6. • Use systems thinking
- analyze how parts of a whole interact with each other;
• Make judgements and decisions
- analyze and evaluate evidence, arguments, claims and beliefs;
- evaluate alternative points of view;
- make connections between information and arguments;
- interpret information and draw conclusions;
• Solve problems
- identify and ask questions that lead
to better solutions;
- solve unfamiliar problems in innovative
7. • Articulate thoughts and ideas effectively;
• Decode meaning including knowledge, values, attitudes
• Use communication for various purposes;
• Use multiple media and technologies and assess impact
and their effectiveness;
• Communicate effectively in multilingual and multicultural
• Demonstrate ability to work effectively and respectfully
with diverse teams;
• Exercise flexibility and willingness in making necessary
compromises to accomplish a common goal;
• Assume shared responsibility
for collaborative work,
and value the individual
by each member.
9. CREATIVITYAND INNOVATION
• Think creatively
- use various idea creation techniques;
- elaborate, refine, analyze and
evaluate ideas to improve creative
• Work creatively with others
- develop, implement and
communicate new ideas to others
- be open and responsive to new and
• Implement Innovation
10. TOP10 TEACHING STRATEGIES
TO FOSTERTHE 4 Cs
1. Jigsaw Puzzle
2. Fishbowl Technique
3. The Question Game
4. Inside-Outside Circle
5. Six Thinking Hats
6. Vocabulary Journal
8. Graphic Organizers
9. Gallery Walk
10.Four Corners 10
15. • Defining the problem or collaborative project;
• Identifying project elements and components in detail.
• Identifying resources;
• Dividing the resources amongst the participants;
• Clearly state the goals of the task or problem solution.
• Identifying the problem, sorting out a strategy to resolve the
problem or complete the task.
• Developing a means of keeping records of their decisions and
By considering the 4 Cs framework and encouraging 21st
thinking and learning, students become more engaged and
interested, getting a deeper understanding of what is being
taught and retaining more information.
By thinking outside the box, learners develop problem solving
skills. They also are provided with the opportunity to reflect
upon their own strengths and weaknesses.
They exercise teamwork skills like leadership, compromise and
willingness to be helpful.
Students feel proud about their products.
They develop crucial skills for the future.