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Studio Photography Basics

My presentation on
"Basic Studio photography" conducted at Studio XPOZ, Bangalore on 24th July 2010.

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Studio Photography Basics

  1. 1. WorkshoponStudio Photography<br />By<br />Suvajit<br />jeet_sen@yahoo.co.in<br />17th July 2010<br />Bangalore<br />
  2. 2. Topics<br />Principles of Artificial Lighting<br />Basic Studio Lighting<br />Portrait lighting<br />Studio lighting and Exposure<br />
  3. 3. Principles of artificial lighting<br />Why use artificial light?<br />Lack of adequate natural light<br />Take control of the light<br />Make a photograph; don’t just take it.<br />Shooting with artificial light is like:<br /> “Sculpting with LIGHT”<br />
  4. 4. Basic goal of artificial lighting<br />Bring out the 3D quality of the subject(s)<br /><ul><li>By reproducing the highlights and shadows as produced under natural light
  5. 5. By revealing surface textures</li></li></ul><li>Basic Studio Lighting<br />Categories of studio light<br />Basic four light setup<br />Studio lighting tools<br />
  6. 6. Categories of studio light<br />Continuous<br />+ Cheap<br /> + See what the light is doing <br /> - Produces more heat than light<br /> - Not balanced to daylight<br />Flash<br />+ Balanced to daylight (5500K)<br />+ Saves power<br />
  7. 7. Basic four light setup<br />Key Light(M)<br />The main light source/ brightest light source<br />Fill light (F)<br />Soften the shadows formed by Key light<br />Background light(B1)<br />Lights background and not the subject<br />Accent lights(H, B2)<br />Adds a rim light to separate subject from background.<br />Also called “kicker light”<br />
  8. 8. Steps in preparing lighting setup<br />Decide on general effect<br />visualize; determine type/direction/angle of light<br />2. Add the key light(s)<br />- create dominant set of highlight & shadows<br />3. Place the fill lights<br />- Adjust light ratio to obtain desired effect<br />4. Separate subject from background<br /> - Add background light<br /> - Add kicker light (optional)<br /> - Subject should not be close to background (min 5 feet)<br /> - Lights should not add to any secondary highlight or shadows<br />5. Make final adjustments<br />- take sample shot, analyze and readjust<br /> - look out for unwanted highlights/shadows, catchlights<br />
  9. 9. Studio equipments<br />Light Source <br />Studio lights<br />Tripods/Stands<br />Triggers<br />Light Modifiers<br />Diffusers<br />Umbrella<br />Soft Box (normal, strip, octabox)<br />Deflectors<br />Reflectors<br />Snoot<br />Grid<br />Barn door<br />Color gels<br />Light meter<br />Accessories<br />Backdrop<br />Props<br />
  10. 10. Portrait lighting<br />Rembrandt<br />Loop<br />Butterfly<br />Split<br />Broad <br />Short<br />
  11. 11. Rembrandt lighting<br />Source : http://tips.romanzolin.com<br />
  12. 12. Loop lighting<br />Source : http://tips.romanzolin.com<br />
  13. 13. Butterfly lighting<br />Source : http://tips.romanzolin.com<br />
  14. 14. Split lighting<br />Source : http://tips.romanzolin.com<br />
  15. 15. Broad lighting<br />Source : http://tips.romanzolin.com<br />
  16. 16. Short lighting<br />Source : http://tips.romanzolin.com<br />
  17. 17. Exposure in studio lighting<br />Shutter speed in camera has no control on exposure as your camera cannot shoot faster than your camera SYNC speed, it is 1/200.<br />Exposure can be controlled by :<br />1. The power of the light<br />2. Aperture of the lens<br />3. ISO setting<br />
  18. 18. How to control studio light power<br />Controls on Light system ( Full, ½, ¼, 1/8 )<br />Distance of light from subject. <br />Inverse Square Law applies here ( so if you move your subject from 3 feet away to 6 feet away, your light power will reduce by 4 times or you will need four times more light)<br />
  19. 19. Aperture and f stops<br />For aperture control under studio lights, same principle applies.<br />Exposure halves by increase in each f-stop <br />f/8, Full power @ ISO 200 will give <br />same exposure as<br /> f/5.6, ½ power @ ISO 200<br />The full f stops are<br />2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 22<br />
  20. 20. References<br />www.studiolighting.net<br />www.strobist.com<br />