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1950 1960 1970 200019901980 2010
Code sharing
At Princeton
IAS in late
1940s
IBM “SHARE”
Conf & Library
Begins 1953
DECUS
...
Collaboratively-Developed Software
is about Engineering Economics
Collaboratively-Developed Liberally-Licensed Software
is about Engineering Economics
Collaboratively-Developed Liberally-Licensed Software
is about Engineering Economics (after 1980)
Engineering
Economics
Th...
Software Freedom
• The freedom to run the program as you wish, for any purpose
(freedom 0).
• The freedom to study how the...
Outbound – never inbound
We the participants in this project community share our work
under copyright with you in this way.
Eric von Hippel
MIT Athena
The Open
Source
Initiative
The
Difference
Freedom Zero
License
Proliferation
2012 Octoverse 4.6M+ repositories
2016 Octoverse 19.4M+ repositories
2018 Octoverse 96M+ repositories
2012 Octoverse 4.6M+ repositories
2016 Octoverse 19.4M+ repositories
2018 Octoverse 96M+ repositories
2019 Octoverse 140M+...
Hunting
the Next
Big Exit
There is
NO open
source
business
model
https://bit.ly/2GMSEvF
New License
Proposed
New License
Proposed
OSD
OSD
Dated
OSD
Dated
Old
OSD
Dated
Old
Irrelevant
OSD
Dated
Old
Irrelevant
DATA Ethics
Interix
(A Complete UNIX
Environment on NT)
• 250 Buckets of Technology
• 25-30 Licenses
The Open
Source
Definition
Open Source Won …
• Linux Foundation claims $5B of software value co-creation
• ASF claims $20B of software value co-creat...
Copyleft was a leap of faith …
The Ethical Software Definition
Ethical Software Foundation
Free Data Foundation
Data Freedom
The Business Software Definition
Software Business Association
Be Bold
Be Creative
Dare
Software Freedom in a Post Open Source World
Software Freedom in a Post Open Source World
Software Freedom in a Post Open Source World
Software Freedom in a Post Open Source World
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Software Freedom in a Post Open Source World

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Engineers have collaborated on software since they've written software all the way back through the 1950s. In the past few years we have begun to see people argue for a different definition of open source software and raise concerns for the sustainability of the ecosystem. This talk looks at the underpinnings of those concerns, and how the future of free software is an anchor going forward. https://2020.copyleftconf.org/schedule/presentation/8/

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Software Freedom in a Post Open Source World

  1. 1. 1950 1960 1970 200019901980 2010 Code sharing At Princeton IAS in late 1940s IBM “SHARE” Conf & Library Begins 1953 DECUS Conf & Library Begins 1962 MIT Project Athena Begins 1983 1BSD Released 1977 AT&T Shares First UNIX tapes early-70s Free Software Foundation Launches 1985 DoJ vs IBM begins “Software Bundling is Anti-competitive” 1969 IBM response is to unbundle HW, SW, & services pricing 1st DoJ vs IBM Consent Decree “Hardware Bundling is Anti-competitive” 1956 Open Source Definition 1998 USENIX Begins 1975 Linus Releases Linux 1991 Apache httpd Released 1995 Apache Software Foundation 1999 OSDL Forms 2000 OSDL Re-forms as Linux Foundation 2007 U.S. Congress Adds Computer Software to Copyright Law 1980 GCC 1987 emacs 1975 We’ve collaborated on software since we’ve written software Writing good software is hard work
  2. 2. Collaboratively-Developed Software is about Engineering Economics
  3. 3. Collaboratively-Developed Liberally-Licensed Software is about Engineering Economics
  4. 4. Collaboratively-Developed Liberally-Licensed Software is about Engineering Economics (after 1980) Engineering Economics The Open Source Definition
  5. 5. Software Freedom • The freedom to run the program as you wish, for any purpose (freedom 0). • The freedom to study how the program works, and change it so it does your computing as you wish (freedom 1). Access to the source code is a precondition for this. • The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help others (freedom 2). • The freedom to distribute copies of your modified versions to others (freedom 3). By doing this you can give the whole community a chance to benefit from your changes. Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
  6. 6. Outbound – never inbound We the participants in this project community share our work under copyright with you in this way.
  7. 7. Eric von Hippel
  8. 8. MIT Athena
  9. 9. The Open Source Initiative
  10. 10. The Difference
  11. 11. Freedom Zero
  12. 12. License Proliferation
  13. 13. 2012 Octoverse 4.6M+ repositories 2016 Octoverse 19.4M+ repositories 2018 Octoverse 96M+ repositories
  14. 14. 2012 Octoverse 4.6M+ repositories 2016 Octoverse 19.4M+ repositories 2018 Octoverse 96M+ repositories 2019 Octoverse 140M+ repositories
  15. 15. Hunting the Next Big Exit
  16. 16. There is NO open source business model https://bit.ly/2GMSEvF
  17. 17. New License Proposed
  18. 18. New License Proposed
  19. 19. OSD
  20. 20. OSD Dated
  21. 21. OSD Dated Old
  22. 22. OSD Dated Old Irrelevant
  23. 23. OSD Dated Old Irrelevant DATA Ethics
  24. 24. Interix (A Complete UNIX Environment on NT) • 250 Buckets of Technology • 25-30 Licenses
  25. 25. The Open Source Definition
  26. 26. Open Source Won … • Linux Foundation claims $5B of software value co-creation • ASF claims $20B of software value co-creation • Eclipse Foundation, Drupal, Perl+CPAN, Python, Ruby …
  27. 27. Copyleft was a leap of faith …
  28. 28. The Ethical Software Definition Ethical Software Foundation Free Data Foundation Data Freedom
  29. 29. The Business Software Definition Software Business Association
  30. 30. Be Bold Be Creative Dare

Engineers have collaborated on software since they've written software all the way back through the 1950s. In the past few years we have begun to see people argue for a different definition of open source software and raise concerns for the sustainability of the ecosystem. This talk looks at the underpinnings of those concerns, and how the future of free software is an anchor going forward. https://2020.copyleftconf.org/schedule/presentation/8/

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