Local Mobility Comparison and Improvement Accreditation Recognition Harmonised core content Learning outcomes International Quality indicators Distance learning Labour market Joint courses National Quality indicators Cooperation and mutual recognition Library Associations role ECTS, ECVET European Qualification Framework Body of knowledge Lifelong learning Competencies
  4. 4. A.M.Tammaro New Librarians Global Connection, Oct. 26th, 2015 Equivalency and Reciprocity & LIS Professional Education ● Prior Research on Equivalency ● No unique model for Quality Assurance ● Anglo-American model: ● Accreditation ● Certification ● Graduate (Master’s Degree) Programs
  5. 5. A.M.Tammaro New Librarians Global Connection, Oct. 26th, 2015 Equivalency and Reciprocity & LIS Professional Education ● Prior Research on Equivalency ● Other Global Models ● Adoption of Anglo-American model ● Undergraduate degree model ● iSchool model
  6. 6. A.M.Tammaro New Librarians Global Connection, Oct. 26th, 2015 Paradigm Learning outcomes/Competencies ● Lifelong Learning and Continuous Professional Development ● Skills and knowledge essential for the successful library and information professional in the twenty-first century ● Aims to enhance the comparability of learning outcomes, especially if described as competencies that are relevant for academic or professional practice.
  7. 7. A.M.Tammaro New Librarians Global Connection, Oct. 26th, 2015 What competencies are and are not ● They include skills, knowledge and attitudes demonstrating excellent performance ● Spencer and Spencer (1993) define competency as basic features of a person which is associated with a superior performance in a situation. ● Competency is the skills and knowledge an employee gains to optimize her/his personal development and job growth Lorriman (1997) They do not include knowledge but the manifestation of knowledge application which produces success They include skills but only the manifestation of skills which bring to success Competencies do not include work activities but are observable behaviours in these activities
  8. 8. A.M.Tammaro New Librarians Global Connection, Oct. 26th, 2015 Cooperation between many actors ● What if there is a cooperation gap? Librarians Library Schools Government Employers Library Associations role?
  9. 9. A.M.Tammaro New Librarians Global Connection, Oct. 26th, 2015 Individual responsibility & social relationship ● Librarians have to take a personal responsibility for developing their own skills, competence and career continually ● Level of competencies and Continuous Development Plan negotiated with employers ● Benefits of a competency framework and of intermediaries (coaches, mentors, facilitators, etc.)
  10. 10. A.M.Tammaro New Librarians Global Connection, Oct. 26th, 2015 Transparency ● Actors should collaborate transparently on shaping the competencies paradigm ● When the actors think (and act) together they need standards, common frameworks and tools: ● Registry of qualifications ● Body of knowledge, competencies frameworks ● Credits framework
  11. 11. A.M.Tammaro New Librarians Global Connection, Oct. 26th, 2015 Recognition ● The increasing need to obtain national recognition of foreign qualifications has posed challenges to national recognition bodies. ● Recognition leads to administrative and legal problems for the individuals concerned.
  12. 12. A.M.Tammaro New Librarians Global Connection, Oct. 26th, 2015 Is there a IFLA role? ● Assure transparency ● Guidelines for Professional Library/Information Educational Programs ● Guidelines for Continuing Professional Development Best practice ● Subject benchmarking ● Guidelines for Information Literacy for Lifelong Learning ● Foster cooperation World Guide to Library, Archive and Information Science Education ● Facilitate equivalency & recognition ● International Guidelines for Equivalency and reciprocity of Qualifications for LIS Professionals. Draft guidance document for transparency, equivalency and recognition of qualifications
  13. 13. A.M.Tammaro New Librarians Global Connection, Oct. 26th, 2015 Professional knowledge body 1. The Information Environment, Societal impacts of the information society, Information Policy and Ethics, the History of the Field 2. Information Generation,Communication and Use 3. Assessing Information Needs and Designing Responsive Services 4. The Information Transfer Process 5. Information Resource Management to include Organization,Processing, Retrieval,Preservation and Conservation of Information 6. Research, Analysis and Interpretation of Information 7. Applications of Information and Communication Technologies to all facets of Library and Information Products and Services 8. Knowledge Management 9. Management of Information Agencies 10.Quantititive and Qualitative Evaluation of Outcomes of Information and Library Use 11. Awareness of Indigenous Knowledge Paradigms
  14. 14. A.M.Tammaro New Librarians Global Connection, Oct. 26th, 2015 Supporting Library Associations ● IFLA supports and encourages library institutions and associations to have a role in Continuing Professional Development and facilitating recognition of qualifications
  15. 15. A.M.Tammaro New Librarians Global Connection, Oct. 26th, 2015 References ● IFLA Guidance document for recognition of qualifications http://www.ifla.org/files/assets/set/Guidance_document_for_recognition_of_q ualifications_2009-3.pdf ● IFLA Guidelines on Information Literacy for Lifelong Learning www.ifla.org/files/assets/.../ifla-guidelines-en.pdf ● IFLA Continuing Professional Development: Principles and Best Practice http://www.ifla.org/publications/continuing-professional-development- principles-and-best-practices ● IFLA Guidelines for Professional Library/Information Science Programs http://www.ifla.org/publications/guidelines-for-professional-libraryinformation- educational-programs-2012 ● Lorriman, John (1997). Continuing Professional Development: a Practical Approach. Managing your CPD as a professional engineer, London, IEE ● Lyle M. Spencer, Jr., and Signe M. Spencer. Competence at Work (1993). New York: Wiley

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