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ELEMENTS OF DESIGN
What is clothing made up of?
Good fashion has a combination of the elements and principles of
Elements of design are the
They structure and carry
The elements of
Form or Object
Principles of design are
They affect content and
The principles of
Out of the 6 elements of design, line is the strongest and most important and
¥…. There can be no shape.
¥…. Without shape there can be no form.
¥…. Without form there can be no texture and there can be no pattern.
Lines can be;
• short or tall
• thick or thin
• can lead you away,
or move you
forward in an
Vertical lines tend to convey different moods, ranging from power and strength, to growth.
Jagged/sharp lines can be perceived as forceful, chaotic, sharp, and threatening
Represents freedom, the natural, having the appearance of softness and creates a soothing
Diagonal- Represents action, activity, excitement and movement.
Thin lines can be experienced by some as unstable, and by others as weak.
Thick lines can be experienced as rigid and dependent, or can be experienced as dominating .
Represents calm, peace and relaxation.
What is Line?
Refers to an elongated mark that connects two or more points. Line
encloses and divides space, creating shapes and forms. Seam lines
divide and enclose space on a garment.
Effects of line
Can create optical illusions
lines required to
the structure of
Decorative – lines
created by the
for decoration; for
Forceful, Rigid, Strong, Hard, Formal, Masculine, Crisp, Stiff,
Increases, emphasizes, reinforces body lines and angles,
counters curved lines and rounded body areas
Closures, Necklines, Collars, Lapels, Seamlines, Darts, Tucks,
Pleats, Folds, Stripes, Shapes, Silhouettes
Create portfolio pages
For Straight Line, Curved Line, Diagonal Line etc.
Address the following in the paragraph:
What lines are found in the picture?
Where are the lines found?
Are the lines structural or decorative?
What is the illusion and message associated with
the described lines.