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Ch 5 FInal

  1. 1. Westward Movement  Americans marched quickly toward west  very hard w/ disease & loneliness  Frontier people were individualistic, superstitious & ill-informed  Westward movement molded environment  tobacco exhausted land
  2. 2. Population Growth from 1620 to 1860 5.3 million
  3. 3. Early Nativism  American “nativists” feared invasion of immigrants Took jobs Took over neighborhoods Formed “American Party”
  4. 4. american system Promote nationalism was internal improvements to unite the US. •Transportation system of roads, canals, steamships and rivers. Henry Clay, John C. Calhoun, US •Finally… the railroad CongressmenSouth Senator from from Kentucky Carolina Provide economic growth (Economic Nationalism) •Americans buying American goods •American self-sufficiency. •Protective tariff (allows US factories to grow) •2nd Bank of the United States
  5. 5. Principal Canals in 1840
  6. 6.  Bad roads made transportation highly unreliable  The National Road begun in 1811 and completed by 1832 • Connected Maryland to Illinois. • Built by US government
  7. 7. Cumberland (National Road), 1811
  8. 8. 1850 to 1860, RR proved most significant development toward national economy Americans demanded transcontinental railroad to California. • Completed by 1869.
  9. 9. Map rr
  10. 10.  Pony Express connected East-West  Telegraph instantly sent messages across US  People moved faster and country expanded • Unifying spirit among fellow country men • A need for a transcontinental railroad that connected east to west
  11. 11. A shift from goods made by hand to factory and mass production Technological innovations brought production from farmhouse to factories • Beginning of US Factory System • Slow beginning
  12. 12. The invention which changed the South, cotton and slavery. •Eli Whitney’s cotton gin revolutionized the cotton industry. •Mass Production and Interchangeable Parts. •Very important early pioneer in America’s industrial revolution. Cotton Production
  13. 13. Cotton gin invented in 1793 • 50 times more effective than hand picking  New England factories flourish with Southern cotton- more $$$
  14. 14. 1807, Fulton's Clermont, was the first commercially successful and reliable steamboat. Steam boat would revolutionize water travel.
  15. 15. John Deere & the Steel Plow
  16. 16. Samuel F. B. Morse 1840 – Telegraph “WHAT GOD HATH WROUGHT”
  17. 17. From left to right: Eli Whitney (cotton gin, interchangeable parts), Robert Fulton (steam boat), Thomas Edison (light bulb), Cyrus McCormick (reaper), Richard Hoe (automatic printing press)
  18. 18. •Slater came to US to Samuel Slater make his fortune in was the "Father the textile industry. of the American Factory •Cotton Mill System."
  19. 19. Early Textile Loom
  20. 20. Americans beat the British at their own game, made better factories Francis C Lowell came over here to build British factories met up with Boston mechanic, Paul Moody
  21. 21. The Lowell System Lowell, Massachusetts, 1832  Young New England farm girls (Often Women and Children would be in the workplace because it would be cheaper for companies)  Supervised on and off the job  Worked 6 days a week, 13 hours a day  Escorted to church on Sunday
  22. 22. •1830s, Industrialization grew throughout the North… •Southern cotton shipped to Northern textile mills was a good working relationship. ….. But that “Good Relationship” would be strained…
  23. 23. Ms. Hoye U. S. History
  24. 24. corrupt The Corrupt Bargain •Henry Clay gives his support to John Adams and the House of Representatives chooses Adams as the President. •Two weeks later, Adams appoints Henry Clay as his Secretary of State…. •Jackson cries out corruption and calls this the “Corrupt Bargain.” •Jackson promises he would run again for the Presidency in 1828 and would smash Adams.
  25. 25. Jackson and J. Q. Adams ran against each other for the presidency One anti-Jackson newspaper declared, •Anti-Adams people accused him of hiring a servant girl for “General Jackson’s mother was a common a visiting Russian prostitute, brought to this country by the ambassador… British soldiers! She, afterwards married a mulatto man with whom she had several •Adams was accused of children, of which one was Andrew Jackson.” gambling in the White House. •One of the worst elections in US History for its “mudslinging.” •As a result of this, Jackson’s wife Rachel, died of a heart attack just before he became President…He blamed Adams and Clay and never forgave them…..
  26. 26. Essential Question Champion of OR “King” the “Common Andrew? Man”?
  27. 27. Common Man and the west become politically SPOILS System: powerful Putting your Land easy to friends and Jackson brought supporters in high obtain in the democracy to the West so Common man Govt Jobs property Bricklayers qualifications Blacksmith were dropped Farmers Rise of the Common Education Man and The New Carpenters not as Democracy The Working important Class Jackson stood Other Common for the Men in US Powerful movement common man History: in the country to expand involvement which was Davy Crockett and participation of most of the Sam Houston the common man in population democracy.
  28. 28. Jackson’s Indian Removal  Jackson’s Goal?  Expansion into the southwest for southern planters  1830: Indian Removal Act  5 Civilized Tribes: (forced removal)  Cherokee Creek Choctaw  Chickasaw Seminole  Cherokee Nation v. GA (1831)  “domestic dependent nation”  Worcester v. GA (1832)  Cherokee law is sovereign and Georgia law does not apply in Cherokee nation.  Jackson: John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it!
  29. 29. Long time we travel on way to new land. People feel bad when they leave old nation. Women cry and make sad wails. Children cry and many men cry, and all look sad like when friends die, but they say nothing and just put heads down and keep on go towards West. Many days pass and people die very much. We bury close by Trail. Survivor of the Trail of Tears
  30. 30. NULLIFICATION CRISIS **Demonstrates the growing conflict between South and National Power/NORTH John C. Calhoun, President former VP under Jackson, Jackson, US THE UNITED Senator from STATES South Carolina
  31. 31.  To “NULLIFY” a Federal Law is to eliminate it.  The Nullification Crisis was an argument over IF the States had the RIGHT/POWER to eliminate a FEDERAL/NATIONAL Law?  According to our Constitution the National Govt ALWAYS has the last word…  Jackson’s opposition to NULLIFICATION enhanced his reputation as a STRONG President.
  32. 32. The Bank of the United States, although privately owned, received federal deposits and attempted to serve a public purpose by cushioning the ups and downs of the national economy … Govt supported Rich
  33. 33. • Jackson opposed the bill to support the Second Bank of the USA… he thought it was “special The 1832 Election privileges” • Reinforced his image of a “COMMON MAN”