2. PRATICAL ASSIGNMENT
COURSE CODE:-BED154 COURSE TITLE:- CRITICAL UNDRESTANDING OF ICT
SUBMITTED BY:-SNEHA THAKUR ENROLLMENT NO:-07314402116
GURU GOBIND SINGH INDRAPRASTHA UNIVERSITY
3. S. No ACTIVITY
1. Explore different sources of Data, read and make meaning.
2. Combining text graphic and audio visuals in developing a digital story.
3. Analysing a Lesson, Identifying the need for ICT; Selecting Appropriate resources
4. Preparing and transacting a lesson infusing ICT resources (using appropriate hardware and
software) and evaluating it.
5. Creating a discussion forum around an uploaded content in teaching – learning.
6. Creating a Peer Network using Social Networking Platforms
7. Creating a blog for building an online community to share resources such as texts, audio visuals,
animations and simulations
4. • To equip students-teachers in the effective use of ICT tool,
• To familiarize them with the understanding and skills of
integration of ICT in teaching, learning, evolution and
• To acquire the skill of organizing and creating her/his own
7. MEANING OF DATA
o Data collection is a term used to describe a process
of preparing and collecting data
o Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose
from various sources, that has been systematically
observed, recorded, organized.
o Data are the basic inputs to any decision making
process in business
8. PURPOSE OF DATA COLLECTION
The purpose of data collection is-
to obtain information
to keep on record
to make decisions about about
to pass information on to others
10. PRIMARY DATA
The data which are collected from the field under the control
and supervision of an investigator
Primary data means original data that has been
collected specially for the purpose in mind
This type of data are generally afresh and collected for the
It is useful for current studies as well as for future studies
For example: your own questionnaire, population census by
office of the Registrar General& census commission,
ministry of home affair.
11. Primary Research Methods & Techniques
Telephone, fax, e-
12. Primary Research Methods & Techniques
Quantitative and Qualitative Information:
Quantitative – based on numbers – 56% of 18 year olds drink
alcohol at least four times a week - doesn’t tell you why, when,
Qualitative – more detail – tells you why, when and how!
14. SECONDARY DATA
Data gathered and recorded by someone else prior to and
for a purpose other than the current project
Secondary data is data that has been collected for another
It involves less cost, time and effort
Secondary data is data that is being reused. Usually in a
For example: data from a book.
Internal sources of secondary data are usually for
Distributor reports and feedback
18. Advantages & Disadvantages of Primary Data
More number of resources is required
19. Advantages & Disadvantages of Secondary
Ease of Access
Low Cost to Acquire
Clarification of Research Question
May Answer Research Question
20. Disadvantages & Disadvantages of Secondary
Quality of Research
Not Specific to Researcher’s Needs
21. Advantages & Disadvantages of Primary Data
Targeted Issues are addressed
Data interpretation is better
Efficient Spending for Information
Decency of Data
Addresses Specific Research Issues
22. APPLICATION OF DATA IN EDUCATION
To track pupil record.
To inform teaching ,learning & planning.
To set target.
To identify underachieving pupil for further support.
To compare between group/individual/school.
24. A short two to four minute
presentation. It includes: writing,
photographs, images, and a musical
soundtrack. It is a form of modern
expression in storytelling. The final
outcome of images and sound
collectively create the final product
known as Digital Storytelling.
25. ‘’Digital Storytelling is the modern expression
of the ancient art of storytelling. Digital
stories derive their power by weaving images,
music, narrative and voice together, thereby
giving deep dimension and vivid color to
characters, situations, experiences, and
insights. Tell your story now digitally’’.
– Leslie Rule, Digital Storytelling Association
26. Dana Atchley developed digital in storytelling
in 1993. This form of expression was refined
by Joe Lambert in the mid-1990’s and was
promoted at the Center for Digital Storytelling.
Other people who helped contribute to it were:
Abbe Don, Brenda Laurel, Bernajean Porter,
and Pedro Meyer.
Who created Digital Storytelling?
32. •When is Digital Storytelling used?
• To motivate students.
•To help students with their planning &
•To assist students in summarizing
their thoughts and how to effectively
•To engage students with lessons that
appear to be dry or boring.
33. It is a powerful way to motivate students
to understand an academic concept while
building their narrative presentation.
It allows the students space for peer-to-
peer learning and has a positive effect on
students learning outcomes especially in
improving speaking and writing skills.
35. O A lesson plan is the instructor’s road map of what
students need to learn and how it will be done effectively
during the class time. Before you plan your lesson, you
will first need to identify the learning objectives for the
class meeting. Then, you can design appropriate learning
activities and develop strategies to obtain feedback on
student learning. A successful lesson plan addresses and
integrates these three key components:
O Objectives for student learning
O Teaching/learning activities
O Strategies to check student understanding
O Specifying concrete objectives for student learning will
help you determine the kinds of teaching and learning
activities you will use in class, while those activities will
define how you will check whether the learning objectives
have been accomplished
36. Steps for Preparing a Lesson Plan
(1) Outline learning objectives
(2) Develop the introduction
(3) Plan the specific learning
activities (the main body of the
(4) Plan to check for understanding
(5) Develop a conclusion and a
(6) Create a realistic timeline
38. • ICT, or information and communications technology (or
technologies), is the infrastructure and components that enable
• Although there is no single, universal definition of ICT, the term is
generally accepted to mean all devices , networking,
components, applications and system that combined allow
people and organizations (i.e., businesses, nonprofit agencies,
governments and criminal enterprises) to interact in
the digital world.
