3. ▶ Caesarean section, also known as C-section, or
caesarean delivery, is the use of surgery to deliver
babies. A caesarean section is often necessary when
a vaginal delivery would put the baby or mother at risk.
▶ "A surgical procedure involving incision of the walls of
the abdomen and uterus for delivery of offspring."
4. T Y PE:- 1. ACC. TO TIMING
▶ It is devied into 2 type. (A)ELECTIVE
(A)ELECTIVE :- A caesarean section (c-section) is an operation
where a doctor makes a cut in your abdomen and womb and lifts your
baby out through it. If you know you will need a c-section before you
go into labour, this is called a elective planned c- section.
(B)EMERGENCY:- If labour has already begun, and a
complications begin, then an emergency c- section is performed.
2. ACC. TO UTERINE INCISION
▶ It is further divide into 2 type:-
(A) Lower segment Caesarean section
(B) Upper segment Caesarean section
5. LSCS USCS
1. Incision make
3 cm. above the symphysis
2. Less amount blood loss.
3. Less chances to hernia.
4. High cosmetic value.
5. Better healing process
above umbilicus & below
2.High amount blood loss.
3.High chances to hernia.
4.Less cosmetic value.
5.Healing process delay.
6. INDICATION:- A Caesarean section
is performed for a variety of indications. The
following are the most common :-
Breech presentation (at term) – planned
Caesarean sections for breech presentation at
Other malpresentations – e.g. unstable lie transverse lie or oblique
Twin pregnancy – when the first twin is not a cephalic presentation.
Maternal Medica conditions (e.g. cardiomyopathy)
Where labour would be dangerous for the mother.
Transmissible disease (e.g. poorly
Placenta praevia – ‘Low-lying placenta’ where
the placenta covers, or reaches the internal os
7. Maternal diabetes- witha baby estimated to
have a fetal weight >4.5 kg.
Infection: being overweight and obesity are
significant risk factors for infection post-caesarean.
Longer stay in hospital may lead to difficulties in
bonding and adjustment difficulties for the mother
and the rest of the family.
8. Technique:-"During Delivery"
(A).The skin incision is done along the skin folds.
The fascia are dissected above
pyrami (C). The uterotomy is done using blunt
Forceps & scissors. (D). The baby is “born” by
Expandi the uterine wound using the fingertips
to cranially pus the edges of the
(A).The first suture stitch is placed slightly medially from the anatomical corner
of the wound. The same suture thread is used to make 2–4 more continuous
sutures and the ends of the suture thread are knotted. (B).Analogously a second
suture thread is used to close the uterine wall starting from the other side.
(C).Both sutures are knotted in the
In preparation of patient C-section, you will be asked to Dr. & do the following:
(a) Provide a hospital gown and send a urine sample to lab.
(b) Have an intravenous line (IV) started in patient's arm or hand.
Through this you will administrate necessary fluids and medications
(c) Provide blood drawn test.
(d) Nurse may be give antacid medicine to neutralize stomach
acidity and relieve from heartburn.
(e) Clear surgical site prepared (shaved). Do not do this in advance.
(f) Be examined by your obstetrician and anesthesiology
specialist, and asked to sign a consent form.
(a) Support and assist in positioning the patient
during insertion of spinal/epidural anaesthetic.
(b) For elective sections where appropriate fetal heart
checked prior to and following insertion of epidural/spinal
anaesthesia. Document in clinical record.
(c) For emergency sections monitoring of the fetal
heart is directed by the most senior obstetric doctor
(d) Assist with positioning of patient for
catheterisation and surgery.
Transfer to postpartum ward when pt. Stable vital sign check 15 minutes for 1
hour, then check 4 hours.
Monitor intakes and outputs every 4 hours for 24 hours
oSupine for 8 hours after spinal anesthetic Standard Diet
oNothing by mouth for 8 hours after cesarean
oSips of water after 8 hour window Early Solid Diet Protocol
oSolid food within 8 hours of C-Section
oWell tolerated Intravenous fluids
Contact physician for :
2.Heart rate respiratory rate.
3.Uterine output foleys catheter in place.