It was farmed due to the
breaking and drifting of
the Gondwana land.
Hence, it is a part of the
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• It is a tableland made up of the old crystalline, igneous and
■ The plateau has broad and shallow valleys and rounded hills.
• The Peninsular Plateau is flanked by the Aravallis on the
northwest, the Western Ghats in the west and the dissected
Eastern Ghats in the east.
• Many rift valleys such as Narmada, Tapi, Mahanadi,
Godawari, and Damodar have been formed due to faulting
and vertical movements.
■ The Deccan Trap is famous for black soils.
■ The Peninsular Plateau is rich in valuable minerals such as
manganese, iron, mica, coal,
gold and copper.
9. Divisions of thePeninsular Plateau
A)The Central Highlands
1.The Malwa Plateau
B)The Deccan Plateau
1.The Deccan Trap
2.The Western Ghats
3.The Eastern Ghats
4. The North - East plateau extension
10. • The northern part of the Peninsula, north of the Vindhyas, is
known as the Central Highlands.
11. • The flow of the rivers of this region is from southwest to
12. • The Central Highlands are bounded by Aravali range on the
northwest, Ganga plains on the north and Vindhya range on the
• The Central Highlands are wider in the west but narrower in the
13. *Malwa Plateau, plateau region in north-central India. It is
bounded by the Madhya Bharat Plateau and Bundelkhand
Upland to the north, the Vindhya Range to the east and south,
and the Gujarat Plains to the west. Of volcanic origin, the
plateau comprises central Madhya Pradesh state and
southeastern Rajasthan state. The name Malwa is derived
from the Sanskrit malav (part of the abode of Laksmi [goddess
14. The Malwa Plateau ranges in elevation from about 1,650 to
2,000 feet (500 to 600 meters); erosion has carved the
ancient lava flows into isolated mesas found throughout the
plateau, together with an occasional sandstone hill. The
western part of the region is drained by the Mahi River, the
middle section by the Chambal River, and the eastern part
by the Betwa River and the headwaters of the Dhasan and
Ken rivers. Other rivers include the Parbati, Sipra, Gambhir,
and Choti Kali Sindh, their valleys flanked by terraced
slopes. Vegetation is of the savanna type with scattered teak
and sal (Shorea robusta) forests.
15. *Location: North east of Arrvalli ranges.
* It is spread up to the great bend of the Ganges river.
*Many important minerals such as iron, manganese , copper,
lead, zinc, and gold.
16. *Total area :127,700sq miles
*The rest of the southern India is a signal plateau unit.
*Height:900m in west &300m in east
* It has slope south eastward. north western part covered with
lava .River Krishna and Penne flow towards andhra .
*Importance for minerals like Coal,iron,Gold,manganese
17. *The Eastern and Western ghats are the edges of the Deccan
Plateau in both directions.
*The western ghat lie the parallels to the eastern coast.
* The western ghat is continuous and can be cross through
passes. (Thal, bhor,pal ghats )
*The height of western ghat about 900m to 1600m
*The height of Eastern ghat is 600m only.
*The eastern ghat stretches from Mahanadi valley to the nilgiri
hills in the south.
*The Eastern ghats are discontinuous and cuts by the rivers.