TEACHING AND LEARNING
UGC SPONSORED NATIONAL LEVEL SEMINAR ON COSTAL TEC IN EDUCATION
DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIES AND EARTH SCIENCES , TAMIL UNIVERSITY,
Dr. G. Muppudathi,
Asst.Professor in Education,
St.John De Britto College of Education,
What do we mean by “technology”?
Technology' in its broadest
terms could include overhead projectors and
even pen and paper but, in the context of
Learning Technology, it is generally
understood that we are talking about
technologies that have arrived with the
'Information Revolution' i.e. those associated
Educational Technology – Meaning
Application of system approach to education
and Training. Emphasis the interrelation of
Men, Machine, Methods, Media and
Educational Technology – Definition
Educational Technology is defined as development,
application, and evaluation of systems,
techniques, and aids to improve the process of
Assisting the practice of specific skills.
Contribution to the provision of feedback.
The need to reach out to maximum number of students.
To offer greater opportunities for independent study.
To design, modify and develop appropriate equipment /aids
suitable and relevant to the educational process.
To identify the educational needs of the learner.
To identify the necessary teaching learning materials.
To plan teaching strategies, models and methods as per the need and objectives.
To evaluate the effectiveness of teaching .
Strategy in terms of learning outcomes.
To provide appropriate feedback to student as well as teachers.
To modify the teaching learning process on the basis of feedback received.
Scope of Educational Technology
Spelling out Educational goals and Objectives
based on individualized and social needs.
Smart use of technology reduces wasted time, energy, and
Planning of curricular and co-curricular inputs in order to realize
planned goals and objectives.
Developing Teaching-Learning materials and Resources
Develops necessary learning materials in the form of programmed
learning books, computer learning packages, mass media
instruction, individualized self-instructional packages etc.
Developing Human resource
ET covers the area of teacher education.
Teaching strategies, approaches and methods are devised and
developed catering to different types of students.
* Developing Multi-Sensory Aids
Design, development of audio visual aids.
* Feedback Mechanism and Modification
ET develops tool of evaluation to provide feedback.
* Develops Passive Instruction Services
Educational radio, TV, computers are used for transmitting
information. They are passive services since all decisions are in
the hands of the providers, i.e., what to be presented, for how
long, in what sequence and when.
* Develops Interactive Instruction Services
ET tries to provide opportunities for the learner to control the pace, mode
of presentation etc. eg. Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI), Teleconferencing
via Internet etc.
* Develops Learning Environments
ET develops learning environment that are learner friendly. Eg.
* Developing Information Resources
ET bridging the gap between developments in Information Technology and
Education. Information Resources : Eg. E-libraries, On - Line Encyclopedia,
World Wide Web,
Develops Communication Devices
ET has developed communication devices for students who
have mental capability to communicate, but are not able to speak.
To Reduce the Burden of Teachers
ET supports the teacher in Teaching Learning Process.
Technology in Education
@ The application of technology to any process of educational
@ Use of the technological advancement in terms of various
equipments, materials, and machines for educational
@ It involves the increasingly complex range of audiovisual
equipment, sophisticated electronic devices like
projectors, films, radio, TV, tape recorder, computers etc for
individualized and group learning.
Technology of Education
@ Technology of Education is the application of psychology of
learning theories, principles of instruction, curriculum, and
learning to the process of education.
@ In this the educationalist are involved in designing and evaluation
of system of learning.
@ It enables a teacher to use a variety of media and modes to
make his teaching effective.
Technology can enhance teaching and learning by:
Providing multiple material types for all learning styles.
Enhancing communication between faculty/student and student/student.
Promoting constructivist and active learning.
Enhancing collaborative teaching and learning.
Providing asynchronous and synchronous communication.
Promoting higher expectations via peer review and feedback.
Providing prompt progress information.
Enabling stronger group collaboration.
Promoting and fostering life long learning.
BEST PRACTICES FOR USING TECHNOLOGY IN THE
When using technology for teaching, there are four basic principles to
be kept in mind:
•Alignment: Technology should be used for a purpose—not for the
sake of being flashy and not as a distraction from other forms of
•Accessibility: Be sure that the technology that you intend to use is
accessible to your students.
•Assessment: As with lectures, discussions,
and labs, provide your students with
guidance when dealing with media
•Reinforcement: Technology should be
used as reinforcement of and supplement to