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Launched in September 2019, the Global Observatory is a three-year collaborative research project led by University College London (UCL) under the User-Centred Energy Systems Technical Collaboration Programme by the International Energy Agency (IEA). It represents a forum for international collaboration to understand the policy, regulatory, social and technological conditions necessary to support the wider deployment of peer-to-peer, community self-consumption and transactive energy models. It includes 130 participants from 10+ countries, representing a range of sectors (academia, industry, non-profits) and currently working on the researching and implementation of these new business models. To learn more, please visit: https://userstcp.org/annex/peer-to-peer-energy-trading/.
Introducing the Global Observatory on Peer-to-Peer, Community Self-Consumption and Transactive Energy Models (GO-P2P)
Introducing the Global Observatory:
The Users TCP Global Observatory on Peer-to-Peer,
Community Self-Consumption & Transactive Energy Models
(GO-P2P) by IEA
Alexandra Schneiders (Operating Agent GO-P2P)
Users TCP Academy Webinar, 18/11/20
Aim of today’s webinar
Emerging findings so far
How to join
Q&A / discussion
The Users TCP and the International Energy Agency (IEA)
The International Energy Agency (IEA) is an intergovernmental
organisation that works to shape a secure and sustainable future for
all, through a focus on all fuels and all technologies, and analysis and
policy advice to governments and industry around the world.
To facilitate global cooperation on energy technology, the IEA created
the Technology Collaboration Programme (TCP). Today, the Users TCP
is one of 38 TCPs, each focused on a different topic. Together, they
connect thousands of experts across government, academia and
industry in 55 countries dedicated to advancing energy technology
research and application.
The Users TCP is functionally and legally autonomous from the IEA.
Views and findings of the Users TCP do not necessarily reflect those
of the IEA.
Decentralisation of energy system
Energy self-consumption through
P2P/TE & CSC: solution to grid
Facilitated by technologies such as
DLTs (e.g. blockchain).
Roll-out of pilots in China, US,
New laws recognising right to P2P.
• Connected smart
meter: imported and
exported electricity is
recorded by the
• Based on data, system
matches buyers and
sellers of self-
energy and then settles
Energy trading: how does it work?
Source: McKinsey & Co.
What is the Global Observatory (GO-P2P)?
GO-P2P is the first international pre-competitive and early
stage research collaboration on the whole systems
implications of local energy models.
Leading institutions researching peer-to-peer energy trading
(P2P), transactive energy (TE) and community self-
consumption (CSC) models.
International exchange of valuable evidence on factors
determining uptake of these models and their viability.
Platform for collaboration between all stakeholders in the
P2P/TE/CSC fields (policymakers, businesses, NGOs,
What is GO-P2P? (2)
Start: 3 September 2019
Duration: Three years + six-month reporting phase
Sectors: Academia (108), Industry (33), Non-profit (9)
Eight member countries: Australia (4); Belgium (11); Ireland
(10); Italy (10); Netherlands (10); Switzerland (13); United
Kingdom (47); United States (8)
Two accession countries: Germany (14); Colombia (8)
Participants from ten other countries support this
work through providing technical and scientific expertise (15)
ST 0: Research design and management + Analysis of findings –
University College London (United Kingdom)
ST 1: Power system integration – Lucerne University of Applied Sciences
and Arts (Switzerland)
ST 2: Hardware, software & data – International Energy Research Centre
ST 3: Transactions and markets – Carnegie Mellon University (United
ST 4: Economic and social value – University of New South Wales
ST 5: Policy and regulatory – Florence School of Regulation/European
University Institute (Italy)
Sub-tasks will gather data on P2P/TE/CSC pilots in member countries and conduct
international comparative analysis (ICA) using Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA),
which is a method allowing for the comparison of different policy contexts.
ST1: Power System layer
ST2: Software layer
ST3: Markets layer
ST4: Econ/Social layer
ST5: Policy & Regs layer
ST0: Research design and management.
ST6: ICA of
- Common success factors
- ‘Readiness Index’ by country
Sub-task reports on state of art and key challenges by
functional stack layer.
Country level reports on key factors determining the
uptake of P2P/TE/CSC business models.
National Readiness Index rating of participating
countries to adopt P2P/TE/CSC models.
In parallel, participants collaborate through
conferences sessions, journal special issues, and
contributing to IEA and CEM reports where
Close engagement with key int’l stakeholders,
• International Energy Agency (IEA)
• International Association for Trusted Blockchain
Applications (INATBA): New GO-P2P/INATBA Task
Force launched in September 2020.
• International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
GO-P2P/INATBA Task Force
International Association for Trusted Blockchain
Applications (INATBA) - EU initiative launched in 2019
Largest global policy focused initiative on the
application of DLTs across all economic sectors,
Aim: study P2P/TE/CSC pilots using distributed ledger
technologies (DLTs) such as blockchain assess
standardisation efforts in the field
Any member of GO-P2P and INATBA can join the Task
Current status GO-P2P
Wrapping up Phase 1 (laying groundwork for case studies):
Sub-task literature reviews: Describe the current state of
knowledge covered by each sub-task, i.e. challenges and
Research strategy document: Common data collection
protocols needed to ensure case study data can
be analysed by a common method such as qualitative
comparative analysis (QCA).
