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International organization

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this is the slide which gives very clear and conceptual picture on the international organization and its function.

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International organization

  1. 1. INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION UTKAL UNIVERSITY, BHUBANESWAR
  2. 2. PRESENTED BY:GROUP DYNAMIC SPARKLE  SHILPA LUGUN  SOURABHA RAY  SATYA SNIGDHA DAS  SUDEEP KUMAR SAHOO  T SUNIL KUMAR  VIJAYALAXMI JENA  RUTUPARNA BHANJDEO  NISHAN MISHRA  GITANJALI SANDHIBIGRAH  PRADYUT SUNDAR MOHAPATRA
  3. 3. CONTENTS  Introduction  Benefits of International Organizations  Limitations of International Organizations  Types Of International Organizations  Role Of International Organizations  Formation Of The International Organization  List of international organizations  Conclusion
  4. 4. Introduction  An international organization is an organization with an international membership, scope, or presence.  International Organisation is a specialisation within the Political Science master programme. It covers various aspects of global governance from multiple social and political science perspectives.  To study international organisation (IO) is to study the norms, rules, and institutions that shape relations between states and contacts across state borders, and how they affect people’s lives, the destiny of nations, and the fate of the planet.
  5. 5. Benefits of International Organizations  International organizations can provide smaller states an opportunity for stronger economic power.  This can also help build relationships with larger states in which some believe can prevent war between one another.  Io’s also give states an opportunity to be efficient and that is why states join them.  IO’s provides opportunity for secured world wide trade.  International organizations can benefit the larger states because it shows others that they are willing to not always get their way on issues and it allows them to work with others.
  6. 6. Limitations of International Organizations  Cultural differences: very hard to deal with such difference. Beyond the expertise to understand and overcome.  Monitoring multiple countries: It is very important and at the same time very difficult to closely analyze all the economic and other dynamic situations all over the world.  Resistance from the domestic organizations: the domestic organizations may not be in favor of centralization of power.  Govt. and political hurdles: Different countries with different political parties may lead to diversified the government restrictions and administrative limits.
  7. 7. Types Of International Organizations  Inter-governmental organizations (IGOs) An IGO is an organization composed primarily of sovereign states(member states), or of other intergovernmental organizations. IGOs are established by treaty or other agreement that acts as a charter(grant of authority/rights) creating the group. Examples include the United Nations, the World Bank, or the European Union.
  8. 8.  International non-governmental organizations (NGOs) An international non-governmental organization (INGO) has the same mission as a non-governmental organization (NGO), but it is international in scope and has outposts around the world to deal with specific issues in many countries. Some INGOs are operational(primary purpose is to foster the community-based organizations within each country via different projects and operations)& some are advocacy-based( primary purpose is to influence the policy- making of different countries’ governments regarding certain issues or promote the awareness of a certain issue).
  9. 9.  Multinational enterprises A multinational corporation (MNC) or multinational enterprise is an organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in one or more countries other than their home country. It can also be referred as an international corporation, a "transnational corporation", or a stateless corporation.
  10. 10. Role Of International Organizations The participating countries define the function of the International Organizations. The objective of international organization is to study, collect and propagate information, setting up of laws that are internationally accepted. The international organizations also help in cooperation between different countries by setting up negotiation deals between them. The international Organizations also help in technical assistance.  Setting of international Norms through technical Analysis: The International Organizations play an important role in collecting statistical information, analyzing the trends in the variables, making a comparative study and disseminate the information to all other countries. There are some intergovernmental organizations that have set international Minimum standards. Such norms are difficult to be set at the state level.  Supervisory Role: There are some international organizations that perform certain supervisory functions. The supervisory system of the UN is very weak. In contrast, the supervisory mechanism of the ILO is quite strong. The European Union, together with the Commission and the Court of Justice, has a relatively strong supervisory mechanism.
  11. 11.  Technical assistance: An important role in the recent times, is lending out technical cooperation to the member countries. By technical cooperation we mean the provision of intellectual or financial material to the countries, which require them.  Negotiating and setting up multilateral agreements: Amongst all the roles and activities of the international organizations, the most important is negotiating and setting up multilateral agreements. Minimizing the transaction costs can strengthen the cooperation between different countries. Beside they also provide lucidity and information. For negotiations, forums for bargaining are set up and focal point structures are constructed during negotiations. The multilateral agreements that are settled by the international organizations occur in sections like environment protection, development trade, crime human rights, etc.
  12. 12. Formation Of The International Organization  A constituent act (charter), which is a type of international treaty, is the basis for the creation and activities of each international organization. The charter usually establishes an organization’s goals, principles, structure, and activities and is the highest law for an international organization and its members. Its provisions must accord with and must not contradict the norms and principles of modern international law.  The highest body of most international organizations is the general assembly (conference) of all members, which meets periodically (either annually or once every few years). The competence of the general assembly usually includes the adoption, review, amendment, and alteration of the constituent act. In addition, the general assembly handles the admission of new members, the establishment of a dues scale, and the adoption of a budget.  Most international organizations are governed by an executive council (for example, an executive committee or presidium).
  13. 13.  As a rule, each international organization has a standing secretariat headed by a secretary-general or director.  In addition, auxiliary consultative bodies are usually established (commissions, committees, working groups, and councils.  The decisions of an overwhelming majority of international organizations are recommendations; that is, in a strictly legal sense, they are not binding on their members.  International organizations contribute to the resolution of major international problems. Some international organizations give financial support to NGIOs so that they can implement concrete programs or conduct research in which the interstate organizations are interested.
  14. 14. List of international organizations UN Organizations Political & Economic Organizations Financial Organizations Sports Organizations Other Organizations Food and Agriculture Organization African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP) African Development Bank Asian Football Confederation (AFC) Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP) International Atomic Energy Agency Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Asian Development Bank Confederation African de Football(CAF) EDU - Intergovernmental Organization (EDU) International Civil Aviation Organization Association of Southeast Asian Nations(ASEAN) European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF) Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) International Labor Organization(ILO) Common Market of East and Southern Africa(COMESA) - Inter-American Development Bank(IADB) Confederation Sudamericana de Fútbol (CONMEBOL) International Committee of the Red Cross United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Commonwealth of Independent States International Monetary Fund Fédération International des Échecs (FIDE) International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Economic Community of West African States Islamic Development Bank(IDB) Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
  15. 15. United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights European Free Trade Association World Bank International Cricket Council(ICC) International Maritime Organization United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees(UNHCR) Indian Ocean Commission International Olympic Committee(IOC) International Organization for Migration (IOM) United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) Organisation for Economic Co- operation and Development (OECD) International Paralympic Committee (IPC) International Telecommunication Union World Food Programme (WFP) Organization for Security and Co- operation in Europe (OSCE) International Rugby Board (IRB) Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons(OPCW) World Health Organization(WHO) Union of South American Nations (Unasur/Unasul) Oceania Football Confederation (OFC) Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) Union of European Football Associations(UEFA) Universal Postal Union World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) World Trade Organization(WTO) World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
  16. 16. CONCLUSION  This topic discusses about the benefits, limitations the types of international organizations present . The type of roles they play, the formations of international business and finally the list of IO.  To conclude this topic , we did share with you about the facts of the international organizations that takes place in the international business.  After all the limitations like cultural differences,domestic and governmental hurdles and other global problems still we can come to the conclusion that the contribution of IOs towards world economy and the global business environment creation is its biggest advantage which strengthens its existence.
  17. 17. Group DYNAMIC SPARKLE

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