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Off grid renewable energy as a chance for sustainable

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The presentation on 53rd ERSA Congress, Palermo, August 28th, 2013

Publicada em: Tecnologia, Negócios
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Off grid renewable energy as a chance for sustainable

  1. 1. OFF-GRID RENEWABLE ENERGY AS A CHANCE FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SOUTH OF RUSSIA Ratner Svetlana Institute of Control Science, Moscow
  2. 2. Carbon intensity of some economies in the world (amount of greenhouse gas emissions /GDP)
  3. 3. Russian Electricity production by sources, 2010.
  4. 4. Barriers to Technology Diffusion According to IEA • Technical • Economic (Efficiency, capacities, output, finantial) • Institutional (including legal) • Behavioural (Informational) According to S.Shelton, Georgia Institute of Technology • Infrastructure
  5. 5. Technological scheme of electrical power supply in Russia
  6. 6. The level of centralization of population and economic activity in the major cities in some regions
  7. 7. Typical apartment house
  8. 8. Focus of research • Small wind energy systems (SWT) • Solar thermal collectors • Heat Pumps • Biogas plants • Solar PV panels
  9. 9. Method of research • JEDI model (input-output): environmental effects, number of jobs, salaries, and overall economic activity • Identification of the potential beneficiaries (Force Field Analysis, Kurt Lewin)
  10. 10. Environmental Effects Technology Potential Market Potential Environmental Effects Small Wind 1,760 SWT installations a year 5,000 tons of GHG Solar Thermal 1,760 2 sq.m installations a year 10,000 tons GHG Biogas plants 33 poultries 8 pig farms The decrease in waste water as 0,3 billion m3; 20,700 tons GHG Heat Pumps 15,542 installations a year 20,800 tons of GHG
  11. 11. Potential beneficiaries • Domestic producers of small wind turbines (13% of world manufactures) • Solar cells manufacturers (2 of well-known manufacturers are located in Krasnodar) • Small service companies • Companies with foreign capital (by LLC "Klaas- Kuban“) • Biogas-station producers • Population
  12. 12. The perspectives of development • The modeling of interaction between groups of potential beneficiaries and pollutant- industries lobbies • Investigation of information barriers and cross-country comparisons;
  13. 13. References Barriers to Technology Diffusion: the Case of Solar Thermal Technologies. Cédric Philibert, International Energy Agency, 2006 Lewin K. (1943). Defining the "Field at a Given Time.“ Psychological Review. 50: 292-310. Republished in Resolving Social Conflicts & Field Theory in Social Science, Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association, 1997. Lewin, K. (1946) Action research and minority problems. J Soc. Issues 2(4): 34-46
  14. 14. Thank you! Contacts: lanaratner@gmail.com facebook.com/lana.ratner www.lanarat.tk

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