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Bad life events<br />Children may suffering bad life events (divorce, family deaths, etc) <br />will do worst<br />
Pessimism in children’s life<br />But also children who see bad events as permanent, pervasive and personal <br />Will over time get depressed and do badly<br />
At School<br />Explanatory style is <br />as much of a predictor of success <br />as SAT’s or IQ tests <br />
At Work: Met Life study<br />Group A: Regular force<br />Pass Career Profile, insurance industry test<br />Group B: Special Force<br />Failed Career Profile<br />Would not usually be hired anywhere else<br />But scored top half of the optimism test.<br />
Special force At Work<br />1st year<br />Outsold the pessimists in the regular force by 21%<br />2nd year<br />Outsold the pessimists by 57%<br />
Health: Nursing home study<br />The First Floor<br />Extra control and choice in their lives<br />Have to choose omeletes or scrambled eggs for breakfast the night before<br />Have to choose the film to watch before<br />Pick plants if you want and you have to water it.<br />
Health: Nursing home study<br />The Second Floor<br />The same added extra good things but…<br />Omelettes on Mon, Wed, and Fri.<br />Scrambled eggs on the other days<br />Residents from left corridor go Wednesday for the film.<br />Those from right corridor Thursday.<br />Nurse waters plants in the room<br />
Eighteen months later…<br />The First Floor<br />With choice and control<br />More active and happier<br />Lived longer<br />
I am pessimistic.<br />And I think I’m born with it.<br />Really?<br />
Children are …<br />From 9 to 12 years old boys and girls<br />Total average is<br />13.5<br />
But they are open to<br />Adults’ criticism<br />Teacher and parents<br />Life crises<br />
And mother’s explanatory style<br />Mummy, there’s a dent on my side of the car.<br />Damn, Bob will kill me.<br />Daddy told you to always park his new car far away from the other cars<br />Damn, things like this always happen to me. I’m so lazy, I just want to carry groceries a few feet, not a hundred yards. I’m so stupid.<br />
Identify ABC<br />A: Someone cuts you off while you are driving<br />B: You think “______________”<br />C: You get pissed off and honk your horn<br />
Record your ABC<br />A: I broke the build. Int. server is not working this morning. <br />B: Why didn’t I notice it yesterday. I am careless and stupid. I have fix it now, and We lost half-day.<br />C: I feel stupid and unprofessional. I’m depressed<br />
Dispute your beliefs <br />Argue with yourself <br />Look for alternative explanations,de-catastrophize<br />
Change your Belifes<br />A: I broke the build. Int. server is not working this morning.<br />B: I was working very hard and got exhausted in the afternoon. I learned that maintanable pace is important. I know what’s broken, so I can fix it very quickly. <br />C: I feel relieved. I learn a lesson and am a better developer now.<br />
Homework<br />Record your ABC<br />Evaluate your ABC and dispute it<br />