# Recursion | C++ | DSA

17 de Nov de 2021
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### Recursion | C++ | DSA

• 1. P S D S - R E C U R S I O N It Recurs. By - Kanan,Kirti & Sumit
• 2. The process in which a function calls itself directly or indirectly is called recursion and the corresponding function is called as recursive function. Using recursive algorithm, certain problems can be solved quite easily. The function containing recursion is called recursive function, at the end this is a great tool in the hand of the programmers to code some problems in a lot easier and efficient way. In the recursive program, the solution to the base case is provided and the solution of the bigger problem is expressed in terms of smaller problems. The idea is to represent a problem in terms of one or more smaller problems, and add one or more base conditions that stop the recursion. For example, we compute factorial n if we know factorial of (n-1). The base case for factorial would be n = 0. We return 1 when n = 0. WHAT IS RECURSION ?
• 3. Property Recursion Iteration Definition Function calls itself. A set of instructions repeatedly executed. Application For functions. For loops. Termination Through base case, where there will be no function call. When the termination condition for the iterator ceases to be satisfied. Usage Used when code size needs to be small, and time complexity is not an issue. Used when time complexity needs to be balanced against an expanded code size. Code Size Smaller code size Larger Code Size. Time Complexity Very high(generally exponential) time complexity. Relatively lower time complexity (generally polynomial-logarithmic). RECURSION VS ITERATION
• 4. The program ‘Sum of digits’ uses recursion and counts the sum of first N natural number. Consider a function existed as sum and if the user pass n to it, it will return the sum of the number and now that we have considered that already a function is made so whenever we will call it, it will give the result as in this code. The user enters the Nth number as the input, the program then calculates the sum of first N numbers using recursion and then displays the final result. And when the n is not equal to 0, there is no recursive call. This returns sum of digits ultimately to the main function. SUM TILL ‘N’ – ALGORITHM
• 5. Sum Till ‘N’ – C Code Output : 10
• 6. For finding the sum of digits, we need to find all digits and sum all of them. Finding sum of digits includes three basic steps : 1. Find last digit of number using modular division by 10. 2. Add the last digit found above to sum variable. 3. Remove last digit from given number by dividing it by 10. Algorithm : 1. Get the number 2. Declare a variable to store the sum and set it to 0. 3. Repeat the next two steps, till the number is not 0. 4. Get the rightmost digit of the number with help of the remainder ‘%’ operator by dividing it by 10 and add it to sum. 5. Divide the number by 10 with help of '/' operator to remove the rightmost digit. 6. Print or return the sum SUM OF DIGITS – ALGORITHM
• 7. Sum Of Digits – C Code Output : 4
• 8. A Prime number is a number that is divisible only by itself and 1. For example – 3, 5, 7, 11 etc. To check if a number is divisible only by 1 and itself, we put every number greater than 1 and less than the number itself in place of the divisor, and if we find that the number is divisible by any of them, we break the loop, and return false, otherwise it is true. As the above method will not fall under the time constraints, we use Recursion, in recursion, we check the base cases every single time, until our condition falls into it, otherwise we increase the value of our divisor which obviously starts from 2. Check Prime Or Not – ALGORITHM
• 9. Check Prime Or Not – C Code Output : Yes

### Notas do Editor

1. Kanan
2. Kirti
3. Sumit A program is called recursive when an entity calls itself. A program is call iterative when there is a loop (or repetition).
4. Kana
5. kanan
6. Kirti
7. kirti
8. Sumit
9. Sumit
10. Kanan
11. Everyone