45. GENERAL OBJECTIVES
• To develop critical thinking
• To provide education of human body
At the end of the lesson, Students are able to understand blood & its
Knowledge:- Recall the term Blood and know about the component of blood.
Understanding:-Differentiate between different component of blood and different
Application :-Give difference between RBC,WBC,Platelets.
46. TEACHING MATERIALS USED
Flash cards, multimedia, PowerPoint presentation, blackboard, chalk ,pointer ,projector.
It is assumed that students have previous knowledge
about blood and blood vessels
SET INDUCTION (To check Previous Knowledge)
S. No. TEACHER’S ACTIVITY STUDENT’S ACTIVITY
1. Observe what happens when you get cut on
Blood comes out
2. What is the colour of blood red
3. Can you tell me what is blood vessels? Blood vessels carry blood
47. ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE TOPIC
Today we are going to study about ‘circulatory system’
Students are able
to define what are
Heart & blood vessels
function together to
This is called
Audio & visual aid
BLOOD Students are able
to learn about
Blood is a mobile
composed of a
the cell,the blood
corpuscles.Blood is the
basis of life.
S. No. TEACHER’S ACTIVITY STUDENT’S ACTIVITY
1 What is blood ? Blood is a fluid which flow in blood vessels.it
transport digested food,carry oxygen form
lungs to the cell of body.
2 What are the component of blood? Red blood cell,white blood cell,platelets.
3 What is blood vessels? Blood vessels carry blood.
4 What are different type of blood vessels? Arteries and veins
53. BLACK BOARD SUMMARY
Date-10,OCT,2016 SUBJECT- SCIENCE CLASS- VII
TOPIC- CIRCULATORY SYSTEM DURATION- 35min
Circulatory systems -Heart & blood vessels function together to transport substance. This is called
RBC WBC PLATLETES
Today we have studied about circulatory system, blood & blood
Find out about blood group and their importance.
Answer the following question in your note book
a)What are the component of blood?
b)Why colour of blood is red?
c)Differentiate between arteries and vein?
65. • Blood is the vehicle for metabolic communication between
the organs of the body.
• Blood transport nutrients from small intestine to the liver
and others organs.
• Blood transport waste product to the kidney for excretion.
• Blood transport oxygen from lungs to the tissue and carbon
dioxide generated during the respiratory metabolism to
lungs for excretion.
68. WHAT ARE BLOOD TYPES?
There are four main blood types: A, B, O, and AB.
Each blood type is slightly different and has
different antibodies and antigens. It's important
that blood donors have matched blood types or a
person can get very sick.
80. Your blood contain many tiny
cells called platelets. They form
your blood clot , which means
that if you get a cut, some of
your platelets stick together to
plug the hole in the blood vessels
wall caused by cut to form a
scab to protect the healing skin
81. Your body has an astonishing network of living tubes
called blood vessels that transport vital supplies.
Altogether about 100,000km of blood vessels fits into
your body and keep your body cells working.
You have three types of blood vessels:-
89. Carry blood away from the heart
Thick muscular walls
Lots of elastic tissue in wall
Relatively small lumen
Blood under high pressure
Blood flow rapid
Blood flows in pulses
The largest artery in the body is AORTA
95. Link up arteries and veins in the tissues
Wall made up of one cell thick
Small lumen – just large enough for a red
blood cell to squeeze through
Pressure falls as blood passes along
Blood flowing is slowing down
97. Carry blood back to the heart
Thin muscular walls
Little elastic tissue in the wall
Relatively large lumen
Blood under low pressure
Blood flow is slow
Valves prevent backflow of
104. ARTERY VEIN CAPILLARY
Thick-walled with narrow
Thin walled with wide lumen Thin –walled narrow tubes
with narrow lumen
Blood flows from heart to other
Blood flows from body organs
to the heart.
Capillaries join artery with the
vein & form a network in the
Supplies blood to body Collects blood from body
organs & bring it back to
Helps in the exchange of food,
oxygen& carbon dioxide
between blood & tissue.
Carries deoxygenated blood
(except pulmonary veins).
Carries both type of Blood.
107. How does our body transport food,
Oxygen, carbon dioxide and waste?
Answer: through a fluid called
108. Blood travels through our bodies
Through BLOOD VESSELS
What are the 3 types of BLOOD VESSELS?
109. What is the name of the LARGEST
Hint: It is located within the HEART.
