O slideshow foi denunciado.
Seu SlideShare está sendo baixado. ×
Próximos SlideShares
Sexism presentation
Sexism presentation
Carregando em…3

Confira estes a seguir

1 de 44 Anúncio

Mais Conteúdo rRelacionado

Diapositivos para si (20)

Semelhante a Sexism (20)



  1. 2. How Sexism Defines The Natural Woman
  2. 3. <ul><li>Sexism </li></ul><ul><li>'sek-&quot;si-z&m Function: noun Etymology: 1sex + -ism (as in racism) 1 : prejudice or discrimination based on sex; especially : discrimination against women 2 : behavior, conditions, or attitudes that foster stereotypes of social roles based on sex </li></ul><ul><li>(http://www.merriam-webster.com) </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Countries based on an economic system traditionally require a woman’s role to take place within a private sphere: </li></ul><ul><li>*Cooking </li></ul><ul><li>*Cleaning </li></ul><ul><li>*Raising children </li></ul><ul><li>These hold no physical </li></ul><ul><li>economic value, thus, </li></ul><ul><li>devalued. </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>$Money$ = POWER </li></ul>Basically...
  5. 6. Women slowly integrated into the workforce; however, they earned much less than their male counter-parts. Today women still only earn 50-95% of male counter-parts.
  6. 7. August 18, 1920 <ul><li>Until the 19 th Amendment was ratified, women were not able to vote. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Worldwide, women are often viewed as commodities Females worldwide are considered property. Often, men make the choices and women are coerced to obey.
  8. 9. <ul><li>Globally, women who are considered an investment often are treated so. </li></ul><ul><li>Infidelity is common for men but a woman who is unfaithful is often beaten. </li></ul><ul><li>Sex is not optional. </li></ul>&quot;An Afghan election staff takes off her veil...&quot;
  9. 10. <ul><li>Dowry: </li></ul><ul><li>Money or goods paid by the bride’s family to the groom’s family in exchange for a marriage. </li></ul><ul><li>Problematic in India, Greece, and Pakistan. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Many music videos promote a negative view of women as commodities. Female Referents Chick Cunt Bitch Ho Pussy Wench Slut Male Referents Player? Pimp? ???
  11. 12. <ul><li>“ ...in 1976, it was revealed that the U.S. government had sterilized 3,000 Native American women in a four-year period without obtaining adequate consent.”(Hartmann,1995) </li></ul>The U.S. is not innocent.
  12. 13. <ul><li>Gonorrhea is declared an epidemic among girls </li></ul><ul><li>Daughters with gonorrhea often had fathers ( from white, middle- and upper class families ) with gonorrhea. </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence suggested incest... </li></ul><ul><li>...so health officials revised </li></ul><ul><li>views on gonorrhea, not incest. </li></ul>Disturbing Facts: America 1890 to 1940
  13. 14. <ul><li>Doctors weighed penalties for incest against the assumption most accusations were false. </li></ul>“ One knows the facility with which children are disposed to accuse and lie . We now recognize that gonorrhea in children is vastly more often due to accidental mediate transmission than to attempted intercourse.” -Prince A. Morrow (physician, 1904) Source: Sacco, L., (2002). Sanitized for Your Protection: Medical Discourse and the Denial of Incest in the United States. Journal of Women’s History, 14(3), 80-104.
  14. 15. <ul><li>In every state, the following people are required by law to report suspected abuse: Doctors; nurses; dentists; </li></ul><ul><li>mental health professionals; </li></ul><ul><li>social workers; teachers ; </li></ul><ul><li>day care workers; </li></ul><ul><li>law enforcement personnel. </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Feminism </li></ul><ul><li>Pronunciation: 'fe-m&-&quot;ni-z&m Function: noun 1 : the theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes 2 : organized activity on behalf of women's rights and interests </li></ul><ul><li>(http://www.merriam-webster.com) </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>The gender wage gap is one issue Feminists work to decrease... along with sexual violence, sexual stereotypes, reproductive rights, and exploitation. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Although not everyone agrees... <ul><li>&quot;Feminism is a socialist, anti-family, political movement that encourages women to leave their husbands, kill their children, practice witchcraft, destroy capitalism and become lesbians.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>-Pat Robertson </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>Most feminists don’t want a matriarchy...they want equality. </li></ul>Elizabeth Cady Stanton Rebecca West Gloria Steinem