Concept definition paper: Framing characteristics of pilots
we will select for analysis- based on sub-task group
interviews run by UCL - results in next slides.
Emerging findings: Essential characteristics
Power Systems layer (ST 1): P2P/TE/CSC systems operate autonomously,
promote self-consumption and support renewables integration.
ICT and Data layer (ST 2): ICT supports future ‘big data’ needs; meets local data
protection laws; supports device level agents acting on user preferences;
provides traceable identity of machines.
Transactions and Markets layer (ST 3): Enabled by digitalisation and integration
of devices and communication; able to trade commodities and services; can
capture value from flexibility and balancing; are decentralised.
Social and Economic layer (ST 4): Supports trading between social units;
generates, modifies, or reinforces social values; simultaneously located in
home, community and market spheres of economy.
Policy and Regulation layer (ST 5): Provides bottom-up governance; provides
legal recognition of prosumers etc.
Emerging findings: Potential clashes
‘Bottom-up governance model reflecting decentralisation’ (ST 5) potential clash
with characteristics ‘Systems operate autonomously’ (ST 1) and ‘Market determined
pricing (including dynamic pricing)’ (ST 4).
Comment: To what extent can systems be automated to still be called ‘peer-to-
‘Ability to trade commodity i.e. energy, or services’ (ST 3) potential clash with
characteristic ‘Open and equitable access to P2P/CSC/TE models (bottom-up market
design)’ (ST 4).
Comment: There may be a conflict between making markets open to everyone,
and some providers wanting to cherry-pick valuable participants.
Emerging findings: Potential clashes
‘Market determined pricing (including dynamic pricing)’ (ST 4) potential clash
with characteristic ‘Prosumer-centric markets’ (ST 3).
Comment: Market-determined pricing is not a pre-requisite of a P2P/TE/CSC
model, as prices may be negotiated democratically - in some micro-grid
projects, the precise returns and savings are a product of negotiation.
‘P2P/TE/CSC systems include Advanced Metering Infrastructure ('smart meters')
capable of measuring flows (imports and exports) across the meter at different
timeframes depending on market requirements’ (ST 2) potential clash with
characteristic ‘Open and equitable access to P2P/CSC/TE models (bottom-up market
design)’ raised by ST 4.
Comment: Key question here is who owns and has access to the smart meter
• Data privacy
• Rights and responsibilities of sellers/buyers on a P2P/TE/CSC
• Validity of trading contracts, particularly ‘smart contracts’ (in
the case of blockchain)- this will be explored through recently
launched GO-P2P/INATBA Task Force
• Different regulatory approaches: sandbox vs prescriptive legal
• Different aims of P2P/TE/CSC schemes, e.g. US more grid-
centric approach vs EU more prosumer-centric approach
GO-P2P is an international forum for understanding the
policy, regulatory, social and technological conditions
necessary to support the wider deployment of P2P/TE/CSC
Leading research institutions contributing.
Valuable for all stakeholders: policymakers, businesses,
More information on our website:
We welcome new participants!
• International comparative evidence base for policymaking.
• Early identification of policy challenges from other countries.
• Early access to the latest research from leading research institutions.
• Market knowledge on case-studies and national readiness.
• Work in a pre-competitive environment with all stakeholders.
• Engage with leading researchers and research students.
• Join a global community of leading researchers in the field.
• Maximise your impact through informing global bodies like
International Energy Agency (IEA) & Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM).
• Work collaboratively to define and grow the field.
Why should I join?
High-level Observatory findings are primarily targeted at
policymakers and regulators.
Policymakers & regulators can engage in three ways:
As nationally designated delegates of the Users TCP;
As designated ‘policy contact points’ working directly in
the P2P/TE/CSC area;
By notifying us that you would like to be kept informed of
outputs and the work of the Observatory.
How can I participate?
- Policymakers and regulators
Observatory findings support policymakers at national &
international levels, as well as companies and non-profits
working with P2P/TE/CSC models.
Businesses/non-profits can participate in two ways:
1) Become a TCP Sponsor (~€10k/annum). This allows you to:
Join the Annex Steering Committee;
Attend TCP ExCo meetings with all member country
Participate directly or indirectly in other TCP Annexes;
2) Become a researcher/expert participant – see next slide.
How can I participate? – Business/non-profits
Researchers/experts are the driving force of the Observatory,
collectively shaping its deliverables.
As a participating researcher/expert you will:
• Join one or more sub-tasks aligning with your expertise;
• Contribute to sub-task and country specific deliverables;
• Contribute to conference sessions, special issues, etc as
• Help undertake case-studies of P2P/TE/CSC pilot projects in
your country to support the development of the National
• Attend Observatory meetings whenever possible.
How can I participate? – Researchers/experts
Researchers/experts from any sector can participate as
National Experts in the Observatory.
All participants cover their own costs
Many government provide funding either directly, or
through funding agencies, to support participants.
IEA TCP Annexes provide global leverage and impact for
your research. Participants should ensure their
Observatory work aligns with existing research.
How can I participate? – Researchers/experts (2)
Thanks for your attention!
For more information on GO-P2P, please don’t
hesitate to get in touch:
Alexandra Schneiders (email@example.com)