• ICT use in classroom make the teaching learning
process interactive. ICT provides wider scope to
explore. IT has been my personal experience about
ICT use while teaching my tuition students. When I
showed them biology video. They understand better
and their score improved. They could retain for long
time. As they have seen the 3D animation of human
life process. My experience with ICT till now is good.
It reduce my workload because which I cannot
explain student accurately in my science class.
116. An online discussion group where people discuss on a topic by
A forum can have many sub forum.
The topic is called ‘thread’.
User submitted Message is called ‘post
Archives on various thread are available.
User should have an account on a site.
Only members are allowed to access respective thread posts.
126. Teacher can create a forum and student will
Students can see previous posts.
Teacher all over the world can create a forum.
Teachers organization can create a forum on a
particular issue to give recommendation to
commission or government.
PTA forum would be very useful to solve the
dispute like fee, evaluation procedures, policy
127. People from distant can discuss so variety of aspect can be reflected.
Third party view is possible from other side of the world.
Success stories can be shared by world wide teacher with each other. So
innovative and divergent thinking would be encouraged.
All students can participate so they are democratic.
Some students are not confident enough to speak out in face to face in class
but are willing to contribute to discussion boards.
It give students time to reflect on their thoughts before contributing.
It allow students to work on their reply and check for grammar & spelling
before posting-particularly useful for students whose first language is not the
one used in the discussion.
It allow students to practice their writing skill in a more informal way.
It offer peer learning opportunities & it reduce workload from teachers.
It foster a learning environment.
130. What is a Peer-to-Peer Networking?
A peer-to-peer networking is a network of
computer that are of same capacity & there is no
All computer are equal hence the term peers & each
computer can act as a client & a server.
They are convenient for easy sharing of resources.
131. ADVANTAGES OF PEER-TO-PEER NETWORKING
Content & resources on computer can be
Efficient for multipoint communication.
More reliable than a single server.
Easy access to all resources on the network.
133. Sheryl Sandberg
Chief Operating Officer
David Wehner Chief
Financial Officer of
CTO of Facebook
Chief product officer
134. We were divided into group of
20 students. Our group name
was “THE ENLIGHTEDMIND’’
155. WHAT IS BLOG?
• A blog or a weblog, is a journal that is frequently
updated and intended for general public
156. • Blog consists of a Title, Body, Permalink and the Post date.
• Title , the main title, or headline, of the post.
• Body , main content of the post.
• Permalink , the URL of the full, individual article.
• Post Date , date and time the post was published.
• A blog entry optionally includes the following:
• Categories (or tags ) - subjects that the entry discusses
• Trackback and or pingback - links to other sites that refer to the entry
158. • Create blog
• Sign in to blogger
• In the top left, next to new blog click the down
• Click new blog
• Enter a name for your blog
• Choose a template
• Click create blog
• Change the name of your blog
159. • Sign in to blogger
• In the left menu, click setting basic.
• Enter a new name for the blog
• Click save change
• See how to use blog look
• To view your blog, go to the top left and click view blog.
• Change how your blog looks
• You can change the design of your blog
• Decide who can see or edit your blog
• You can control who has access to your blog.
• Explore your blog
• You can use the left menu to:
• View your posts,pages,comments and statistics
• Manage earning , campaigns, and more
160. • Get blogger updates
• To get features announcement, advice and others information, sign
up for email updates.
• Sign in to blogger
• In the left menu, click setting user settings
• Under email notification, next to features announcement, choose yes.
• In the top right ,click save setting.
178. • Can promote critical and analytical thinking.
• Can promote creative, intuitive and associational thinking (creative
and associational thinking in relation to blogs being used as
brainstorming tool and also as a resource for interlinking,
commenting on interlinked ideas).
• Can promote analogical thinking.
• Potential for increased access and exposure to quality information.
• Combination of solitary and social interaction.
179. • Post class-related information such as calendars, events, homework
assignments and other pertinent class information.
• Post assignments based on literature readings and have students
respond on their own blogs, creating a kind of portfolio of their
• Build a class newsletter, using student-written articles and photos
• Provide examples of classwork, vocabulary activities, or grammar
180. • Provide online readings for your students to read
• Discuss activities they did in class and tell what they think about
• Post photos and comment on class activities.
• Invite student comments or postings on issues in order to give them a
• Publish examples of writings done in class.
• Showcase student art, poetry, and creative stories
181. • They enhance learning for students
• They motivate students and foster collaboration among learners
• Students can develop and express their ideas and receive feedback from others
• Posts and comments can be updated easily
• They provide instructors an opportunity to extend learning and engage students
beyond the walls of the classroom
• They enhance analytic and critical thinking skills
• They improve the knowledge sharing between students as well as between the
instructor and the students
• They allow students to carry on writing about a topic over a sustained period of
182. • During this practical I came to know how important and useful
blogs can be in education. I enjoyed blogging and learning more
about how I can use a blog in my classroom. With technology
growing as rapidly as it is, it is important to bring technology into
the classroom often so that students are well prepared to use it in the
future. Using blogs in education gives students the chance to help
each other with their coursework and learn more about a topic
through their classmates posts.