  19. 20. <ul><li>A United States woman has 1 in 5 to 1 in 7 chance of being raped in her lifetime. </li></ul>
  20. 21. College Freshmen Orientation <ul><li>According to the U.S. Department of Justice, “more than 350 rapes a year will occur on a college campus with a population of 10,000 female students.” </li></ul>1950s Wellesley College women singing in a dorm
  21. 22. Prostitution <ul><li>In order to keep high morale, the U.S. Army encouraged military sexploitation in Southeast Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>In the Philippines, an </li></ul><ul><li>estimated 50,000 children </li></ul><ul><li>have been fathered by </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Servicemen over the </li></ul><ul><li>past fifty years. </li></ul><ul><li>(Coronel &Rosca, 1993) </li></ul>
  22. 23. “ Though rape is viewed merely as a crime, it is the fundamental, primal, most destructive way to seize and maintain control in a patriarchal society. When wars are declared , everyone involved in the declaration assumes women will be raped .” -Inga Muscio War Rape
  23. 24. <ul><li>“ Pretty much every nation in this world was established by war. </li></ul><ul><li>How many women do you think that is?” –Inga Muscio </li></ul>
  24. 25. <ul><li>Sexual harassment in K-12 is often tolerated and characterized as flirting </li></ul><ul><li>“ Teachers would act as if I had done something to cause it.” -13 year old, Pennsylvania </li></ul>
  25. 26. <ul><li>Sex Education goes beyond the classroom...beyond the teachers...and beyond textbooks... </li></ul>
  26. 27. <ul><li>...and affects every girl by means of social influence. Sex education starts at birth when someone declares, “It’s a Girl!” </li></ul>
  27. 28. <ul><li>Programs such as Girls Inc. teach girls to resist negative images of women. </li></ul><ul><li>Girls are taught to be “ strong , smart , and bold ” through after-school activities and classes. </li></ul>
  28. 29. <ul><li>Girls involved in activities within a structured environment are more likely to: </li></ul><ul><li>Be satisfied with </li></ul><ul><li>their bodies, </li></ul><ul><li>go to college, </li></ul><ul><li>have a high quality </li></ul><ul><li>of life, </li></ul><ul><li>& overcome effects of </li></ul><ul><li>gender stereotypes </li></ul>
  29. 30. Yet blame does not equal a solution. “ Women can be kicked when we are down, but no one is stupid or strong enough to kick us when we are standing up, all, together.” -Inga Muscio
  30. 31. Music: “Human Behavior” Bj ö rk
  31. 32. <ul><li>Public Sphere </li></ul><ul><li>Vs. </li></ul><ul><li>Private Sphere </li></ul>
  32. 34. Lucy Stone, suffragist Susan B. Anthony
  33. 35. <ul><li>UNL = 8,990 females students. </li></ul><ul><li>UNO = current female population is 4,756 </li></ul>
  34. 36. <ul><li>World War II: </li></ul><ul><li>Moroccan soldiers raped Italian women </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese soldiers raped Korean women </li></ul><ul><li>Nazi soldiers raped Jewish women </li></ul><ul><li>1970s: </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistani soldiers raped Bengali women </li></ul><ul><li>1980s: </li></ul><ul><li>El Salvador and Guatemala </li></ul><ul><li>1990s: </li></ul><ul><li>Bosnian Serb soldiers raped 20,000-50,000 Muslim women in former Yugoslavia </li></ul><ul><li>250,000 to 500,000 women and girls were raped during a civil war in less than 100 days in Rwanda in 1994 </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands of women in Congo were gang raped between 1998 to 2003 </li></ul>War Rape
  35. 37. <ul><li>Genocidal rape : attempts to destroy ethnic or political groups perceived as enemy </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunistic rape : occurs when men take advantage of lenient laws during war time </li></ul><ul><li>Political rape : to punish individuals holding different political views </li></ul>
  36. 38. <ul><li>Nisha Sharma </li></ul>“ Shero”
  37. 40. Some feminists regard the English language as extremely sexist and in need of correction, thus, many words are spelled gender neutral. (Example: Womyn no longer means “of man.”)
  38. 41. <ul><li>How can we possibly explain sexism to children? </li></ul>
  39. 42. Children’s books with a positive feminist message can raise awareness about sexist issues.
  40. 43. <ul><li>The Girls Inc. “Kid-Ability” program teaches girls to be aware of predators. </li></ul>Girls are taught about their rights to say “yes and mean yes” and “no and mean no.”
  41. 44. <ul><li>http:// www.feminist.com / </li></ul>